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37 origin of the re-verified_437

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37 origin of the re-verified_437

37 origin of the re-verified

     Author: Huang Rongshao Yanghai Ju Ho Chen Chao-Jun Li Zhengwn Zhang Chaoliang Bauhinia

     Abstract Objective verified 37 origin. Method of access to a large number of historical documents and data, and

    compare the "37 textual origin" documents cited. Concluded that 37 originated from Guangxi, commonly known as pseudo-

    ginseng. Conclusion 37 as a rare traditional Chinese medicine in Guangxi, recovery, development of 37 production has broad

    prospects.

     Key words 37; country of origin; textual

     Abstract: ObjectiveThe origin areas of Panax notoginseng was researched in this article. MethodsTo study many historical document data, and compare the documents recommended by the paper of "Textual research on the origin areas of Panax notoginseng". ResultsGuangxi is the origin area of Panax notoginseng which was named Tianqi

    commonly.ConclusionPanax notoginseng is a highly valued and important Chinese medicinal herb, and regaining and developing

    the cultivation has broad prospects in Guangxi.

     Key words: Panax notoginseng, Origin areg, Textual

     Dynasty Liang et al [1] in the "traditional Chinese medicine" 2000,23 (supplement) published "37 textual origin," a text, which concluded that: "Yunnan Wenshan Prefecture is not only the 37 main origin, but also the origin of 37. "The main documents are based on: ? Chen Shouren book of" 37

    Cultivation Research Method "; ? Agriculture Department of

    Yunnan compiled" Yunnan 37 "; ? 1757" The civilized

    government-chi "; ?" Wenshan County ", Yunnan People's

    Publishing House, 1999 ; ? Wang Shuqin waiting for the "China 37", Yunnan Nationalities Publishing House, 1993; ? Dong

    Vladimir light waiting for the "Yunnan 37", Yunnan Science and

    Technology Publishing House, 1998. Literature than those of old age in 1757 than the "civilized government records," and the rest Jiewei local literature in recent years.

     "Civilized government" carries: "uncivilized 37, in the city for sale, selling the country." Yunnan Wenshan the formerly civilized, 1757, twenty-two years of the Qing Dynasty

    Emperor Qianlong. The twenty-four years to the Ming Wanli (AD

    1596), the Li Shi Zhen (1518 ~ 1593) came after the death of three years, the "Compendium of Materia Medica" has a clear record of 37, "State of Health in Guangxi Nandan Chu Fan Cave in the mountains" [2 ], as early as in the "civilized government records," more than 160 years. Qing Zhao Xuemin, Zhejiang Qiantang in 1765 AD that the Emperor Qianlong thirty

    print and publish the "Supplement to Compendium of Materia Medica" contains: "To know the drugs identified micro-yun:

    Ginseng 37, Qinghuang jacket, dark blue inside the meat, one copper steel frame. To kinds of Caine heavy, sweet with the

    bitter, out of Youjiang toast, most top grade. "" is so close, when the 37 ginseng, the famous Buddha Mountain paint who form long, very much like the Buddha, there is that. out of Guangxi, and drug trafficking to the customer , its price in the paint on top of a round hill. "" Note: Ginseng 37 out Youjiang toast border, shaped like a water chestnut, pointed round ranging from color Qinghuang, there is skin, taste joys,

    and must therefore called class ginseng. Peter natives into China. "[3] The article in the Youjiang in Guangxi. Zhejiang Haiyan Wu Yi Luo Qing Dynasty Qianlong were twenty-two years,

    the Year 1757 harvest the book "Materia Medica from the new" contains: "37: from the cave in Guangxi to persons, like a little white and the elderly, such as veteran cadres to

    yellow, and with restraint, micro-Gan taste a lot like

    ginseng. "[4] none of the above mentioned three kinds of herbal medicine in Yunnan, 37. To the Qing Dynasty Emperor Qianlong, Jiaqing years, Henan Province Gushi people whose Chun Wu (1789 ~ 1846), is a Jiaqing twenty-two years (1817)

    champion, a former Hanlin editing, Jiangxi, Hubei school governance, the Board of War assistant minister, Hubei and Hunan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Fujian, Shanxi and other provinces rank of governor or the Governor. Wu plant has a very strong

    interest in working throughout the period, paid particular attention in the herb, by four patrolling of the machine, the implementation of inspection of plants, collected a large number of plant information and personally drawing, prepared

    for the "plant its name, map test" and "Plant-long series of

    real-map test." In the "real plan Plant-test," Juan Ba,

    mountain grass 37 Download: "Dian Chi: earth-rich states

    produced 37, which in the past in Western Guangdong Province, should be a class." This is a traditional Chinese medicine in the history of the earlier record of Yunnan produced 37 of literature, "its land near West Guangdong, should be a class," namely, western Guangdong, Guangxi, Guangxi has already produced 37 shows, the state-rich soil in Yunnan near Guangxi,

    produced should be a class of 37. Wu You Yun: "I have heard up to Tennessee, to adopt in order to simmer the meat, cover all kinds of health, non-wild flowers also." [5] Wu served as

    governor of Yunnan, Guangxi, have yet to illustrate Guangxi,

    at least 37 home-grown Tennessee Qianlong in the Qing dynasty, Jiaqing has been known for years. Also, according to the 1956 book "Dictionary of Chinese Medicine" [6] contains: "37 produced a positive authentic Tennessee, Guangxi, Yunnan has a

    variety can also be used." Also cited China's modern famous doctor Caobing Zhang (1878 ~ 1956) make up set The "supplement of identified counterfeit drugs": "37 Country of Origin by the government of Guangxi Chan Onn, in the next quarter of the

    town of Di tianyang, the production of 37, are Tian Gong states, hence the name Tennessee 37, pin-line is very broad,

    also in Guangxi Chupin the bulk land. "[7]

     The above literature, indisputably shows that Li's "Compendium of Materia Medica," recorded in 1757 compared with 37 in Guangxi, "civilized government records," recorded in Yunnan as early as 37 to 160 years. From the Ming Dynasty, "Compendium of Materia Medica" by the Qing Dynasty to the 37 recorded in the thirties of the twentieth century, 350 years,

    Guangxi Tennessee 37 (commonly known as pseudo-ginseng) known

    and best-selling home and abroad, and 37 in Yunnan were not yet known to the world. Liang dynasty, such as "37 textual origin," a text, to avoid the "Compendium of Materia Medica"

    "Supplement to Compendium of Materia Medica" "from the new Materia Medica," "plant its name, map test," such as herbal medicine study important works, just from the Yunnan local history and local literature in recent years as a textual made

    based on "Yunnan Wenshan Prefecture is not only the 37 main origin, but also the origin of 37," the conclusion is relied upon to. Even if the local history records, but also Yunnan, Guangxi, as compared with earlier. "Guangxi Annals" (AD 1683 than in 1757, "civilized government records," as early as 74 years) contains: "37 Southern states out of pubic region, while the Tennessee better. [8]" "Chan Onn House Chi" (1756 years) contains: "37 ... ... On toast out of town." [9] (now widely Jingxi County, the southern slope of Township and Andre Heung). Served as prefect of the Jiangsu Yang Zhen'an Lake (today, Jiangsu Province, Wujin County) who Zhao Yi (1727 ~ 1814), in their book "Eaves Bao Miscellanies" (1766) a book of Guangxi wildlife habitat and into the 37 home-grown time,

    place, method, etc. were documented: "all Health Daqing (Note: refers to forested valley) does not see the light of, and all adopt his son planted in Tianbao (now Guangxi Debao County) of the Long Garland, twilight Garland, to tree To sum up, not to

    see the light. "[10] shows that 37 of the country of origin should be in Guangxi Tennessee [11,12] (including the current Bose, tianyang, Tiandong, Germany Paul, Jingxi, etc.). Instead of Wenshan Prefecture, Yunnan, and in the 20th century, 30

    years before 300 years, also in Guangxi Tennessee-based

    origin. Reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://

     It is noteworthy that, Yunnan Wenshan 37 from the forties of last century later, with the latter are living, the gradual

    replacement of Guangxi, Tennessee 37 and became the main origin of China's 37. According to the Shanghai "medicine compilation of information" (1958) containing: 37 "Lord produced in Yunnan Wenshan (civilized)", and therefore, "civilized 37," said. The vicinity of Yanshan, Xichou, Malipo, Ma Guan, Quang Nam, Fu Ning are produced. Guangxi tianyang (Tennessee) This is the origin, the latter due to poor soil, transplant Zhenan, Jingxi, but the output is less than Yunnan. "[13] Also, according to Chen backbone [14] such as" 37

    farming Survey "(2002):" 2000 census showed that 37 of Yunnan Wenshan Prefecture covers an area of 37 3 582.386 ha ... ... then Wenshan A total of dredging 37 1192.266 ha, production of 1.358 million kg. "" The history of Guangxi, 37 mainly in

    Jingxi, Napo, Germany and Paul and three counties, in 1988 there are 37 large decline in value before the large-scale

    cultivation, an area of 1 266.666 ha, dry 37 output reached about 200,000 kg . No development since 1990, according to Jingxi County medicine company, at present 37 in Guangxi area of less than 6.666 ha. From the 2000 findings, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 37 has been very little acreage, that slope, Germany, Paul 37 counties no longer growing, there are only a small amount of Jingxi, located in Sanhe Township-wing

    workers and up to the three Hopewell Township, an area of no more than 3.333 ha, and the only remaining seed in 37 years, 67 m21. Can predict another 3 ~ 5 years to find 37 in Guangxi, will be very difficult. "History has a short period of 70

    years or so (counting from the 20th century, 30 years), Guangxi Tianqi (Tennessee 37) 37 350 years from the prestigious origin and the main place of origin, to the decline since 1990 has fallen to the brink; and Yunnan Wenshan

    Prefecture 37 from the 20th century were not yet known to the world 30 years ago, has emerged as an absolute advantage of 37 primary origin. The big difference should cause the relevant departments and people in Guangxi food for thought.

     37 specialty precious Chinese herbal medicines in China, there are scattered silt bleeding, swelling and pain of the efficacy, traditional for hemoptysis, hematemesis, hematochezia, traumatic bleeding, abdominal irritation, bone-

    pain and swelling [15] and other diseases. Modern

    pharmacological studies have shown that there are 37 expansion of coronary blood flow, anti-acute myocardial ischemia, anti-

    arrhythmia, anti-oxidation, anti-aging, inhibit platelet

    function and the promotion of the role of fibrinolysis, etc.

    [16], for medical care has broad development prospect. Guangxi Tianqi more than 400 years of cultivation, the use of history, once renowned Chinese and foreign well-known brands, is a

    precious legacy of Chinese medicine in China and should carry forward the tradition. If left to its decline, it will be difficult to make up for a historic mistake. Therefore, research should investigate the reasons for the Guangxi pseudo-ginseng production declines, to the scientific development concept to develop the revitalization of Guangxi

    pseudo-ginseng, and organizing the implementation of

    development planning, so that the traditional brand of Guangxi Tianqi restored and development.

     References

     [1] WANG Chao-liang, CUI Xiu-ming, ZHU Yan. 37 textual

    origin [J]. Chinese herbal medicine, 2000,23 (Supplement): 212.

     [2] Ming Li Shi Zhen. Compendium of Materia Medica (the school point of this), the second book [M]. Beijing: People's Health Press, 1982:767.

     [3] Qing Zhao Xuemin. Supplement to Compendium of Materia Medica [M]. Beijing: People's Health Press, 1963:65.

     [4] Qing Wu Yi Luo. Herbal medicine in the new [M]. Beijing: People's Health Press, 1985:20.

     [5] Qing Wu of its Joon. Plants were actually map test 38

    volumes, first volume, Volume I to Volume 19 [M]. Beijing: World Book Company, 1974: 200.

     [6] before the World Bookstore. Chinese Medicine Dictionary, the book [M]. Beijing: People's Health Press, 1956:38.

     [7] Tian-generation Chinese. Practical Dictionary of Chinese medicine, the book [M]. Beijing: People's Health Press, 2002:47.

     [8] Xie Xiu-Kun, Hu Qian ąøÄĄõ. Guangxi Annals, Vol 5

    [M]. Nanning: Guangxi People's Publishing House, 1988:2863,2879.

     [9] Qing Yang Xiu-Fu Li, Liang-year ąøÄĄõ. Zhen'an

    prefecture of Guangxi Province, Chi [M]. Nanning: written Publisher: 256.

     [10] Qing Zhao Yi. Eaves Bao Miscellanies [M]. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company, 1982:49.

     [11] Commission of Guangxi Zhuan encyclopedia compiled. Guangxi encyclopedia [M]. Beijing: China Encyclopedia Publishing House, 1994:696.

     [12] Xu Dong-ying. Tianqi ancient origin and distribution center [J]. Chinese herbal medicine, 1997,20 (12): 637.

     [13] Chinese Pharmaceutical Association Shanghai Branch, Shanghai medicine company. Herbs compilation, the next book [M]. Shanghai: Shanghai Science and Technology of Health

    Press, 1959:76.

     [14] Zhong-Jian Chen, Zeng Jiang, Yong Wang, et al. 37 farming Survey [J]. Chinese herbal medicine, 2002,25 (6): 387.

     [15] Pan Jia, Wang Kui. 37 Textual Research on the effectiveness of herbal medicine [J]. Chinese Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2003,28 (6): 520.

     [16] Yang Zhigang, Chen Ah-chin, Yu Song-Dong. 37

    Progress in Pharmacological Research [J]. Shanghai Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2005,39 (4): 59. Reposted

    elsewhere in the paper for free download http://

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