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The garden is composed of 27 pollard trees - frontpagewoodland

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The garden is composed of 27 pollard trees - frontpagewoodland

MAISON BOTANIQUE - Atelier Vivant - Centre européen des Trognes 41270 Boursay tél. 02 54 80 92 01 fax 02 54 80 78 70 courriel : contact@maisonbotanique.com - site : www.maisonbotanique.com Association loi 1901, déclarée le 29 mai 1990 à la sous-préfecture de Vendôme Insertion au Journal Officiel du 27 juin 1990 n?26 - N? SIRET 379 061 344 00030

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    MAISON BOTANIQUE - Atelier Vivant - Centre européen des Trognes 41270 Boursay tél. 02 54 80 92 01 fax 02 54 80 78 70 courriel : contact@maisonbotanique.com - site : www.maisonbotanique.com Association loi 1901, déclarée le 29 mai 1990 à la sous-préfecture de Vendôme Insertion au Journal Officiel du 27 juin 1990 n?26 - N? SIRET 379 061 344 00030

The first colloquium about pollard trees 26 27 28

    OCTOBER 2006 organised by the Maison Botanique of Boursay,

will take place from the 26th to the 28th of October 2006 at the “Lycée agricole” of Vendôme

    (Areines, 41, Loir-et-Cher, France). It will be an occasion of a meeting between those which are impassioned by this topic. 26 high level, university lecturers or persons in charge for active structures in the field, will come from all over Europe (France, but also England, Sweden, Norway, Belgium, Finland, Spain, Italy), for talks followed by debates. Exhibitions will also be organized. The detailed program, with

    www.maisonbotanique.com. the schedules, will be published on our Internet site

    Here is an outline of the 3 themes which will be dealt with :

1) A panorama of the local and European practices : uses which exist still today, and

    their patrimonial aspect. From Perche to the Sologne, from Portugal to Norway, all these trees

    provide an unceasingly renewable production : the birch of the large Scandinavian countries, the

    Spanish chestnut, the Dutch willows, the ashes of the Loire Valley, etc. All the species lending

    themselves to the pruning were exploited. What happens at the present time ?

    2) Actions carried out today : here and there, studies on the pollards are led (skill, uses, ecosystem,

    physiology). Information campaigns are carried out for the safeguard of these trees, whether they are

    regarded as markers of landscape, a vegetable inheritance, or ecosystems to be protected. As in

    Boursay, teams mobilize themselves. How to act to prevent they are abandoned, how to incite with

    the creation of new pollards, how to resist the standardization of the landscapes? Actors of the rural

    world will be able to inflect the destruction of this inheritance?

3) The view of artists and writers : the silhouette of pollards is so naturally registered in the

    landscapes that one notices little his presence and even less his disappearance. It is anchored in our

    imaginary, sometimes even unconsciously, like prototype of the shape of the tree. “To show”

    differently, contributes to change our attitude to these countryside trees, which are invited to the

    heart of the cities and villages. That contributes to link up again with a practice which results from a

    thousand-year-old relation between man and nature.

    The knowledge of the very varied practices will make possible to initiate a management adapted to the evolution of the rural world and agriculture, a change in mentalities towards the trees and their pruning, and a reflection on the renewable energy production. The valorisation of this inheritance is also a means, for the inhabitants of an area, to reinforce the feeling they belong to that territory.

    The pollard trees are trees which are exploited periodically since centuries for their

    branches or their leaves. These trees acquire, with the passing of years, various forms

    according to the species and uses : by having the cut head, they take a funny “bloated

    face”. These trees are in the Perche mainly oaks and hornbeams, cut above the tooth

    of the cattle for the production of wood.

    Page 2 / 17

    MAISON BOTANIQUE - Atelier Vivant - Centre européen des Trognes 41270 Boursay tél. 02 54 80 92 01 fax 02 54 80 78 70 courriel : contact@maisonbotanique.com - site : www.maisonbotanique.com Association loi 1901, déclarée le 29 mai 1990 à la sous-préfecture de Vendôme Insertion au Journal Officiel du 27 juin 1990 n?26 - N? SIRET 379 061 344 00030

     26 27 28

    OCTOBER 2006

    La Maison Botanique is an association of education to the environment. It is interested in nature and the multiple relations which exist between men and plants (wild or cultivated). It organizes various activities (exhibitions, meetings, outings, conferences, training courses, holiday camps) which are aimed at all public : groups or individuals, youngsters and adults.

    The association is located at Boursay, in the middle of the Perche vendômois. It is rooted in a landscape with laid hedges and pollard trees. It encourages practices related to this area, while organizing, for example, every year training courses about the hedgelaying of pastoral hedges. It also houses, since 2003, the “centre européen des trognes”, aiming at promoting the alive inheritance which is the pollard tree. Its prime objectives were the installation of the “Chemin des trognes”, then the creation of a documentation

    center.

The ? lycée agricole ? of Vendôme offers several trainings :

    - BTSA Management and Nature conservancy

    - BTSA Livestock Productions

    - Scientific Baccalaureat

    - BTA Sciences and technology of the animal of laboratory

    - BTA Management of wild fauna

    - BEPA Sciences and Techniques of the animal of laboratory.

This project is the fruit of a partnership between the Pays vendômois and the Pays Grande Sologne.

    Within this framework various activities are also organized : exhibition “Views on pollards” in the “Maison

    du braconnage” of Chaon, discovery of the pollards in Marolle-en-Sologne, then in Vannes-sur-Cosson.

The conference is financially supported by :

    - European Leader + Funds, via the ? Syndicat mixte du Pays vendômois ?

    - ? Conseil Régional de la Région Centre ?

    - ? Conseil Général du département du Loir-et-Cher ?

    - ? Direction régionale de l’environnement (DIREN) ?

    -? Communauté de communes du vendômois rural et du pays de Vendôme ?

    -? Lycée agricole” of Vendôme

    - ? Maison botanique ? of Boursay.

    Page 3 / 17

    MAISON BOTANIQUE - Atelier Vivant - Centre européen des Trognes 41270 Boursay tél. 02 54 80 92 01 fax 02 54 80 78 70 courriel : contact@maisonbotanique.com - site : www.maisonbotanique.com Association loi 1901, déclarée le 29 mai 1990 à la sous-préfecture de Vendôme Insertion au Journal Officiel du 27 juin 1990 n?26 - N? SIRET 379 061 344 00030

     26 27 28

    OCTOBER 2006

The conference will take place at the auditorium of the “Lycée agricole” of Vendôme (in Areines,

    Loir-et-Cher), on Thursday 26 Friday 27 Saturday 28 October, 2006 from 8h30 to 18h.

    It will be translated simultaneously (from French to English and conversely). Are planned over the 3 days :

    - conferences followed by debates,

    - exhibitions,

    - a visit of the remarkable pollards of the area.

    The conferences and the exhibitions are free. The number of places being limited, a

    preliminary inscription is necessary.

Lunch can be taken in the “Lycée agricole” (against payment).

Are available on the website :

    - An inscription form to the conferences and the meals

    - A list of possible lodgings (hotels, “chambres d’hôtes”)

    - access by the road, and train schedules of train (TGV and TER).

Public :

This conference is open to all the people impassioned by the rural trees, the landscapes, the rural

    knowledge, or the biodiversity : both to the specialists and to the general public. The professionals concerned can be landscape designers, ethno-botanists, journalists of the environment, researchers, representatives, farmers, etc. They may come from the universities,

    agricultural teaching, environmental associations, etc.

    The reports of the conference will be published after the conference.

Contacts :

Elisabeth Dumont

    MAISON BOTANIQUE - Atelier Vivant - Centre européen des Trognes

    41270 Boursay FRANCE

    e-mail : contact@maisonbotanique.com

    web-site : www.maisonbotanique.com

    Page 4 / 17

    MAISON BOTANIQUE - Atelier Vivant - Centre européen des Trognes 41270 Boursay tél. 02 54 80 92 01 fax 02 54 80 78 70 courriel : contact@maisonbotanique.com - site : www.maisonbotanique.com Association loi 1901, déclarée le 29 mai 1990 à la sous-préfecture de Vendôme Insertion au Journal Officiel du 27 juin 1990 n?26 - N? SIRET 379 061 344 00030

Program

Thursday. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 27 28

    OCTOBER 2006

    From 8h30 to 12h : opening, followed by : Pollard trees in France and in Europe today

; Annie Antoine (University of Rennes 2, France) : Trees pruning in western France.

    ; Helen Read (Burnham Beeches Office, United Kingdom) : Pollard trees in Europe today

    From 14h to 17h : Discovery of pollard trees in the Perche vendômois landscape. Visit

    by bus

; Dominique Mansion (Maison Botanique, France), Bernadette Lizet (? Museum National d’Histoire

    Naturelle de Paris ?, France) and François-Xavier Jacquin (LEGTA de Vendôme)

    Friday . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 27 28

    OCTOBRE 2006

    From 8h30 to 12h: Practices and uses in the North of Europe

    ; Leif Hauge (Fjordane University College, Norway) : Tree pollarding in Western Norway, structures and ecology.

    ; Ingvild Austad (Fjordane University College, Norway) : Tree pollarding in Western Norway. The wooded hay-meadow a sustainable production system ?

    ; Jeremy Dagley (Open space department Epping forest, United Kingdom) : Hornbeam pollarding at Epping Forest.

    ; Håkan Slotte (Swedish University of Agricultural science, Upsalla, Sweden) : Traditional harvest of leaf-hay in Nordic countries.

; Jill Butler (Ancient tree forum, United Kingdom) : Ancient trees in the UK, securing their future.

    From 14h to 17h : Practices and uses in the south of Europe

; Chabier de Jaime Loren (“Centro de Estudios del Jiloca”, Spain) : Black poplar Pollards in the south of

    Aragon.

    ; Francesco Ferrini (University of Florence, Society of arboriculture, Italy) : Pollarding and its effects on tree physiology. A look to mature and senescent tree management in Italy.

    ; Philippe Pointereau (Solagro, France) : Diversity of the wooded systems and the management practices in the south of Europe : Iberian dehesas and mediterranean “hautains”.

    ; Françoise Sire et Samuel Fichet (Prom'haies, France) : The pollarded ashes of the “Marais poitevin”, its

    history and condition today. An inventory of the action and management carried out for the Interregional

    Park of the “Marais poitevin”.

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    MAISON BOTANIQUE - Atelier Vivant - Centre européen des Trognes 41270 Boursay tél. 02 54 80 92 01 fax 02 54 80 78 70 courriel : contact@maisonbotanique.com - site : www.maisonbotanique.com Association loi 1901, déclarée le 29 mai 1990 à la sous-préfecture de Vendôme Insertion au Journal Officiel du 27 juin 1990 n?26 - N? SIRET 379 061 344 00030

    ; Aurélie Javelle (Université Rennes I, France) et Pauline Frileux (Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, France) : From agricultural pruning to the urban oak (Bay of the ? Mont-Saint-Michel ? and Rennes surroundings).

    Page 6 / 17

    MAISON BOTANIQUE - Atelier Vivant - Centre européen des Trognes 41270 Boursay tél. 02 54 80 92 01 fax 02 54 80 78 70 courriel : contact@maisonbotanique.com - site : www.maisonbotanique.com Association loi 1901, déclarée le 29 mai 1990 à la sous-préfecture de Vendôme Insertion au Journal Officiel du 27 juin 1990 n?26 - N? SIRET 379 061 344 00030

Program (continuation)

Saturday . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 27 28

    OCTOBER 2006

    From 8h30 to 12h : An inheritance to be developed

    ; Vincent Vignon (? Office du génie écologique ?, France) : Pollarded trees : a remarkable habitat of substitution for the saproxylic coleopters.

    ; Ted Green (Ancient tree forum, United Kingdom) : Fungi and their pollards.

; William Moore (“Atelier de l’arbre”, France) : The pruning and the process of tree ageing.

; Christiane Percsy (RNOB Natagora, Belgium) : Pollard trees in Belgium : roles, and protection.

    ; Marie Goujon (? Parc Naturel Régional des Boucles de la Seine normande ?, France) : Pollard trees: emblems of the wetlands.

From 14h to 17h : Pollard trees in art and landscape

; Carl-Adam Hæggström (Botanical Museum of Helsinki, Finland) : Pollards in art.

    ; Marten Aronsson (Swedish forest agency, Sweden) : Pollards : the missing link between nature and culture.

    ; Marc Rumelhart (? Ecole Nationale Supérieure du Paysage de Versailles ?, France) : Pollard trees in the landscape achitecture.

; Philippe Bardel (? Ecomusée du pays de Rennes ?, France) et Samuel Perichon (Laboratory RESO,

    France) : The ? ragosse ?, a tortured tree ?

    ; Dominique Mansion (Maison Botanique, France) : From the ? Jardin des trognes ? of Chaumont-sur-Loire, to the ? Chemin des trognes ? of Boursay.

    Page 7 / 17

    MAISON BOTANIQUE - Atelier Vivant - Centre européen des Trognes 41270 Boursay tél. 02 54 80 92 01 fax 02 54 80 78 70 courriel : contact@maisonbotanique.com - site : www.maisonbotanique.com Association loi 1901, déclarée le 29 mai 1990 à la sous-préfecture de Vendôme Insertion au Journal Officiel du 27 juin 1990 n?26 - N? SIRET 379 061 344 00030

Program (continued)

     26 27 28

    OCTOBER 2006

From 8h30 to 18h : Exhibitions

; Henk W. Mohr photographies projection (Netherlands)

; Old french postcards projection (beginning of 20th century)

; Installation of boxes containing the pieces of pollard 19 by Dominique Mansion and Michel Letteron

    ; Exhibition of the drawings carried out by the pupils of the primary school of Areines

; External and interior achievements of the GRIFE (Group of research, initiation and aesthetic formation) of

    Blois

    ; Exhibition of Pierre Aucante photographies (? Maison du Braconnage ? of Chaon) : ? Pollards of Sologne ?

; Exhibition of Dominique Mansion watercolours at the “Bibliothèque municipale” of Vendôme.

From 8h30 to 18h : Posters

; The Regional Natural reserve of the “Boucles de la Seine normande” (France)

; Ancient tree forum (United Kingdom)

; The wooded hay-meadow (Sweden)

; The pollard economy (Sweden)

; The pollards of Poitou-Charente (Prom’haies, France)

    Page 8 / 17

MAISON BOTANIQUE - Atelier Vivant - Centre européen des Trognes 41270 Boursay tél. 02 54 80 92 01 fax 02 54 80 78 70 courriel : contact@maisonbotanique.com - site : www.maisonbotanique.com Association loi 1901, déclarée le 29 mai 1990 à la sous-préfecture de Vendôme Insertion au Journal Officiel du 27 juin 1990 n?26 - N? SIRET 379 061 344 00030

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    MAISON BOTANIQUE - Atelier Vivant - Centre européen des Trognes 41270 Boursay tél. 02 54 80 92 01 fax 02 54 80 78 70 courriel : contact@maisonbotanique.com - site : www.maisonbotanique.com Association loi 1901, déclarée le 29 mai 1990 à la sous-préfecture de Vendôme Insertion au Journal Officiel du 27 juin 1990 n?26 - N? SIRET 379 061 344 00030

Summary of Presentations

Thursday. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 27 28

    OCTOBER 2006

From 8h30 to 12h : opening, followed by : Pollard trees in France and in Europe today

    ; Annie Antoine (Professor of modern history at Rennes University 2, France) : Trees pruning in Western France.

    ; Helen Read (Conservation officer, Ancient tree forum, United Kingdom) : Pollard trees in Europe today

    During a three month study tour a wide range of European countries were visited, from Norway to Romania, searching for pollards. The search concentrated on Northern European broadleaved tree species, excluding willows and poplars. Pollards were generally found as remnants of a formerly much

    more widespread practice. Two main types of pollards can be distinguished, those cut for the leaves and those cut for wood. Although pollarding was clearly an important part of many different cultures the trees are now largely overlooked and their cultural and biological values unrecognised. In very few places were

    trees still being cut. Encouragement needs to be given and awareness of pollards raised in order that they can continue to be present in many different landscapes.

    From 14h to 17h : Discovery of pollard trees in the Perche vendômois landscape. Visit by bus

; Dominique Mansion (artist, nature illustrator and President of the Maison Botanique, France),

    Bernadette Lizet (doctor in Ethnology, CNRS researcher, “Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle de

    Paris”, France), François-Xavier Jacquin (engineer ENGREF, regional organizer for agriculture and sustainable development, LEGTA of Vendôme)

The approximately 70 km long circuit, starting from the Lycée Agricole de Vendôme will guide the

    participants to discover pollard trees in varied contexts: willows of the valley of the Loir; mulberry trees,

    witness to the past breeding of silkworm; trees pollarded for wood; the remains of hedges; and trees recently destroyed, or, on the contrary, recently cut. The tour will also include Le Chemin des Trognes; la Maison Botanique de Boursay; the centuries-old pollarded oak of La Chapelle-Vicomtesse.

Participants will receive a document concerning each point of special interest.

    Page 10 / 17

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