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THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF TRIZ

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THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF TRIZ

    Vladimir Petrov

    vladpetr@netvision.net.il.

    Israel

    THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF TRIZ

    1.1. Function of TRIZ

    1This book is the corrected and updated version of an earlier textbook published in 1999, which 2itself was based on a book written in 1992. The 1992 edition was compiled according to the author’s own materials and previous publications [8, 15].

    The Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ) was developed by the soviet scholar Genrich

    Altshuller [1-4, 6-7, 9-12, 18, 21], those first publication about TRIZ appeared in 1956 [1]. The essence of TRIZ is the discovery and use of laws, regularities and tendencies for the development of technological systems.

The basic functions of TRIZ are as follows:

    1. Solution of creative and inventive problems of any degree of difficulty and directivity

    without the exhaustive search for variants.

    2. Forecasting the development of systems and obtaining perspective solutions (including

    ones that are fundamentally new).

    3. Development of a creative thinking skills.

Other functions of TRIZ are as follows:

    4. Solution of scientific and research problems.

    5. Exposure of problems and tasks during work with technical systems and during their

    development.

    6. Exposure and elimination of the reasons for spoilage and emergency situations. 7. Maximally effective use of natural resources and technology for the solution of most

    problems.

    8. Objective evaluation of solutions.

    9. Systematization of knowledge from any field, significantly increasing the effective use of

    this knowledge and allowing the development of the pure sciences on a fundamentally

    new basis.

    10. Development of the qualities of a creative personality.

    11. Development of creative communities.

    1.2. Structure of TRIZ

    The composition of TRIZ (see fig. 1 and table 1) includes:

    1. Laws of Technological System Evolution.

    2. Knowledge base.

    3. Su-Field Analysis (structural substance-field analysis) of technological systems.

    4. Algorithm for Inventive Problem Solving (ARIZ).

    5. Techniques for the development of a creative imagination.

    The knowledge base consists of:

    ; A System of Standards for the Solution of Inventive Problems (standard solutions for a

    specific class of problems);

    ; Engineering Effects (physical, chemical, biological, mathematical, and particularly

    geometric, the most developed of these effects at the present day) and tables for their

    application;

     1 Zlotin E., Petrov V. Introduction to Theory of Inventive Problem Solving. Textbook. Tel-Aviv, 1999 (Russian) 2 Zlotin E., Petrov V. Introduction to Theory of Inventive Problem Solving. Textbook. Tel-Aviv, 1992 (Russian)

    Copyright ? 1980-2006 by Vladimir Petrov ISBN 965-7127-00-9

    6/4 Klauzner, Raanana, 43367, Israel ; 972-9-7481667; 972-54-4517322. E-mail: vladpetr@netvision.net.il

    Vladimir Petrov. THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF TRIZ

    ; Inventive Principles for the elimination of contradictions and tables for their application;

    ; Resources of nature or technology and methods for their use.

    ARIZ consists of a program (sequence of actions) for the exposure and solution of

    contradictions, i.е. the solution of problems. ARIZ includes: the program itself, information

    safeguards supplied by the knowledge base (shown by an arrow in fig.1.1), and methods for the

    control of psychological factors, which are a component part of the methods for developing a

    creative imagination. Furthermore, sections of ARIZ are predetermined for the selection of problems and the evaluation of the received solution. A modification of the algorithm, ARIZ-85-C [11, 18, 19].

     STRUCTURAL DIAGRAM OF TRIZ STRUCTURAL DIAGRAM OF TRIZ

    LAWS OF TECHNOLOGICAL SYSTEMS EVOLUTION LAWS OF TECHNOLOGICAL SYSTEMS

    TRIZ TRIZ

    Solution Problem

    Standard Nonstandard

    SU-FIELD 1. Standards 1. Program ANALYSIS ANALYSIS

     2. Engineering

     2. Information effects

    safeguards 3. Inventive

    Principles 3. Methods for the А Р И З А Р И З control of

    psychological KN 4. OResourcesWLEDGE BASE KNOWLEDGE BASE

    factors

    Fig. 1.

    Su-Field Analysis (structural substance-field analysis) produces a structural model of the

    initial technological system, exposes its characteristics, and with the help of special laws, transforms the model of the problem. Through this transformation the structure of the solution that eliminates the shortcomings of the initial problem is revealed [6, 7]. Su-Field Analysis is a special language of formulas with which it is possible to easily describe any technological system in terms of a specific (structural) model. A model produced in this manner is transformed according to special laws and regularities, thereby revealing the structural solution of the problem.

    Classification of a system of standard solutions for inventive problems, as well as the standards themselves, is built on the basis of Su-Field Analysis of technological systems. Su-Field Analysis is

    also a component part of the program ARIZ (shown by arrows in fig. 1).

    A method for revealing and predicting emergency situations and undesirable occurrences

    (“Anticipatory Failure Determination - AFD) was developed by B. L. Zlotin and A. V. Zusman

    and named the "Diversion" Approach [28, 57]. It is based on the use of TRIZ, functional, systematic and morphological analyses, and specially developed lists of control questions. With the help of this methodology, emergency situations and undesirable occurrences are “invented” for the given system, and the probability of their appearance is calculated. Analysis of the existing situation and tendencies in its development takes place, and contradictions that arise during the solution of the problem are formulated and solved. Furthermore, the method searches for and analyzes ways to avert emergency situations and undesired occurrences.

    Methods for the development of a creative imagination [5, 11, 27] decrease psychological

    inertia during the solution of creative problems.

    Theories for the development of a creative personality and creative communities have been

    developed.

    Copyright ? 1980-2005 by Vladimir Petrov. ISBN 965-7127-00-9 2 6/4 Klauzner, Raanana, 43367, Israel ; 972-9-7481667; 972-54-4517322. E-mail: vladpetr@netvision.net.il

    Vladimir Petrov. THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF TRIZ

    The theory for developing a creative personality describes traits of a creative personality and provides a life strategy for the development of these traits. The theory for developing creative communities reveals and uses laws for the development of creative communities.

    The use of different elements of TRIZ for specific functions are shown in Table 1: "Functions and

    Structure of TRIZ." A system of laws for the development of technology, a system of standards for

    the solution of inventive problems, and Su-Field Analysis are used to forecast the development of

    technology, to search for and select problems, and to evaluate the received solution. For the

    development of a creative imagination, all elements of TRIZ can be used, although particular stress is given to methods for developing a creative imagination.

    The solution of inventive problems is realized with the help of laws for the development of technological systems, the knowledge base, Su-Field Analysis, ARIZ, and, in part, with the help of methods for the development of a creative imagination.

    By means of TRIZ, known and unknown types of problems can be solved. Under known

    (standard) types of problems are understood problems with a known type of contradiction, and

    unknown (nonstandard) types problems with an unknown type of contradiction.

    Known (standard) types of inventive problems are solved with the use of the knowledge base,

    and unknown (nonstandard) with the use of АRIZ. As experience grows, solutions for a class of know types of problems increase and exhibit a structure.

    At the present time, computer programs have been developed on the basis of TRIZ that provide intellectual assistance to engineers and inventors during the solution of technological problems. These

    programs also reveal and forecast emergency situations and undesirable occurrences.

    We will now examine the different sections of TRIZ in depth. A block-diagram of TRIZ for the

    function of solving problems is illustrated in fig. 1.

    Table 1. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF TRIZ

    Structure

    METHODS FOR

    CREATIVE KNOWLEDGE BASE DEVELOPMENT Physical

    Engineering

    Chemical Effects Functions

    Biological

    Standards Mathematical

    Laws of TS Evolution Inventive Principles

    ARIZ Resources 1 - 2 3 2 - - - - - - - - - 1 Forecasting of TS Su-Field Analysis 1 - 2 2 1 3 3 3 3 4 3 4 - - 2 Search for problems Imagination AFD 2 1 - 2 - - - - - - - - - 3 Selection of problems

    2 1 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 - - 4 Solution of problems

    Personality 1 2 2 1 - - - - - - - - - 5 Evaluation of solutions

    Exposure and elimination

    2 1 2 1 2 3 3 3 3 2 2 - - - 6 of the reasons for spoilage Community and emergency situations

    Development of a creative 2 - - - - - - - 3 2 1 - - 7 imagination

    Development of a creative - - - - - - - - - - - 1 - 8 personality

    Development of a creative - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 9 community

    In the table numbers represent the priority of the application, which approximately corresponds to the

    degree of importance of the element for the given function. The symbol "-" signifies that the given Notes

    element is not used for this function.

    Copyright ? 1980-2005 by Vladimir Petrov. ISBN 965-7127-00-9 3

    6/4 Klauzner, Raanana, 43367, Israel ; 972-9-7481667; 972-54-4517322. E-mail: vladpetr@netvision.net.il

    Vladimir Petrov. THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF TRIZ

    References

    In English

    1. T.Arciszevsky. " ARIZ-77: an Innovated Design Method" in the Journal of DMG of Californya

    Polytechnical State University "Design Method and Theories" 1988, V.2, N2, pp.796-820. 2. G. Altshuller. Creativity as an Exact Science. Translated by Anthony Williams. "Gordon & Breach

    Science Publisher", New-York, London, Paris, 1984, 1987.

    3. Altshuller, Genrich. And Suddenly the Inventor Appeared: TRIZ, the Theory of Inventive Problem

    Solving. Translated by Lev Shulyak. Worchester, Massachusetts: Technical Innovation Center, 1996

    4. Kaplan, Stan. Ph.D. An Introduction to TRIZ; The Russian Theory of Inventive Problem Solving.

    International Inc. 1996. 44 p.

    5. Altshuller, Genrich. 40 Principles: TRIZ Key to Technical Innovation. Translated and edited by Lev

    Shulyak and Steven Rodman. Worchester, Massachusetts: Technical Innovation Center, 1997. 6. Viktor R. Fey, Eugene I. Rivin. The Science of Innovation A managerial overview of the TRIZ

    methodology. The TRIZ Gorup. 1997

    7. Dr. John Terninko, Alla Zusman, Boris Zlotin STEP-BY-STEP TRIZ: Creating Innovative Solution

    Concepts. 1997

    8. TRIZ Research Report: AN APPROACH TO SYSTEMATIC INNOVATION, 1998, ISBN:

    1879364999

    9. Clarke, Dana W. Sr. TRIZ: Through the Eyes of an American TRIZ Specialist; A Study of Ideality,

    Contradictions, and Resources. Ideation International Inc. 1997.

    10. Terninko, John, Zusman, Alla and Zlotin, Boris. Systematic Innovation: An Introduction to TRIZ

    (Theory of Inventing Problem Solving), 1998

    11. Altshuller G. The Innovation Algorithm. TRIZ, Systematic Innovation and Technical Creativity.

    Technical Innovation Center, Inc. Worcester, MA, 1999.

    12. Salamatov Yuri. TRIZ: The Right Solution at the Right Time: A Guide to Innovative Problem Solving.

    Insytec, The Netherlands, 1999. 256 pages.

    13. Altshuller G., Zlotin B., Zusman A. and Philatov V. Tools of Classical TRIZ. Ideation International

    Inc. 1999.

    14. Boris Zlotin, Alla Zusman. Directed Evolution: Philosophy, Theory and Practice. Ideation International

    Inc. 1999.

    15. TRIZ in Progress, Transactions of the Ideation Research Group. International Inc. 1999.

    16. Kosse, Vladis. Solving Problems with TRIZ; an Exercise Handbook. International Inc. 1999.

    17. Kaplan, Stan, Zlotin, Boris and Zusman, Alla. New Tools for Failure and Risk Analysis.

    International Inc. 1999.

    18. Zlotin, Boris and Zusman, Alla. Directed Evolution: Philosophy, Theory and Practice. Ideation

    International Inc. 2001.

    19. Rantanen Kalevi, Domb Ellen. Simplified TRIZ: New Problem Solving Applications for Engineers and

    Manufacturing Professionals

    20. Savransky Semyon D. Engineering of Creativity: Introduction to Triz Methodology of Inventive

    Problem Solving. 2000.

    21. Kalevi Rantanen. SIMPLIFIED TRIZ: New Problem Solving Applications for Engineers. St. Lucie

    Press, 2002, 280 Seiten, ISBN 1574443232

    22. Victor Timokhov. Natural Innovation, Examples of creative problem-solving in Biology, Ecology and

    TRIZ.

    In German

    23. G. Altschuller. Erfinden Wege zur Losung technicherProbleme, in German, VEB - Berlin, 1975

    24. Altow G. Der Hafen der steinernen Sturme. Berlin: Verlag Das Neue Berlin 1980. 2. Auflage 25. Altschuller G., Seljuzki A. Flugel fur Ikarus: uber die moderne Technik des Erfindens.

    Gemeinschaftsausgabe Verlag MIR Moskau, Urania Verlag Leipzig, Jena, Berlin, 1983. 26. Altschuller G.S. Erfinden - Wege zur Losung technischer Probleme. VEB Verlag Technik Berlin, 1984.

    Limitierter Nachdruck 1998, 280 Seiten, ISBN 3-00-002700-9

    27. Linde H.J., Hill B. Erfolgreich erfinden: widerspruchsorientierte Innovationsstrategie fur Entwickler

    und Konstrukteure Hoppenstedt Technik Tabellen Verlag, 1993

    Copyright ? 1980-2005 by Vladimir Petrov. ISBN 965-7127-00-9 4 6/4 Klauzner, Raanana, 43367, Israel ; 972-9-7481667; 972-54-4517322. E-mail: vladpetr@netvision.net.il

    Vladimir Petrov. THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF TRIZ

    28. Manfred von Ardenne, Gerhard Musiol u. Siegfried Reball: Effekte der Physik und ihre Anwendungen,

    Verl. HARRI DEUTSCH, 1997, 891 Seiten, ISBN 3817111746

    29. Terninko, John, B. Zlotin, A. Zusman. TRIZ - der Weg zum konkurrenzlosen Erfolgsprodukt.

    Landsberg/Lech: Verlag Moderne Industrie, 1998, 288 Seiten, ISBN 3-478-91920-7 30. Teufelsdorfer H., Conrad A. Kreatives Entwickeln und innovatives Problemlosen mit TRIZ / TIPS.

    Einfuhrung in die Methodik und ihre Verknupfung mit QFD. Verlag Publicis MCD, 1998, 120 Seiten,

    ISBN 3-89578-103-7

    31. Wirtschaftskammer Osterreich. Schneller entwicklen. Bessere Losungen finden mit TRIZ.

    Kongre?unterlage. Wien 1999

    32. Rolf Herb, Thilo Herb, Veit Kohnhauser. TRIZ - Der systematische Weg zur Innovation. Werkzeuge,

    Praxisbeispiele, Schritt-fur-Schritt-Anleitungen. Landsberg/Lech: Verlag Moderne Industrie, 2000, 260

    Seiten, ISBN 3-47891-980-0

    33. Bernd Gimpel, Rolf Herb, Thilo Herb. Ideen finden, Produkte entwickeln mit TRIZ. Taschenbuch,

    Hanser Fachbuch, 2000, 180 Seiten, ISBN 3446211594

    34. Tilo Pannenbacker. Methodisches Erfinden in Unternehmen. Bedarf, Konzept, Perspektiven fur TRIZ-

    basierte Erfolge. Gabler Verlag, 2001, 324 Seiten, ISBN 3409118411

    35. Michael A. Orloff. Grundlagen der klassischen TRIZ. Ein praktisches Lehrbuch des erfinderischen

    Denkens fur Ingenieure. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2002, 270 Seiten, ISBN 3540668691 36. Bernd Klein. TRIZ/TIPS - Methodik des erfinderischen Problemlosens. Taschenbuch, Oldenbourg,

    Mchn, 230 Seiten, 2002, ISBN 3486259520

    37. Pavel Livotov, Vladimir Petrov. Innovationstechnologie TRIZ. Produktentwicklung und

    Problemlosung. Handbuch. TriSolver Consulting 2002, Hannover, 302 Seiten, ISBN 3-935927-02-9

    Copyright ? 1980-2005 by Vladimir Petrov. ISBN 965-7127-00-9 5

    6/4 Klauzner, Raanana, 43367, Israel ; 972-9-7481667; 972-54-4517322. E-mail: vladpetr@netvision.net.il

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