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A Scarlett Letter March 1981 1


    No. 5

    March 1981

    Conducted by:

    Errol Lea-Scarlett, P.O. Box 150,

    Northbridge, 2063

     Max Scarlett, 6 Kenilworth Road,

    Lindfield, 2070

     David Scarlett, 11 Slade Avenue,

    Lindfield, 2070

     Subscription for 1981 (6 issues) - $2


News of the Family

    Peter Croker has moved with his family from Melbourne to St Ives. The editors are looking forward to close collaboration with him now that he is living close to all three.

    On 8 January two of the editors, Max and Errol, paid a visit to „Condry‟, Araluen, where they spent an enjoyable day with Murray and Marj Hyland, being entertained in the best of country style. Some of Murray‟s documentary treasures are reproduced in this bulletin and there will be more to come. After

    the drought-stricken appearance of the Braidwood district, the velvety green valley of Araluen was a sight for sore eyes, but there were few animals to be seen because the rain which produced this miracle in colour had fallen only at Christmas and there had been little to follow. The Hyland cattle were still in Victoria and there was little beyond peaches and tourists to keep the valley in business. Max had not visited the family at Araluen since 1917 and Errol had not been there since 1967, so there was much to see and discuss.

    Flo and Dick Armstrong, of Castle Hill, are among the more recent Elliott descendants to settle in Australia, in 1966. (Flo was a Kells, great-grand-daughter of George Elliott, of Condry). They have two sons, both of whom have taken up legal careers. Derek, the elder, is a fully-fledged lawyer with a very busy city practice, while Dermot, his younger brother, graduated early in 1980 and is at present working with a suburban firm of solicitors.

Norma and Bruce Smith were due to take a holiday in Japan in February a bad month for air

    travellers on account of the prolonged strike. We have not heard whether they managed to find a flight that could leave. Norma (whose mother was Lizzie Starr, née Devine) was first married to a Windsor chemist, Cecil McCoy, by whom she had three children. Her younger daughter, Jennifer Mary

    named after Mary Jane Buchanan, of Nubba married Eduardo Marquez, of Manila, P.I. The other two

    children live much closer, in the Sydney suburbs of Castle Hill and Elanora Heights.

A Scarlett Letter March 1981 2

    Joyce Scarlett sold her home in Palm Beach late in 1980 and she has now purchased a town house in Canberra, not far from her daughter, Philippa Edquist, who has adopted one or two of her mother‟s pets, including a very affectionate old dog which will be remembered by all who visited Joyce at Palm Beach. Needless to say, Philippa and her husband, Andrew, are animal lovers, finding many kindred spirits in that respect among the Scarletts. They live in a pleasant cottage filled with books which also

    fits them in well with a few other members of the clan. Philippa‟s grandfather was Robert Dalley-

    Scarlett, of Brisbane, exceeding all others who loved animals and books because his number of well-kept cats and dogs reached thirteen at one time and nobody could overlook the books which filled his lovely home at Highgate Hill and overflowed into the garage.

    Joyce Dalley-Scarlett (widow of Robert) was very touched to see their old Christmas card reproduced in No.4 of this newsletter. A very creative lady, who once attended the Brisbane Polytechnic to take lessons in cabinet-making when ladies did not normally do such things, Joyce has given us one of her poems for publication. It is a conversation between two friends

    Age is a State of Mind

    Age is a state of mind

    (or so I‟m told)

    Yet how I hate

    This growing old.

    One‟s skin is wrinkled

    Paper-thin and lined;

    One‟s feeble body can‟t obey

    The dictates of the mind:

    And yet the spirit grows not old.

    A girl looks out of these old eyes,

    Imprisoned in enfeebled flesh

    Until she dies.

    Take heart, my friend, and worry not

    About those signs of age,

    Those lines which tell of living;

    Would you rather a blank page?

    Grieve not for youth and all its joys,

    Its problems you have left behind;

    Welcome each new experience

    Age is a state of mind.

     Joyce Dalley-Scarlett 1978

    Philip Lee, of Longueville, who writes scholarly and engaging articles for us, was born in Philadelphia of Irish parents and reared from the age of nine in Ireland, spending his later youth in Dublin where he graduated from University College. His contact with the family comes through his wife, Mary, who was a Devine, from Roscommon, belonging to a branch which went even farther afield than the Cavan Devines at the time of the migration from Fermanagh. Philip is the History Master at St Ignatius‟ College, Riverview, and Mary is a well-known Sydney travel agent.


A Scarlett Letter March 1981 3


The Family of Margaret Quong Tart (1865-1916)

    Margaret Scarlett was baptised by Rev. J. Cheel on Christmas Eve 1865 at Holy Trinity Church, Parr Mount, St Helen‟s, Lancashire. After arriving in Australia in 1882 spent some time with the Hyland family at Araluen, apparently teaching in a subsidised school which was conducted at Bettowynd, and it was in this way that she met Quong Tart who had become a friend of the Hylands during his twenty-three years in the Braidwood district. Her married life was a busy social whirl, in the course of which she visited China twice with her husband and growing family, and on Quong Tart‟s death in 1903 she had to accept the responsibility of rearing her children unaided. Their ages ranged from sixteen to a few months. In 1911 she published a book Quong Tart, or how a Foreigner succeeded in a British Community, which has now become a valuable piece of Australiana. It was quite an achievement for her to be able to put it together while managing a large home and caring for her children. She later developed cancer and died after a long illness. By her marriage to Quong Tart she had issue

    I Ann Alice Vine, born 22 May 1887, died at Manly 29 August 1946. Married Douglas Edward

    Davidson and had issue

     Bruce, died 1980. Married and had issue

     i Christopher, living at Kogarah 1980

     ii Val (daughter), married and living in U.S.A. 1980

    II Henrietta Isabella Margaret, born Ashfield 17 April 1890, died February 1942. Married at

    Ballarat 1914 John Henry McEvoy (born Sydney 18 June 1893, died Cobbitty 14 November 1945)

    and had issue

     1 John Henry, born Ballarat, Vic., 15 March 1915, died Sydney 19 September 1963. He

     married in November 1947 Lois Beale Meldrum (born Newcastle, N.S.W., 26 August 1921)

     and had issue

     i John Henry Robert, born 23 August 1948

     ii Richard Bruce, born 6 July 1950

     iii Margaret Lois, born 1 February 1952

     iv Jeanette Robin Beryl, born 19 July 1954 (has issue, a daughter, Sarah Beni, born

     12 March 1975)

     v Timothy Arthur, born 20 August 1956, died 13 November 1956

     vi Peter William, born 17 June 1958

     vii David Christopher, born 21 June 1962

     2 Robert Andrew, born 15 September 1917, married in 1946 Jean Heather Macdonald (born

     August 1915) and had issue

     i Karen Heather Pixie, born May 1947, married May 1968 Peter Webster, of

     South Australia, and has issue

     a Anthony, born 1969

     b James

     c Louise Susan

     ii Henry, died at birth, February 1951

     iii Susan Louise, born November 1952, married Michael Gan

     3 Cettien, born 9 October 1919, married November 1943 Jacques Helenus Thesingh (died in

     Holland c.1970) and had issue

     Margarett Cettien, born 10 September 1945. married 7 September 1973 Graeme

     Meakin and has issue

     a James Graeme born 15 March 1976

     b Peter John, born February 1978

A Scarlett Letter March 1981 4

    III Arthur Malcolm Quong, born Ashfield 15 October 1891, died unmarried c.1922 IV Gertrude Ann, born 28 September 18--, died unmarried at Waterfall, N.S.W., c.1948

    V Maggie Wilkin, born 18 February 1899, died unmarried at Sydney 26 April 1917 VI George Henry Bruce, born Ashfield 14 April 1903, died Sydney 12 October 1970. Married Marie

    Gabrielle Byrne (died Sydney 13 June 1973) and had issue

     1 Ian Bruce, married Janet Lawson 28 October 1967 and has issue

     i Kieran Bruce, born 12 June 1969

     ii Byron Ian, born 16 July 1971

     iii Benjamin Daniel, born 17 December 1973

     iv Joshua Ian, born 18 September 1975

     2 Sharon Maree, married Gordon Frederick Rorke 8 June 1961 and has issue

     i Bernard Charles, born 27 February 1962

     ii Hayden Ian, born 22 April 1963

     iii Simon Gordon, born 6 January 1965

     iv Louise Maree, born 9 September 1969

     [Woodcut portrait from The Bulletin, n.d.]

     A portrait of much interest to many Australians is

     that of Mrs Quong Tart of Huntingtower, Waverley,

     the bride of a very well known Sydney citizen. The

     lady has but recently attained her majority, and those

     persons to whom she is best known will be the most

     sincere and constant in congratulating Mr Tart upon

     his marriage.

Margaret Scarlett met with much paternal opposition to her marriage and at one stage her father

    inserted the following notice in a daily newspaper

    MR. GEORGE SCARLETT, Railway Stationmaster,

    Petersham, is NOT the Mr Scarlett referred to in this

    morning‟s Telegraph as amongst the friends who welcomed

    Quong Tart on Wednesday afternoon.

    (Signed) GEO. SCARLETT, Addison-rd. Marrickville.

A Scarlett Letter March 1981 5

    The year of Arthur Quong Tart‟s birth (which we have recorded as 1891) may have been 1892, as there survives an interesting letter written to him by his mother for his 21st birthday:


     S.S. Ceramic


    My dear Arthur,

     I have an idea that this will reach you on or about the 15th, your birthday. I wish you a very pleasant day and if you continue as good a son and brother as you have been up to the age of 21, I am certain you will fulfil my fervent wish and become a great success and quite a living monument to the name of Quong Tart. How very delighted Dad would have been to have been asble to present you with the pin and tie he bought for you at David Jones on your 1st birthday, now on your 21st.

    It would not do for us if we could see all that is to take place years ahead, and that really is why the future is wisely hidden from us. The only thing is to live as good a life as we ought and try to prosper well with our occupation and make life for ourselves and those belonging to us as comfortable as we can.

    I sincerely hope for every one concerned you will make good bargains this wool season and make the Coota business flourish. Goodbye, Arthur dear, we‟ll have a birthday party when I return for you and Gertie.

     With love,

     Your affectionate


    When that letter was written Arthur was a stock and station agent at Cootamundra. The wool season may have realised his mother‟s hopes, but everything else that she wished for him was destroyed by the Great War, from which he returned a wreck, suffering from shell shock. We hope to tell more of the story of this brave mother and her interesting family in later issues.


    Murray Hyland has given permission for us to reproduce the following letter from his family papers. The original envelope, posted at Belturbet, Co.Cavan, is addressed to Mr John Hyland, “Bettowind”, Araluen, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.


     February 16th 1876

    My dear Nephew,

    I have been very uneasy thinking of you and family this length of time and as I am now in

    advancing years it would console me much to hear from you, and your family connections. Dear John, it was kind of you to write to Uncle George, relative to Mrs Scarlet [sic] and your Grandfather‟s will, but Mrs Scarlet is now no more. She died in harvest last; her son, George, used to send her some help from England. Poor Isabella, she had foolish ideas and strange notions which did her much harm. I trust that her Saviour had a home for her, a house not made with hands, eternal in the Heavens.

    My dear John, for my part when I take a retrospect [sic] view of the past, I must say that the Lord is kind to me, both temporal and spiritual. I have a small portion of the farm in Condry, say 4 acres. I would have been very ill circumstanced, only my son Francis went to America, made some money, came home, and got married, and he is going along nicely; he is very kind and is doing (according to his means) all in his power for me. I may well say „that a wise Son maketh a glad father‟ – I often be

    thinking of your kind father, it was a blessing from the Lord for a family to have such a parent, [ ] was

A Scarlett Letter March 1981 6

    always cool and circumspect in his walk through life. Your Uncle Geo. is in good health, but his son Francis died two years ago, and Mary Jane, his eldest daughter, got married soon after, and they are all doing pretty well there is only one daughter to be provided for now.

    Dear John I have two daughters in America and one at home blessed be the Lord that I am

    enabled to get along pretty well. I often be bad with a severe cough, which often reminds me that this is not our abiding place.

    It may be that I may not have a more favorable opportunity of hearing from you, as I am at present as well in health as can be expected, therefore I trust that you will be so kind as to let me hear from you as soon as conveniently possible, while I remain your loving Uncle,



    (As recounted by Emily Annie Bloomfield [née Hyland] 1966)

    Clarissa Pocock was the daughter of a wealthy Dorsetshire family of very High Church of England convictions. On a visit to the family of a school friend in London (it is thought) who had taken a keen interest in John Wesley and his revival campaign, she went with the family to a service at which the young preacher was Josiah Henry Walker, a disciple of Wesley. Clarissa Pocock and Josiah Walker met and a romance developed. They were married despite the opposition of Clarissa‟s parents who forbade her to enter their home again and completely disinherited her. It was only when her father was dying that she was allowed to see him and her home again. On this occasion she was accompanied by her daughter, Sarah Anne, then aged about nine years and who afterwards retained memories of the old manor home with its footmen, butlers and servants. Two sons of this union Dr Josiah Wesley Walker

    and Samuel Walker came to Australia in the early days of settlement in N.S.W. Josiah was (it is believed) the first doctor at Camden and Samuel opened a shop in Victoria House, Parramatta, and later, when gold was discovered, commenced business in Braidwood.

    Sarah Ann Walker married William Johnson Symonds Pass, the son of a jeweller in Manchester and educated at Cambridge, whose family had escaped from their cork plantation in Southern Spain when Protestants in Spain were persecuted during the Spanish Inquisition. The family name was at that time Pass de Moreno (or Moreneau, spelling not known) who later used the surname Pass. William and Sarah Pass left England with their family, the eldest of which was aged 16, in the year 1854 on the ship American Lass to join Sarah‟s brother, Samuel Walker, in his business at Braidwood.

    Their family John, Mary Clarissa, Elizabeth, Alfred, Emily and Arthur travelled with their parents

    by bullock dray from Sydney to Braidwood, the journey taking two weeks. Another daughter, Mary Ann Taylor, known as Minnie, was born in Australia. Sarah Pass was greatly concerned on arrival at Braidwood to find an absence of any educational facilities for her family. Clarissa Stinson Walker (sister of Sarah Ann, Dr Josiah and Samuel) who had married a Wesleyan minister, Rev. John Josiah Brain, was travelling with her husband and son, William, to Australia from Canada when her husband died aboard the ship. Samuel Walker, who met his widowed sister on her arrival at Sydney, brought her to Braidwood where she was governess to the Pass children. Sarah Pass also commenced a Wesleyan Sunday School in Braidwood but she did not live long in the new country. Her daughter, Mary Clarissa, met and married John Hyland. At the time of their meeting John Hyland was engaged in gold-mining at Strike-a-Light Creek, Jembaicumbene. The son of James and Elizabeth Hyland (née Elliott), he had migrated to Australia with his parents, brothers and sisters about 1850. As a boy he had spent much time at the home of his mother‟s parents, Condry, near Arva, County Cavan, Ireland, where his mother had been reared with her brother, John, and sisters Isabella and Margaret. (Isabella Elliott married Robert Scarlett, whose son, George, came to Australia).

     - to be continued

A Scarlett Letter March 1981 7


    Kathleen McCloy, grand-daughter of James Fiddes, of Wagga Wagga, has made available a copy of her grand-father‟s birth certificate:

    James Fiddes, Son ofDonald Fiddes and Jean Smart, his wife, was born on

    17th day of June 1834 at Balnabruach.

     I hereby certify that the above particulars are Extracted by

    me from the corresponding Entry in the Register of Births for the Parish of

    Tarbat in the County of Ross, N.B.

     Dan Fraser

     Registrar of Birth &c.

    Registry Office

    of Births Deaths &c.


    November 15th 1859


    The Registers of Balnabruich, Ross-shire, record the Baptisms of James and eight other children of Donald Fiddes and Jane Smart

    Margaret, born 28 September 1820

    Janet, born 12 January 1824

    Donald, baptised 25 November 1825

    Jane, born 26 April 1828

    Helen, born 20 July 1830

    William, born 30 July 1831

    James, baptised 17 June 1834

    Thomas, born 28 May 1836

    Angus, baptised 31 July 1842

    Mrs McCloy has also sent a copy of an outline pedigree statement, listing thirteen children of Donald and Jane; we hope to reproduce this in the next issue. Meanwhile Tony Fiddes has sent in a copy of a letter written to his father by Jack Fiddes, an American, on 19 March 1981

Dear Jim,

     I received your card from Rene Herbert whom I am sure you know. Fiddes is a very scarce name in the States. I was the only one in the Chicago Phone directory and am the only one in the Lauderdale book! However it is common enough in Canada so that one is not asked “How do you

    spell it?”

    My grandfather was with Princess Louise Highlander Regiment and lived at Inverness. Some of the family came from Aberdeen. Many years ago I had the Scots Ancestry Research Society look up our family. They took it back to 1712 and most of the men were named Andrew. They recorded a few Jameses in the lot. They were James Fiddes born in Fiddestown, County of Kincardine, in 1840, father Andrew, mother Katherine. There was a James born to Andrew and Isabel Merchant July 7, 1788 and a James born to Andrew and Catherine Harrow November 26, 1826. Most of these come from church records.

    I hope this is of interest to you and it may be that your family came from Aberdeen or that area. I would be delighted to compare notes with you.



A Scarlett Letter March 1981 8

    Tony has produced a map of Kincardineshire, dated 1822, in which there appears a township named Fiddes, in the Parish of Kinteef, just off the road to Stonehaven, which seems to be about ten miles distant. His researches are producing a good deal of new information about this family and we hope to continue sharing them.



    - By Philip Lee -

    (Leitrim is of great interest to Scarlett descendants as Drumreilly is partly in

    that County and partly in Cavan).

    County Leitrim is one of the northern Counties of the Province of Connaught (Cuige Connacht) in Ireland. Having a surface area of just over 600 square miles, it is one of the smallest of the Counties. In the past twenty years, the population has hovered around the figure of 28,000. The County was grossly over-populated until the Great Famine of 1846-7. and loss of life through starvation and disease was exceptionally heavy in those years. Since then, emigration from Co.Leitrim has been constant; like Mayo, north Roscommon, Sligo, west Cavan and Monaghan it has been amongst the areas of the Republic recording the highest net emigration rate annually despite a birthrate which is high by general European standards.

    Lough Allen, the most northerly lake on the River Shannon, divides Co.Leitrim into two approximately equal parts. The northern part is mainly mountainous, with relatively poor surface-soils; the southern part is low-lying, marshy and dotted with large and small lakes, with some good bottom land - good cattle country. There is little industrial development in Co.Leitrim as a whole, and agriculture is the principal occupation of its inhabitants. In West Leitrim there are deposits of bituminous coal which extend into Co.Roscommon the Arigna mines, which became very important

    to the economy of neutral Ireland during the Second World War, when coal supplies from Britain dwindled almost to vanishing point. On the eastern side of Lough Allen are the iron-ore deposits of Slieve an Ierin (Sleabh an Iarainn the Mountain of Iron), where iron, smelted with charcoal, was

    produced before the time of Christ. The iron deposits are neither extensive, nor of good quality.

     (To be continued)



    In an earlier issue we mentioned this man, who certainly belonged to our group of Scarletts, and speculated about his possible relationship to George Scarlett. Quite unexpectedly, his great-grand-daughter, Mrs Beverley Morling, of East Bentleigh, Vic., has established contact with the editors and she has supplied a great deal of information about members of this Gippsland family of Scarletts. We shall have a great deal more to report on this subject, but for the moment readers will be interested to have the details from a monument in Mirboo North Cemetery which records that Lucy, wife of William Scarlett, died 13 October 1898 aged 64 and her husband, William Scarlett, died 7 June 1901 aged 68. Mrs Morling has also sent a photograph, taken this year in Mirboo North, showing a road intersection at which the street signs read „Grand Ridge Rd.‟ and „Scarlett St.‟ William and Lucy Scarlett had thirteen children, and Mrs Morling‟s researches have naturally kept her busy but she

    reports steady progress and promises to keep us supplied with details.

A Scarlett Letter March 1981 9


     There does not appear to be any close relationship between the West Cavan-Leitrim-Longford family of Scarlett and others of the name settled in Australia. We frequently encounter members of those families, however, and wheh space permits we shall tell something of their history, if only for the sake of differentiation.



    (2) Ann Scarlett

     Grandma was a contrast to George no fuss and bluster about her! She was strong beneath her

    quiet manner. She was not emotional nor very demonstrative. She had tremendous fortitude and dependability. I couldn‟t have put that into words as a child, but she always gave me a safe feeling. She was a very special person to me, whether she knew it or not. I was not a demonstrative child. Some years after her death I was told by my mother that I had always been Grandma‟s favourite, which

    pleased me tremendously.

    When I was young and foolish I went with a friend to a fortune-teller who told me my grandmother would always watch over me. If there is anything in that sort of thing I could well believe it as I have had a fortunate life.

    Grandma never raised her voice to reprimand her children, yet had complete control. She was brought up a Methodist and was inclined to pray over them, rather than chastise them. My mother used to say „Beat me, Mother, but don‟t pray over me!‟ She always knew when she was in for trouble as

    she‟d be called Isabella instead of Belle. One cold winter‟s night she was in bed suspiciously quickly, so:-

    „Isabella, have you said your prayers?‟

    „Yes, Mother.‟

    „Isabella, I repeat, have you said your prayers?‟

    „Yes, Mother. I said them seven times last night, for the whole week.‟

    „Get out, and say them now and every night.‟

    She was evidently a wise person. She knew my mother visited Aunty Maggie, yet never let on. No doubt, in her wisdom, she felt justified in keeping in contact with Maggie through my mother. She was always eager to get all the latest news. Of course, my mother was free from any parental control after her marriage.

    Grandma was very fond of birds. She had a cockatoo in a big cage in the kitchen, two magpies (Billy and Bella) and a seagull which roamed the garden. It used to amuse me when a magpie would leave a dropping on the verandah and she‟d always say „Oh dear, Billy has dropped a sixpence.‟ She also loved her flower garden, just about every flower she could think of. She didn‟t like picking them much

     preferred to see them growing in the garden. It was a great mark of favour to be given a flower. DEATH. At Wesley Private Hospital, Brisbane, on 20 January 1981, Ettie Winifred Dunn, aged 82 years, daughter of the late John and Isabella (née Scarlett) Croker. Privately cremated 22 January 1981.


     Only the broadest plans have yet been made but we have been able to book an

    ideal venue for Easter Monday, 12 April 1982. The spot chosen is St Ignatius‟ College, Riverview, a

    magnificent property of 111 acres on the Lane Cove River, only a few miles from the centre of Sydney and easily accessible from every part of the city by using the Pacific Highway. For those travelling from the country or interstate, there are excellent hotels and motels within convenient distance at Artarmon and Chatswood.

A Scarlett Letter March 1981 10

     Although St Ignatius‟ College is a boarding school most of the boarders will be away on Easter Monday, so we shall not be mixed up with thronging schoolboys. We have the use of the Parlour (a magnificent formal reception room), the Dalton Memorial Chapel and the Memorial Hall, all within the quadrangle where the cloisters provide perfect shelter if the weather should be unfriendly. Furthermore, we have the option of using the services of the school caterers, Nationwide Food Services, who control the refectory and kitchens.

     The Chapel has been booked because we believe that the occasion should be marked by an ecumenical service of Thanksgiving. There are few clergy among our ranks but we hope to secure the aid of one who will conduct a Service for us; the Jesuits, who control the College, are very happy that this should be so.

     Please let Sharon Rorke know about your ideas and let her have an indication of how many (adults and children) you think may come to the Reunion from your immediate group. If need be, the tear-off section below may be used for the purpose


Mrs Gordon Rorke,

    37 McIntosh-street GORDON, N.S.W., 2072

     I expect to attend the Family Reunion at Riverview on 12 April 1982. In my group there will be

probably _________ adults and _________ children.

     Name ___________________________________

     Address __________________________________________ „Phone No. __________________

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