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Download - Revision of TENSES CONDITIONALS PASSIVE VOICE

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    Revision of TENSES / CONDITIONALS / ADVERBS-ADJECTIVES-LINKING VERBS

    I. Fill in the correct form of the verb:

    1. You look really great! (you, work)… out at the fitness centre recently?

    2. A: What (you, do)…when the accident occurred?

    B: I (try) …to change a light bulb that had burnt out.

    3. I (have)… the same car for more than ten years. I'm thinking about buying a new one.

    4. If it (snow) …this weekend, we (go)…skiing near Lake Tahoe.

    5. A: What do you call people who work in libraries?

    B: They (call)… librarians.

    6. I came to England six months ago. I started my economics course three months ago. When I

    return to Australia, I (study) …for nine months and I (be)in England for exactly one year. 7. Sam (arrive) …in San Diego a week ago.

    8. Samantha (live) …in Berlin for more than two years. In fact, she (live) …there when the Berlin wall came down.

    9. If Vera (keep) …drinking, she (lose)… eventually her job.

    10. The Maya established a very advanced civilization in the jungles of the Yucatan; however,

    their culture (disappear)… virtually by the time Europeans first (arrive) …in the New World. 11. Shhhhh! Be quiet! John (sleep)….

    12. It (rain) …all week. I hope it stops by Saturday because I want to go to the beach.

    13. Listen Donna, I don't care if you (miss) …the bus this morning. You (be late)… to work too many times. You are fired!

    14. I am sick of rain and bad weather! Hopefully, when we (wake up)… tomorrow morning, the sun (shine)….

    15. I have not travelled much yet; however, I (visit) …the Grand Canyon and San Francisco by

    the time I leave the United States.

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    16. I (see)…many pictures of the pyramids before I went to Egypt. Pictures of the monuments

    are very misleading. The pyramids are actually quite small.

    17. In the last hundred years, travelling (become) much easier and very comfortable. In the

    19th century, it (take)…two or three months to cross North America by covered wagon. The trip

    (be) …very rough and often dangerous. Things (change) …a great deal in the last hundred and

    fifty years. Now you can fly from New York to Los Angeles in a matter of hours.

    18. Joseph's English (improve, really)…, isn't it? He (watch) …American television programs

    and (study) …his grammar every day since he first arrived in San Diego. Soon he will be totally

    fluent.

    19. When I (arrive) …home last night, I discovered that Jane (prepare) …a beautiful candlelight

    dinner.

    20. If you (need) to contact me sometime next week, I (stay) …at the Sheraton in San

    Francisco.

    II. All Conditional forms

1. (If / When) I leave work, I usually go to the fitness center to work out.

    2. She hates TV. She thinks television is a waste of time. (If / When) she watches any television at all, it is usually a documentary or a news program.

    3. My friend always keeps in touch by mail. (If / When) I get a letter, I usually write back immediately. 4. If I (have) enough money, I (go) on safari to Kenya. However, my bank account is empty!

    5. I love to travel! When I (have) enough money, I (go) abroad. I do it almost every year. 6. I really wanted to go on safari to Kenya with my friends, but I couldn't afford to go. If I

    (have) enough money, I (go) with them.

    7. I'm sorry, I didn't know you were allergic to chocolate. If I (know) …, I (make) you a vanilla birthday cake.

    8. Stop asking me what Amanda bought you for Christmas. Even if I (know).what she bought you, I

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(tell, not)you.

    9. Nobody here speaks English. Too bad Gloria isn't here. If she (be) with us, she (can) …act as our interpreter.

    10. I am afraid I won't be able to come to your wedding next week because my company is sending me

    to New York to attend a trade show. I (miss, never) your wedding if I (have) …a choice in the matter. 11. If the weather is nice tomorrow, she (walk) …along the river to school.

    12. If you help me move tomorrow, I (treat) …you to a dinner and a movie.

    13. If you were to help me move tomorrow, I (treat) …you to a dinner and a movie.

    14. If I were in Tahiti right now, I (snorkel) …along a beautiful reef. I wouldn't be stuck here in this office

    with mountains of paperwork.

    15. If Jerry hadn't stopped to pick up that quarter, he (cross) …the street when the bus ran the red light. He might have been killed!

    16. Tina's train arrived ahead of schedule. If I hadn't decided to go to the train station early, she

    (wait) …there for more than twenty minutes before I arrived.

    17. If I (pass) …the test, I (get) …an "A" in the class. Instead, I got a "C." I really should have studied more.

    18. If I (be)… rich, I (buy) …that new Mercedes we saw yesterday. Unfortunately, I can't even afford a

    used car.

    19. We (go) …skiing this weekend, but there's no snow. Oh, well! We will just have to find something else to do instead.

    20. If Heather spoke Chinese, she (translate) …the email for you yesterday.

III. Adverbs / Adjectives / Linking Verbs

1. Jack spoke (confident/confidently)….to the audience urging them to elect him president of the union.

    He knew he had a (good/well)….chance of winning the election.

    2. Melanie (quick/quickly)….ate her lunch. She knew the meeting was (important/importantly)….and she didn't want to be late.

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    3. Sophie lived in Thailand for several years. She speaks Thai (fluent/fluently) …, and she knows the culture very (good/well) ….

4. The (hot/hotly) …, humid weather made it difficult to enjoy the tropical beach. Miriam seemed more

    (uncomfortable/uncomfortably)…. than relaxed.

5. The entrance examination is (extreme/extremely) …challenging. Very few people make it into the the

    (prestigious/prestigiously) …medical school.

6. This airline's (complete/completely) …lack of organization is astounding. I have been very

    (patient/patiently) …up to this point, but I am going to lose my temper if they don't find my baggage

    immediately.

7. The young girl sings (amazing/amazingly) …well for someone her age. Her performance was

    (spectacular/spectacularly) …to say the least.

8. The skies became surprisingly (dark/darkly) …as the moon moved between the Earth and the Sun.

    As the eclipse progressed, the people in the streets stood (silent/silently) waiting for the sun's warmth to return.

    9. Although Beth speaks (soft/softly) …and seems quite (timid/timidly) …, she is the leading expert in her field. Don't underestimate her abilities.

10. After the medieval cathedral was (tragic/tragically) …burnt down last year, the city

    (quick/quickly) rebuilt it stone for stone. It looks exactly the same as it did before the fire.

11. We (gradual/gradually) …noticed changes in Diane's personality; she became (quiet/quietly)…. and

    withdrawn from her friends and family. We finally realized that we had to do something about her

    drinking problem before it was too late.

12. Nicole grew (tired/tiredly) …from the hours of overtime at work. It became quite

    (obvious/obviously) …that she needed a long vacation.

13. The tomato plants grew (quick/quickly) …in the rich soil. Mrs. Ficara intended to use the home

    grown tomatoes to make her (delicious/deliciously) …tempting lasagna.

    14. Mr. Tanzer (generous/generously) …donated $1,000,000 to the law school's scholarship fund. With this money, they will be able to help low-income students cope with the (increasing/increasingly) …cost

    of education.

15. Tim is (good/well) …known for his sense of humor. Last Saturday, when he told the joke about the

    fireman and the school teacher, everybody there started laughing (uncontrollable/uncontrollably…..

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    Worksheet A

    Reported Speech

1. They said: "It will be hot tomorrow."

    2. Mother said: "I am busy.

    3. She told the police: "I have heard strange noises during the night." 4. Peter said: "I go to school by train."

    5. Sandy said: "My father likes sweets."

    6. She told me: "I have been phoning with my friend for two hours." 7. Peter said: "I have known the telephone number of my friend Jim but I can’t remember it now.

    8. Jim told me: "I will spend my holidays in Paris next year.”

    9. Bob told me: "I went to a birthday party last night." 10. Tom said: "I am learning for the history test."

    11. They said: "We have just returned from London."

    12. Mary said: "I know the answer."

    13. He said: "I read this book last month."

    14. Mrs White told us: "I will stay at home next weekend." 15. Peter and Sally said: "We live in New York.”

    Worksheet B

    And now some more exercises!

    1. He told me: "We have been dancing all the time."

    He told me (that)

2. Mum asked me: "Have you seen my daughter?"

    Mum asked me

3. He asked me: "Who has cleaned the pool?"

    He asked me

    4. Marilyn said: "I always eat cornflakes in the morning." Marilyn said (that)

5. He told her: "Give up smoking!"

    He told her

6. Father said: "Mum is tired now."

    Father said (that)

    7. Phil asked me: "Were you at the party, too?"

    Phil asked me

    8. He said: "I have been waiting for you for an hour." He said (that)

9. Ann asked Kate: "Did you really write this story?"

    Ann asked Kate

10.Tim asked: "Who has taken my ruler?"

    Tim asked

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    11.Bill said: "I take the car because I am late."

    Bill said (that)

    12.He told them: "Don't tell me such a nonsense!"

    He told them

    13. Debby told me: "I will meet him at the station next morning."

    Debby told me (that)

    14.The mother asked him: "Why are your clothes so dirty?"

    The mother asked him

    15.He asked her: "Have you sold your car?"

    He asked her

    Worksheet C

Practise makes perfect!

1. She told him: "Shut the door!"

    2. He said: "I am going home now."

    3. Sam asked her: "Have you got 20 pounds?"

    4. He wanted to know: "Which picture is the most famous one?"

    5. She said: "I was biking yesterday."

    6. He was told: "Fill in the form!"

    7. She said: "I am doing my homework.

    8. They asked me: "Did Paul lose the match?"

    9. He told her: "Don't call me before 7 o'clock!

    10. Mother said to me: "I will buy that book for you."

    11. Cathy asked me: "Is the movie interesting or boring?"

    12. She said to him: "I have invited you to my party."

    13. They wanted to know: "When is your birthday?"

    14. Susan said: "I like classical music."

    15. She asked me: "Where did you meet her?"

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Worksheet D

    Some more exercises Reported Speech

    Rewrite the sentences in reported speech.

    1. She said, "I am reading."

    2. They said, "We are busy."

    3. He said, "I know a better restaurant."

    4. She said, "I woke up early."

    5. He said, "I will ring her."

    6. They said, "We have just arrived."

    7. He said, "I will clean the car."

    8. She said, "I did not say that."

    9. She said, "I don't know where my shoes are."

    10. He said: "I won't tell anyone."

Exercise on Reported Speech

    Imagine you want to repeat sentences that you heard two weeks ago in another place. Rewrite the

    sentences in reported speech. Remember to change pronouns and expressions of time and place. 1. They said, "This is our book."

    2. She said, "I went to the cinema yesterday."

    3. He said, "I am writing a test tomorrow."

    4. You said, "I will do this for him."

    5. She said, "I am not hungry now."

    6. They said, "We have never been here before."

    7. They said, "We were in London last week."

    8. He said, "I will have finished this paper by tomorrow."

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9. She asked me, "Where have you been?"

10. He told me, "Be quiet!"

Exercise on Reported Speech

    Rewrite the sentences in reported speech. Note that backshift is not necessary in all sentences. 1. She said: "I am here now."

2. She says, "It's a nice day today."

    3. Last week he said, "I watched a great film yesterday."

    4. They will say, "We can move the table ourselves."

    5. She told me, "Don't forget to buy milk."

    6. She said, "Glasgow is a city in Scotland."

    7. He told me, "Lock the door when you are leaving."

    8. When we were in Japan, we met some friends and you asked them, "What are you doing

    here?"

9. He would say, "I don't believe it."

    10. Yesterday she asked him, "Where did you spend your holiday last year?"

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Worksheet E

RELATIVE CLAUSES

    a. Fill in the correct relative pronoun:

    1. The woman ……….is sitting at the desk is Mr Winter's secretary. 2. I cannot remember the reason ……………he wanted us to leave. 3. Jane, …………..mother is a physician, is very good at biology. 4. She didn’t see the snake ……………….was lying on the ground. 5. Do you know the shop ……………………Andrew picked me up?

    b. Form correct relative clauses:

1. A monk is a man. The man has devoted his life to God.

    A monk ……………………………………………………………… 2. I have one black cat. His name is Blacky.

    I have ………………………………………………….

    3. A herbivore is an animal. The animal feeds upon vegetation.

    A herbivore ………………………………………………………. 4. Carol plays the piano brilliantly. She is only 9 years old.

    Carol …………………………………………………………… 5. Sydney is the largest Australian city. It is not the capital of Australia.

    Sydney ………………………………………………………………..

    c. Form relative clauses using the correct relative pronouns:

1. We ordered a book. It was very expensive.

    …………………………………………………………………………….. 2. You are sitting on a bench. The paint on the bench is still wet.

    ……………………………………………………………………… 3. The photographer could not develop the pictures. I had taken them in Australia.

    …………………………………………………………………………….. 4. One of the bins smells awful. You haven’t emptied the bin for 3 weeks.

    ………………………………………………………………………………….. 5. They are singing a song. I don’t know the song.

    ……………………………………………………………………………

    d. Form some more relative clauses! Be aware of the correct use of commas!

1. The city seems to be abandoned. It is usually crowded with people.

    ………………………………………………………………………..

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