How to pronounce -ed in english

By Alan Cole,2014-07-07 10:57
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How to pronounce -ed in english

    How to Pronounce -ed in English The past simple tense and past participle of all regular verbs end in -ed. For example:

    base verb past simple past participle

    (v1) (v2) (v3)

    work worked worked

    In addition, many adjectives are made from the past participle and so

    end in -ed. For example:

    ; I like painted furniture.

    The question is: How do we pronounce the -ed?

    The answer is: In 3 ways - / Id/ or / t/ or / d/

    If the base verb ends example example pronounce extra in one of base with -the -ed: syllable? thesesounds: verb*: ed:

    unvoiced /t/ want wanted / Id/ yes voiced /d/ end ended

    unvoiced /p/ hope hoped / t/ no

    /f/ laugh laughed

    /s/ fax faxed

    /S/ wash washed

    /tS/ watch watched

    /k/ like liked

    voiced all other play played / d/


    allow allowed for


    beg begged

    * note that it is the sound that is important, not the letter or spelling. For

    example, "fax" ends in the letter "x" but the sound /s/; "like" ends in the

    letter "e" but the sound /k/.


    The following -ed words used as adjectives are pronounced with /Id/:

    ; aged ; dogged ; ragged

    ; blessed ; learned ; wicked

    ; crooked ; naked ; wretched

    So we say:

    ; an aged man /Id/

    ; a blessed nuisance /Id/

    ; a dogged persistance /Id/

    ; a learned professor - the professor, who was truly learned /Id/

    ; a wretched beggar - the beggar was wretched /Id/ But when used as real verbs (past simple and past participle), the normal

    rules apply and we say:

    ; he aged quickly /d/

    ; he blessed me /t/

    ; they dogged him /d/

    ; he has learned well /d/ or /t/

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