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The Integrated Energy and Communication Systems Architecture

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The Integrated Energy and Communication Systems Architecture

    The Integrated Energy and Communication

    Systems Architecture

    Volume IV:

    Technical Analysis

    Appendix D:

    Technologies, Services, and Best Practices

    EPRI Project Manager

    Joe Hughes

    Cosponsor

    Electricity Innovation Institute Consortium for Electric Infrastructure to Support a Digital Society

    (CEIDS)

EPRI • 3412 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, California 94304 • PO Box 10412, Palo Alto, California 94303 • USA

    800.313.3774 • 650.855.2121 • askepri@epri.com • www.epri.com

DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES AND LIMITATION OF

    LIABILITIES

    THIS DOCUMENT WAS PREPARED BY THE ORGANIZATION(S) NAMED BELOW AS AN ACCOUNT OF WORK SPONSORED OR COSPONSORED BY THE ELECTRIC POWER

    RESEARCH INSTITUTE, INC. (EPRI). NEITHER EPRI, ANY MEMBER OF EPRI, ANY COSPONSOR, THE ORGANIZATION(S) BELOW, NOR ANY PERSON ACTING ON BEHALF OF ANY OF THEM:

    (A) MAKES ANY WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION WHATSOEVER, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, (I) WITH RESPECT TO THE USE OF ANY INFORMATION, APPARATUS, METHOD, PROCESS, OR SIMILAR ITEM DISCLOSED IN THIS DOCUMENT, INCLUDING MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, OR (II) THAT SUCH USE DOES NOT INFRINGE ON OR INTERFERE WITH PRIVATELY OWNED RIGHTS, INCLUDING ANY PARTY'S INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, OR (III) THAT THIS DOCUMENT IS SUITABLE TO ANY PARTICULAR USER'S CIRCUMSTANCE; OR

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    REPRESENTATIVE HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES) RESULTING FROM YOUR SELECTION OR USE OF THIS DOCUMENT OR ANY INFORMATION, APPARATUS, METHOD, PROCESS, OR SIMILAR ITEM DISCLOSED IN THIS DOCUMENT. ORGANIZATIONS THAT PREPARED THIS DOCUMENT

    General Electric Company led by GE Global Research (Prime Contractor)

    Significant Contributions made by

    EnerNex Corporation

    Hypertek

    Lucent Technologies (Partner)

    Systems Integration Specialists Company, Inc.

    Utility Consulting International (Partner)

ORDERING INFORMATION

    Requests for copies of this report should be directed to EPRI Orders and Conferences, 1355 Willow Way, Suite 278, Concord, CA 94520. Toll-free number: 800.313.3774, press 2, or internally x5379; voice: 925.609.9169; fax: 925.609.1310.

    Electric Power Research Institute and EPRI are registered service marks of the Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. EPRI. ELECTRIFY THE WORLD is a service mark of the Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

    Copyright ? 2002, 2003, 2004 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved.

    CITATIONS

    This document describes research sponsored by EPRI and Electricity Innovation Institute. The publication is a corporate document that should be cited in the literature in the following manner: THE INTEGRATED ENERGY AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE, EPRI, Palo

    Alto, CA and Electricity Innovation Institute, Palo Alto, CA: 2003 {Product ID Number.

    Table of Contents Table of Contents

    1.. TECHNOLOGIES

    1.1.. Energy Industry-Specific Technologies

    1.1.1.... Utility Field Device Related Data Exchange Technologies

    1.1.1.1... IEC60870-5 - Telecontrol Protocol

    1.1.1.1.1.............................................. IEC60870-5 Part 101 - Serial

    Telecontrol Protocol

    1.1.1.1.2...................................... IEC60870-5 Part 104 - Telecontrol

    Protocol over TCP/IP

    1.1.1.2... DNP

    1.1.1.2.1................................................................................. DNP

    Serial Protocol

    1.1.1.2.2....................................................................... DNP3

    Protocol over TCP/IP

    1.1.1.3... IEC61334 - Distribution PLC

    1.1.1.4... ISO 9506 MMS - Manufacturing Messaging Specification

    1.1.1.5... IEC61850 Substation Automation

    1.1.1.5.1............................................ IEC61850 - Substation

    Automation Communications

    1.1.1.5.2.................................................. IEC61850 Part 7-2 - GSE

    (GOOSE and GSSE)

    1.1.1.5.3........................................ IEC61850 Part 7-2 - SMV (Sampled

    Measured Values)

    1.1.1.5.4........................... IEC61850 Part 7-2 - Abstract Common

    Services Interface (ACSI)

    1.1.1.5.5..................................... IEC61850 Parts 7-3 and 7-4 -

    Substation Object Modeling

    1.1.1.5.6.......................................... IEC61850 Part 6 - Substation

    Configuration Language

    1.1.1.5.7.......................................................... IEC61850 Power

    Quality Object Models

    1.1.1.6... IEC62350 - Object Models for Distributed Energy Resources

    (DER)

    1.1.1.7... IEC62349 - Hydro Power Plant Object Models

    ... IEC61400-25 for Wind Power Object Models 1.1.1.8

    1.1.1.9... Fieldbus

    1.1.1.10.. PROFIBUS

    1.1.1.11.. ModBus

    1.1.1.11.1.........................................................................................

    ..... ModBus

    1.1.1.11.2....................................................................................

    ModBus TCP/IP

    1.1.1.11.3........................................................................................

    ModBus Plus

    1.1.1.12.. IEEE 1451 Standard for a Smart Transducer Interface for

    Sensors and Actuators

    1.1.1.13.. Digital Time Division Command/Response Multiplex Date Bus,

    MIL-STD-1553

    1.1.1.14.. IEEE C37.94 - Standard for N x 64 kbps Optical Fiber Interfaces

    between Teleprotection and Multiplexer Equipment

    1.1.1.15.. C37.111-1999 IEEE COMTRADE Standard (Common Format

    for Transient Data Exchange) for Power Systems

    1.1.1.16.. IEEE 1159.3 - Power Quality Data Interchange Format (PQDIF)

    1.1.2.... IEEE Guides for Communications in Power Systems

    1.1.2.1... 487-2000 - IEEE Recommended Practice for the Protection of

    Wire-Line Communication Facilities Serving Electric Supply

    Locations

    1.1.2.2... 643-1980 (R1992) - IEEE Guide for Power-Line Carrier

    Applications

    1.1.2.3... 1138-1994 - IEEE Standard Construction of Composite Fiber

    Optic Ground Wire (OPGW) for Use on Electric Utility Power

    Lines

    1.1.2.4... C37.93-1987 (R1992) IEEE Guide for Power System Protective

    Relay Applications of Audio Tones Over Telephone Channels

    1.1.2.5... 1390-1995 IEEE Standard for Utility Telemetry Service

    Architecture for Switched Telephone Network

    1.1.3.... Utility Control Center Related Data Management Technologies

    1.1.3.1... IEC 60870-6 (ICCP)

    1.1.3.2... IEC 61970 - CIM, CIM Extensions, and GID

    ........................................ IEC 61970 Part 3 - Common 1.1.3.2.1

    Information Model (CIM)

    1.1.3.2.2........................................................... CIM Extensions for

    Market Operations

    1.1.3.2.3......................................... IEC 61970 Part 4 - Generic

    Interface Definition (GID)

    1.1.3.3... OPC

    1.1.3.3.1............................................................................ OPC Data

    Access (DA)

    1.1.3.3.2................................................................ OPC Historic Data

    Access (HDA)

    1.1.3.3.3........................................................................ OPC

    Alarming and Eventing

    1.1.3.3.4......................................................................................

    OPC Command

    1.1.3.4... IEC61968 SIDM System Interfaces for Distribution Management

    1.1.3.5... IEC62325 on Framework for Energy Market Communications

    1.1.3.6... NERC e-tagging

    1.1.3.7... NAESB OASIS for Market Transactions

    1.1.3.8... OPEN GIS

    1.1.3.9... OAG

    1.1.3.10.. MultiSpeak

    1.1.4.... Customer Interface Data Management Technologies

    1.1.4.1... IEC62056 - Data Exchange for Meter Reading, Tariff, and Load

    Control

    1.1.4.2... ANSI C12.19 (Meter Tables)

    1.1.4.3... AEIC Guidelines

    1.1.4.4... ASHRAE SSPC135 BACnet

    1.1.4.5... GPC-20 XML Modeling for HVAC

    1.1.4.6... CEBus? based on EIA 600

    1.1.4.7... UPnP

    1.1.4.8... Controller Area Network (CAN)

    1.1.5.... Customer Automated Meter Reading (AMR) Technologies

    1.1.5.1... 1390.2-1999 IEEE Automatic Meter Reading via Telephone -

    Network to Telemetry Interface Unit

    ... 1390.3-1999 IEEE Standard for Automatic Meter Reading via 1.1.5.2

    Telephone - Network to Utility Controller

    1.1.5.3... ANSI C12.18 (PSEM, Optical port)

    1.1.5.4... ANSI C12.21 (POTS)

    1.1.5.5... ANSI C12.22 (EPSEM)

    1.1.5.6... Broadband over Power Line (BPL)

    1.1.6.... Customer Site In-Building Technologies

    1.1.6.1... Home PNA

    1.1.6.2... HomePlug

    1.1.6.3... Zigbee Spec

    1.2.. Communications Industry Technologies

    1.2.1.... Access Technologies

    1.2.1.1... Public Internet

    1.2.1.2... Private Intranet

    1.2.1.3... Data over Voice Lines

    1.2.1.4... Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Technologies

    1.2.1.4.1............ Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) and Digital

    Subscriber Line (DSL)

    1.2.1.4.2................................................ High Data-Rate Digital

    Subscriber Line (HDSL)

    1.2.1.4.3...................................................... Single-Line Digital

    Subscriber Line (SDSL)

    1.2.1.4.4............................................ Very high data rate Digital

    Subscriber Line (VDSL)

    1.2.1.4.5........................................................ Wireless Digital

    Subscriber Line (WDSL)

    1.2.1.4.6..................................................................... Rate-Adaptive

    DSL (RADSL)

    1.2.1.4.7................................................................. G.Lite/DSL

    Lite/Universal ADSL

    1.2.1.5... Cable Modems - DOCSIS

    1.2.1.6... Fiber in the Loop (FITL)

    1.2.1.7... Hybrid Fiber Coax (HFC)

    1.2.2.... Networking Technologies

    ... Internet Protocol Version V4 (IPV4) 1.2.2.1

    1.2.2.2... Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPV6)

    1.2.2.3... Routing Protocols

    1.2.2.3.1......................................................................................

    Unicast Routing

    1.2.2.3.2.....................................................................................

    Multicast Routing

    1.2.2.3.3.............................................. Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)

    Routing Protocol

    1.2.2.3.4......................... Intermediate System to Intermediate System

    (ISIS) Routing Protocol

    1.2.2.3.5................................................................ Routing

    Information Protocol (RIP)

    1.2.2.3.6.................................................................. Border Gateway

    Protocol (BGP)

    1.2.2.3.7................................................................ Host extensions

    for IP multicasting

    1.2.2.3.8................................................... Internet Group Management

    Protocol (IGMP)

    1.2.2.3.9........................................ Distance Vector Multicast Routing

    Protocol (DVMRP)

    1.2.2.3.10...................................... Multicast Open Shortest Path

    (MOSPF) routing protocol

    1.2.2.3.11..................................... Protocol Independent

    Multicast-Sparse Mode (PIM-SM)

    1.2.2.3.12....................................................... Core-Based Tree (CBT)

    multicast routing

    1.2.3.... IP-based Transport Protocols

    1.2.3.1... Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)

    1.2.3.2... User Datagram Protocol (UDP)

    1.2.3.3... Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)

    1.2.3.4... Datagram Congestion Control Protocol (DCCP)

    1.2.3.5... Real-Time Transport Protocol (RTP)

    1.2.4.... Application Layer Protocols

    1.2.4.1... Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

    ... File Transfer Protocol (FTP) 1.2.4.2

    1.2.4.3... Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP) 1.2.4.4... TELNET Protocol

    1.2.4.5... Domain Name System (DNS) protocol 1.2.4.6... Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) 1.2.4.7... URI

    1.2.4.8... World Wide Web (WWW)

    1.2.4.9... Web Browser

    1.2.4.10.. Microsoft COM+

    1.2.4.11.. SNTP (Network Time Protocol) 1.2.4.12.. CSV files

    1.2.5.... Link Layer and Physical Technologies

    1.2.5.1... LAN/MAN Technologies

    1.2.5.2... IEEE 802 MAC Addresses

    1.2.5.3... IEEE 802.3aez Standards

    1.2.5.4... IEEE 802.1p and IEEE 802.1q (VLAN) 1.2.5.5... IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) 1.2.5.6... IEEE 802.1w Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP) 1.2.5.7... IEEE 802.17 - Resilient Packet Ring (RPR) 1.2.5.8... LAN interconnection technologies 1.2.5.9... Ethernet

    1.2.5.10.. Hubs/Repeaters

    1.2.5.11.. Bridges/Switches

    1.2.5.12.. Routers

    1.2.5.13.. V series Modems

    1.2.5.14.. Digital Signal (DSx), Time-division multiplexing, the T-carriers,

    T1, fractional T1

    1.2.5.15.. X series Data Network

    1.2.5.16.. Frame Relay

    1.2.5.17.. Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP)

    1.2.5.18.. Synchronous Optical Network (SONET) and Synchronous

    Digital Hierarchy (SDH)

    1.2.5.19.. Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)

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