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EMS Policy and Strategy Working Group

By Lucille Powell,2014-06-17 04:41
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EMS Policy and Strategy Working Group ...

TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Glossary of Terms .................................................................................................................. 2

    Preface ................................................................................................................................. 3

    Acknowledgements ............................................................................................................... 4

    Executive Summary .............................................................................................................. 5

    Tourism in Jamaica ............................................................................................................... 7

The Bauxite/Aluminum and EMS:The Global Perspective .................................................... 19

Coffee Production and EMS: The Global Perspective .......................................................... 26

    Sugar ................................................................................................................................... 32

    Rum ..................................................................................................................................... 33

Appendicies

     Appendix 1 List of Documents ........................................................................................... 35

Appenxidx 2 Persons Contacted (by Telephone, Fax and E-mail) ...................................... 36

     EMS Policy and Strategy Working Group “Key Economic Sectors” Research 1

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

CARICOM Caribbean Community

    CCA Caribbean Conservation Authority

    CEHI Caribbean Environmental Health Institute EAST Environmental Audits for Sustainable Tourism ECO-OK Ecologically Okay Program

    EMA Environmental Management Authority

    EMS Environmental Management Systems

    EPA Environmental Protection Agency

    GNBS Guyana National Bureau of Standards HACCP Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point ISO International Organization for Standardization JAS Jamaica Agricultural Society

    JBS Jamaica Bureau of Standards

    JEA Jamaica Exporters’ Association

    JMA Jamaica Manufacturers’ Association

    NRCA Natural Resources Conservation Authority PSOJ Private Sector Organization of Jamaica QMS Quality Management System

    SRC Scientific Research Council

    TTBS Trinidad & Tobago Bureau of Standards WRA Water Resources Authority

     EMS Policy and Strategy Working Group “Key Economic Sectors” Research 2

PREFACE

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EMS Policy and Strategy Working Group “Key Economic Sectors” Research 3

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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EMS Policy and Strategy Working Group “Key Economic Sectors” Research 4

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    The target sector research results are summarized in the table below. With the exception of bauxite/alumina, no sector is trending towards the implementation of EMS. Drivers are not sector specific, except for the agro/food sector where regulations on residual agrichernicals are increasing worldwide. In most sectors, larger companies are tending towards EMS implementation at a greater rate than medium and smaller companies, hence the trend in the bauxite/alumina industry. The tourism sector has adopted the Green Globe EMS system, particularly for the hotel industry.

Tabular Summary Presentation of Target Sector Results

     World Trends Regional Local Drivers Obstacles Examples

     Rum Emphasis on Emphasis on Emphasis on Global Lack of Mount Gay in wastewater wastewater wastewater Competition, awareness, Barbados, and J. treatment rather treatment rather treatment rather public recognition, unwillingness to Wray & Nephew than EMS than EMS than EMS anticipated buy in, amount of have commenced government policy, documentation implementation marketing tool, required, state of internal the economy, efficiencies perceived cost to anticipated, known implement and benefits of ISO cost to certify 9002; increased regulations of residual agrichemicals and soil erosion (agro/food sector) Sugar Emphasis on Emphasis on Emphasis on Same as above Same as above None reported wastewater wastewater wastewater treatment rather treatment rather treatment rather than EMS than EMS than EMS Agro/Food Increased demand Reactions to Reactions to Same as above Same as above Advanced Farms for health food regulations on regulations on has commenced worldwide. Trend residual residual an EMS towards organic agrichemicals agrichemicals farming and eco- labelling

     EMS Policy and Strategy Working Group “Key Economic Sectors” Research 5

World Trends Regional Local Drivers Obstacles Examples

Bauxite/Alumina General move General move Alcan and Alcoa Same as above Same as above Alcan worldwide towards EMS towards EMS have commented has commenced implementation implementation implementation of implementation EMS and certification of ISO 14000. Alcan and Alpart locally have commenced implementation and intend to get certified. Alcoa has implemented an EMS but will not seek to be certified Coffee Trend towards Not much The Coffee Board Same as above Same as above None reported more shade happening is developing EMS grown, less use of program chemicals and eco-labelling Tourism Trend towards CHA is promoting EAST project Same as above Same as above Negril Cabins, ecotourism and Green Globe assisted 5 hotels Sandals Negril, eco-labelling. certification. in Negril to be Mocking Bird Hill, Hotel industry has Several hotels Green Globe Sea Splash, embraced Green have achieved or certified Rondel Village in Globe to certify attempting to Jamaica, Blue their EMS achieve Waters in Tobago, certification others in Aruba, Puerto Rico, Costa Rica and Barbados

EMS Policy and Strategy Working Group “Key Economic Sectors” Research 6

TOURISM IN JAMAICA