Unit 1 Good Friends
Teaching objectives and demands:
The activity is designed to encourage students to think about friends and friendship and to activate relevant vocabulary.
Ask the students to describe a good friend and give examples of situations where friends have helped them. Use the activity as a brainstorming session done either in groups or with the whole class. Language use: Manipulate listening, speaking practice
1. Everyday English for communication.
2. Words and useful expressions
The First Period
Step 1. Warming up
Students are asked to describe themselves and a friend. You can use these questions in at least two different ways. One alternative is to ask the students to think about three words to describe themselves and then let each student tell the class the three characteristics they have chosen. A second alternative would be to ask the students to write down the three characteristics and let other students guess who is being described. As with the first part, the objective is to elicit student language and get the students to think about friends and friendship.
Which words can be used to describe the characteristic?
Brave: courage fearless heroic
Scared : astonish fearful frightened horrified shocked terrified timid
Loyal: devoted faithful
Wise: bright clever cute gifted intelligent smart well-learned witty Foolish: silly stupid
Beautiful: attractive breath-taking charming cool cute elegant eye-catching good-looking graceful inviting lovely neat pretty splendid stunning
Rich: wealthy plentiful
Funning: amusing humorous
Happy: carefree cheerful contented delighted glad high merry pleased
Unhappy: bitter blue discouraged displeased heavy miserable sad upset
Step 2. Listening
The students will hear friends discuss common problems that may occur in a friendship. The students are asked to identify the problems and suggest solutions. Tell the students that friends sometimes have problems and that it is important to know how to solve the problems. The students will hear three arguments between friends and are asked to write down the problems and suggest possible solutions. It may be necessary to divide the task into two parts; first the students write down the problems as they listen to the tape, and then they discuss possible solutions. The students can also listen to one situation at a time and discuss solutions with the whole class. Key
1.Peter is often late for football practice. I think that he should try to be on time in the future. 2.Mary usually borrows things without asking and she doesn’t return things on time. She should ask the owner is she wants to borrow something and try to return it on time in the future. www.ks5u.com 版权所有@高考资源网- 1 -
3.Adam borrowed John’s CD player yesterday and now it is broken. Adam can ask his uncle to fix it.
Extension the students are asked to think of other situations/problems involving friends and role-play or discuss the issues. You may also ask the students to list or discuss what methods are most effective when you want to solve problems in a friendship.
Students will hear about problems friends may have and what can be done to solve such problems. The students are asked to write down the solutions mentioned on the tape and to think of other solutions. Ask the students to listen to the tape and write down the solutions suggested by the speaker. You can help the students prepare by first asking them to think about problems they may have had with their friends. The solutions mentioned on the tape are simple and general. Encourage the students to think of better, more specific solutions. What would they do if they had a quarrel with a friend? How do they talk to their friends about difficult things? How do they keep secrets from becoming rumors?
Listening text Everybody needs friends. But being a good friend can sometimes be hard work. Learning how to solve problems in a friendship can make you a better friend and a happier person. A common problem between friends is that they don’t know how to talk to each other about difficult
things. When they do talk, they often get mad with each other. What can they do? Well, it takes time to learn how to communicate well, and it is important to understand why a friend gets angry with you when you say something. If you know what it is that makes your friend angry, then you can try to talk about the problem in a different way.
Another problem that many friends have to deal with is what to do after one of them gets angry or upset. If friends get angry with each other and say something bad because they are angry, they often find it difficult to apologize after the quarrel. The best way to apologize after a quarrel is simply to start by telling each other that you are sorry and then go from there. A simple apology is often enough and is a good starting point. What about friends who can’t keep a secret? Sometimes it seems impossible to keep a secret from becoming a rumour that everyone knows. Shouldn’t a good friend be able to keep a secret? Perhaps, but it is not always that easy to keep a secret, and telling a secret to someone will often put them in a difficult situation — they may have to lie to other friends
to keep the secret. The best way to make sure that a secret doesn’t become a rumor is simply to keep it to yourself — don’t tell anyone.
Answers to Exercise 1
Problem: Friends get angry with each other when they try to talk about something difficult. Solution: Try to understand your friend/Try to talk about the problem in a different way.
Problem: Friends don’t know how to apologize.
Solution: Start by telling each other that you are sorry and take it from there. A simple apology is
Problem: Some friends don’t know how to keep secrets.
Solution: Keep your secrets to yourself.
Step 3 Speaking
The students will use the information about the people on SB page 2 to talk about likes and dislikes and to practice giving reasons for their opinions. Tell the students to work in pairs. Ask the students to complete the chart on page SB page 3 and then use the answers to talk about who could be friends and what they like or dislike. Ask each pair to decide who could be friends and give reasons for their www.ks5u.com 版权所有@高考资源网- 2 -
decisions. When they have made their decision, ask them to compare and debate their ideas with other pairs. Encourage different answers, including strange ones.
P3 work in pairs
Name John Steve Peter Ann Sarah Joe
Age 15 14 15 16 14
Gender boy boy boy girl girl boy
Likes football/ singing rock music computers reading rock
reading skiing computer rock music novels music
reading singing dancing football skiing
Dislikes singing hiking football hiking rock music football
rock music football classical music classical dancing hiking
computer rock music dancing music computers
Extension The students are asked to make a list of famous people or people they know. The students then use the list to identify likes and dislikes and characteristics and try to determine who could be friends.
Step 4. Talking Workbook P85
The students are given role cards based on three situations where friends are having problems. They are asked to act out the situations with the “useful expressions”. They are also asked to think of a fourth situation, prepare role cards for it, and act it out. Let the students role-play in pairs. Remind them that they should not write down a dialogue and then simply read the dialogue. Instead, they should try to act out the situation without rehearsing it. If they find it difficult to get started, you can let them prepare by practising part of a situation. You can also help by modeling part of a situation. Extension Friends often help each other. Ask the students to work in pairs and list examples of situations where friends can help each other. The students can then write role cards for the situations and act out in pairs.
Step 5. Homework
(1) Finish off the exercises of Unit1 in the workbook.
(2) Revise the key points of this unit.
(3)List the friend they get to know in class and write down some thing they want to know. Evaluation of teaching:
The Second Period
1. Develop the students’ comprehension of explorative passages, especially their ability of analyzing the structure of such kind of articles.
Offer the students chances of self-culture by working in groups and seeking information about the film out-
side the class.
3. Infuse the students with basic knowledge about the friend and friendship
4. Learn some words and useful expressions from the text.
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1.Communicative Approach should be used throughout the class. Stress should be laid on: 2.Learner-centeredness; learning-centeredness
4.Activity-based teaching (class work; individual work; group work)
Teaching type: Reading comprehension
Step 1. Report in class A student is asked to report something interesting he or she picks up from newspaper or magazines.
Step 2.Review and check Ss have a word dictation and check their homework in workbook Exercise 2 Suggested sample sentences
1) My friend Alan is brave. He once saved the life of a little girl who had fallen into a lake. 2) My friend Bob