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Japan's colonial aggression confession, cover and landscaping - Taiwan and Japan in the late Japanese writer, An Analysis of the Novel_4941

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Japan's colonial aggression confession, cover and landscaping - Taiwan and Japan in the late Japanese writer, An Analysis of the Novel_4941

    Japan's colonial aggression confession, cover and landscaping - Taiwan and Japan in the late Japanese writer, An Analysis of the Novel

     Summary Nishikawa full of "Taiwan north-south railway," Hamada Hayao's "immigration from the South Village" and the Shoji

    general one of "Mrs. Chen" is regarded as the end of the Japanese writer's novels in Taiwan, the Japanese representative. "Longitudinal

    iron" to promote the conquest of Henan Kitashirakawa Taiwan's "merit", containing the history of Taiwan's military and desperate resistance has been written as "bandits" type of harassment, while the Japanese-style large-scale burning and acts of massacre were diluted or rationalization. "Migrant village" to promote the Japanese perseverance, faith, sincere character and scientific spirit, giving Japan's and Taiwan's "Migration" (Colonial) to legitimacy. "Mrs. Chen" digging depth with a human face and the details of Taiwan's

    delicate description of the ordinary folk, and even wrote modernity, local and colonial nature of the complex disputes, but still with a clear imprint of colonial literature: The Chinese (Taiwan) culture's "misreading" and to promote the Japanese brought to Taiwan's

    "modern" concept. They are all in varying degrees, Japan's colonial aggression against Taiwan's confession to cover up and beautify.

     Abstract title Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao and overseas Chinese Literature

     Key words during the Japanese occupation of Taiwan / Nishikawa Mitsuru / Hamada Hayao / Shoji Total 1 / colonial Literature

     Text

     In May 1941, at least in theory, Nishikawa Shimada Kinji mentor in the "Literary Taiwan," published in "Taiwan literature in the past,

    present and future," a text to try to help the French colonists in Indochina colonial literature and state of development, etc., in order to The so-called "foreign literature" outlines the general picture. He will be divided into three periods of colonial rule, that is one, "the

    military conquest, not open to the Age of Exploration"; 2, to "take the study of the organizations surveyed era"; 3, "material situation stable, residents began to shift thinking Figure 2 in mind the development of crops, that is, so-called 'pure literature' produced by age. " In his view, "First of all militarily, politically, there will be Wars and the conquest of notes from other literature, but the popular and

    material culture, and spiritual aspects of developing a dual-carried to appear literary imagination"; and residents from overseas pregnant Some psychological necessity, the "major theme of its literature can be divided into: foreigners, nostalgia, describing the

    special landscape of their land and indigenous people to explain the lives of three kinds of outsiders," and that these should be referred

    to as exotisme (exotic ) Literature is most correct. Although Shimada has also recognized that: "I never in exotisme Tusu literature

    describing the appearance of the main customs, showing easy to indulge in a number of bystanders are overlooking the external interest

    in their residence places are really grasp the psychological characteristics of the person Works extremely rare "and therefore proposed

    to" exotisme and psychological realism, muddy integrate "in order to achieve a genuine right" to live here and literary interpretation

    "works (Note: Kinji Shimada:" Taiwan literature in the past, present and future, "Ye Flute translation, the original contained in

    Taipei," Taiwan literature "No. 8, May 1941, translation serialized in Kaohsiung" Literature of Taiwan's "No. 22,23, 1997 4,7 months,

    as quoted in section 23 Issue No. 178,180 pages.), but limited to the author's identity and position of the colonists, this literature is

    difficult to produce.

     Nishikawa full of "Taiwan north-south railway," Hamada Hayao's "immigration from the South Village" and the Shoji general one of "Mrs. Chen" is regarded as the Japanese colonial period in Taiwan, the Japanese writer's novels representative (Note: This is Yeh Shih-

tao'sView, he repeatedly found in the Chinese translation of three novels by the preamble. Nishikawa full of "Taiwan's north-south

    railway,"19437trand wren capsule battle

    shouted Jue-early February edition; Hamada Hayao "immigration from the South Village", in October 1941 from serialized in the "Literary Taiwan," Huang Yuyan translation Bo Room Technology Arts early in October 2004

    edition; "Mrs. Chen" (the first "couple ") in November 1940 up by Wenge published in Tokyo, and the second" child "in July 1942

    published under the ru-tang Huang Yuyan re-engraved version of translation, Taipei: Chiu Ko Press, published in May 2002 (renamed "if you marry a Japanese woman ")) Taiwan Lang On the subject, the "north-south railway in Taiwan" belongs to the so-called

    Shimada Kinji accompanied by military and political conquest of the emergence of Wars, notes from literature, and "immigration from

    the South Village" and "Mrs. Chen" can be regarded as "material mental aspects of pioneering a two-carried to appear literary

    imagination, "but the former is more of the material to open up the scope, while the latter was more focused on the spiritual aspects of

    the description of the complex character and the details of life of common Taiwanese delicate description , the digging depth of human nature, and even write in modernity, local and colonial nature of the complex disputes in the spirit of the people of Taiwan and the plight

    of depression, which more than Nishikawa full, Hamada Hayao not suspected of non-conceptual works of a more literary merit.

     1

     Nishikawa Man in his novel's "Epilogue" in the readme said: "I am determined to His Highness from heaven Aodi logged on to the

    period of Tainan as the warp, the witness heard from childhood that is, from the north-south railways since Liu Ming-chuan secret, then

    as the weft, to describe the Japanese writer no one has to proceed in the embryonic period of Taiwan. "or that the novel describes the

    Japanese Prince Kitashirakawa Yoshihisa the rate of Japanese Guards Division, from the northern Taiwan coast, and then occupied the Keelung, Taipei also after Hsinchu, Changhua, Chiayi, Tainan and other campaigns, spent nearly six months time to complete the

    occupation of Taiwan, is one-out "Wars" novel. Description of the main target of the novel, there are only two, one Japanese aspects (including a number of German support for the Japanese people), or by Taiwan compatriots, mainly Chinese soldiers and civilians.

     In the description of the Japanese, first of all, the authors focus on the Japanese rendering of the brave officers and men, loyalty,

    dedication, courage to sacrifice for the country. They are gearing up before the war, and actively Qing Zhan, while fighting bravely

    rushed out, wave upon wave, its "Daredevil's attack" makes the enemy of fear, collapse (p. 189). Even if the fighting in the siege of

    frustration, they also carry forward the spirit of Bushido Suicide courage, such as Sakurai and transportation teams as (p. 242). By the

    Japanese soldiers and the "extraordinarily brave" attributed to it with a "sense of justice." Japanese soldiers were scored as described

    streets, "They are like a group-like leap into the fireball, it is righteous anger because of burning flesh and blood of the artillery shells"

    (p. 259).

     But even more noteworthy, but the author spared no effort to disguise the Japanese discipline, friendly and loving, "king of the

    division" (p. 360). As the street battles in Keelung, the "street people learned about one. Although the military had endured war policy for the negative approach, but in order to protect an innocent person had to be so" (p. 55). Close to Taipei, the island, Colonel fear that

    the armed forces into the city at night would disturb the public good, they ordered the army camp in the big pool (p. 83). Enter Hsinchu, because the military no place to camp, forced to be part of their placement in private houses or barns, for which the Japanese army

    colonel special encyclical warned his subordinates Note: everyone should be carefully protected to placate the people, everything should be submissive mild as the purpose and in order to non-discriminatory spirit, to play the Imperial Army of the true value (191 pages). Scored in Chiayi City, the Japanese cluster bombs fell on the city center, causing a fire. At that time despite the fighting, but Major-

    General ordered the Japanese troops fire first, so "I do not know how many people saved," played a "true spirit of the Japanese army"

    (p. 361), although the Japanese battle casualties are few, but is still set up emergency hospitals, "in order to wounded enemy soldiers and

    innocent people on the street affected by the fire, was built" (p. 360). Appear in a number of enemy dead bodies of women, the authors

    claim that is not rushed by the Japanese army, "ran the whole military regulations, it can be said that the Japanese army's reputation"

    (p. 362). As the Japanese occupation of Taiwan, Taiwan has met with fierce resistance from military and civilian, the situation is very

    tragic, the author sometimes exposed, "true features", such as into the silo, the Japanese troops surrounded the streets and set on fire,

    the fire the heat of combustion, black smoke high into the sky, has been burning for several hours, this outrage, the author by the "thief Christians" (referring to the anti-Japanese soldiers and civilians) the resistance of the ground, use the "last resort" is glossed over (p. 355). The Kitashirakawa issued a "mop-bandit bandits" are commands, but also because some of the "bandit thief" On the surface to surrender, but by cunning means, repeatedly shot and killed by the Japanese, so the "really an innocent person to save, making Taiwan

    the throne , in addition to their admiration outside no alternative, and so began a thorough sweep bandit thief "(p. 269). These depictions is tantamount to an excuse for the bloody massacre. Even foreigners upset by Japan's occupation of Taiwan, "unexpected time-

    consuming Day" by attributing the Japanese government's "kindness" and the self-sacrificing spirit, saying: "The Japanese

    Government has not sent troops conquered Taiwan in one fell swoop, from the very beginning there were certain kinds of degree at the

expense of psychological preparation, only one division Taozei believers, while the inhabitants of Fushun here "(p. 347).

Description of the Japanese novel, the upper and lower their chieftains Prince Kitashirakawa Yoshihisa, "infinite admiration," and

    loyalty, which is due to Kitashirakawa own "Chunghsiao righteous cause" and the caring actions. If there are several bergamot, they must be carried by the first enshrined in the army before the parents-chao. Usually, he lives a simple life, unhappy in his subordinates for his basic needs of the special arrangements for time "to try and soldiers were suffering" (p. 214). Infected with malaria, he did not listen to the advice of his subordinates are still insisted on personally leading south, claiming happy that; sick soldiers encountered on

    their way, they will be sympathy, so that the parties shed tears of gratitude.When the Japanese occupied the Tainan, he said: "Let Liu Yongfu escape his regrets, but the city people did not suffer, and quickly occupied the complete, very satisfied." (Article374页,

     Author is committed to the Japanese invasion of Taiwan and its chieftains cast a layer of aura, aimed at the Japanese army's brutal acts

    of aggression to cover up and beautify, to hope that the Taiwan compatriots to submit to the Japanese colonial rule. Novels by characters

    (ex land steward) of the mouth, said: "His Royal Highness the simplicity of a friendly style. Its ten thousandth worth mentioning, I hope

    to let the people know the island's new. If the people know the virtue of His Highness, the island refuses to accept the the people also

    change attitudes. I hope the people of Bong-wearing days of its kind, will come sooner. "(p. 214) the book of such recurring words, exposure to the author's real purpose. However even if the author intends to trivialize or use "last resort" in strong terms to be justified,

    and justified, but the novel can not be completely erased and the deaths and injuries occur from time to time everywhere, fires raging

    scenes, which still makes the Japanese so-called "mercy", "De nature "revealed the prototype.

    Described in the novel focus on another important element - mainly of Taiwan compatriots, Chinese soldiers and civilians, the author will first be willing to re-pen on a number of enemies precursor, asking for trouble and the body of a scum of the Chinese nation, such as

    voluntary act as a guide, as quoted in the Japanese army enteredTaipei, surnamed Gu Lukang tramp; the Japanese attack on Taipei

    City, braving a hail of bullets when the scaffolding ladder selflessly for the Japanese middle-aged women; the Japanese into Taiwan,

    Taipei, personally requested the Japanese to send troops quickly southward in order to appease the Aunt subsidence of people taking

    part YU Qing-Sheng Qing; in Yu Qing-Sheng, after being held for the anti-Japanese volunteer army, secretly be channeled to food, to

    take care of their families, and to help them escape姓男子Jane (Jane Hideoki); selling cheap alcohol to a Japanese derived from trust,

    was appointed as the Prime Minister of the North Gate Huan Yang Changhua color and so on. The authors of these characters to be

    depicted as a positive image and shape, and give them good prospects, such as the Guzhen Quan in his home was built in a modern

    mansion Lukang, thus suggesting the people of Taiwan under Japanese rule would bring prosperity, civilization, modernization life. In addition, the authors also greatly exaggerated the general public's delight and welcomed the arrival of the Japanese. Each captured a

    city of one place, can be seen every household hung chang flags, street people have flocked to the streets waving flags with the word "kind-hearted allegiance of the great Japanese Empire," "Great Japanese innocent civilians" and other similar bills. Aboriginal tribal

    leaders and even his son volunteered to join the Japanese Xiang Xie, there are local people take the initiative to send "Joining the chief representative of the people" asked to see the Japanese (p. 301). In the author's pen, the Taiwan compatriots, welcome to the Japanese

    because the Japanese discipline and does not plunder and enslaving the people, if they pay wages to its handling of grain tribal peoples, so that the latter was deeply moved, as it is Qing or the anti-Japanese volunteer army to the people continue to be obtained from different military spending.

     As for the Qing and the anti-Japanese volunteer army, there are completely different image. First of all, they are often a good group of greed, wealth, self-serving ones too. Qing wrote the novel at the beginning of the 5000 soldiers responsible for the supply and

    maintenance of the cost of food munitions minister Li Yizong, swept away fifty thousand dollars to abscond, cause soldiers, riots, will

    resist the matter forgotten. This is fifty thousand dollars then trigger a series of contention, strife. In another example, the recruitment of

    anti-Japanese volunteer army, encouraging the assassination Japanese officials also rely on the money, which the Japanese army to fight

    for justice form the so-called contrast. Secondly, the author for China (including Taiwan), all the anti-Japanese soldiers and civilians as

    "bandit thief," "bandits", etc. Moreover, he portrayed many of its early bugger, competing for the coward flight, or no resistance to the

    rabble, never a positive description of their heroic resistance to the Japanese, so some historical records of the major battles (eg, Changhua Baguashan war), often only a few pens with before, or only playing the Japanese brave combat capability. Just some of the

    anti-Japanese soldiers and civilians are often just the name without the face of ambiguous symbols, a few have been caused by topography depicted characters, but was portrayed was extremely ugly, such as the imprisonment of the volunteer army chief Jiang

    Guohui Yu Qing-sheng, is a big fat bloated. By even through the mouth of the Germans, saying that selfishness is the Chinese people's "nature," the Chinese people "really can not trust people is simply abandoned to shame, the mother-child within the people." (P. 92)

    "They are prejudice, conspiracy, bribery, looting and so on, even if all the evil, to cite the words of Germany can not be said about their sexual activity" (p. 96). Japanese scholars Ide-yong said: Nishikawa full debut in the Taiwanese people, you will meet people in Taiwan under Japanese rule written in the good people; but will Tang Ching-sung, Liu Yongfu and other characters as well as other anti-

    Japanese elements be written just to upset the order of self-interest regardless of people's criminals, deliberately cover up the anti-

Japanese elements of the national consciousness, "It's not difficult to see, the authors attempt to completely sever the Taiwan Strait and

    the national feeling, instilling personal for the Japanese nationals in Taiwan consciousness." (Note: Ide-yong: "a decisive battle during

    the day in Taiwan human writers and Wong Literature ", Tainan Municipal Library 2001 edition, p. 212.)

     Nishikawa full description of the center of gravity for Taiwan's international image, more is revealed of Taiwan's existing dirty,

    ignorance and backwardness. In the author's pen, Taiwan is "quotidian of the land", malaria, dysentery, typhoid, cholera and other

    patient follow-emerged. This in turn has a lot to with the unsanitary. Keelung city, such as "small slab deposited Zhongjie very uneven

    and often wet plot with sewage, abandoned waste, pig nose and broke into the Xunshi. To adopt, as the family house, no windows, the soil

    in the room during the day on the dark, emitting a pungent smell disgusting. wash the vegetables well beside the commode and wash

    care-less manner "(p. 118). The same is true of another city, Changhua: "10000 city, but the magnitude of the road less than four meters

    wide ... ... day and also as evening twilight as the light is dim, gloomy wet roads. Street in China spit anywhere bagasse, environmental

    mess, distribution a kind of unspeakable odor. "(p. 337) In addition to poor sanitation and other" hardware "issues, the political system,

    poor people and poor quality is a bigger problem. Utility poles, railway sleepers, locomotive parts are being stolen, and this is only a little petty profits in order, such as the telephone poles for firewood fire. In railway construction, but also fully demonstrated the lack of

    modern science and technology in Taiwan. Liu Ming-chuan as early as age, experience and shallow people in the laying of the railway and treat them heretical cult to make the building difficult. Japanese technicians Hill railway tunnel in the investigation, we found the

    middle of a big bend, indicating quasi-year measurement less. The author here to promote the design of the technical work as the German Railway's "respect for the scientific" spirit and skills, as China's lack of scientific spirit and technology, control and belittle.

     Is worth noting that, Nishikawa full rendering Taiwan and its people backward, uncivilized, and many other defects, aimed at trying to prove that Japan's colonial occupation of the rationality and legitimacy. Through his character's mouth, said: "The combat is totally

    fighting to save Taiwan." (P. 264) "Japan's Military Medical who will in the near future, this in Taiwan, and never change to the health

    of the land Japan's island. "(p. 347)" to clear people were expelled from Taiwan to establish a large and national Xintiandi "," to make

    the land truly become the emperor, "" gradually, so that the island's people to become good people subjects of the empire "(p. 124).

    Authors would like to say is obvious: one has to accept a modern, progressive, civilized rule of the Empire of Japan and Taiwan in order

    to get rid of poverty, backwardness and embark on a new life path. This is not just a personal point of view Nishikawa full, but then the

    keynote of outward expansion of Japanese colonialists. As early as the Sino-Japanese shortly after the war as a "breaking away from

    Asia and joining Europe" On the key representatives of the Japanese thinker Fukuzawa Yukichi, the world is divided into savage, half-

    civilized, civilized different parts of China assigned to barbarous countries, Japan is Self-defined as "Oriental civilization-kui", for

    China, North Korea may "use force to protected in order to induce the text, will speed its effect when I entered the almost civilized.

    unavoidable situations, they can by force of its progress", so and actively advocate for Korean and Chinese troops, saying: "This war, although Nissin struggle between the two countries are actually civilization and barbarism, the battle between light and darkness" and

    "for human progress and civilization to fulfill the happiness toWhen a vocation "(Note: See[ommandment, "Complete Works of

    Fukuzawa Yukichi," quoted from Huai-China "and" civilized view of history "in modern Japan's understanding and relationship impact", "Japan Journal"1998年第5.). In this way, Japan's colonial expansion was whitewashed as a "civilization" and "barbarous" a battle between what is called "civilization, just war," Japan to China, Korea and other Asian countries covered with a colonization and

    invasion " reasonableness "of the coat. Nishikawa full description of the related works, in fact, that is, such an argument and to promote the image interpretation.

     Two

     Hamada Hayao's "immigration from the South Village" was published in 1942. Was said in the "north-south railway," "Mrs. Chen",

    "migrant village" of these three novels, the most Japanese colonial authorities to take note that this "migrant villages" (Note: Lim Bo

    Yan: "literature of immigration - immigration from the South Village , "Hamada Hayao" immigration from the South Village ", Park Room Technology Arts in 2004 edition, p. 7.). This is undoubtedly due to the subject matter and themes are in line with the Japanese

    authorities of a need.

     The novel written by a group of North-eastern Japan cold zone poor farmers, because no land is difficult for a living, embrace of the

    "New World" chasing "light and heat" ideal, and immigrated to open up the wilderness in eastern Taiwan desolate mountain village

    built for the cultivation of sugar club sugar cane, but because of the natural environment is very harsh, barren soil water shortage, while typhoons, floods, pests, wild animals and disease continue to attack, coupled with the exploitation of clubs and social hardship hardship.

    Villagers embrace of the strong determination, after a number of decades of tenacious struggle of several generations, and even pay with their lives, ultimately it can not conquer nature, but they did not lose heart, doing to continue to work towards the South, and then

immigration plan, in a bid to open up the Nanyang a new world.

     Unlike the novel, "Taiwan's main north-south railway," a direct invasion of Taiwan war, describes the book related to the people of Taiwan and little text, and naturally there is little the Japanese oppress the people of Taiwan and Taiwan people "emperor" of the

    description (only found in a number of fragments on the aboriginal tribes). Ide-yong in its "decisive battle during the Japanese writers and Huang of Taiwan Literature" a book will be then, Taiwan's "Imperial Literature" is divided into narrow and broad categories, the former refers to the emperor's people, the people of Taiwan, as well as Japan the legitimacy of colonial rule, and Japan's contribution to

    Taiwan's modern theme of the works, but "immigration from the South Village" only be classified as a broad sense, "Imperial Literature" in the column. Ide-Yong also noted that Hamada Hayao later, the "grassroots" than "migrant villages" greatly enhanced to

    meet the government's attitude. (Note: Ide-yong: "a decisive battle during the Japanese writer and Wong in Taiwan Literature", p. 176 ~ 185.) However, if the "immigration from the South Village" in a broader perspective against the background of its colonial literature

    nature, there will be more clearly recognized. Reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://

     Modern Japan occupied Taiwan is just to the whole of China and throughout Asia, targeting an integral part of aggressive expansion

    campaign, the Japanese in Manchuria, North China and other occupied territories and implement the same policy on culture, its literature, and will have a similarity. With Japan in Northeast China launched a large-scale migration, there has been so-called

    "mainland to explore the literature." Russo-Japanese War, especially after the 918 Incident, successive Japanese governments have regarded as their migration to Manchuria, a "basic national policy", both "armed settlers," there are "agricultural immigrants." The

    aim is through immigration, get rid of a serious economic depression in rural Japan at that time to resolve land conflicts in Japan to Manchuria into the granary of Japan. This immigration a matter of course by the Chinese people's strong resistance and opposition,

    while the Japanese invaders of Chinese anti-Japanese soldiers and civilians Yi Gai called "bandits", "Horse Thief." Due to lack of acclimatization, as well as material shortages, poor conditions and other reasons, there have been shaken and resistance to migration

    events, so the authorities introduced the "mainland brides" policy. These have become the "mainland to explore the literature," an important theme.

     Japan's aggression in the northeast region, the activities of immigration, the Japanese literary world has shown a positive and

    cooperative attitude, there have been "the mainland to explore literature and art, then Ken would," "If the farmers cultivated Literary

    Society" and other establishment. Japan's "mainland to explore the literature" came out of a large-scale, approximately between 1937 to 1945, according to statistics there are at least more than 80. Enthusiastic about the Japanese in Manchuria Road, who claimed that the

    "open" could change the pattern of small Japanese literature and look forward to the Japanese in Manchuria writer to create a way to

    embody the "Conqueror" is proud of the "mainland literature." If the business is wild man "and the land battle" depicts settlers arrived

    in Manchuria, the Food and shoddy that it is difficult to swallow because of inability to adapt or living are not accustomed to suffering

    "settlement" disease, epidemics, and the fierce sandstorms, biting cold , rampage through the "bandits thieves," and so on, even though

    conditions are precarious, immigrants, or turning back, doggedly, "and the land battle." Although the making of literature is not strong, but still received a higher evaluation of Japan's critics, not only won the 1940 "The mainland would be cultivated Literary Award", as

    well as critics call it "arises from the pioneering of new places literary classic. " (Note: the "mainland to explore the literature" is found in Wang Xiang-Yuan "" pen force "and the invasion of China", Beijing Normal University Press, 1999, p. 40 ~ 50 pages.) Regardless of

    the background in his works, describing the contents of aesthetic forms and levels, and by the evaluation and so on, "immigration from the South Village" with very similar environment, the same age and cultural policy product.

     In Taiwan, the Japanese colonial authorities stepped up following the implementation of the "emperor's people", the further

    development of "literary dedication" campaign and held a "decisive momentum to establish the island Literature" and "literature of

    war who work together" as the central theme of "Taiwan Literature battle Conference "," Literature dedication and will "of the

    Japanese Government House Intelligence Bureau requirements in order to" factual description of the fighting postures fortress in

    Taiwan are provided for inspiring islanders, cultivating the sentiment rich, clear, shake-up of tomorrow's dynamic, and as industry Warrior inspiring the grain "as the goal, selection of Chinese, Japanese writer 13 into the production plant or in the workplace, on-site

    interviews and write this as the theme of literary works. This shows that, by the end of the war, whether it is to strengthen the production to make up for depleted war material support or encouragement in the difficult situation of the perseverance, indomitable spirit, have

    become the things most in need of Japanese militarism. The "immigration from the South Village" just deals with the theme of this area is a very good, "Together" have.

     First of all, the novel shows that immigration is to solve the land scarcity in Japan, some farmers could not say a health problem, but

    also in order to make Japan's colonial rule of Taiwan implement. Before a problem with northeast China's so-called "mainland to

    explore the literature" is quite similar, are not written in the land can do nothing of the Japanese mainland farmers, farming land in

order to obtain immigration. In order to solve internal conflicts and problems can expand outwards, occupying other people's land,

    which is the logic of the colonists, but the author seems to be right and proper to write to it. Novels also wrote: Immigration is not just so

    that these farmers own their land, but the Japanese agriculture brought here, which is promoting its "prestige", and only when the

    "Mainland farmers put down roots in this land ... This is ... Japan really has obtained Taiwan "(p. 65).

     Second, the novel repeated in Taiwan, the Japanese created a tone - Japan's advanced, civilized / Taiwan backward and barbaric themes. By the colonial authorities in Japan to promote Taiwan's development and modernization of power, such as the large-scale land

    reclamation, creating large farms, the construction of a huge flood control projects, such as chianan tachuan to make half a million

    people will benefit from using steam plow, cutting machine, etc. advanced equipment, so that unit volume increased twice, the author

    and issued a "true farmers of the island of happiness" laments (p. 182). Japanese immigrants have a hard, perseverance and integrity,

    etc., as well as serious efforts to explore, dare to create a scientific spirit. Kokubun, such as instructors, the school after graduation to

    automatically request to the harsh conditions of immigration to the area and in-depth survey the masses and lead the struggle and difficulties of immigrants, and finally due to go out inspections when a typhoon killed irrigation facilities. Dr. Gui Jie then bravely took up his unfinished work, continue to demonstrate their struggle with the harsh environment. In addition, there was gentle personality,

    with "the face of setbacks, not disappointed" by the older generation of farmers in the spirit of the Lord immigrant Jiabing, perseverance and time to study with one or two decades to test the success of improved plow blacksmith Hashimoto and so on. In

    contrast, is adjacent to the village with the migration of Taiwan's aboriginal savage, backward, stubborn, unjustifiable.

     Third, and most importantly, the novel would be the village's future and destiny of migrants with Japan started the Pacific war,

    occupation closely linked with the South Pacific islands, claiming that war has brought to light, the only way for immigration to advance in the south. Although the immigrants persevered, and made various efforts in this struggle for decades a place to survive, but because of

    the natural environment is indeed poor, and ultimately it difficult predicament. Then Marco Polo Bridge Incident broke out, "Japan is more large-scale development, full of bright hope, so that all citizens of a depressed mood to eliminate the" since the Japanese surprise

    attack of Pearl Harbor again, Hong Kong fall, the US-Philippine military has been pursued to Manila , self-assuredness and hard to

    attack does not fall in Singapore had fallen. Yataro a new generation, "including the incredibly bright minds think about it, can not help

    feeling cheerful mind." He felt that with the rapid development of the war, Japan, the development of a new road to the south opens, a narrow land in Taiwan, East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere in place, this village will become one of the South into force, in the south and open up a brand-new The Heaven and Earth (p. 295). By enthusiastically re-pen painting a clear insight into the mood, but these descriptions also make this work was a true propaganda for the imperial expansion works.

     Three

     Shoji general one of "Mrs. Chen" is written, a Japanese woman named Yasuko common Christian faith initiation of love, regardless of the family obstruction, was married to Taiwanese youths Chen Qingwen studying in Tokyo, and as he came to Taiwan, in alien cultural

    environment to live for decades story. Chan is a quite a large family property family members of many, one of the author's beauty lies in

    a large number of family members describe their different character traits. The older generation patriarch A mountain, is a generous

    lazy, insular, like the laid-back quiet, "Mr. Nice Guy"; his wife Gillian is a pungent outrageous, superstitious, selfish, in order to enable

    more natural son could inherit the family wealth crowding at the expense of non-natural son of the old woman. As a novel, the protagonist's family, the second generation, long M Chen Qingwen health of the body straight, small study in Japan, and is subject to the

    West he argued for freedom, and peace and humanity, the embrace of an ideal and promising ideals in the end of the will and

    determination; Tsugio Jing-Wen Chen is a work in calculating, mercenary, "mind, only earnings, profits, gains and losses," the little

    stingy businessman; three men and Chen Ruiwen not only physically weak, mentally not strong, is a hi play enjoyment, cowardly

    inaction of men, but carefully good natured. Eldest son's wife from Japan, Yasuko looks fresh and beautiful, elegant and pure and good

    character, there is good reason to think often of him like filial piety, courage to face the reality and into the new environment with the

    determination and courage. Second daughter in law Zephyranthes flirtatious beautiful, and usually wasteful, wearing a gold silver,

    vanity, shallowness, the pursuit of enjoyment, but Xinu jealous, loose-tongued. Three daughters-Song of the Cuckoo is in contrast to

    timid sense of inferiority, submissive, allowing her husband Quqie; her husband's concubine, Chen Zhen Chen Ruiwen bridegroom is an

    Aboriginal girl, with its fresh and vigorous vitality has attracted physical and mental aging of Switzerland Man, even though had

    "finished", but its veins flows the blood of the hunters, for decorative dress and imprisoned as no interest in the enjoyment of civilized

    life, but like a mad desire to go forward into the deep forests in the hunt, she was being venomous snakes Chen Ruiwen bite into a life-

    saving grace and Chen, but Chen left the vicarious expiation takes courage to self-sacrifice is not asking for anything in its "rare earth nature and simplicity" has become the novel character of the richest personality 1. The third generation of Jingren (King Wen's son) is one of the prodigal will eat, drink, Wan Ku children, but tomorrow (Raven's son) is similar with that rather than Wei Boqing Man

    character, his dedication to the ideals it had been more than clear text and everything and. Kiyoko (Ching-wen's daughter) although

    young, but calm Scienscope premature bearing the brunt of Taiwan as a half-breed at the time suffered embarrassment and problems.

    Even some of the novel also has its own supporting a different character, such as the Japanese farmers Ann Tse's father, with the same soil as simple and stubborn hearts and minds.

     It is worth noting, the authors portray the characters, not of good and evil or a rigid flat character, but often a mixed blessing, change

    the development of a "round" character, rather humane depth. Shan Although good, I contracted a bad habit of smoking opium; Qing

    wen struggling between old and new; Ann Tse-image is quite perfect, but she also has nearly derailed as well as hiding her feelings of

    love letters behavior. Jin-Wen is not ignoring even the moral affection, he worked so hard to accumulate family wealth, but primarily to the prosperity of the whole family. In the context of change of character, the original of the阿娇later became very arrogant affection,

    especially for Ching-wen, Ann Tse has been a fundamental change in attitude. Jade curtains, Raven's character is also seen ups and downs of development trajectories. Clearly, the authors write about characters is the desire to have good-hearted, weep will laugh, and

    sometimes wrong and sometimes doing good things ordinary mortals. The author's starting point is human nature. He declared: "My

    theme is to explore the 'human' - especially in exploring the different origins, traditions and conditions of the people to how and to what extent, to achieve love, understanding and integration of such amplitude and human only possibility. "(Note: Shoji Total 1:" reprinted

    felt, "was written in May 1941, as quoted in a total Shoji a" Lang married a Japanese woman in Taiwan "(that is," Mrs. Chen "), Nine Songs Press May 2002 edition, p. 486.) It is in the portrayal of character and humanity of the complex depth of opening, the novel,

    showing more than Nishikawa full, Hamada Hayao not suspected of non-conceptual works of a more literary.

     Moreover, the total Shoji wrote in a modernity, local and colonial nature of the complex disputes in the spirit of the people of Taiwan

    and the plight of depression. Such complex disputes is due to Taiwan's special historical fortune generated. There is no doubt that everyone has the right to live in the pursuit of happiness, will be "modern", "civilization" attracted to, this is nothing wrong; However,

    in Taiwan, "modernity" is and "colonization" of overlapping, intertwined , the Japanese colonialists apparently some of the "modernization" measures, in fact, contains a strong colonial purposes. Accordingly, Taiwan's people to "enjoy" the blessings of modern

    civilization, they were also forced to swallow the "colonial" of the consequences. Perhaps the people of Taiwan can be "domestic" (ie, inherent in the traditional culture of the Han people, including the local culture) to resist colonization, but also did some of their native

    culture and the factors behind, and it is "modern", "civilized" society tends to phase divergence. This is bound to the people of Taiwan

    into deep into the contradictions and confusion. This fictional Kiyobumi who has been most evident. Ching-Wen accept Japan's

    "modern" education, with distinction admitted to a high official positions, and embrace a career on a show in the grand vision of

    returning to Taiwan, he was out of tune with Taiwan, a number of backward customs, trying to be adapted. However, as a Taiwanese, he

    was destined to career development obstacles. Work unit is not only unable to do so, and took a course on the subject to a long Jieti

    ridicule and humiliation, even more serious is that just because he is Taiwanese, higher officials issued the formal appointment of the

    delay, while the long course change, the follow-up was actually very poor candidates for studying the Qing wen classmate, only because he is Japanese, while the text is clear the people of Taiwan, that were in the same class of stupid health bow before the day and night, to

    obey orders, which made clear the text unbearable.In fact, this is not accidental phenomenon, but a "rejection of all sexual overtones,"

    that no matter how he hard, he could not go beyond the previous Dangzhuo obstacles, and his forward Betrader ends at a certain limit. Ching-Wen ultimately resigned, the original disillusion. In addition, the clear text of clothes to go to church dressed in Taiwan refused

    such things, also shows that Taiwan's "second-class citizens" situation.

Another typical example is the cemetery relocations. Tainan City to commemorate the ceremony grounds, forcing the island who are

    migrating from their graves, for the construction of golf courses, a move strongly opposed by Taiwan people. Ching-wen, although the

    people of Taiwan, but he was playing bottom of my heart to support the cemetery relocation plans. The reason is: "That's an ugly broad

    base base soil steamed cemetery's sake, how does hinder the development of the city! ... Skeleton ... I hope to be able to build modern

    buildings or build on top of Green Park." This idea of being a cultural Association Wangmao Tang asked the question: "Haha, you seem

    to wear the official mandarin high official saying that the bureaucratic faction, you may self-righteous progressive activists, in fact ... ... is a complete loss of social values and class consciousness of the empty shells in order to ... ... the construction of a privileged class of the

    playground, a golf course, the thousands of people buried in ancestral graveyard important to explore the matter, do you think? and those who have no property, a relocation fee of 20 Tomb circle of people is a great the burden, which is what do you think?

    "(No.218Pages) people and to clear the text of such thoughts, attributed to his wife that he married a Japanese. ?Mourning convex

    ? edge

    -Щ Lasiohelea soil swelling lucky break election?

    However, as he pointed out the original power, "Mrs. Chen" was staged and the award-winning, reprinted many times, to have a vast audience, "has become a political being used as a side-support for Taiwan's Japanization literature "(Note: The river of the original Gong:" "Mrs. Chen": Getting to Know Taiwan's masterpiece, "Shoji total one," Lang married a Japanese woman in Taiwan "(formerly

    known as" Mrs. Chen "Nine Songs Press2002Edition, the first11Page. ). Or, is still in the making with a clear imprint of colonial

literature. This may be illustrated from two aspects.

First of all, the novel pursuit of "exotic" description, not without pairs of Chinese culture (Taiwan culture as its local shape) and Chinese

    (including Taiwanese)'s "misreading" of the office. Fascinated by the description of exotic colonial literature, this is a major common

    feature of Britain, France and other Western colonialists is so, the Japanese colonialists is no exception. The common feature of these

    novels, all with a vision to explore exotic, focusing on the right as "otherness" of China (Taiwan) description of the special folk customs.

    Its description of points of interest and at the surface is often the only or even the stereotypical impression. Like the West author first

    focus of attention, often Chinese women bound their feet, men Liubian Zi, smoking opium, gambling, etc., these Shoji general, there

    usually is a novel, specifically the description. As the novel begins shortly after Chen started going to the door through the eyes of Ann Tse-run Taiwanese woman's foot-binding practices: a small sharp pair of worn shoes in the feet, Just how small? Will only fist big, right? Like riding a bamboo horse footsteps trembled as trembling, especially mothers阿娇, it is necessary to proceed by a maid to

    support the two sides be able to walk. Such descriptions usually appear only on foreign Writers, but does not appear in China, including

    Taiwan, including writers Writers. A mountain for smoking opium, by the mouth through the figures shows that he is licensed in Japan, Taiwan, before the smoking of opium. In addition, as for large family to maintain as far as possible to avoid separation; case of weddings

    and funerals should be entertained guests lavishly; at home if a person is sick, not a doctor to diagnose, but please come to the practice of Taoist priests, praying peace, and so on. The description is quite vivid, which an early age with the author grew up in Tainan, with folk

    customs have close contact with the relevant. However, as Lung Ying-Tsung said: "The exotic is not living in the exotic taste of the people's desires, but those in the exotic outsider's curiosity Bale. ... ... ... ... The actual occurrence of the so-called foreign literature for the

    non-foreign-type Pixiang described exotic literature. gas field of literature, not nostalgia, decadence, which is the growth in the land

    raised and the resting in the place who love the place, in order to improve the way literature and for literature. "(Note: quoted from Luo

    pure "Lung Ying-Tsung research", "Dragon, Ying-Tsung series", Taipei, avant-garde publishing house1991Edition, the first262Page. )

Should also be pointed out, Shoji one of these describe the overall purpose is to describe how Taiwan is lagging behind, never thinking

    about reform, indulging in old traditions is difficult to extricate themselves, while Japan represents a modern, civilized, progressive,

    Japanese to Taiwan, and will Taiwan out of backwardness and ignorance, but also toward the way of modern civilization. Author

    describes in this fine family and most of the members of the family changes, and such a change, in the author's view, should be attributed

    to the Japanese (at least Japanese-educated Taiwanese) and the arrival of, such as Ann Tse was soft on the outside in Gang, not only tolerance, kindness, and uphold the ideals and principles to do faction changes for Chen played an important role. The role of clear text,

    or because he upheld the ideal of commitment and perseverance, which, it was the original people of Taiwan are missing or completely not. Ching-wen and even absorbed the Japanese are good at "tolerance" the merits - he set up at great risk and resistance in the sugar business, is not to make money, but as to achieve its industrial rationalization, labor advocates coordinated testing ground, This idealized behavior, may not be able to get everyone's understanding, clear text is to the Japanese "tolerance" spirit, convinced that if he insists that everyone will eventually be understood. In the author's view, Taiwan's main flaws and crucial, the lack of spiritual pursuit, are some

    of vulgar ignorance, indulge in the enjoyment of the generation of material, it is necessary to clear text of Japanese-educated and has a

    Japanese wife's support and assistance in order to to overcome this shortcoming. Ann Tse Ching-wen and if compared to the Japanese

    Yasuko superior.

In the novel, the author even through the mouth directly praised the Japanese characters for Taiwan has brought a modern civilization,

    such as the Shan Qing Wen's father, said: "Once there was a number of bandits, thieves, modern security, very good. Japan's political,

    good." The author explains Road: His remarks were not flattering, in the Qing Dynasty era, assailants banditry, especially those with

    assets of families, their life and property, together with officials critical of the harsh heavy taxes, to put up with double the pain. Jie Qu narrow dirty, evil epidemic constant A Mountain's two sons killed, therefore. Compared with the past difficult times, and now the days

    are very safe, happy (No.49Pages). Now that Japan has brought civilization and well-being of Taiwan, Taiwanese people naturally

    identify with Japan to make itself a truly Japanese, such as the Qing Wen said, to "love of country - love of country and the people

    known as the Japanese," not even bound by the restrictions on political matters, but to establish the country - to make more

    contributions to Japan's self-conscious: "must be placed on the material, spiritual and moregive and takePrinciples. i invasion two

    XiyunzhantaniveOf what, think about it, is 10 million meters stone, Shiwuyiwan jin, sugar - this is nothing but nature and the land of Taiwan with objects Bale. What we need better and more abundant thing plus we go. Taiwan and its people have come to such a

    situation. "(P.297页,

    Of course, the novel written such a Japanese woman married into the family story of Taiwan, the underlying thrust lies in promoting the so-called "Japan-Taiwan fusion." Yasuko first arrived in Taiwan, will not be accepted for the family, but subsequently into them and for

    everyone recognized, and even had a role in transforming the old family. The authors describe a clear focus on the child as a half-breed

    produced by all the confusion and trouble, and eventually out of "love" as a remedy, its focus is still on how to solve the "Japan-Taiwan

    integration" issues. By exactly the same and even full Nishikawa, moved out of Zheng Chenggong, spread half of Japanese descent,

    Zheng Chenggong and Taiwan is that all of Japan's argument as "Japan-Taiwan fusion" basis. Kiyoko fictional Ming right, said: "Japan and Taiwan, no concert of Japan and China, the fate of the three hundred years ago there. ... ... Kiyoko, you are Zheng

    Chenggong it!" As for the novel, but also to promote the so-called Zheng Chenggong " a long-Luzon Xionglue ", then with the Japanese southward advance strategy echoes.

    It should be said, three Japanese writer's background is not uniform, such as Nishikawa Mitsuru Japanese in Taiwan's "Literary Explorer", and Hamada Hayao the left-leaning writers who have ideas; they also have very different works, such as "vertical Guan Iron

    "and" migrant villages "were seen as narrow and broad sense of" Imperial Literature "works, while" Mrs. Chen "because of the people of Taiwan were involved in the unequal treatment of the so-called" exposure of description "and had been subjected to accusations ; but

    they are in some ways it is the

    same.这就是;宣扬日本的进步、文明和现代化(渲染台湾的脏乱、愚昧和落后(从而证明日本对台湾的殖民侵略的合理性和正当性它是文明的义战(将拯救台湾the suffering of the people in the "hell", it make it into the well-being of the "Paradise" (Fukuzawa Yukichi language). At the same time describing the Japanese man's perseverance, diligence, courage, dedication, Japan Women's graciousness, elegance, like him, filial piety, the Japanese soldiers Rende gentle, friendly loving, rich sense of justice, so as to "Japan-Taiwan integration" has done a public opinion on the promotion. In addition, to promote Japan's "Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere" concept into the strategy of the South. Therefore, the three works in varying degrees, to become Japan's colonial aggression confession to cover up and beautify. And they should be represented by the Japanese in Taiwan, according to the latter part of the mainstream of Japanese creativity. Reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://

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