Magic lamp and image: the legendary film career, Bergman
Abstract title】 Global Perspective
French film director Francois Truffaut for the first time to see Bergman's films said: "He has done all that we dream to do. He wrote the film, just as a writer writing a
book. But he used is not a pen, but the camera. "Poland is one of the greatest film directors Chiello Ostrovsky, said:" It (referring to the Bergman film tension), together with other things, it is magic on the screen where the birth of : As a viewer, you
suddenly find yourself in a state of tension, because you are a directly presented to you by the director into the world. The world is so consistent, so perfect, so simple, so that it is you are coerced away feel it is the kind of tension, because you are aware of the
tension between the characters. "Bergman's basic assessment of people is: He has made the film as with painting, sculpture, architecture, music, poetry and drama go hand in hand arts categories. The Bergman I said: "film, although there are complex birth
process, for me, just my kind words on my way." Similar? - Yes, he refers to our
If you use the two key terms to sum the 20th century, the great film director Ingmar Bergman's legendary life, then they must be "magic lamp" (Magic Lantern) and the
"image" (Images): they also happens to be Bo Wegman's autobiography and memoir's title. Magic lamp, a projector; images, light in the final image on the screen.One is the light source, the source of it occurs, to initiate, leaping; one is the result, outcome, goals and destinations, it is generated, formation, aggregation. In this spectrum from the source to play the destination between the Western blot Bergman life: his films, his image, his life, which all have a set of toys from childhood: a magic light.
Ingmar Bergman (Ingmar Bergman) on July 14, 1918 Born in Stockholm, Sweden. His father was a Lutheran pastor, who later became the King of Sweden clergyman court. Bergman's father often took him to the village church bicycle sermon. Years later,
some of these early memories of Bergman will be transformed into a named "woodcut" (Wood Painting) into a stage play and later became the movie "The Seventh Seal" and the basic motif. Several Bergman films of the subject matter but also directly from his
father, such as "Winter Light" (Winter Light), "best wishes" (The Best Intentions).
In addition, Bergman's father is also provided with all the work for him an indispensable figure in the prototype: Pastor. Many of Bergman's works have a
pastor's image, of course, the most famous number "The Seventh Seal," "Winter Light," "Cries and Whispers," "Autumn Sonata" and "Fanny and Alexander" the.
Bergman very early stage and the screen shown on the strong interest. When he
received his most cherished set of toys, a magic lamp with a set of puppet theater toys, he was only 10 years old. These puppets he designed sets and props the actors, but also for them to write the script. Bergman on the illusion of the world's love is no longer a
child playing with a general enthusiasm of the. Throughout his formative years, he put his savings of most of the money spent for his magic lamp and projector to buy "film" on the. This so-called "Film" is nothing but a transparent picture card Bale for
projection. It is precisely these picture card, gave Bergman endless reveries and fantasies. "Fanny and Alexander" the first one to open the front lens piece is this: pull the curtain a little, there a small figure of Alexander in his puppet play with actors who
seemed to announce to the audience: "I started to play!" And in the film the development process, we see that Alexander and good times playing with his "magic lamp." In addition, Bergman spent a week at the cinema a few nights. The "Dream
Drama" on Bergman had a lasting impact, Bergman once said: "In my life, my experience comes from the great literature Strindberg ... ... one day I can be creative a "dream theater" that kind of stuff is my own dream,奥尔夫莫兰德in 1934 and directed
the film for me is the most fundamental play experience. "Finally, in his great work" Fen Ni and Alexander ", the Bergman achieved his dream: this is truly a dream theater, film ends when the aging actress Emily invited to a rehearsal with her mother Helena Strindberg's" Dream Drama " is the finishing touch to the whole film.
In 1952, he started a theater in the city of Malmo (Malmo City Theoter) up to 6-year
career as a director. That is one of modern Europe's most famous theaters, where he created a splendid "Bergman era."Who, with his superb indoor theater performances and from the "Faust" to "The Merry Widow" the height of a balanced repertoire and has become famous. Bergman's theatrical career as a director three years in 1963-1966
reached a peak when he was the National Theater of Sweden, Stockholm, president of the Royal Theater. From the 1938 student days, he directed the date of the first stage, until he resigned in 1966, the post of president of the Royal Theater, Bergman in 27 years, directed a total of about 75 plays, as well as a large number of TV and radio (not counting 1946 since the first film directed by a large number of films).
Bergman, as a playwright and theater director's reputation was mainly confined to the Swedish national, but his films, almost from the outset, acquired an international
reputation, and suddenly among the ranks of world-class film director, even
profoundly changed the world film the face of history and film medium itself in many artistic media status.
The first involved in 1945, Bergman directed films is "torture." A year later, the first time that Bergman directed films, this time a "crisis." Since then, the Bergman almost every year directed 1-2 films which the vast majority are Zibian Zi guide. 1955-1961, he
directed "Summer Night's Smile," "The Seventh Seal," "Wild Strawberries", "the edge of life," "Virgin Spring", "still in the mirror." In just five or six years time, Bergman film is almost swept the world in almost all major awards. Since then, he shot non-stop: "Winter Light," "Silence," "Mask," "Hour of the Wolf," "Shame," "Anna's passion," "cries and whispers," "Scenes from a Marriage , "" The Magic Flute, "" snake eggs "," Autumn Sonata "and so on, until in 1982 he finished" Fanny and Alexander "after leaving perfect, until the announcement. Among them, 1955
"Summer Night Smile" won the Cannes Film Festival Special Award; in 1957, "The Seventh Seal" won the Cannes Film Festival Jury Prize; in 1965 because of outstanding contribution to the art of film was awarded the "Erasmus Prize "(shared with Charles
Chaplin); in 1974," cries and whispers, "received a number of Cannes Film Festival Awards (including best cinematography award); in 1975 the year of the students failed to get a bachelor's degree was awarded the University of Stockholm an honorary
doctorate; in 1976, due to the excellent manner in directing a range of German theater and opera (including Mozart's "Magic Flute"), won the Goethe Prize; 1984 "Fanny
and Alexander" won four Academy Awards (including the Best Foreign Language Film
Award and Best Cinematography Award), and the Venice Film Festival Jury Prize; 1988 European Film Festival was awarded the first Lifetime Achievement Award; in 1990 by Directors Guild of America Lifetime Achievement Award; in 1991 by Japanese
Art Association of the Empire Awards; 1997 Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or received the Palme d'Or prize (first) - the highest honor of cinema history. Reposted elsewhere
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In 1983, the same incredible success and incredible creativity run out of "Fanny and Alexander" finished, after leaving perfect, Bergman said, is no longer involved in the film industry. Many people believe that there had been 65 years old, he will thus retire. However, he is relegated to the drama from the film industry of the area, and return to the stage area of Bale. After that fight, he has been living in a secluded island and live a more reclusive style of life. However, he has remained prolific. Even in the age 80, he was also a year for the Swedish Royal Theater, directed two plays. Since 1983 a number of television shows, feature films and television come out. His summer stay in the Faroe Island, which is a Baltic Sea island, where Bergman shot the most famous film "Mask" period, he also insisted on writing every morning, novels, plays and television scripts, every afternoon in a barn used as a small theater to watch the old silent film.
In March 1985, Bergman magically to meddle in the Royal Theater in Stockholm, where he performed Shakespeare's "King Lear", which will be theater arts and the economy from the mire to rescue a double out of it restored to life. This is the completion of Bergman, "Fanny and Alexander" the first time since the return to the stage, incredible is that he created the stage and film director's brilliant career, his reputation had its peak later, he still like the first time directed by young directors like modesty, even shyness. In the opening day of the night, he was alone wandering the streets in Stockholm, when he returned to the theater, the show has just drawing to a close. His King Lear's actor, under the urging of Karl kul, walked on stage. Kul first invited the audience quiet, and then Bergman said, "Welcome home." The audience responded with enthusiastic applause, Bergman's curtain call at least 10 times.
Then, Bergman directed Strindberg's "Dream Drama" (A Dream Play) and "Miss Julie" (Miss Julie), was re-brilliant success. The former responded to Bergman's Feng
Jing also known as "Fanny and Alexander" in the end, where the film's heroine Emily invited to an advanced age of the mother Helena with the Stirling Castle, which starred well-known drama, This also can be described as the crowning touch to Bergman: the last of his films suggest is that a dream play, a Alexander - Bergman's dream drama.
This movie is also the 1986 Edinburgh Festival and in 1987 staged in Los Angeles Arts Festival.
Then, in February 1988, Bergman's adaptation of Ibsen's "A Doll's House," Ming Zhiwei "Nora" (Nora), in New York on TNT Theater. In the same year in June,
Bergman strong, filled with a sexy contemporary drama "Hamlet" in the Swedish Academy of Music staged Buluokelin. In 1989, commissioned by the Danish film director Bill Bergman Augustus (Bill August) directed one of his new play. Bergman
thought it was following the "Fanny and Alexander" family chronicle, it is deeply rooted in the Bergman spend with his grandmother in the E Pulan memories of those good times. This is followed by Bergman's autobiography chronicles "magic light" goes
on to talk, but now it becomes a "best wishes" (The Best Intentions).
In 1990, Bergman has published another memoir, "video", in which he commented on his complete works. In 1991, Bergman has also directed the Royal Theater,
Strindberg's "Miss Julie," Ibsen's "A Doll's House" and Eugene O'Neill's "Long Day's
Journey towards Night" (Long Day ' s Journey Into Night). That year in November, Bergman directed a Europe Euripides's "priestess" (The Baccahae) version of a modern opera. In May 1993, Bergman returned Buluokelin College of Music, directed Ibsen's "Bebel Sargent" (Peer Gynt) and Yokio Mishima's "Sade Fu man" (Madame de Sade).
In 1994, "Sunday's Children" issue. This is Bergman's autobiographical novel based on their adaptation to be by him with the fourth wife, pianist Kebbi Lalletti (Kaebi Laretei) (Bergman mistakes I have five times married, 9 children) Bergman's son Daniel (Daniel Bergman) directed.
Bergman directed to choose their own son to his later years, these works there is much
symbolic significance. As he has always rely on films like "Fanny and Alexander" to the same evil and self-rehabilitation, "best wishes" and "Sunday's Children" is he wanted to ease tensions with the children a way. Bergman stated frankly said: "In my
life in many years, I was so indulged in their own work, so forget his wife and children. Now that I've been old, and gradually to the understanding of their Children are a wonderful thing but worth it ah! "These words certainly help us more in-depth
understanding of the great artists, such as" Autumn Sonata. "
In 1995, Bergman for art to celebrate the 50th anniversary of New York held a four-
month arts festival. Bergman, this dumb monk, but stay at home and struggled to live with. On the eve of the opening of the festival, the British Gelijialai Po (Ingrid Karlebo), Bergman's wife since 1971, died of stomach cancer. Bergman's close friend and long-term partners, Bibi Anderson said, then it is Bergman's dark time.
In November 1996, Bergman also announced that retired from the stage. Thus, left his last one areas: TV. The following year, the TV drama "in the face of the clown" (In the Presence of a Clown) broadcast. 2003 Cannes Film Festival, uncharacteristically, actually in the world's top film festival release of a "television"! This is Bergman's most recent actions: one called "Sarabande" (Saraband) TV movie.
Bergman believes that production of the film "has become a natural need for a natural need for a similar hunger and thirst. For some people, to express their own means
writing a book, hiking, playing children or dancing samba . and I to express themselves through the production of the film. "Bergman denied that film production is" self-
burning and self-pouring "at all. He believes that the creation of the film is a precise work, "an up to 2,500 meters, and squeeze the life and essence of my blood parasite ... ... When I was filming the movie, I was always exhausted." No one will not notice Bergman's film is highly personal nature of the statement, and that Bergman
had been a significant factor in the use of biographical and created a difficult to distinguish between what is "really" what is an illusion of the entire "art world." However, this is not to say that Bergman's work is a highly private nature; tried in his
film characters and real life unravel a parallel drawn between people, or simply to interpret the information in their biographies of him a symbol of almost certainly is wrong. As the film critic Bujie Ta Steiner put it, "Bergman strength as an artist - in
addition to his undoubted skills, - from his ability to create characters, come from a
tremendous visual clarity and emotional depth of the scene projected onto the talent of these people. "
Bergman did not attempt to reproduce the reality around him, but turned to the internal landscape, most of his work as a soul - his own, as well as modern man - the
development of a "fable." Once Bergman Olney quoted as saying that any one not to
explore the metaphysical question of the relationship between man and the drama are
not worth a mention. The art of promise is no doubt with his personal background. As he in answer to the French film critic for Boulanger when he said: "Film is a leap into the abyss of his childhood."
Bergman tendency to ignore the social issues - even in his early films, the community
has been presented only an abstract childhood days with the truth of opposing the destruction of the adult world and evil - and turn to metaphysics, and may be from the
20th century 40 obtain a new era of impulse. Bergman, as an artist's formative years coincided with the emergence of a new generation of Swedish writers intertwined. Their basic attitude is a kind of existential anger and religious skepticism. With this
"40 age group" Bergman experiences may help to form their own doubts to God, but his pessimism have never been, like his literary associates were far more thorough way. Bergman's usual style in order to reveal the gloomy situation of the human spirit, his
strange ideas on contemporary films of many directors had a tremendous impact, many of them well-known directors such as Woody Allen.
Bergman is the world's top film art in the history of the absolute masters, this person
opened a modernist precedent where the film, was the first in the artistic expression on the use of some of the complexities of film language means to express the inner world of people turn ... ... affixed to the papers for free download http://