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McDonnel-Douglas

By Joshua Gibson,2014-11-03 15:08
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McDonnel-Douglas

    

    学员/同伴签名_______

     分; __________

     Introduction --- Chapter 4 辅导教师签名________

     _______________

    I. There are 20 questions in this part. Each question is followed by four choices marked A,

    B, C and D. Choose the best answer to each of the questions. (20%) 1. Which of the following is NOT true about Britain?

    A. It used to be an imperial country in the world.

    B. It plays an active role as a member of European Union.

    C. It is a relatively wealthy and developed country.

    D. It used to be one of the super powers in the world. 2. The Tower of London, a historical sight, located in the center of London, was built by

    ____________.

    A. King Harold B. Robin Hood

    C. Oliver Cromwell D. William the Conqueror 3. Which is the largest city in Scotland?

    A. Cardiff B. Edinburgh

    C. Glasgow D. Manchester

    4. When did Scotland join the union by agreement of the English and Scottish parliament?

    A. in 1715 B. in 1688 C. in 1745 D. in 1707 5. In 1969, the first British soldiers were seen on the Northern Ireland Street. They came first

    ______________.

    A. to maintain traffic order in Northern Ireland

    B. to protect the Catholic people

    C. to protect the protestant people

    D. to replace the royal Ulster Constabulary since they were unable to keep social order

    6. How many countries do you know there are in the Northern Ireland?

    A. 26 B. 6 C. 32 D. 20

    7. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

    A. Wales was invaded by the Romans.

    B. Wales was occupied by the Anglo-Saxons.

    C. Wales was conquered by the Normans.

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    D. Wales was threatened by the English.

    8. Faced with conflicting demands the British government chose a comprise and organized a

    partition of Ireland, because_________________.

    A. the British government wouldnt be able to control Ireland any longer by force

    B. the British government intended to satisfy both sides ---- Catholics as well as

    Protestants.

    C. Catholics in Ireland demanded a partition of Ireland.

    D. Protestants welcomed the idea of partition.

    9. Which of the following is NOT considered as a characteristic of Britain?

    A. Economic differences between north and south.

    B. Differences of social systems between Scotland and Wales.

    C. Class differences between a white-collar worker and a blue-worker.

    D. Cultural differences between immigrants and the British. 10. Which of the following is NOT the characteristic of British government?

    A. It offers the Queen high political status and supreme power.

    B. It is both a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy.

    C. It is the oldest representative democracy in the world.

    D. It has no written form of Constitution.

    11. Which of the following is NOT true about the Great Council?

    A. They included barons and representatives from countries and towns.

    B. They were sometimes summoned by the kings to contribute money.

    C. They later developed into what we know as the Cabinet.

    D. They represented the aristocrats as well as the communities. 12. Under whose reign was the Bill of rights passed?

    A. James II.

    B. William of Orange.

    C. Oliver Cromwell.

    D. George I.

    13. Which of the following about the House of Lords is not true?

    A. Lords do not receive salaries and many do not attend Parliament sittings?

    B. It consists of the Lords Spiritual and the Lords Temporal.

    C. The lords are expected to represent the interest of the public.

    D. Most of the lords in the House of Lords are males.

    14. Which of the following about the Prime Minister of Commons is NOT true?

    A. Members of parliament elect the Prime Minister and the Cabinet.

    B. MPs receive salaries and some other allowances.

    C. MPs are expected to represent the interest of the public.

    D. Most MPs belong to the major political parties.

    15. Why did the British government decide to replace the Power-Sharing policy with

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    direct-rule from London?

    A. The Power-Sharing policy was not accepted by the majority of Protestants.

    B. The Northern Irish Parliament could not govern the province effectively.

    C. The Power-sharing policy couldnt be carried out.

    D. All the above.

    16. Which group of people can Not vote in the general election?

    A. members in the House of Commons

    B. Lords in the House of Lords

    C. The UK citizens above the age of 18

    D. The UK resident citizens of the Irish Public

    17. By whom is a vote of no confidence decided?

    A. The House of Commons

    B. the house of lords

    C. the two major parties

    D. the Prime Minister

    18. How many seats in the House of Commons should a party hold at least in order to win the

    election?

    A. 651 B. 326

    C. 626 D. 351

    19. Which period of time in British history was described as private affluence and public

    squalor?

    A. the 1940s B. the 1970s

    C. the 1980s D. the 1990s

    20. Which of the following about the poll tax is Not true?

    A. It was introduced by the Conservative government.

    B. It was an attempt to change local government taxes.

    C. It was criticized by many citizens.

    D. It was criticized by many citizens.

    II. Fill in the missing word(s) or phrase(s) in the blanks. (30%) 1. London plays a significant role in 1)_________________ economic and cultural life. Its not

    only the financial 2) _______________ of the nation, but also one of the

    3)________________ major international financial centers in the 4)

    ____________________.

    2. Both the Scottish and Welsh people elect their members of parliament to the London

    Parliament and each holds 5) ____________________ and 6) _______________ seats

    respectively.

    3. Although Wales is the smallest of the three nations on the (7) _____________ mainland, its

    good at getting 8) _____________ from abroad, particularly from Japan and 9)

    _____________.

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    4. To pursue Irish independence, the most spectacular event in Irish history was 10)

    ______________ in 1916, in which the rebels occupied Dublin’s 11) ___________ and

    forced the British to take it back by 12) _______________________.

    5. Sinn Fein, the legal 13) _______________ Party, supports the IRAs right to fight. Its

    leaders spoke of a twin campaign for union with 14) ____________, both political and

    military, which is known as the policy of 15) _____________________________. 6. Charles the First, king of Britain, was executed, because he attempted to 16) ____________

    in the English revolution.

    7. In 1971 the northern Irish government took the action to imprison terrorist suspects from

    both sides without 17) ____________, a policy known 18) _________________. 8. 19) _______________, the ancestor of the present Queen, Elizabeth II, united England

    under his rule in 829.

    9. In 1689, Parliament passed 20) _________________ to ensure that King would b\never be

    able to ignore Parliament.

    10. In Britain, the official head of state is 21) ________________ while the real center of

    political life is in 22) ______________________________.

    11. Life peers should be nominated by 23) _____________________________, and appointed

    by 24) __________________________________.

    12. The party which wins the majority seats in parliament forms 25)

    ________________________ and its party leader becomes 26) ______________________. 13. Normally, a government can be inn power for 27) ________________ years, and then it has

    to resign and hold a general election.

    14. The media conducts 28) ____________________to try to predict the result of the election. 15. The amount of time given to each party in the party electoral broadcasts is proportional to

    the 29) _______________________ which the party received at the previous election. 16. In medieval times, kings would summon a group of wealthy barons and representatives of

    counties., towns and cities --- called 30) _____________________________________.

    III. Answer each of the questions in one full sentence. (20%)

    1. Since 1973, what has Britain been a member of?

2. Who were the ancestors of the English and the founders of England?

    3. Why is it said that 1972 was the worst year of political troubles in Northern Ireland?

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4. What does R.U.C. stand for?

    5. What are the consisting parts of the British Constitution?

    6. How are most peerages passed through according to tradition?

7. What did the doctrine of the divine right of the kings hold?

8. What was established by the Labour government in 1948, providing health care for all the

    people?

    9. Under what condition, a government has to resign?

10. What happened in 1215?

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IV. Explain the following definitions in no more than five sentences. (30%)

    1. King Arthur

     2. A Civil Rights” movement

     3. The Easter Rising

    4. The Constitution

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    5. The civil war

    6. The electoral campaign

    7. Sinn Fein

    8. Magna Carta

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    9. The importance of general election

    10. The Liberal Democrats

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    学员/同伴签名_______

     分; __________

     Chapter 5 --- Chapter 8 辅导教师签名________

     _______________

    I. There are 20 questions in this part. Each question is followed by four choices marked A,

    B, C and D. Choose the best answer to each of the questions. (20%) 1. Which of the following statements about the UK is NOT true?

    A. Britain remains one of the Group of Seven large industrial economies.

    B. Britain has experienced a relative economic decline since 1945.

    C. There has been a period of steady decreasing of living standard.

    D. Some smaller economies have overtaken the UK in terms of output per capita. 2. Which of the following livestock has the biggest number in the UK?

    A. beef battle B. diary cattle C. chicken D. sheep 3. Where is the best agricultural land in Britain?

    A. in the southeast of England

    B. in the northeast of England

    C. in the southeast of Scotland

    D. in the northeast of Scotland

    4. Which company became an important aero-engine manufacturer after WWI?

    A. Boeing B. Rolls Royce

    C. McDonnel-Douglas D. Hawker-Siddley Aviation 5. Among the following writers, who was NOT one of the great trio?

    A. Ben Johnson B. William Shakespeare

    C. Geoffrey Chaucer D. Christopher Marlow

    6. Which of the following was the most famous Scottish novelist?

    A. D.H. Lawrence B. Robert L. Stevenson

    C. Charles Dickens D. Walter Scott

    th7. Several gifted women played a part in 19-centurey literature. Which of the following is an

    exception?

    A. Virginia Woolf B. Emily Bronte

    C. Jane Austen D. Charlotte Bronte

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    8. Which of the following was a Postmodernist writer?

    A. George Orwell B. Jane Austen

    C. Robert L. Stevenson D. Virginia Woolf 9. Which of the following did NOT belong to Romanism?

    A. Keats B. Wordsworth

    C. Shelley D. E.M. Foster

    10. Which of the following used to be the last independent car company in the UK?

    A. Ford B. Peugeot C. Rover D. BMW 11. Which of the following was NOT an activity in Shakespeares time?

    A. playing football

    B. having a drink at the pub

    C. working the land

    D. attending the Grand National

    12. Which of the following is NOT true about football in Britain?

    A. Millions of people attend the FA games each season.

    B. Football hooligans sometimes have violent clashes.

    C. It was invented by Scottish people.

    D. It was once described as beastly violent.

    13. Which of the following was the first team sport to have organized rules?

    A. football B. cricket C. horse racing D. tennis 14. Which of the following members from the royal family enjoys equestrianism?

    A. Mary Queen of Scotland

    B. The Queen

    C. Fergie

    D. Princess Anne

    15. Which of the following about hunting is NOT true?

    A. It had developed into a recreational activity in medieval England.

    B. Only men participated in the hunting.

    C. Modern hunters usually chase foxes nowadays.

    D. It is strongly objected by animal rights groups. 16. Which of the following is NOT particularly British Christmas tradition?

    A. enjoying the Pantomime

    B. the Queen broadcasting her Christmas message

    C. receiving gifts from Santa Claus

    D. shopping on the Boxing Day

    17. Which of the following has nothing to do with Easter?

    A. rabbits B. haggis C. chicks D. eggs 18. Which celebration particularly happens on the Queens birthday?

    A. bonfires

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