Energy Efficiency Programs in Korea

By Joshua Hunt,2014-12-28 10:43
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Energy Efficiency Programs in Korea

    Energy Efficiency Programs in Korea

?. Introduction

    Energy is one of the critical driving forces for human life. It provides us with heat, light and mobility, etc. Energy demand in Korea has increased in almost same rate as rapid growth of GNP, which has shown average annual growth rate of 8%.

    Korea imported about 97% of its primary energy in 1998. Major energy sources include fuel oil, coal, nuclear energy, and LNG. Although an increasing use of renewable energy is expected, it will not contribute to remarkable energy supply in the Korean energy systems. This poor self-sufficiency is one of the most critical components of the national energy system that leave Korea vulnerable to future energy shocks. In this light, the stable energy supply and conservation is vital to the nation's sustainable development.

    An efficient use of energy is not only beneficial to the nation's economy but also important for conservation of natural environment.

    Our energy saving plan has been improved and succeeded while undergoing Gulf War and two oil crashes.

    Many energy conservation programs have been promoted. For example, tax breaks, loan and subsidy programs, energy conservation technologies, various pilot projects, energy exhibition and energy service companies program, etc. Here, among those programs, energy efficiency programs are discussed in detail.

The Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy (MOCIE), through Korea Energy

    Management Corporation(KEMCO), operates three energy efficiency programs to

    facilitate products embodying low energy input. These three programs are "Energy Efficiency Standards & Labeling Program", "Certification of High Efficiency Energy-using Appliance Program", "Energy-Saving Office Equipment & Home Electronics Program". The objective of these programs is to stimulate manufacturers to improve their products' efficiency by giving incentives and to induce consumers to purchase more energy efficient products available in the market place.

?. Energy efficiency standards & labelling program

    Energy efficiency standards & labeling program started in 1992 to encourage the efficiency in the production and use of energy and help consumers choose more energy efficient goods through appliances with energy efficiency label, which shows the energy efficiency grade of the model from 1 to 5.

7 targets of the program are as follows.

     - Electric refrigerator

     - Electric air-conditioner

     - Incandescent bulb

     - Fluorescent lamp

     - Self-ballasted lamp

     - Ballast for fluorescent lamp

     - Passenger car

    MOCIE sets the provisions for this program. KEMCO, authorized by the Rational Energy Utilization Act, supervises its implementation and enforces the provisions.

1. Energy Efficiency Standards

    Energy Efficiency Standards are divided into "Minimum Energy Performance Standards" aiming at stopping manufacture and sale of products embodying high energy inputs and "Target Energy Performances Standards" designed to give manufacturers to achieve higher efficiency.

(1) Minimum Energy Performance Standards

    Minimum Energy Performance Standards were designed to get rid of inefficient products in the market. The products that failed to meet the minimum standards are prohibited from being produced and sold. If manufacturers and suppliers do not observe the regulation, they will be fined up to US $18,000.

(2) Target Efficiency Performance Standards

    Target Energy Performance Standards aim at encouraging manufacturers to enhance the energy efficiency of their product up to a technically feasible and economically acceptable level

2. Energy Efficiency Rating labeling Program

    (1) Objective

    The objective of this program is to induce manufacturers to consistently make products with high energy efficiency and stimulate importers to introduce more energy-efficient products into the domestic market, while helping consumers choose more energy-efficient goods

(2) Subject Appliances

    Appliances Scope Effective Date

    Electric refrigerator whose available internal cubic volume is Sep. 1, 1992

    less than 1,000 and rated power

    consumption is less than 500W

    (only those which employ CFC as a

    refrigerant & blowing agent)

    Electric air-conditioner whose rated power consumption of the Jan. 1, 1993

    electric heating device is less than 5? and

    rated cooling capacity is less than 15,000?

    /h (Multi-type cooler is excluded)

    Incandescent made of tungsten whose power Oct. 1, 1992

    bulb consumption of 30W, 60W and 100W

    Fluorescent Line type : 20W, 40W Oct. 1, 1992

    lamp Circle type : 30W


    appliance Ballast for Line type : 20W, 40W Jul. 1, 1994

    s florescent Circle type : 32W


    Self-ballasted using E-type base, whose rated frequency is Jul. 1, 1999

    lamp 60Hz and rated input voltage is less than


    Passenger car fueled with gasoline, LPG and electricity-Sep. 1, 1992

    alternative fuels

    (3) Authorized Test Institute

    Authorized Test Institutes Appliances

    National Institute of Technology Refrigerator, Air-conditioner, Lightings and Quality

    Korea Institute of Energy Research Refrigerator, Air-conditioner, Lightings,

    Passenger car

    Korea Testing Laboratory Refrigerator, Air-conditioner, Lightings Korea Electric Testing Institute Refrigerator, Air-conditioner, Lightings

    Authorized Test Institutes Appliance

Korea Electrotechnology Research Lightings


    National Institute of Environmental Passenger Car


    Korea Automobile Testing & Research Passenger Car


    Korea Automotive Technology Institute Passenger Car

(4) Monitoring

    KEMCO is authorized to monitor whether the manufacturers or importers of appliances with energy efficiency rating label observe this program or not. Especially KEMCO

    does Market-place inspection and product inspection.

    Market-place inspection is for checking up whether all products covered by the law are correctly labeled and the labels accurately reflect the product's energy efficiency.

    Product inspection means checking up whether testing results agree with reported efficiency and rating through random sampling test.

(5) Manufacturer's and importer's obligations

    In accordance with the Article 18 and 19 of The Rational Energy Utilization Act, the

    manufacturers or importers of energy efficiency rating labeled appliances should indicate the certified grade, the energy efficiency and the way of efficient use in the advertisements or the product manuals. If they do not illustrate these, 5 million won or less (approximately US $4,170) will be imposed on them as a penalty.

(6) Future Direction

    At present, the subject appliances of the energy efficiency-rating label are 8 including passenger cars. It has been extended step by step since September 1992. Clothes washers are supposed to be included on July 1, 2000 and other new appliances will be included according to the potential of energy saving. Appliances considered to be included are microwave ovens, gas boilers, etc.

    ?. Certification of High efficiency Energy-using Appliance


1. Background

    This program is to certify energy-using product whose energy efficiency is much higher than that of others as High Efficiency Energy-using Appliance.

To enhance the proportion of energy efficiency appliances in the market, the

    government provides long term and low interest loans to certified companies, based on

    The Rational Energy Utilization Act. Besides, Government related organizations should use certified products.

2 Subject Appliances

    Appliances Scope

    Induction motor for general purpose with three-phase squirrel-cage,

    whose rated voltage is less than 600V, meeting

    KSC 4202

    26mm32W meeting KSC 7601 standards, whose light

    fluorescent lamp conversion efficiency is higher than the value of

    light velocity on Annex3 of KSC 7601 divided by

    rated power consumption

    Ballast for 26mm32W meeting KSC 8100, KSC 8102, whose BEF is over

    fluorescent lamp 1.09

    Self-ballasted lamp meeting 7621, using E-type base, whose rated

    frequency is 60Hz and rated input voltage is less

    than 300V

    Reflector for for 1 or 2 lamp, total reflectance is over 90%

    fluorescent lamp

    sensor lighting equipment sensor or lighting equipment including sensor that

    control light by sensing human body or ambient


    Heat recovery ventilator whose heat recovery efficiency is more than 90%,

    entalpy efficiency is more than 65%, rated capacity

    is less than 1,000N?/h

    Window with more than 0.34?h?/? thermal resistance

    and less than 5?/h? air leakage rate

    Appliances Scope

    Industrial gas boiler whose rated capacity is less than 12 million ?/h,

    maximum allowable working pressure is less than 10

    ?/?, heat efficiency is over 91%

    Domestic gas boiler Gas burning hot water boiler, whose heat efficiency is

    over 95%

    Pump Centrifugal pump for feeding water into boilers

    Centrifugal water chiller whose chilling capacity is less than 1,500usRT

    Energy saving device for controlling monitor power by detecting human body monitor with sensor, whose net power consumption is less than


    Uniterruptible power controlling its function according to the amount of system loads

     * KSC : Korean Standards for electric appliances

     BEF : Ballast Efficacy Factor

3 Procedure for Certification

    (1) When a company applies with a test report

     ? Manufacturers or importers should submit an application with required

    documents including the test report for certification issued by one of the

    authorized test institute.

     ? KEMCO checks up the factory facilities of the company when the documents

    are qualified.

     ? KEMCO issues a certificate to the company when the facilities were suitable.

(2) When KEMCO supports test fee

     - KEMCO provides test fees for small and medium sized companies within budget

     ? Manufacturers or importers should submit an application with required

    documents for certification

     ? KEMCO checks up the factory facilities of the company and selects test

    products when the documents had no problems

     ? KEMCO asks one of the authorized test institutes for the test of the products

    which he selected at the factory

     ? The test institute issues a test report to KEMCO

     ? KEMCO issues a certificate to the company when the test result was suitable

4. Monitoring

    KEMCO checks up whether the certified products deserves their quality including energy efficiency as KEMCO's guideline or not by random sampling tests. When the

    test result fails in meeting the requirements, the manufacturer of importer can take one more test at their request. If, however, the second test fails again, the certification will be cancelled and it will be notified to the public

5. Future Direction

    In the past, government related organizations were recommended to use the certified appliances. However the recommendation of the use have been reinforced to obligatory regulation in lighting equipment and it will be enhanced to the all appliances step by step.

    ?. Energy-saving Office Equipment & Home Electronics


1. Background

    Energy-saving office equipment & home electronics program is a voluntary partnership between Korea government through KEMCO and manufacturers. This program started

    on April 1999, based on MOCIE announcement No. 1998-136.

    The objective of this program is to induce manufacturers to voluntarily produce energy-saving products meeting the energy-efficiency guideline proposed by KEMCO. Manufacturers producing below items can attach an energy-saving label on their products certified as energy-saving products by KEMCO

2. Subject appliances

    (1) Office equipment

    Appliances Scope

    Computer desk-top, desk-side, etc. excluding portable

    computers, manufactured as a fully-operational


    Monitor cathode-ray tube(CRT), liquid crystal display(LCD),

    or other display device

    All-In-One System single unit excluding portable computers that

    computer and monitor is combined, not possiblely

    measured the power consumption of the two

    components separately and connected to the wall

    outlet through a single power cable

    Printer Imaging equipment manufactured as a standard

    model that serves as a hard-copy output device and is

    capable of receiving information from single-user or


    Fax machine Imaging equipment manufactured as a standard

    model that serves as a hard-copy output device

    whose primary function is sending and receving


    Combination Imaging equipment manufactured as a standard

    Printer/Fax Machine model that serves as both a fully-functional printer

    and fax machine.

    Copier A commercial reprographic imaging unit whose sole

    function is the production of dulicates from a graphic

    hardcopy original

(2) Home electronics

    Appliances Scope

    TV Color TV with cathode-ray tube(CRT), liquid crystal

    display(LCD), or other display device

    VCR equipment that records image and sound with video-

    cassette and send them to TV

    TV/VCR Single unit that TV and VCR are combined, not

    Combination unit possiblely measured the power consumption of the

    two components separately

    3. Procedure for participation

    (1) Requirements

    Domestic manufacturers or importers that have their own brand for their products can

    participate in this program.

(2) Procedure for participation

     ? Manufacturer or importer should submit an application and a participation

    agreement to join in this program.

     ? KEMCO issues the certificate of participation to the company

     ? Participants report KEMCO their products with application, test report proving

    that the products meet the requirements, and pictures of the products

     ? KEMCO notifies the products confirmed as energy-saving products on the


* The test reports shall be issued by test institutes authorized, manufacturers' or

    importers' own laboratory, if accredited by KEMCO

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