By Ana Lewis,2014-06-28 22:09
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    Antithesis 对偶 repetition 反复 monologue 独白 resounding theme 响亮的主题

     Soliloquy 独白 Claudius: Cicero-type speech and oxymoron parallel speech.

    Eloquent 雄辩 eloquent remarks 感叹词 exclamatory tone 感叹的语调

    Enumeration 列举 calamity 灾难 contrasted notions rhetorical 自发的

    Rhetorical 修辞 The dominant ideology of power and Cultural hegemony 主导意识形

    态和文化霸权 verbal witchcraft 口头巫术 the Othelo music

1. Hamlet

    We all have a smack of Hamlet.

    He is a paradox. He is firm and hesitate, indecisive and bold , depressed and optimistic, proud

    and lack of confidence, enthusiasm and indifferent, rational and crazy.

    We can see the Oedipus complex and helplessness to heterosexual love, the doubt of life and

    the reflection to death.

    To be or not to be ,that is a queston.

    What a piece of work is a man.

    He is a thinker, who hopes to exist through the self-conscious subject.

    He is a princess, who refuses condescension.

    His conscious is beyond the social reality, up to the ultimate height of the existence of


    In his eyes, politics is conspiracy, the king is a beggar, the identification of supernatural power

    is also a practical issue.

    He uses philosophical reflection and self-questioning instead of actions.

    He adheres to the ideological positions of knowledge and wisdom with the cost of life.

    He refuses the compromise of ideas and peace of mind by communication and chooses

    silence. The rest is silence.

    He fails in the end, but its the noble failure when people have been aware of the irreversible



    Cicero-type speech and oxymoron parallel speech.

    2 Romeo and Juliet

     Love is lightening, after the storm of youth, in the sky leaves the rainbow, lost in the desperate

     Darkness. The beauty of love is intuitive and eternal. Thanks to the tragedy, their love becomes so impressive and kind of touching-hot.

     He leaps over the wall and comes into the garden.

     She talks to herself on the balcony.

     The love begins , maybe it is bound to be a tragedy.

     Regardless of any utilitarian and not the fetters of realitytheir love is the original impulse for

    life and the challenges of cold rationality. The beauty of love is just as meteoric., engulfed by the harsh reality. They are young , impulsive and idealistic.

    Love puts them together.

    Hatred seperates them away.

    They suffer from the pain of living

    They become eternal by death.

3 The Merchant of Venice

     I dont want to read it as a comedy. Soft moonlight spreads over the peaceful lake with melodious music echoed in the forest. Lovers get together, live a happy life in the end. Capital competition, unfair legal system, confliction between Christian and Jewish, all these cruel realities in Venice seem to be neglected in compulsory social integration process led by the dominant culture. Shylock , a solider fights for the racial equality, always being shrewd and mean, now is possessed by anger and makes the spontaneous and emotional speech , Jews are men

    like you , so revenge!

    4 Othello

    Iagos philosophy: Egocentric or individualism. A master of double-dealing

    Green-eyed monster : executioner for justice to love the ideal. An act of self-abasement. The oppressed helps the oppressor willingness to succumb to the dominant.

    Claims of classical leminism women fall because men corrupt

    Whatever Othellos noble mind and manner or Iagos evil motivation, its not only something of

    individual psychology or judge of good and evil. What Iago presents is more than the personal desires or cynicism, its a kind of invisible individualism, the dominant ideology of power and cultural hegemony.

    5 King Lear

    The tragedy origins from the arrogance of power and the desire of private property, swings in the law of human relations and the hypocritical relationship, then breaks through the moral bottom line in desperation, and destroys all the human ideals, moral and rational order. All the cruel scenes are the reflection of the dark side of peoples heart.

    6 Macbeth

    The same theme as King Lear: the great energy of destroying others hidden in the depth of

    peoples heart. It leaves people fear and hopelessness instead of sorrow or reflection. The madness of Macbeths wife is not pain or anger, but the irreconcilable results of the balance between evilness and conscience. Its the inevitable result of supernatural power manipulating

    the reality through the human consciousness.

    7Julius Caesar

    (1)I love Rome more than I love Caesar:

    Faced with a difficult task of convincing Roman mob that his assassination of Caesar is justified, Brutus has to be very rhetorical.


    He relies most heavily on antithesis of the important message, and also uses repetitive sentence pattern and interrogative style to drive home his points

    (2)O, judgment! Is this ambition?

    Antony has to be strategic because the audience is already impressed by Bs speech that says

    Caesar deserves death for his ambition. So he says B is an honorable man. Several times.

    He creates an ironic tone around honorable and make the word “ambition sound doubtful and


    Then he strives to reestablish in the audience Caesars greatness in general terms.

    8As you like it

    Nothing is wanted to call forth the poetry which has its dwelling in nature and the human mind

    but to throw off all artificial constraint, and restore both to their native liberty

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