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2_Study Guide

By Ralph Torres,2014-07-06 21:31
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2_Study Guide

Part 1: Anthropology

Anthropologists:

    ; Study all aspects of humans

    ; Study people who are alive and those that have died

    ; Study cultures that are different and similar to their own

    ; Collaborate with specialists from other disciplines, such as geology, history, and biology

Four Subfields

    ; Cultural Anthropology

    ; Biological (Physical) Anthropology

    ; Archaeology

    ; Linguistic Anthropology

Culture

    ; Learned and shared knowledge that people use to generate behavior and interpret

    experience.

    ; Dynamic

    ; Comes in many different forms: information, symbols, language, ideas, customs,

    traditions, institutions, organizations

Society

    ; A group of people who are connected through a common heritage and/or shared cultural

    customs and traditions.

    ; Societies can be small and large

    ; Comprised of people

Ethnography

    ; The practice that archaeologists use to study different cultures through observation and

    field work.

Ethnology

    ; Comparison of two or more cultures.

Emic vs Etic Perspective

    ; When an anthropologist is studying another culture, information can be classified into

    two perspectives: emic and etic.

    ; An emic perspective is that of the person who is a part of that society.

    ; An etic perspective is that of the person observing the society.

Ethnocentrism

    ; Viewing another group’s practices and beliefs based on your own cultural beliefs,

    ; Occurs as a natural result of cultural differences

    ; Culture shock may occur

Culture Shock

    ; The feeling of uneasiness or being estranged in another culture different from your own.

    ; Culture shock may result from a feeling of alienation, or from being around practices or

    customs that you are uncomfortable with.

    ; UK Culture Shock: http://www.ukcisa.org.uk/student/info_sheets/culture_shock.php

Naïve Realism

    ; The assumption that people view the world in the same way as you do and that the

    meaning of something in one culture is the same in all cultures.

Relativism

    ; The ideal that anthropologists shouldn’t let their own judgments interfere with their

    understanding of another culture.

    ; The anthropologist strives to be as objective as possible and even try and view the world

    from the perspective of the person they are studying.

Why Learn about Anthropology?

    ; There is difference between knowing about another culture and understanding and

    respecting a different culture for its differences.

My Recommendation

    ; Anthropologists rely on taking notes when they are studying another culture and

    reviewing them later to see the meaning in them.

    ; My recommendation is that you get a notebook and whenever you are watching a British

    movie or television show, reading or listening to BBC, and reading articles that I send,

    take notes!

    ; You can review these notes to look for cultural connections!

Part 2: Geography of the UK

General

    ; The UK is located in the Northwest of Europe. th2; Area ranks 79 for all countries at about 243,000 km

Bordering Bodies of Water

    ; Atlantic Ocean

    ; Irish Sea

    ; English Channel

    ; North Sea

Landscape

    ; Mountains (Scottish Highlands)

    ; Lowlands

    ; Rolling Hills

    ; Lakes (Loch Ness)

    ; Rivers (Thames and Severn)

Climate

    ; Temperate Maritime

    ; Generally mild climate

    ; Lack of temperature extremes

    ; Characterized by warm summers and cool winters

    ; Damp

    ; Frequent changes/unpredictable weather

Channel Tunnel

    ; Great Britain and the continental Europe are connected by the channel tunnel.

    ; Colloquially referred to as the “chunnel” a term which combines the two words together.

    ; 50.5 km long and positioned underneath the English Channel. ; Proposals had been made for many years, but the channel tunnel wasn’t started until the

    mid-1980s. The tunnel was opened in 1994.

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