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Cost of social development and its regulation_659

By Florence Robertson,2014-10-30 14:20
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Cost of social development and its regulation_659

Cost of social development and its regulation

     Summary price as a negative value, with a loss of value, value conversion, value compensatory and so on. Development through the pay that price to pave the way for themselves, and by abandoning the approach to development costs. In order to reduce the minimum price, it should be a correct sense of the cost of the implementation of the price regulation (price forecast, price feedback, price suppression, price conversions, cost trade-offs).

     Key words cost / price consciousness / price control

     【】 Body a long time, in the development of theoretical studies, the existence of such three kinds of tendencies: First, too much focus on the development of the positive effects and the positive results achieved by the neglect of

    social development costs, thereby negating the objective existence of the price; Second, isolated, one-sided

    understanding of the cost point of view, can not see the positive role of the price will be the price as a negative

    thing to a big increase criticism; Third, there are people who blindly rationalize the cost to the price as a pretext to " to pay school fees "as an excuse for their failure to defend subjective and thus shirk its responsibility. Responding to this, I believe that should be a scientific approach to understanding the cost of social development issues, there should be a realistic analysis of costs and thus to take effective control, will the price be reduced to minimum. The connotation of a price, the cost of the problem that human

    practical activities, progress and costs are always linked. Into the slave society of mankind from primitive society is a kind of historical progress, but this progress has been based on the original equality of loss and loss of moral simplicity,

    as well as the emergence of private ownership for the price. Violence and private ownership as a primitive society to slave

    society, the cost of the transition, with its historical inevitability. To replace the feudal society, capitalist

    society is also a kind of historical progress, that progress is by constantly paying the price to open up for their own development path. The formation of the capitalist world market to generate the cost of colonialism and colonial; capitalist machine large-scale production at the expense of the

    individual all-round development of cost; capitalist

    accumulation of capital at the expense of the interests of workers and produce alienation of labor as a cost; the capitalist commodity economy generated based on the

    development of commodity fetishism, money fetishism and human dependence on the cost of materials. Based on these with the regularity of the phenomenon, Marx pointed out: "In our times, every thing seems to contain its own opposite, we see that the

    machine has to reduce human labor and make labor more productive magical power, however, has caused hunger and excessive fatigue. newly discovered source of wealth, due to some kind of strange, incredible magic and become the causes of poverty. "(Note:" Selected Works of Marx and Engels,

    "Volume 2, p. 78. ) Engels had also warned the people: "Do not be too intoxicated with the victory of our nature. For each such victory, nature of our revenge." (Note: "Selected Works of Marx and Engels," Vol 3, p. 517.) Industry Since the

    Revolution, with increased productivity and the expansion of the scope of practice, human conquest of nature, the ability to transform nature's ever-growing. In just a few hundred

    years, the wealth created by mankind for centuries than at any

    time prior to the creation of wealth must be much more. On the other hand the problem is that the transformation of nature with the human capabilities, natural and social environment at an unprecedented rate a sharp deterioration in the human thing to lose also increasing. Human progress at the same time, is increasingly faced with population growth, resource depletion, energy shortages, environmental pollution and ecological imbalance and a series of devastating crises, the survival and development of human beings threatened. Today, these problems have permeated all aspects of human life, become a danger for humanity, now and future development of a "global problem." The deterioration of human living conditions, limited prospects for future development, which is modern man paid a

    heavy price. Can be seen that the existence of the price objective. In the process of social development, people tend to pay the price one way or another, that the price is not

paid is not possible. In today's society, in the "global

    problem" increasingly complex and increasingly serious problem of our times and study the cost than at any one time all the more urgent and necessary. Second, the cost implications of the price is the value of people in the pursuit of development arising from the process of practice and development of value orientation runs counter to the consequences. The price category in value is a negative value. Price with a clear value orientation, performance in the following three areas: 1. The value of the loss of. For some reason which led to the development process of things, the reduction or disappearance of a value, this is the most basic properties of the price -

    "lose." Must be noted that the cost of the "loss" has a specific meaning: First, this "loss" occurred in humans a

    purpose, conscious development practices. In other words, as the cost of "loss" is not the value of natural wastage, it is not the kind of simple characterization of the "natural evolution", but there is human activity involved in "social

    activities in process." For example: an open-air natural

    weathering of minerals, forests natural decline of plant death, from a geographical point of view of resources is a loss, but this loss is nothing to do with people's conscious activities, the loss of the sense and therefore does not

    constitute a price for The "lost." Second, as the price category of "loss" refers to the development of things should not lose what has been lost, those things behind the process of development and should be discarded things must not be

    called the price. In exchange for greater development had to lose, "should not" lose the "loss", this "loss" can be seen as the price. 2. The value of transformative. People in the face of a number of value targets, since the choice of giving

    priority to the development of the dominant value targets, leading to suppression of other values, damage or temporarily can not be realized. These are suppressed by the value of the damage is that people in exchange for the value of the dominant cost. Here highlights the cost of property in a "generation" is used. 3. The value of compensatory. Social development is an extremely complex process of movement. Generated in the development of practice, the value of both positive values, but also including a negative value. If

    development activities resulting from other aspects of the negative value of the compensation to some extent, can lead to positive values increase, then so be referred to as the negative value of the price. Conversely, if a value of

    "missing" can not lead to an increase in positive values, then this kind of "missing" can not be counted as costs. This reflects the cost of property in a "compensation" is used. Third, a comprehensive grasp a correct understanding of the cost price, the price must pay attention to the level of sex and comprehensive. First of all, the price is layered. As mentioned earlier, the price there are three basic attributes, in these three basic attributes, the "loss" constitutes the most essential properties of the cost. The price is

    essentially a "lose," but it is "lost" and some "generation", "lost" and some "compensation." Only these three kinds of attributes together, the price as a multi-layered entity, in

    order to achieve a comprehensive and dialectical analysis and

    evaluation of the cost. For a long time, people on this issue there is a tendency towards one-sided, that is, only see the

    price of the "missing" and do not see the price of the "generation" and "compensation" to the extent as in the cost of negative things, big Canada flogging, denied its positive significance. This is wrong. Second, the cost of a comprehensive. The price is a comprehensive degree standard, is the quality and quantity of unity. The same as a shadow price associated with the human practices of development. The

    results achieved in development practice is entirely positive effect is impossible. On the contrary we should rise to a high degree of attention is, there is no positive effect but only the negative effects of the practical results can not be

    called a price. Cost in nature are "lost", but it also has the amount of prescriptive, with the amount of the comparative. Overall, the performance of the price on its negative value, but in a partial, a certain stage, a certain level, but showed

    a certain positive value. The price is negative value and positive value of comparison, does not contain a positive value, including negative values can not be regarded as the price. For some time now, people for the cost of content say, today. From the price level and a comprehensive understanding of the price will help us to clarify the concept of a lot of confusion. For example: Many people will be "Cultural Revolution" as the price. In my opinion, the "Cultural Revolution" must not be regarded as the price. There are two

    reasons: Firstly, the "Cultural Revolution" to China's national economy and the development of society as a whole have brought immeasurable losses, but the "Cultural Revolution" is not in the process of social development in China a necessary link, but the subjective errors caused can

    be avoided, and consequently the "Cultural Revolution" does not meet what we call "failure" conditions, it does not constitute a price for the sense of "lose." Second, the "cultural revolution" as the price for people who have a

    common ground that the "Cultural Revolution" from a negative to us a profound lesson and inspiration. In my opinion, they just only see the "Cultural Revolution" in a negative value, the complete neglect of the "Cultural Revolution" itself is

    whether the value of this fundamental problem. In fact, the "Cultural Revolution" brought about all the disastrous consequences of a negative value, which itself does not generate positive value and, therefore, there is no positive value can be "generation" may "compensation." In my opinion, no matter how profound negative lessons, as long as it itself does not produce positive value, the price can not be considered. Therefore, the "Cultural Revolution" is not the price, but a disaster for the whole nation. Scientifically

    define the cost of areas, has a very important theoretical meaning and practical significance, and it reminded us of some people the name of "price", "experience", "lesson", "school fees" as a pretense and their defense of the subjective errors

    and thus for their mistakes exculpatory. Development and cost of a, the price and the cost of the development process in the development of an intrinsic part, which formed in the process of developing, and to form a special performance on the

    development of the results. 1. Costs resulting from the process of developing. No one's development practice, no one on the value of the pursuit of development objectives and value realization activities, the price would be impossible. It is human survival and development decisions of the cost of production. Is based on the development of the main players in the development of freedom of choice and creativity of the premise, but the people's choice and the creation of capacities and is being affected by a variety of subjective

    and objective conditions, the contradictions between the two led to the evolution of human society constantly generates costs, Also keep abandoning the price. Therefore, the cost objective necessity arising from the development process is

    rooted in the inherent contradictions. The price must be some "lost", but not all of the "missing" are the price, those in the development process should not be lost "lose", which can lead to increase in the value being "lost" before they can call the price. No one involved in practical activities which, divorced from the development process beyond the "lost"

    because it is not a necessary part of the development process, it is not seen as a cost (as in the previous analysis of the "Cultural Revolution" by people's subjective errors caused by the process of China's social development is not a necessary stage of development). 2. The cost of development is an inherent part of. The process of development is bound to pay a certain price, but the price paid is not unprincipled. Cost of

    property in the "generation" and "compensation" indicates that the price is based on a value in place of the other kind of value to a value of compensation to another value. The development process is not only the value of the conversion

    process, that is, as far as possible a small price in return for the greatest possible progress; the same time, the value of the development process is the process of compensation, that is, the value of as much as possible to compensate for

    development costs. Cost of the development process of being replaced by compensation, by exchange, indicating that the cost of the development process is an inherent part of. There is no cost to this negative aspect of the development process can not continue. 3. The cost of a special state of

    development results. Development scientist M * A * Xina Suo noted that the development "not only refers to development activities, but also means that the results of the state." (Note: F * peru: "The new concept of development", China

    Press, 1987, Edition 3 .) showed a positive result of the development of the state, it is called progress; the development of the results showing a negative state, it is called the price. The results of the cost of the development of special value manifestations, it is a negative value in the form of representation with, implies the development of things positive values. For example: the capitalist primitive accumulation of capital is built on top of bloody plunder, to achieve a lot more capital accumulation, we need more bloody mad plunder. In the early development of capitalism, capital accumulation can only be the most primitive means of achieving such a purpose, otherwise the primitive accumulation of capital can not be carried out. Reposted elsewhere in the

    paper for free download http://

     The colonized people to the vast number of such exploitation has brought poverty and misery, but to the capitalist countries has opened up world markets has brought enormous profits. British enclosure movement for the industrial

    revolution in the economic premise, which is at the expense of

    the expense of the peasants; handicrafts, industrial development for the British Industrial Revolution has provided technical prerequisite, but it does at the expense of the

    individual all-round development for the price. Behind these heavy price implies a history of tremendous progress. Second, the cost and development of the law of development will certainly pay a price, the cost is to develop a link. From this perspective, development can be seen as human beings through the cost and expense to seek even greater progress abandon the practice. Development, and in fact discarded the cost of development. 1. Development, through to pay the price to pave the way for themselves. The new concept of development representatives peru Turning to the development, said: "the development of a variety of activities and the opposite occurs in the course of events that occurred in human behavior in both the evaluation of the conflict" (Note: F * peru: "The new

    concept of development ", China Press, 1987 edition, p. 21.). Development does not always plain sailing, and faced with all kinds of conflict and choice, it is bound to pay a certain price by the way pave the way for themselves. Will adjust the

    original social reform interests, old and new order is bound to cause conflict. In this moment, can pay the price, dare to pay the price, the smooth progress of reform can become a key factor. If policy-makers fear that the pressure of

    conservative ideas are not pre-shrink and fear because the

    interests of the restructuring will lead to social turbulence, then the reform will be abortion. If the policy makers in weighing pros and cons, the resolute decision to sacrifice the interests of a small number of people in exchange for the interests of the majority of the expense of immediate benefits in exchange for long-term interests, then the reform although it will experience pain, although the time being will pay a certain price, but in the end will be successful. In this

    reform, the kind of fear that the price point of view, could not bear to pay a point of view, are passive inaction of the conservative thinking. 2. The development of the way by abandoning the price to achieve its goal. Progress and cost of

    development is the body of the unity of opposites. On the one hand, progress and costs with the opposite sex, progress is a negative cost, the price is also a negation of progress; but on the other hand, both also have a uniformity in order to pay

    the price for progress, must abandon the cost will promote progress. Progress achieved by paying the price, and also for the cost of providing the conditions for further discarded.

    The key point in the development, we must abandon the old price, to achieve new development. Otherwise, development will remain flat. Third, the cost and development goals of development goals to the development of practice standards and guidance plays a role, the cost in the form of a negative contains forward to further development. 1. The price is a

    negative development goals. People in action, they must set goals, select programs; in the operation to come back to collect feedback information and take appropriate control measures to ensure that the goals and tasks are completed. The

    cost of development goals as a feedback. First, the price appears in itself shows that the formulation of development objectives of the Department still is not entirely reasonable. Whether the price of a certain development goals, the overall

    negative, or negative part of the development goals, development costs will be in general or in a certain extent, restricts the development goals; second, the price also showed that the process of development may deviate from the original planned development goals, to remind people to find out the reasons for deviation. Therefore, we can catch fruit abduction by analyzing the causes of the price, a way to find some kind of development goals, development programs, unreasonable, and thus to adjust and improve their development objectives and

    programs to reduce costs. 2. Price in the form of a negative contains forward to further development goals. Although the cost of the sacrifice of a certain development goals or negative, but, as revealed in the negative dialectic

    understanding of the factors included in the positive, as in the cost of the development objectives of the negation, the contains of the other development goals, the development value of The recognition and pursuit for people to indicate the direction of further development. In this way, abandon the price, adjust the goals, has become the development of a deeper, more intense inherent requirement. The price is actually reflected in the form of reflection and further development. We say that the inevitable adjustment costs of

    the development of a price to pay, not to promote the price first. The cost of social development theories, the most interesting part is the establishment of cost consciousness as well as the cost of regulation. First, establish the price for

    the cost conscious awareness is essential for the establishment of new concept of social development is very important. For a long time, it is a lack of cost

    consciousness, so trapped in such a "development dilemma",

    namely: the progress made with the simultaneous increase in the price paid, and even greater progress made, the costs too high. Since the end of World War II, Western countries pursuing economic growth theory. The fundamental point of this development is to economic growth, specifically, that is,

    growth in gross national product, as the primary social development and even the only goal. In the "economic growth theory" under the guidance of Western developed countries, rapid economic growth, but its shortcomings become gradually

    apparent. The gross national product in every possible way for the pursuit of high-speed strong competition, resulting in a large number of resources and energy consumption, social inequality, unemployment increased dramatically. Some scholars, such as paying the costs of growth and compared to known as "growth without development", "negative growth." Failure of economic growth theory is that economic growth does not take into account environmental, ecological systems, and the devastating impact of the development of society as a

    whole, a word to shabby, that is, the lack of cost consciousness, human beings simply do not see the pursuit of economic growth in the price paid. Club of Rome in 1972, Meadows and others published "The Limits to Growth", pointed out: population growth, environmental pollution and resource consumption has a kind of exponential growth in nature. In other words, over a period of time doubled. If this trend continues, our planet would be in the next hundred years of economic growth within a certain time limit. These cries of the Club of Rome ascend to the cost of mankind and the resulting global issues in an extraordinarily vivid form placed before the world, the immediate intellectual and academic circles around the world caused severe vibration.

    Since then, people began to reflect on the economic growth theory, human beings began to carefully examine the cost and future development prospects. This study eventually led to a new concept of development - concept of sustainable

    development was born. Sustainable development refers to meet current needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs development. And its fundamental essence is to ask people to get rid of the traditional objectives of economic growth as the only model of

    development, and never count the natural environment and social costs of errors coming out to cost as small as possible and seek the best present and future generations development, so that human beings out of the "development dilemma", so that

    the development of humanity for generations to come continue. The so-called sustainable development model, in essence, the minimum cost, the effectiveness of the highest development model. Today, sustainable development has become the government's program has become a common declaration of mankind into the future. However, without the Club of Rome's Zhang Hongbao, without human cost of the overall awakening of consciousness, and perhaps humanity has not yet reached consensus. Second, the cost only the price regulation of

    awareness is not enough, we still have "to" right to control the price. 1. The price forecasts since the social development and comes with a price, then the people in the development program, before taking action, they should probably pay a

    price to pay for the inevitable, the inevitable price of a cost-effective forecasting and prediction. Cost projections are that the cost from the cost point of view to consider the school to pay the price is reasonable and whether the economy if it can get the benefit of whether the "missing" and some "get." Prediction is that the price effect of a comprehensive assessment of the social development process that may or necessary to pay all the costs, as well as those costs may affect the development of society as a whole, if necessary, even to the extent possible to predict every possible negative impact to what extent the and so on. Answer is that the price forecast is worthwhile to pay the cost of the problem is made before the implementation of price regulation and control as a

    value judgment. 2. The price feedback arising from social development to the price, which in turn act on the social development process. The history of social development activities are taking place, and continuously carried out, the

    price for the development of practice activities are also part of a dynamic place, constantly feedback features. Feedback to the development of the main costs of information are diverse, through price analysis, we can re-examine the development

    process a series of links, such as: whether the objectives of the development of science, mode of development is correct, the development of the means are reasonable, the development of measures properly, and the development of the subject of how to play the subjective initiative of development, whether the condition has more. Only to find out the causes of the price can address the problem, formulate corresponding measures. Cost of feedback is the development of practical activities an important part, through the cost of feedback of

    information back, we can sum up experience, draw lessons and

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