By Ronnie Smith,2014-11-03 16:43
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    Unit 21 Body Language

    Warming up Listening speaking

    Analysis of the unit

    The central topic of the unit is body language, relating to ―What is body language‖,

    ―How to understand body language‖ and ―Body language is intercultural‖. All language skills

    and knowledge are almost designed for the central topic---body language. The whole unit is planned for six periods, ―Warming-up Listening Speaking‖ is the first period.

    Task-based Language Teaching is the teaching idea. Arousing interests, setting up situations and practising step by step is the teaching pattern. During teaching period, various activities are set up according to the students’ English level. In this way, their English abilities of listening, speaking and writing can be improved by training and playing. At the same time, The students emotional needs are met.

    Analysis of student’s situation

    The students’ major is Commerce & Business English. They should know more information on how to communicate with body language besides verbal communication. The students are not level in English. Excepting one third of the students, most of them are afraid to speak English. The main task is to draw their attentions and arouse their motivation to make them join in the teaching activities.

    Teaching Aims

    1Knowledge Aimsa. Master the words and expressions relating to body language

     b. Familiar with the -ing form as a noun

    2Skill Aimsa. Discuss and describe body language

     b. Grasp the functional language relating to ―make offers‖ and ―make requests‖

    2Integrating Quality Aimsa. Foster the students’ creative ability

    b. Improve the students’ ability of Communicating and working with others

    Important & Difficult Points

    Important Points

    aFoster the students’ ability of understanding and using body language as well as skill of oral description.

    bBe proficient in making offers and requests using daily expressions.

    Difficult Points

    aImprove students’ listening ability. Help them to learn to get information and work out the

    definite conclusion by listening.

    bBe proficient in making offers and requests using daily expressions to overcome a difficulty

    with the help of body language.

    Teaching & Learning Methods

    The lesson is designed based on Task-based language teaching. It includes three links: preparation for the task (some relating topics and language input), process of carrying

    out the task, language practice after the task. In the class, the following teaching methods

    are used: 1. The Direct Method 2. Listening & Speaking

    3. Situational Approach 4. Communicative Approach Learning methods 1Activity 2Cooperation & Exploration Method

    Students’ activities lockstep, group work, pair work

    Teaching tools Computer, OHP(overhead projector)FLASH software

    Teaching procedures

     Step I


    Discussion Step II

    Brainstorming Warming up(5mins)

     Guessing Game

    Pre-listening Step III

    Listening TEACHING PROCEDURES Listening(15mins)


     Step IV listening & Oral Practice

    Speaking(18mins) Dumb Show & Narrating

     Making up Dialogues

     Step V

    Sum up Summary(3mins)

    Extension Step VI



STEP I lead-in (3mins)

    Teaching task: understand what is body language and its function

     Greeting using body language

     The direct method (显示影片)

     Lets enjoy a film--- a silent film of Charlie Chaplin


    What is itmoving hands, heads and eyes ? Can you understand it ?

     Body Language’s definition and function

     finition and function

    (T: teacher S: students)

    T: Usually, when we say something, we like to move our hands, head or eyes. What is it?

    S: It is body language.

    T: For what do we use body language when we speak? S: To express ourselves more clearly or vividly. T: Sometimes, we don’t say anything, but we can understand each other. Why?

    S: We use our body language.


    Tg:,Teacher generalizes(

    Body language is the movements or positions of our body that show other people what

    we are thinking or feeling. We can use it to express our thoughts and opinions and to

    communicate with other people.

STEP II Warming up(5mins)

    Teaching tasks: Master some new words and expressions

    Learn to describe body language

    Whats it--- facial expression (显示图片)


     LANGUAGE Whats it --- gesture

     The Direct Method

    (pair work) Discussion :

    Match each picture with emotion and sentences; Activity I:

     why? Give reasons



    1: Confused I dont know what to do

    2: Angry I cant believe she said that! That is so unfair!

    3: Sad Ive lost my wallet

    4: Happy I got A in my exam

    5: Tired its been a long day. I cant keep my eyes open


    Activity II: 开放式教学策略

    Brainstorming happy

    Other common facial tired

     expressions sad

    other common facial

    expressions angry confused

Words of emotions: happy, sad, angry, confused, tired, surprised, joyful, amazed, disgusted,

    disappointed, puzzled, hateful, excited, frightened, fearful, embarrassed,

    depressed, uneasy, thrilled, easy, confident, delighted, kind, curious, etc. Teacher:

    Facial expressions are easy to understand?

    Do we use facial expressions on purpose (eg. Can we control our facial expressions)? Can the same facial expression mean different things in different situations? Do men and women use the same facial expressions?

    Students: discuss and answer

     ,显示guessing 图片(

     Activity III: Observe (group work) Guessing game

     Some students make a face and say something,

     Communicative the others decide what expressions they are



    Achieve the teaching goals :

    1. Understand what is body language.

    2. Know how to express feeling and emotions using body language (facial expression)

STEP III Listening (15mins)

    Teaching tasks: Train the students’ listening ability

     Discuss and describe body language


     -ing form used as noun

    Relating pictures of the listening comprehension―― Pre-listening:

    help students understand it

     The Direct Method 开放式教学策略 (显示图片)

Part I Question 1Answer the following questions and act out

    1. If Tom was enjoying the party, how would he behave? 2. If Tom was not enjoying the party, how would he behave? 3. If Tom wanted to leave the party, how would he behave? 4. If Tom did not want to leave the party, how would he behave? (Students discuss)

     Question 2

    1. If the customer was avoiding eye contact, what did she mean? 2. If the customer was lifting her hand, what did she mean? 3. If the customer was covering her mouth, what did she mean? 4. If the customer was frowning, what did she mean? (Students discuss)

    Part II: Question 1

    1. If someone is telling the truth, how will they behave? 2. If someone is not telling the truth, how will they behave? 3. If someone is felling sad, how will they behave? 4. If someone is felling angry, how will they behave? (Students discuss)

    Question 2

    If you are interested in what you are listening, what will you do? (Students discuss) (显示听力练习)

    (Lockstep) listening――exercises: cloze and chose the best one Listening:

     Get through difficult point


    The Direct Method (group work) Discussion:

    Post-listening: Make the list of feeling and

     Cooperation & act out the body language

    Communication Method

    Attention: the -ing form as a noun

    Eg. Head—shaking one’s head means that I don’t know.

     nodding one’s head means that agreement

    Eye—opening one’s eyes wide means surprised

Tg:,Students generalizes(Make the list of feeling


    Action Meaning

    Kissing Love

    bowing Respectful

    hugging Excited

    Waving one’s hand Hello/hi/goodbye

    Putting up one’s hand May I ask a question?

    Holding up one’s head Not afraid/proud

    Hanging one’s head Feeling sorry for having done

    something wrong

    Waving one’s arms Feeling very happy

    Touching one’s stomach I’m full/I’ve a stomachache

    Cupping one’s ear I can’t hear you

    shaking one’s hand or head I don’t know

    Shaking a fist Im very angry

    Thumbing up Very good

    Moving one’s hand up and down Come here

    Making a face Show that you are unhappy

    Rubbing the thumb and forefinger Money


Achieve the teaching goals :

    1. Improve students’ listening ability. Help them to learn to get information and work out

    the definite conclusion by listening. 2. Get a deeper understanding of body language in our daily life;eye contact, gesture. 3. Discuss and describe body language, taste of ing form used as noun.

STEP IV Speaking(18mins)

    Teaching tasks: make offers and requests with the help of body language

     Learn to express yourself using body language

     Activity I: (放录音) Listening to the dialogue and practice

    listening & Speaking


    language input――sorting the useful expression

    (Group work) show the results

    Can I help you ?

    Would you like some help? Offering help Would you like me to do something for you?

    Is there anything I can do for you?


    Do you need some help with?


    Yes, please. Accepting Help Thank you for your help.

    Thats very kind of you.

    Its all right. Thank you.

    Refusing help I can manage. Thank you all the same.

    No, thanks. I can manage it my self.

    Could you please do something for me?

    Could you help me with? Asking for help Could you give me a hand, please?

    Will you please do me a favor?

Activity II pair work(Situation I: Dumb show and narrating


    情感激励法 Situational Approach I师生合作哑剧,其他学生解读、配音――练习、巩固make

    Communicative Approach offers & requests

    Demands of the performance(

    Performer: Use the body to express what is said

     Use the face expressions to express what is said

     Use his/her eyes to express what is said Narrator: Describe or express what was being acted out

     Use words and sentence patterns correctly

     Work simultaneously with the performance Story: It is new / It is interesting / Is realistic Performance: go well

Activity III group work:(Situation II/III――making offers and requests


     Sum up: dialogues made by students

    I An old II Someone is late III An old and ――能力拓展

    man is carry a for a flight and wants to sick man is on a Situation

    very heavy go ahead of the queue crowed bus and

    suitcase wants to sit down

    How could

    you ask for


    How could

    you offer?


Tg:,Teacher summarizes(

    Achieve the teaching goals :

    Be proficient in making offers and requests using daily expressions to overcome a difficulty with the help of body language.

STEP V Summary & homework(3mins)

     Activity I Summary

     Activity II Extension

     ,显示图片( pair work( Discussion show pictures

    discussion analysis

     Body language is intercultural

Picture1: ― greeting ‖ gesture

     Different greeting gestures make confusion.

    Picture2: ― Ok gesture

     The same gesture has different meanings in different countries.

Assignment (after class):

    Body language varies from culture to culture.

    What examples are given to show that body language varies from culture to culture?

    Collecting information in groups

STEP VI Evaluation & feedback(1mins)

     Ask students to evaluate their learning outcomes

    The thing I can do Evaluation

     I can talk about body language excellent/merit/pass/fail

    I can describe body language excellent/merit/pass/fail

    I can use body language to express myself excellent/merit/pass/fail

    I can offer help and ask for help in English excellent/merit/pass/fail

    I can remember the new words and expressions excellent/merit/pass/fail


    Writing on the blackboard


    Warming up listening & Speaking

    I ing form of Body language II Useful expression

    Waving one’s head Make offers

    Waving one’s arms Make requests

    Touching one’s stomach Acceptance

    Cupping one’s ear Refusing

    shaking one’s hand ……






    The thing I can do Evaluation %

    I can talk about body language E 41.7 M 41.7 P 16.2 F 4.4

    I can describe body language E 33.3 M 37.5 P 20.8 F 4.4

    I can use body language to express myself E 29.2 M 50 P 12.5 F 8.3

    I can offer help and ask for help in English E 16.7 M 54.1 P 20.8 F 4.4

    I can remember the new words and expressions E 50 M 29.2 P 16.4 F 4.4


    ,四(体现英语教学的跨文化传播意识; 由英语知识的传授适当拓展异域文化知识;为英语的实际应用打下一定文化背景基础。


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