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得 分; __________
Introduction --- Chapter 4 辅导教师签名________
I. There are 20 questions in this part. Each question is followed by four choices marked A,
B, C and D. Choose the best answer to each of the questions. (20%) 1. Which of the following is NOT true about Britain?
A. It used to be an imperial country in the world.
B. It plays an active role as a member of European Union.
C. It is a relatively wealthy and developed country.
D. It used to be one of the super powers in the world. 2. The Tower of London, a historical sight, located in the center of London, was built by
A. King Harold B. Robin Hood
C. Oliver Cromwell D. William the Conqueror 3. Which is the largest city in Scotland?
A. Cardiff B. Edinburgh
C. Glasgow D. Manchester
4. When did Scotland join the union by agreement of the English and Scottish parliament?
A. in 1715 B. in 1688 C. in 1745 D. in 1707 5. In 1969, the first British soldiers were seen on the Northern Ireland Street. They came first
A. to maintain traffic order in Northern Ireland
B. to protect the Catholic people
C. to protect the protestant people
D. to replace the royal Ulster Constabulary since they were unable to keep social order
6. How many countries do you know there are in the Northern Ireland?
A. 26 B. 6 C. 32 D. 20
7. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. Wales was invaded by the Romans.
B. Wales was occupied by the Anglo-Saxons.
C. Wales was conquered by the Normans.
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D. Wales was threatened by the English.
8. Faced with conflicting demands the British government chose a comprise and organized a
partition of Ireland, because_________________.
A. the British government wouldn’t be able to control Ireland any longer by force
B. the British government intended to satisfy both sides ---- Catholics as well as
C. Catholics in Ireland demanded a partition of Ireland.
D. Protestants welcomed the idea of partition.
9. Which of the following is NOT considered as a characteristic of Britain?
A. Economic differences between north and south.
B. Differences of social systems between Scotland and Wales.
C. Class differences between a white-collar worker and a blue-worker.
D. Cultural differences between immigrants and the British. 10. Which of the following is NOT the characteristic of British government?
A. It offers the Queen high political status and supreme power.
B. It is both a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy.
C. It is the oldest representative democracy in the world.
D. It has no written form of Constitution.
11. Which of the following is NOT true about the Great Council?
A. They included barons and representatives from countries and towns.
B. They were sometimes summoned by the kings to contribute money.
C. They later developed into what we know as the Cabinet.
D. They represented the aristocrats as well as the communities. 12. Under whose reign was the Bill of rights passed?
A. James II.
B. William of Orange.
C. Oliver Cromwell.
D. George I.
13. Which of the following about the House of Lords is not true?
A. Lords do not receive salaries and many do not attend Parliament sittings?
B. It consists of the Lords Spiritual and the Lords Temporal.
C. The lords are expected to represent the interest of the public.
D. Most of the lords in the House of Lords are males.
14. Which of the following about the Prime Minister of Commons is NOT true?
A. Members of parliament elect the Prime Minister and the Cabinet.
B. MPs receive salaries and some other allowances.
C. MPs are expected to represent the interest of the public.
D. Most MPs belong to the major political parties.
15. Why did the British government decide to replace the Power-Sharing policy with
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“direct-rule” from London?
A. The Power-Sharing policy was not accepted by the majority of Protestants.
B. The Northern Irish Parliament could not govern the province effectively.
C. The Power-sharing policy couldn’t be carried out.
D. All the above.
16. Which group of people can Not vote in the general election?
A. members in the House of Commons
B. Lords in the House of Lords
C. The UK citizens above the age of 18
D. The UK resident citizens of the Irish Public
17. By whom is a “vote of no confidence” decided?
A. The House of Commons
B. the house of lords
C. the two major parties
D. the Prime Minister
18. How many seats in the House of Commons should a party hold at least in order to win the
A. 651 B. 326
C. 626 D. 351
19. Which period of time in British history was described as “private affluence and public
A. the 1940s B. the 1970s
C. the 1980s D. the 1990s
20. Which of the following about the “poll tax” is Not true?
A. It was introduced by the Conservative government.
B. It was an attempt to change local government taxes.
C. It was criticized by many citizens.
D. It was criticized by many citizens.
II. Fill in the missing word(s) or phrase(s) in the blanks. (30%) 1. London plays a significant role in 1)_________________ economic and cultural life. It’s not
only the financial 2) _______________ of the nation, but also one of the
3)________________ major international financial centers in the 4)
2. Both the Scottish and Welsh people elect their members of parliament to the London
Parliament and each holds 5) ____________________ and 6) _______________ seats
3. Although Wales is the smallest of the three nations on the (7) _____________ mainland, it’s
good at getting 8) _____________ from abroad, particularly from Japan and 9)
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4. To pursue Irish independence, the most spectacular event in Irish history was 10)
______________ in 1916, in which the rebels occupied Dublin’s 11) ___________ and
forced the British to take it back by 12) _______________________.
5. Sinn Fein, the legal 13) _______________ Party, supports the IRA’s right to fight. Its
leaders spoke of a twin campaign for union with 14) ____________, both political and
military, which is known as the policy of 15) _____________________________. 6. Charles the First, king of Britain, was executed, because he attempted to 16) ____________
in the English revolution.
7. In 1971 the northern Irish government took the action to imprison terrorist suspects from
both sides without 17) ____________, a policy known 18) _________________. 8. 19) _______________, the ancestor of the present Queen, Elizabeth II, united England
under his rule in 829.