I. Background introduction:
素描?line drawing, pencil sketch
Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)
Leonardo was born in Vinci, Italy on April 15th,1452. He grew up in an environment rich with scholarly texts and art, provided by his father, who himself taught Leonardo how to paint. When he was in his late teens, Leonardo was sent to Florence to
be an apprentice in the studio of famous renaissance sculptor.
Leonardo's first moment in the sun came when Verroccio asked him to help paint an angel in his “Baptism of Christ”piece. Leonardo so impressed his
master that Verrochio himself decided he would never paint again.
Vincent van Gogh(1853-1890)
Vincent van Gogh was born on March 30th, 1853 in the Netherlands. Vincent's first exposure to the art world was when he worked at the Hague gallery. He later enrolled in a missionary (传教的) school in Belgium, determined to help
those in need. After having much trouble and thinking it over, Vincent decided to become an artist, feeling this was his last recourse at doing God's work. Penniless, he worked
as an artist in Brussels. His talents were soon discovered, and in very little time, he had developed his own unique style. Pablo Picasso(1881-1973)
Pablo Picasso was born in Spain. He learned how
to paint from his father. Later, Pablo was admitted to the drawing class of the academy and showed tremendous talent. What made Picassos’ paintings is the amount of
human emotion he would maintain within the multi
Claude Monet (1840-1926)
Claude Monet was born on November 14, 1840, in
Paris. By the age of fifteen, Claude was selling caricatures(漫画) and wasn’t really interested in
painting until he met Eugène Boudin, the man who would
become his mentor(导师).His father died shortly
following her son's very first showing, but his
Aunt soon took over the care and support of the gifted teen, who was showing signs of true talent as a painter. Inspired by Manet, Claude Monet worked on large canvases(帆布), and by then, he had become such a
perfectionist that he refused to paint unless the light of the sun reflected exactly the way he wanted it.
1.The project aims to provide an outlet for children’s creativity.
2.He was aiming at the tree but he missed.
be aimed at 目的在于?针对
1.The regulations are aimed at the prevention of accidents at work.
2.The book is aimed at people with no specialized knowledge.
1.My main aim on this course is to gain confidence. 2.My aim wasn’t very good and the ball went over the fence.
3.He quickly regained his balance, took aim, and fired.
to make someone believe that something is true.
1.He failed to convince the jury(陪审团) of his innocence.
2.Maria had convinced herself that he didn’t love her.
3.You don’t have to convince me you’re the right person for the
to persuade someone to do something说服
1.They tried to convince(试图说服他) him to buy a cheaper car. attempt
1.They’re attempting a climb up the mountain’s north face.
2.Few people knew that she had once attempted suicide. 3. The book attempts to explain the origins of the war.
1. The government has made no attempt to avoid the crisis. 2. It’s his fourth attempt at flying a balloon(驾热气球) around the
1. They’re predicting heavy rain for tomorrow.
2. Industry leaders predict that another 8,000 jobs could
be lost by the end of the year.
Most of the films this summer have had one thing in common---predictable plots.
1. a great deal
She spent a great deal of time on the project. 2.scores of
Scores of volunteers offered to help. 3.focus on
We will focus upon three main topics. 4. in the flesh当面?本人
It was a pleasure to finally meet him in the flesh. 5. as well as?in addition (to)
He gave me money as well as advice.
He gave me advice, and money as well.
1. After graduation, he became quite lazy. _______, he couldn’t find any job.
A. As a consequence B. As a consequence of
C. In consequence of D. As a result of
2. John plays footballif not better than David.
A. as well B. as well as C. so well D. so well as 3. ---How do you find the books?
---Oh, they are wonderful. People here think ______ of the books.
A. a number B. a great many C. a great deal D. a plenty 4. Tom has been preparing carefully for the English examination, so that he can be sure of passing it at his first __. A. request B. attempt C. promise D. purpose 5. ________ of the truth of the report, he told his colleagues about it.
A. Convinced B. Convincing
C. To convince D. Having convinced