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Gramsci and Global Politics

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Gramsci and Global Politics

Gramsci and Global Politics

    The aim of this book is to explain and assess the relevance of the ideas of Gramsci to a worldfundamentally transformed from that in which his thought was developed. It takes some ofGramsci’s best known concepts – hegemony, civil society, passive revolution, the national-

     , the integral state – and uses them creatively to analyse features ofpopular, trasformismo

    present-day politics, assessing to what extent his ideas can aid our understanding of thecontemporary political world.

    The book contains essays focused on: aspects of global politics (the development of a globalcivil society, the validity of the knowledge claims of neoGramscian International Relationsspecialists and the politics of the World Trade Organization and the Alternative GlobalisationMovement); contemporary feminism and the problem of adjusting Gramsci’s theory of agency tomodern conditions; Turkish and Israeli politics; and a series of essays on present-day Britishpolitics. The book concludes that while there remain considerable problems in applyingGramsci’s concepts to the contemporary world, his political thought still retains anattraction and validity that is likely to continue to inspire political analysts well into thefuture.

    Bringing together a range of essays written by scholars and experts in the Gramsci and Global

     will be of vital interest to students and scholars ofPolitics: Hegemony and Resistance

    International Relations and Political Science, Sociology and History.

    Mark McNally

    intellectual history, ideology and rhetoric with a primary focus on twentiethcentury Ireland. John Schwarzmantel is Senior Lecturer in Politics at the University of Leeds, and author of Ideology and Politics (2008). Routledge innovations in political theory

    1 A Radical Green Political Theory

     Alan Carter

    2 Rational Woman

    A feminist critique of dualism

     Raia Prokhovnik

    3 Rethinking State Theory

     Mark J. Smith

    4 Gramsci and Contemporary Politics

    Beyond pessimism of the intellect

     Anne Showstack Sassoon

    5 Post-Ecologist Politics

    Social theory and the abdication of the ecologist paradigm Ingolfur Blühdorn

    6 Ecological Relations

     Susan Board

    7 The Political Theory of Global Citizenship

     April Carter

    8 Democracy and National Pluralism

     Edited by Ferran Requejo

    9 Civil Society and Democratic Theory

    Alternative voices

     Gideon Baker

    10 Ethics and Politics in Contemporary Theory

    Between critical theory and post-marxism

     Mark Devenney 11 Citizenship and Identity Towards a new republic

     John Schwarzmantel 12 Multiculturalism, Identity and Rights

     Edited by Bruce Haddock and Peter Sutch 13 Political Theory of Global Justice A cosmopolitan case for the World State

     Luis Cabrera 14 Democracy, Nationalism and Multiculturalism

     Edited by Ramón Maiz and Ferrán Requejo 15 Political Reconciliation

     Andrew Schaap 16 National Cultural Autonomy and Its Contemporary Critics Edited by Ephraim Nimni 17 Power and Politics in Poststructuralist Thought New theories of the political

     Saul Newman 18 Capabilities Equality Basic issues and problems

     Edited by Alexander Kaufman 19 Morality and Nationalism

     Catherine Frost 20 Principles and Political Order The challenge of diversity

     Edited by Bruce Haddock, Peri Roberts and Peter Sutch 21 European Integration and the

    Nationalities Question Edited by John McGarry and Michael Keating 22 Deliberation, Social Choice and Absolutist Democracy David van Mill 23 Sexual Justice/Cultural Justice Critical perspectives in political theory and practice Edited by Barbara Arneil, Monique

     EisenbergDeveaux, Rita Dhamoon and Avigail 24 The International Political Thought of Carl Schmitt Terror, liberal war and the crisis of

    global order

     Edited by Louiza Odysseos and Fabio Petito 25 In Defense of Human Rights A non-religious grounding in a pluralistic world

     Ari Kohen 26 Logics of Critical Explanation in Social and Political Theory Jason Glynos and David

    Howarth 27 Political Constructivism

     Peri Roberts 28 The New Politics of Masculinity Men, power and resistance

     Fidelma Ashe 29 Citizens and the State

Attitudes in Western Europe and East and Southeast Asia Takashi Inoguchi and Jean Blondel

    30 Political Language and Metaphor

    Interpreting and changing the world

     Edited by Terrell Carver and Jernej Pikalo

    31 Political Pluralism and the State

    Beyond sovereignty

     Marcel Wissenburg

    32 Political Evil in a Global Age

    Hannah Arendt and international theory

     Patrick Hayden

    33 Gramsci and Global Politics

    Hegemony and resistance

     Edited by Mark McNally and John Schwarzmantel

    Gramsci and Global Politics

    Hegemony and resistance

    Edited by Mark McNally and

    John Schwarzmantel

    First published 2009

    by Routledge

    2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RN

    Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada

    by Routledge

    270 Madison Ave, New York, NY 10016

     Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an informa business. This editionpublished in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2009. To purchase your own copy of this or any of

    Taylor & Francis or Routledge’s collection of thousands of eBooks please go to

    www.eBookstore.tandf.co.uk.

    ? 2009 Selection and editorial matter, Mark McNally and John Schwarzmantel; individual

    chapters, the contributors All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or

    reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known

    or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or

    retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers.

     British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available

    from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data A catalog recordfor this book has been requested

    ISBN 0-203-87891-4 Master e-book ISBN

    ISBN10: 0-415-47469-8 (hbk)

    ISBN10: 0-203-87891-4 (ebk)

    ISBN13: 978-0-415-47469-6 (hbk)

    ISBN13: 978-0-203-87891-0 (ebk)

    Contents

     Notes on contributors

    ix

     Acknowledgements

    xii

     Abbreviations xiii 1 Introduction: Gramsci in his time and in ours 1 J O H N S C H W A R Z M A N T E L

    PART I Gramsci and the new world order

    17

    2 Beyond world order and transnational classes: the (re)application of Gramsci in global

    politics

    19

    O W E N W O R T H 3 Gramsci, epistemology and International Relations theory

    32

    J O S E P H F E M I A 4 Trasformismo at the World Trade Organization

    42

    B I L L P A T E R S O N 5 Gramsci’s inter nation alism, the national-popular and the Alternative Globalisation

    Movement

    58

    M A R K M C N A L L Y

    PART II Theorising the political

    77

    6 Gramsci and the problem of political agency

    79

    J O H N S C H W A R Z M A N T E L 7 Governing gender: the integral state and gendered subjection

    93

    G U N D U L A L U D W I G viii Contents

    8 Civil society and state in Turkey: a Gramscian perspective

    107

    H A S R E T D I K I C I - B I L G I N

    9 Populism as counter-hegemony: the Israeli case

    119

    D A N I F I L C

    PART III

    Gramsci and contemporary British politics

    135

    10 Prince of modernisers: Gramsci, New Labour and the meaning of modernity

    137

    W I L L L E G G E T T

    11 Giddens’s ‘Third Way’ and Gramsci’s ‘passive revolution’

    156

    J U L E S T O W N S H E N D

    12 Feelbad Britain: a Gramscian view

    173

    P A T D E V I N E A N D D A V I D P U R D

    Y

    13 Conclusion: the enduring attraction of Gramscian analysis

    187

    M A R K M C N A L L Y

     Bibliography

     200

     Index

    218

    Contributors

    Pat Devine is Honorary Research Fellow in the School of Social Sciences at the University ofManchester. Writing from a Marxist perspective, his main research interests are inparticipatory economic planning, ecological socialism, and the political economy of Britainsince 1945. His publications include Democracy and Economic Planning (Polity Press, 1988),

    What On Earth Is To Be Done? (co-author, Red-Green Study Group, 1995), and Feelbad Brit-

     ain (forthcoming).

    Hasret Dikici-Bilgin

    sity in Istanbul in Turkey. Her main research interests include ideology and electoralpolitics.

    Joseph Femia is Professor of Political Theory at the University of Liverpool. He is the authorof several books, including Gramsci’s Political Thought (Clarendon Press, 1981), Marxism

     (Oxford University Press, 1993), Machiavelli Revisited (University of Walesand Democracy

    Press, 2004), and Pareto and Political Theory (Routledge, 2006). He has also published

    articles in a wide variety of academic journals, among them the British Journal of Polit-

    ical Science , Political Studies , Political Theory , and History and Theory. He has held

    Visiting Fellowships at Yale and Princeton Universities, and a Visiting Professorship at theEuropean University Institute in Florence. Dani Filc is Senior Lecturer at the Department ofPolitics and Government, Ben Gurion University, Israel. He is the author of Hegemony and

     Israel (Resling, 2006), Circles of Exclusion: The Politics of Health in Israel Populism in

    (Cornell University Press, forthcoming) and The Political Right in Israel: The Many Faces of

     (Routledge, forthcoming). Will Leggett is Senior Lecturer in Sociology atJewish Populism

    the University of Birmingham, where he researches and teaches in social theory and politicalsociology. He is the author of After New Labour: Social Theory and Centre-Left Politics

    (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005).

    Gundula Ludwig is currently a PhD candidate and Assistant in the Political Sciences Departmentat the University of Vienna. She studied social sciences at the Universities of Vienna,Innsbruck, Berlin and New Orleans. Her research x Contributors

    ical social theory. Her publications include ‘Gramscis Hegemonietheorie und die staatlicheProduktion von vergeschlechtlichten Subjekten’ ( Das Argument 270, 2007) and articles on

    Foucault and feminist theory. Mark McNally is Visiting Fellow in the Department of Governmentat Essex University. His main research interests are Gramsci-inspired ideological andrhetorical analysis, contextualist approaches to the history of political thought, nationalismand republicanism. His empirical work focuses on twentiethcentury Irish intellectual history.He has published articles in the History of Political Thought , the European Journal of

     and Nations and Nationalism . Political Theory

    Bill Paterson is currently a Lecturer in International Politics at the University of Stirling.His research interests include the mobilisation and power struggles between social forces fromthe local to the global level, which determine the policies and process of internationalorganisations. He is currently editing his PhD thesis for publication with Routledge, entitled

     The World Trade Organ- ization and Protest Movements . In the autumn of 2008, he will be

    taking up a position at Strathclyde University, Scotland.

    David Purdy is a social economist and former Head (now retired) of the Department of AppliedSocial Science at the University of Manchester. Politically active since the early 1960s, he isa member of Democratic Left Scotland and lives in Stirling. Recent publications include: Eurovision or American Dream? Britain, the Euro and the Future of Europe (Luath Press,

    2003);

    ‘Social Policy’ in Mike Artis and Frederick Nixson (eds), The Economics of the European

     , 4th edn (Oxford University Press, 2007); and ‘Is Basic Income Viable?’, in BasicUnion

     (Berkeley Electronic Press, 2007). John Schwarzmantel is Senior Lecturer inIncome Studies

    Politics and Programme Director of the MA in Democratic Studies at the University of Leeds. Hismain interests his most recent publication is Ideology and Politics (Sage, 2008). Jules

    Townshend is Professor of Political Theory in the Department of Politics and Philosophy,Manchester Metropolitan University. His main areas of research interest focus on Marxism, post-Marxism and liberalism. His publications include J.A. Hobson (Manchester University Press,

    1990); The Politics of Marxism (Leicester University Press, 1996); C.B. Macpherson and

     (Edinburgh University Press, 2000); Key Thinkers Fromthe Problem of Liberal democracy

     (co-author with Simon Tormey, Sage, 2005). He has also writtenCritical Theory to Post-Marxism

    numerous articles and chapters in edited books on Marxist and liberal theory. He is on theeditorial boards of Studies in Marxism and Capital and Class . Owen Worth is Lecturer in

    International Relations in the Department of Politics and Public Administration, University ofLimerick, Ireland. He has published Contributors xi

    in the general areas of Globalisation and International Political Economy and is the author of

     Hegemony, International Political Economy and Post- Communist Russia (Ashgate, 2005) and a

    number of co-edited collections. He has also published in International Politics , Third

     , Globaliza- tions , Capital and Class , Global Society and Review ofWorld Quarterly

     . AcknowledgementsInternational Studies

    The editors would like to thank all the participants who attended the section,

    ‘The Enduring Legacy of Antonio Gramsci: Theory, Politics, Society and Culture’ at the ECPRGeneral Conference in Pisa, 6–8 September 2007, where this volume originated. Thanks are alsodue to the editorial and production team at Routledge, and especially the Politics Editor,Heidi Bagtazo, and the Editorial Assistant, Lucy Dunne. Mark McNally would like to acknowledgethe generous support of the ESRC which allowed him to dedicate time to further research onGramsci, and to work on his contributions to the book (Ref: PTA-026–27–1394). He is also

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