1 10) Chapter 18.52 – Amendments to Parking Standards
3 Statement of Issue
4 The city’s current parking code has permeated an oversupply of parking in many parts
5 of the City of Washougal, dedicating too much of our precious land to the automobile
6 and its temporary locations.
8 There are simply better uses for land than a parking space. Look at a grocery store for
9 example, maybe one or two days a year the lot is full. However, the other 363 days of
10 the year only ? to ? of the spaces are used. Look at all that impervious surface!
12 Discussion 13 A green or sustainable parking code should:
14 ? Reduce impervious surface (storm water runoff)
15 ? Require that new or redeveloped sites encourage easy walking access and 16 connectivity between spaces over convenient access to auto parking (at least put 17 it under the building)
18 ? Reduce number of required parking spaces by 1/4 to 1/3 and establish a 19 maximum permitted.
20 ? Reduced parking requirements also ease entry for investors and/or developers 21 who might otherwise build elsewhere.
22 ? Provide incentive for providing bicycle parking areas.
25 Environmental sustainability – potential to reduce impervious surface resulting in less
26 runoff into public storm systems, reduction of damage to watersheds (due to tainted
27 runoff), heat islands, and vehicular trips
29 Potential Obstacles
30 Reducing parking supply could be contrary to current public sentiment. People love
31 their cars.
34 Proposed Changes
36 Set a maximum amount of parking spaces permitted and reduce the required minimum
37 parking by approximately1/4 to 1/3 of current requirements as follows:
39 18.52.040 Minimum number of off-street parking spaces required.
40 The minimum number of required off-street parking spaces for each type of 41 permitted use shall be as indicated at Table 18.52-1. For uses not specifically listed, the
42 off-street parking requirements shall be those of the most similar use as determined by
43 the community development director. When the application of these parking
44 requirements results in a fractional space requirement, the fractional space requirement
45 shall be construed to mean one additional space. A lesser parking requirement may be
46 accepted by the community development director upon demonstration by the applicant
47 that a lesser requirement is warranted and meets parking demand for the use or uses 48 designated.
49 In case of a use not specifically mentioned in this section, the requirements for
50 off-street parking facilities shall be determined by the director as applicable to the type
51 of application process. Such determination shall be based upon the requirements for the
52 most comparable use listed, or as demonstrated by the applicant that the parking
53 demand is met.
54 Whenever a building is enlarged or altered, or whenever the use of a building or
55 property is changed, off-street parking shall be provided for such expansion or change
56 of use. The number of off-street parking spaces required shall be determined for the
57 square footage of the expansion and/or the parking required for the new use. However,
58 no additional off-street parking space need be provided when the number of parking
59 spaces required for such expansion, enlargement or change in use is less than 10
60 percent of the parking space specified in the zoning code. Nothing in this provision shall
61 be construed to require off-street parking spaces for the portion and/or use of such
62 building existing at the time of passage of the zoning code.
64 Table 18.52-1 Off-Street Parking Space Requirements
Use Required Number of Off-Street Parking Spaces
Art gallery One for each 375 300 square feet of gross floor
Automobile service/repair Three Four per bay
Auditorium, stadium, One space per five four fixed seats in largest
assembly hall assembly room or area
Automobile sales new/used One per 500 400 square feet of gross floor area
Auto parts store Three and one-third spaces for each 1,250 1,000
square feet of gross floor area
Bank, financial institution One space for each 500 400 square feet of gross
floor area plus one per employee
Barber or beauty shop One space for each operator or chair
Basketball, volleyball court Nine spaces per court
Bed and breakfast inn One space per guest room plus one space for
each permanent resident
Billiard hall/amusement One space for each 250 200 feet of gross floor
Boarding, rooming house One space for each guest room plus one
additional space for each manager or resident
Bowling alley Three spaces for each alley plus one space for
Church or place of worship One space per maximum fire code occupancy of
the largest assembly room for churches without
fixed seating or one space per 75 square feet of
gross floor area in the largest assembly room
with fixed seating as applicable.
Clothing store One per 500 400 square feet of gross floor area
Community center – multi One per five four seats maximum occupancy use
Convenience store One space for each 250 200 square feet of gross
Dance hall or school, bingo One space for each employee plus one space hall, electronic game rooms, per 75 square feet of gross floor area and assembly halls without
Drug store First 5000 square feet = 13 17 spaces, plus one
per additional 1500 square feet Elderly housing .25 .33 per unit
Funeral home, mortuary One space for each five four seats in largest
Furniture/appliance store One per 600 500 square feet of gross floor area Gasoline service station Two spaces per gasoline pump at the pump plus
three spaces per service bay Gasoline station with mini-One per nozzle, + one/250 square ft of gross floor market area
Golf course Six spaces per hole and one per employee Golf driving range One space per tee or 15 feet of driving line,
whichever is greater
Hardware store Three spaces per 1,250 1,000 square feet of
gross floor area
Health club, spa One space for each 150 feet of gross floor area Hospital One per two beds
Hotel, motel One and one-quarter spaces for each guest room
plus one space for each two employees on
largest shift, plus spaces required for restaurants
or assembly rooms, when applicable. Industrial, manufacturing Two spaces for each three employees on largest
shift, or one space for each 625 500