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CERN faces

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CERN faces

CERN faces ?250m budget cuts

    Aug 26, 2010 10 comments

    ATLAS

    The CERN particle-physics lab near Geneva is to cut around CHF330m (?250m) from its

    budget for 20112015. The cut, which was announced by CERN boss Rolf-Dieter Heuer

    yesterday, will require the lab to scale back research into future particle accelerators. However, Heuer insists that the reduction will not affect the operation of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) or force CERN to lose any of the 2000 or so staff it currently employs. CERN's council is expected to meet on 16 September to approve the new plan.

    The ?250m cut is most likely to hit future upgrades and accelerators, which will now "proceed at a slower pace". Also cut in the new budget dubbed the medium-term plan is the

    operation of CERN's accelerators during the planned year-long shutdown of the LHC in 2012 when it will then prepare the LHC to go straight to maximum-energy 14 TeV collisions. A few accelerators were planned to be used during the shutdown period to study new detector techniques, but under the new plan all of CERN's accelerators will now not operate in 2012. "All our member states are making significant budget cuts at the national level, and it is difficult to argue why intergovernmental organizations such as CERN should be exempt," says Heuer in a memo to staff. "I firmly believe that basic science budgets must be protected even in, and perhaps particularly in, times of economic downturn. But as a publicly funded body, we have to be realistic."

    Future plans

    Worst hit could be work on the Compact Linear Collider (CLIC) CERN's own blueprint for a

    future electronpositron collider that could be built once the LHC reaches the end of its life. Although research on CLIC and a "higher-energy proton machine" will continue, CERN's

contribution to CLIC will be held at around ?16m and not be increased as was previously

    proposed. "In the present financial and political climate, I think it was inevitable that CLIC would be among the programmes to suffer," particle theorist John Ellis told physicsworld.com.

    Ellis told physicsworld.com that resources already made available by CERN will, however, allow an upgrade to the CLIC test facility to go ahead. But the budget cut means that an engineering demonstration facility called CLIC0, which would have to be built before CLIC could be approved, will not now go ahead unless external funds are sought. CLIC0 is supposed to demonstrate beam acceleration to around 6.5 GeV.

    Ellis notes that the recent decision to open membership to CERN to countries outside Europe could mean that the extra funds are instead provided by these nations.

    Belt tightening

    "The cuts at CERN are very depressing news," says Tim Gershon, a particle physicist from Warwick University in the UK who works on the LHCb experiment at CERN. "Although CERN's management has succeeded to find a way to make the savings without any permanent scientific loss, the productivity of the laboratory will be significantly slowed." Others, however, are taking the news as an expected consequence of countries around Europe tightening their belts. "In the current financial climate these cuts are not unexpected and while they will slow down some of the longer-term projects they will not put in jeopardy any of CERN's scientific objectives," says Mark Lancaster, a particle physicist from University College London who works on the Compact Muon Solenoid detector at the LHC. About the author

    Michael Banks is news editor of Physics World

    10 comments

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    ; 1

    Ivan Gorelik Aug 27, 2010 4:11 PM

    CERN must be dismissed.

    Suicide machines (LHC and other powerful colliders) must be closed. CERN must be

    dismissed. Nuclear physicists must work at MeV energies. TeV energy collisions can

    lead to formation of a droplet of dangerous fermionic or bosonic condensate

    (strangelet or magnetic hole, correspondingly). That will lead to collaptical explosion of

    our Earth and Sun. Astronomers can see about 15 such explosions in our Galaxy

    every year.

    Do you want to die? There is very great probability that we all are already doomed, if

    the dangerous droplet is already created and grow somewhere inside the Earth. We’ll

    be able to know about growing droplet existence, when its mass will be about of 1 kg or

    couple of orders more. At such mass its neutrino output will be comparable to the

    output of one nuclear power station. On the next day ten times more; the next day

    hundred times more…

    So, fasten your safety belts, - be ready to start into cosmos; be ready to suicidal

    reproduction of our biosphere.

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    ; 2

    Oliver K. Manuel Aug 27, 2010 7:17 PM United States

    No, Black Holes Are Only An Illusion

    Quote:

    Originally posted by Ivan Gorelik

    Suicide machines (LHC and other powerful colliders) must be closed. CERN must be

    dismissed. Nuclear physicists must work at MeV energies.

    Ivan, we now know that black holes do not exist. They are only an illusion. Neutron

    repulsion prevents their formation.

    See: dl-web.dropbox.com…eutron_Repulsion.pdf

    With kind regards,

    Oliver K. Manuel

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    ; 3

    Ivan Gorelik Aug 28, 2010 9:42 AM

    Quote:

Originally posted by Oliver K. Manuel

    Quote:

    Originally posted by Ivan Gorelik

    Suicide machines (LHC and other powerful colliders) must be closed. CERN must be dismissed. Nuclear physicists must work at MeV energies.

    Ivan, we now know that black holes do not exist. They are only an illusion. Neutron repulsion prevents their formation.

    See: dl-web.dropbox.com…eutron_Repulsion.pdf

With kind regards,

    Oliver K. Manuel

    Yes, dear Oliver, gravitational microscopic black hole is impossible but magnetic hole can be already created. The equation pB=mc^2 was already achieved on LHC. Magnetic hole is dipole and is composed of x-bosons.

    Another dangerous object is a fermionic condensate of lambda-hyperons or microscopic droplet of strange matter, - strangelet.

    If a microscopic magnetic hole is already created, then physicists will register the additional and growing flux of electronic antineutrino from the Earth; If a microscopic droplet of strange matter is already created, then physicists will register the additional and growing flux of different sorts of neutrino and antineutrino from the Earth.

    The most probable moment of registration is approximately the half of total time of droplet’s grow from creation to explosion of Earth, that is - from 10^-23 kg to 10^+23

    kg.

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    ; 4

    Dileep Sathe Aug 28, 2010 3:36 PM Pune, India

    John Kendrew on CERN in 1985

    Budget cut should not be a surprise for the leaders of CERN. John Kendrew had suggested similar cut in UK budget in 1985. See my comment

    physicsworld.com…40974

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    ; 5

    Robert Houston Aug 29, 2010 5:51 AM

    A Better Plan: Cut ALL Funding to the LHC

    Member states of the CERN Council should seriously consider saving precious funds

    for their people's needs and block further funding of the LHC. Many scientists are

    genuinely concerned that this project, however rewarding to the special research

    interests and career opportunities of particle physicists, poses a serious threat the

    global environment. Yet CERN has refused to hold a safety conference, and there has

    been no outside safety review by an independent multidisciplinary panel. CERN has

    functioned as a rogue agency beyond the law of nations, international courts or the UN.

    The unprecedented high energies and luminosity of the LHC experiments threaten the

    planet in at least three ways: the potential formation of strangelets, black holes, and

    H-bomb level explosions, as detailed by physicist Rainer Plaga, Ph.D. (at

    arxiv.org…0808.1415v3 ). A group of scientific critics of the LHC have issued an

    extensive rebuttal of CERN's safety report at:

    lhc-concern.info…on_concerned-int.pdf

    Responsible nations should act now to cut funding to a project that may threaten the

    future of Geneva, Europe and the Earth itself.

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    ; 6

    John Duffield Aug 29, 2010 3:14 PM United Kingdom

    These budget cuts might sound like bad news, but I think they'll be good for CERN's

    reputation in the end. They elicit sympathy, and slowing down CLIC could turn out to

    be a crucially good decision. Note that in the article above it says CLIC0 is supposed to

    demonstrate beam acceleration to around 6.5 GeV. For comparison, see the ILC and

    the proposed 500 GeV in 31 kilometres. OK, now take a look at plasma acceleration on

    wikipedia and note this sentence: A recent experiment performed by a team at SLAC

    achieved an energy gain to 42 GeV over 85 cm using a plasma wakefield accelerator.

    That's eighty-five centimetres. That's benchtop. Can you imagine the problems CERN

    could face if they're seen to have ploughed billions into a white elephant? That sort of

    thing could be terminal, and people like Gianni Deroma of the CERN staff association

    need to appreciate it.

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    ; 7

    antonart Aug 30, 2010 10:55 PM Gays Mills, United States

    Pseudosciencephobia

    Yes, Robert, you, Ivan and Ollie are very scary indeed.

    (*shudders*)

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    ; 8

    Oliver K. Manuel Aug 31, 2010 5:12 AM United States

    The Damage To Young Scientists

    I wish that the budgets cuts could have been avoided.

    The careers of many young budding scientists at the CERN particle-physics laboratory

    will probably be damaged beyond repair.

    Administrators of large research facilities share some of the responsibility.

    With kind regards,

    Oliver K. Manuel

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    ; 9

    textgenie Aug 31, 2010 8:58 PM

    Please don't be offensive to no purpose

    Quote:

    Originally posted by antonart

    Yes, Robert, you, Ivan and Ollie are very scary indeed.

    (*shudders*)

    I object. Kindly address the issue instead of emoting as a substitute for thoughtful

    response. Houston included two links which you may examine and make up your mind.

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    ; 10

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