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American romanticism

By Katie Gomez,2014-06-28 11:41
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American romanticism

    American Romanticism

    ; It covers the first half of the 19th century.

    ; Pre-Romanticism the beginning stage (1781-1830)

    ; Post-Romanticism30 years’ flowering time (1830-1860);10 years’ declining time

    (1865-1875)

    ; Major figures: Washington Irving, James Fenimore Cooper, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry

    David Thoreau, Walt Whitman, Emily Dickinson, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville,

    William Cullen Bryant, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, James Russell Lowell, Edgar

    Allan Poe

    Influential factors

    Native:

    1. the nation’s political independence; ideals of democracy and equality; westward expansion 2. Literary milieu

    Foreign :

    1.European romantic movement

    2.English romantic movement

    Fiction:

    Sir Walter Scott: his border tales and Waverley romances

    Mrs Radcliffe ect. and “graveyard” poets: the Gothic novel, short stories and poems

    Poetry: Burns and Byron etc.: lyrics

    Distinct features of A. R.

    1.Full of optimistic spirit, stressed individual dignity and value, believed that human nature was of good will

    2.New materials for lit. creation: landscape of the new world, puritan colonial and revolutionary history, westward expansion

    3.Newness

    4.Influence of Puritanism : moralize rather than entertain, careful in approaching love and sex

    Washington Irvingan

    American author, essayist, biographer and historian of the early 19th century. He was best

    known for his short stories "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" and "Rip Van Winkle", both of which

    appear in his book The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.

    James Fenimore Cooper

    a prolific and popular American writer of the early 19th century. He is best remembered as a novelist who wrote numerous sea-stories and the historical novels known as the Leatherstocking

    Tales, featuring frontiersman Natty Bumppo. Among his most famous works is the Romantic

    novel The Last of the Mohicans, which many consider to be his masterpiece

    Preview: New England Transcendentalism, and Emerson

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