Mix and Match (Using the Internet to Teach)

By Eva Jordan,2014-11-25 18:01
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Mix and Match (Using the Internet to Teach)

    Mix and Match (Using the Internet to Teach)

    Stephen Cysewski

     Tools for Internet Enhanced Teaching



    Web Publishing

    Discussion Group

    Chat and Collaboration

    FTP Client



    Different Solutions for Different Bandwidth

    Student Requirements for Web Enhanced Teaching

    Examples of Using the Internet to Enhance

    Problems and Opportunities

    Future Possibilities


    ; Teaching an Excel Class using my own materials and no formal class room instruction

    ; Teaching the "Using the Internet" class

    ; Creating and using my own Web page to supplement my current classes ; Participating in the TCC Conference in Hawaii

    ; Taking the Ziff Davis University Classes

    ; Thinking through the Microcomputer Support Degree and ways that it could be offered state wide

    Looking at the Problem (Mix and Match Tools Grid) ; What do I do when I teach?

    ; What tools do I use when I teach?

    ; What Web tools do I, or will I, use when I teach?

    ; How can I combine Internet tools to improve my teaching?

    Analyzing the Problem (Mix and Match Tools Grid) ; Matching Tools to Components

    ; My traditional face to face classes

    ; My Web enhanced classes

    ; Web dominant classes

    Tools for Internet Enhanced Teaching

    ; E-MAIL

    E-Mail (Pine)

    E-mail is the key Internet teaching tool. E-mail provides the prime

    means of communicating with students. As an essential part of all my

    classes I would want a list of students and their e-mail accounts. I could

    send messages to students individually as well as a group. In the future

    e-mail should be included with a student roster information just like

    phone numbers. Pine provides basic e-mail capability with low


    E-Mail (Attachments)

    In addition to basic e-mail having the capability to include file

    attachments in an easy, and user friendly, way is a requirement both to

    distribute assignments and also for students to turn in their work.

    Eudora and Pegasus handle attachments in a user friendly and

    accessible manner.

    E-Mail (HTML Reader)

    Being able to send HTML documents and Web pages expands the

    capability of e-mail to share Web resources. Presently Navigator 3 and

    4 are the most accessible and useful e-mail client from an educational

    perspective. Internet Explorer is supposed to add HTML reader


    E-Mail (Conclusion)

    The Netscape Navigator e-mail client is the best current tool to

    support e-mail for education. Netscape Navigator provides the

    capability to directly send HTML documents and a simple way to send

    and use file attachments. Pine is an important e-mail supplement.

    Students should be able to use both e-mail clients to take advantage of

    e-mail supplemented classes.

    ; WWW Authoring

    Basic Text Editor

    ; Notepad or Simple Text

    Enhanced Text Editor

    ; Home Site or Page Spinner

    WYSIWYG Editor

    ; Netscape Gold or Composer

    ; Front Page

    ; Page Mill

    HTML Converters

    ; MS Office Products

    Alternative Web Formats

    ; Word and Excel Viewers

    ; Adobe Acrobat

    WWW Authoring (Conclusion)

    As a teacher or as a student there are many authoring packages. At the Downtown Center we are using Netscape Gold and either Notepad or Simple Text. Netscape Gold is freely accessible to students and we can teach other Internet skills such as browsing, mail, and news using the same software. For editing and correcting Netscape Gold HTML we use basic text editors that are provided free with the computer operating system. I personally use Word to create class documents and then convert them to HTML for the Web. I intend to explore the possibility of making links to Word and Excel Viewer software on my Web Page so that I can make FTP links to Word and Excel documents that people can download and read.

    ; Web Publishing Servers

    WWW Pages (Personal Web Server)

    ; Front Page (Both Mac and W95)

    ; Netscape Fast Track Server

    WWW Pages (Departmental or University Web Server)

    ; NT, MAC, or UNIX systems

    WWW Servers (Conclusion)

    If I use the analogy of a personal web server as a Xerox machine then a university or departmental server is a formal publication. I believe that both servers are necessary and complementary tools.

    The personal web server can be used for class Web Pages, ad hoc discussion groups, and creative exploration for specific classes, and student work.

    The departmental or University server can be used for instructional infrastructure, marketing, permanent information, links to personal servers, and tools for teaching that can be accessed from personal servers.

    The Front Page Web Server works well for my classes. I can create discussion groups, Web Pages, install student pages, and provide FTP service on an old 486 DX 33. We also have a TVC Web Server using Windows NT and Microsoft’s supplied Web Server. The TVC page and other faculty pages are using the NT server. I personally would not want to give up the freedom and flexibility of my small personal web server.

    ; Discussion Group Software

    Discussion Group Software

    ; Group e-mail reflected to students

    ; Newsgroups

    ; listservs

    ; Personal Discussion Group Software (Front Page)

    ; NT or UNIX Server based discussion software (Collabra, Web

    Crossing, Podium or Other Dedicated Discussion Software)

    Discussion Group Software (Conclusion)

    Web based threaded discussion groups are an essential teaching

    application and the missing piece in our teaching tool kit.

    From my experience taking classes at Ziff Davis University, my using

    an ad hoc discussion group using Front Page, and seeing how others are

    using listservs and newsgroups the core teaching tool, second only to e-

    mail is a threaded discussion medium.

    Listservs and newsgroups are a low bandwidth but high coordination

    and not too flexible alternative to Web based threaded discussion


    Getting students to use discussion group software can be difficult. I

    would make participation a mandatory and evaluated portion of any

    class that I taught.

    Personally I intend to use Front Page discussion groups in many of my

    classes and to require participation.

    ; Chat and Collaboration Software

    Chat Group Software

    ; (Chat client mIrc and Chat server wircserv)

    ; (NetMeeting and/or Netscape Conference)

    ; (Internet Phone and Video Conferencing)

    Chat and Collaboration Software (Conclusion)

    I have experimented with mIrc and wircserv. I have a chat server

    running on my personal web server. mIrc has a training penalty, but it

    could be used to have virtual office hours or real time class


    NetMeeting and other similar packages can be used with less training

    overload to accomplish the same task. As bandwidth becomes more

    accessible Internet Phone and Video will become additional options.

    Having Chat Server software accessible University or Campus wide

    would be a tool that I would integrate into my teaching. The most

    useful software would be a Microsoft ILS server that would work with

    NetMeeting for many different forms of collaboration.

    ; FTP Client Software

    FTP Client Software and Personal FTP Server Software

    Tools and information for class specific assignments, lessons, files, and

    supplemental materials

    FTP Client Software and Departmental or College FTP Server Software

    Shareware archives, publishing Web materials etc

    FTP Software (Conclusion)

    Having FTP client software accessible on each computer is a useful

    addition to a teaching toolkit. We use Ws_ftp for Windows 95 but

    many other tools are available. Having FTP services available on a

    Personal Server can provide a low-bandwidth method of distributing

    documents. FTP is a necessary tool to publish Web sites to

    departmental or university servers. Front Page, Microsoft Office, and

    Netscape Gold are developing the ability to publish to FTP sites, but

    basic FTP client software is still an essential tool

    ; Telnet Software

    Telnet Client Software

    NCSA Telnet on the Mac, W95 telnet, and many shareware


    Telnet Client (Conclusion)

    The essential and minimum tool for accessing Internet based teaching

    with PPP access is a Telnet client. Students use Telnet to access Pine e-

    mail from out lab sites. Telnet should be installed on any University

    computer that has network access.

    ; Terminal Software

    Terminal Software

    ZTerm on the Mac, HyperTerm on Windows 95, and Terminal of


    Terminal Software (Conclusion)

    The essential and minimum tool for accessing Internet based tools from

    a home computer is a terminal program. Terminal programs will run on

    most computers made within the last ten years. Anybody can access the

    University Internet tools such as Pine and Lynx using a Terminal


    Different Solutions for Different Bandwidth

    o Low Bandwidth (Terminal or Telnet Access and Older Computers)

    ; E-Mail: Terminal or Telnet and Pine

    ; WWW Client: Terminal or Telnet and Lynx

    ; Discussion Group: Terminal or Telnet and Listservs, Reflected e-mail, or


    ; Chat Software: With a PPP connection mIRC

    ; FTP: Ws_ftp or many free or shareware alternatives

    ; Telnet: W95 built in telnet client and NCSA Telnet for the Mac

    ; Terminal: Zterm for the Mac or HyperTerminal for W95.

    o Medium Bandwidth (Modem Access 28.8)

    ; E-Mail: Netscape Gold or Eudora

    ; WWW Client: Netscape Gold or Internet Explorer

    ; Discussion Group: Netscape Gold or Internet Explorer with a threaded Web

    based discussion group

    ; Chat or Collaboration Software: iChat, NetMeeting or alternative

    ; FTP: Ws_ftp or many free or shareware alternatives

    ; Telnet: W95 built in telnet client and NCSA Telnet for the Mac

    ; Terminal: Zterm for the Mac or HyperTerminal for W95.

    o Hi Bandwidth (On Campus and Inter Campus)

    ; E-Mail: Netscape Gold or Eudora

    ; WWW Client: Netscape Gold or Internet Explorer

    ; Discussion Group: : Netscape Gold or Internet Explorer with a threaded Web

    based discussion group

    ; Chat or Collaboration Software: iChat, NetMeeting or alternative. Video or

    Audio collaboration depending upon bandwidth

    ; FTP: Ws_ftp or many free or shareware alternatives

    ; Telnet: W95 built in telnet client and NCSA Telnet for the Mac

    ; Terminal: Zterm for the Mac or HyperTerminal for W95.

    Student Requirements for Web Enhanced Teaching

    Students will need to have access to specific tools to take advantage of Internet enhanced teaching. This list

    is the essential set of tools necessary for students.

    ; Basic Computer and Internet skills (These skills are assumed by many teachers) ; Internet Access

    ; An e-mail account

    ; Medium Bandwidth Software Tools

    1. A current Browser

2. A Chat Client

    3. An FTP Client

    4. A Telnet Client

    Examples of Using the Internet to Enhance Teaching

    o Sharing a Syllabus Example

    ; E-mail

    ; Ftp

    ; Attachment

    ; WWW

    ; Fax

    ; Mail

    ; Handout

    ; Authoring and conversion to HTML

    ; Application Viewers o Sharing a URL

    ; E-mail

    ; Put on web page

    ; Send as live html page

    ; Include in handout

    ; Include in conversation or lecture o Having students turn in an assignment

    ; Bring to class

    ; Send as Attachment

    ; FTP

    ; Mail

    ; Fax

    o Providing a Discussion Tool for Students

    ; Group e-mail

    ; Personal discussion groups

    ; Listservs

    ; Newsgroups

    ; A more advanced discussion group provided through a departmental or

    university web server

    Problems and Opportunities

    ; Using the Web is not a homogeneous experience. There are many methods and means to use the

    Web to enhance teaching.

    ; How to provide flexibility and autonomy in the creation and implementation of Internet tools with

    stability and consistency.

    ; Time for preparation and skill attainment. Content must be prepared and made accessible before

    the class begins. The effort of teaching on-line is with communicating with and supporting


    ; How to develop new methods of record keeping and logging to evaluate student and faculty work.

    ; Accessibility to current tools

    ; Access to current equipment

    ; Access to adequate bandwidth

    ; Installing, setting up, and troubleshooting Internet access.

    ; Ease of use versus bandwidth (Tools that use greater bandwidth are easier to use then low

    bandwidth tools)

    ; Pine Mail versus Netscape Mail for attachments

    ; List Serves versus discussion groups

    ; IChat versus mIRC

    ; Pueblo MOO versus Telnet MOO

    ; Currency of tools versus ease of use (Current Tools are easier to use then older tools)

    ; Affect (Keeping the Art of Teaching)

    Future Possibilities

    ; Increased Bandwidth

    ; Increased Ease of Use

    ; Accessible Bandwidth

    ; Enhance collaboration software

    ; Increased competition from the World Wide Web for our students and fields of knowledge.

    ; Office 97 collaboration and Internet tools

    ; 3-D Worlds

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