Four Sections of English ability:
Reading (understanding) measures the ability to understand academic reading material.
Listening measures the ability to understand English as it is used in everyday life,
secondary schools or colleges and universities.
Speaking measures the ability to speak English in an academic context. Evaluates the
student’s ability in topic development, delivery, and language use.
Writing measures the ability to write in a way that is appropriate for secondary schools,
or college and university course work. Evaluates the integrated writing task on the
overall quality of the writing (organization, appropriate and precise use of grammar and
vocabulary) and the completeness and accuracy of the content.
Nine Levels of Ability
Expert User-Has fully operational command of the language: appropriate, accurate and fluent with complete understanding
Very Good User- Has fully operational command of the language with only occasional unsystematic inaccuracies and inappropriacies. Misunderstandings may occur in unfamiliar situations. Able to handle complex detailed argumentation well.
Good User-Has operational command of the language, though with occasional inaccuracies, inappropriacies and misunderstandings in some situations. Generally handles complex language well and understands detailed reasoning.
Competent User- Has generally effective command of the language despite some inaccuracies, inappropriacies and misunderstandings. Can use and understand fairly complex language, particularly in familiar situations.
Modest User- Has partial command of the language, coping with overall meaning in most situations, though is likely to make many mistakes. Should be able to handle basic communication in own field.
Limited User- Basic competence is limited to familiar situations and has frequent problems in understanding and expression. Not able to use complex language.
Extremely Limited User-Conveys and understands only general meaning in very familiar situations. Frequent breakdown in communication occur.
Intermittent User- No real communication is possible except for the most basic information using isolated words or short formulae in familiar situations and to meet immediate needs. Has great difficulty understanding spoken and written English.
Non User- Essentially has no ability to use the language beyond possibly a few isolated words