Upon Distant Shores..
The stories of our immigrant ancestors
By Jeromey Ward
Table of Contents
John Abbe 1613 - 1689 5 Jeremy Adams 1604 - 1683 13 Joshua Allen 1646 - 1729 14 Samuel Appleton 1625 - 1696 15 Richard Baldwin 1622 – 1665 16 Timothy Baldwin 1616 – 1665 17 Edward Bennett 1600 – 1646 18 John Bidwell 1620 – 1687 19 John Bigelow 1616 – 1703 20 Richard Bourne 1564 – 1631 24 Henry Brooks 1591 – 1683 25 Henry Browne 1615 – 1701 27 Thomas Burnham 1617 – 1688 28 George Cadman 1583 – 1630 30 Garrett Church 1611 – 1685 31 John Cooper Sr. 1612 – 1689 32 Yelverton Crowell 1590 – 1692 33 John Damon 1621 – 1708 34 Barnabus Davis 1599 – 1685 35 Jabez Davis abt 1640 – abt 1700 38 Nicholas Davis 1595 – 1670 39 William Evans abt 1605 – abt 1670 40 Samuel Fellowes 1619 – 1697 41 Thomas Flint 1603 – 1663 42 Thomas Fox 1619 – abt 1680 45 Joseph Gammon abt 1625 – abt 1680 46 William Goodrich 1620 – 1676 47 Henry Gregory 1589 – 1655 48 Richard Harrison 1595 – 1653 49 Robert Hawkins 1610 – 1704 50 Adam Hemberle 1795 – 1850 51 Joseph Hills Sr. 1601 - 1687 52 John Holbrook 1595 – 1643 54 John Hollister Sr. 1612 – 1665 55 Samuel Hotchkiss 1623 – 1663 57 William House 1642 – 1704 58 Richard Huchinson 1602 – 1682 59 John Johnson 1590 – 1689 60 Peter Johnson 1620 – 1649 61 William Knowlton 1584 – 1632 62 Frank Krischa 1871 – 1957 64 George Lamberton 1604 – 1646 65 Richard Linton 1590 – 1665 67 Joseph Loomis 1590 – 1658 68 John Loveland 1599 – 1646 70 Matthew Marvin 1600 – 1680 72 William Noah Morrow 1812 – 1880 73 Francis Nichols 1618 – 1690 74 Thomas Norton 1608 – 1648 75 Thomas Paine 1612 – 1706 76 William Paine 1598 – 1660 77 John Putnam 1579 – 1662 78 Richard Risley Sr. 1615 – 1648 80 Thomas Sanford 1607 – 1681 83 Thomas Seldon 1615 – 1665 85 Edward Shepherd 1596 – 1680 86 Richard Sherman 1575 – 1660 87 George Heinrich Simmermacher 1831 – 1890 88
George Smith 1618 – 1682 89 John Southwick 1595 – 1640 90 John Sweetland 1620 – 1646 91 John Taylor 1643 – 1713 92 John Thompson 1589 – 1678 93 Daniel Tolles abt 1605 – abt 1660 96 Richard Treat 1584 – 1665 97 Andrew Warner 1594 – 1680 99 Lawrance Waters 1602 – 1687 101 Henry Way 1589 – 1667 103 Moses Wheeler Sr. 1598 – 1688 105 William White 1605 – 1673 106 Henry Wolcott 1578 – 1655 107 Frank Wolfe 1851 – 1957 108 Edward Wooster 1622 – 1689 109
We all are descended from pioneers. Not the type that traveled the well-known plains, but those who crossed the vast oceans to an unknown new world. They came for many reasons and from many places, from England to Germany, Czechoslovakia to France. These people made us who we are. Our genes came from them, giving us their strengths, and weaknesses. Of these people came several Presidents of the United States, Signers of the Declaration of Independence, War Heroes, and many other honorable people.
Many of the documents that I have put into this book will be in Middle English, a language used in the late Middle Ages. The spelling is horrible, and the grammar is atrocious. But, I will keep it this way as to the keep it accurate. The scribes of the times were notorious for misspelling names, and changing the spellings to the suit their needs.
John Abbe 1613 – 1689 Salem, Massachusetts
The Abbey Seal
John Abbe was born in Staverton, Northampton, England on October 15, 1613. Very little is known about his early life.
History of Staverton, Northampton, England
Staverton is a village situated in the South Hams. It is 3 miles from Totnes and 7 miles from Torbay. It lies on the
banks of the beautiful river Dart nestled in a valley.
The name Staverton , or Stouretona, means "the village by the stony ford." The ford, an ancient crossing many centuries older than the bridge, was situated by Town Mills, and provided a route from the village to Dartington. However old the real history of Staverton parish may be , written records go back to the time of king Athelstan (925-940), who gave extensive lands to the monastery of St. Mary and St. Peter in Exeter, so that the income from the lands could support the work of the church. Falling on hard times however the monastery sold the manors. In 1050 Leofric became the Bishop of Exeter and regained all of the lands. Which had been given by Athelstan, and Staverton and Sparkwell returned to the church’s keeping. Later, in 1088, the Doomsday Book records the manor of Staverton as being worth ?7 and Sparkwell as 15/- (shillings) a year.
Over the centuries, boundaries have moved and manors split. By the 15th century, Sparkwell Manor consisted of Sparkwell, Beara and Blacker. Barkingdon and http://www.kingston-estate.demon.co.uk/Kingston were separate manors. From Saxon
times, the Wolston family was associated with the area, originally with Sparkwell and later with Blackler and Beara. Their name survives today in Wolston Green, a hamlet within the parish boundary.
Sparkwell and Kingston were later owned by the Barnhouse family, and passed via Agnes Barnhouse to her husband John Rowe. Barkington was owned by the Worths until the 17th century. The boundaries of the manors were not always as now, but where filed names were recorded, it is easy to trace the historical boundaries of ownership. Some are still referred to as they were a thousand years ago.
The manor of Staverton continued to provide income for the Chapter of Exeter. Changes to legal title were made in 1148 concerning the church at Staverton. The Chapter of Exeter was instructed to appoint an "upright man as Vicar and allow him sufficient maintenance."
Some hamlets became independent of the church and changed hands frequently. Tradition has it that Pridhamsleigh was lost as a gambling debt by the Gould family, forebears of Sabine Barring-Gould. However , the Church retained much of the land and this is reflected today with the Church Commissioners still owning substantial areas of the parish.
The River Dart forms one of the boundaries and appears to have caused some problems. For many years the riparian rights were leased by the Chapter in Exeter to Buckfast Abbey. The monks resented any use made of the river down-stream, lest it reduced their supply of salmon, and they would often resort to violence and intimidation of a most irreligious nature, which sometimes landed them in the Courts. The last such incident appears in the Court of the Star Chamber records, just before the Dissolution under Henry VIII. A mill, probably sited near the present bridge, was leased by the Abbot of Buckfast to one John Macy, and it appears that some of the monks had broken in and violently taken stock from the mill for no apparent reason.
Fact and legend are intertwined in the history of Staverton Church. It is said that in Saxon times, after St Paul de Leon landed
at Penzance and built his church at St Pol, he sailed along the coast of Devon and Cornwall and then up the River Dart, until he reached the ford at Staverton. He felt that God had guided him to this place, and desired him to build a church. The site he
chose was possibly near Wolston Green, and he gathered all the materials together ready to begin building. However, when he awoke the next morning the materials had disappeared. Patiently, he repeated his preparations but by the next morning the materials had again disappeared. When this happened for the third time, St Paul concluded that God was displeased with the site. He therefore chose the present location, which appears to have met with Divine approval, for a place of worship has remained there throughout the intervening ten centuries.
The church built by St Paul was the first of three churches on the site, and would have been a wattle, clay and wooden structure with a thatched roof. The second building was of stone, built in Norman style, and it was much smaller than the present one, the knave being only 16ft 12ft.
A fascinating anecdote is that the timbers from the roof of this Norman church have since been discovered as supporting timbers in the roof of a local farmhouse. It appears that the benefits of recycling are not after all, a discovery of the 20th Century!
It would seem however, that the parishioners did not look after their church too well, as in 1314 Bishop Stapeldon, on a visit to the parish noted several defects and ordered a new church to be built by the people of Staverton. The present building dates
from that time, and tradition has it that the villages built such a large church to spite the censorious Bishop. The yew tree survived the rebuilding , and is now over a thousand years old.
A report dated around 1750 quotes the story that a family vault belonging to the Worths was opened in the order to drain it. An oak coffin was found, which must have been that of Simon Worth who died in 1669. When the workmen opened the coffin they found the body not only intact, but quite supple, as if buried only the day before. The body had not been embalmed and although the coffin was left open for several weeks the body did not decay. A surgeon opened the body and found all the organs intact. The vault used to fill with water in the winter, but dried out in the summer, and this coffin was held down with a stone.
In 1877, Staverton Church was "restore in true Victorian style. Sabine Barring Gould, who had a living near London at the time, was contacted as his ancestors were about to be entombed in concrete . He rushed down and removed their memorials to Lewtrenchard Church. The Gould family had lived at Pridhamsleigh (presumably until they lost it in the gambling debt), and Coombe, and were the founders of several Parish Charities. Their name survives today in Goulds, a house near Staverton Station.
The history of the bridges in the parish is not easy to trace and the dates when they were first built are not known. Their existence only comes to light when they were officially recorded for some reason. Before the 14th Century, people and packhorses had to cross the Dart at the ford. The first bridge in the parish was Austin’s bridge, originally 7’ 6’ it was widened
in 1809. Dart bridge was built in 1356, and Staverton bridge appears to have been rebuilt after the previous wooden structure, was in danger of collapse in 1413.
The Church decided to finance the rebuilding by issuing Indulgences, an apparently common means of raising finance for such projects in medieval times. Indulgences were sold to people so that they could spend less time in Purgatory, the equivalent of paying a fine instead of going to prison. The morality of this method might be suspect, but at least we now benefit from the superstition of those who had done some wrong and were paying their way out.
The present fine stone bridge features on the Parish Council Chairman’s badge is believed to date from this time. Repairs and alterations have however, been carried out during the bridges long history.
Some colourful events appear to have taken place on the bridge over the years. In 1436, an enquiry resulted from a drunken brawl between a parish chaplain, Sir John Laa and John Gayne. They were returning home from dining out and they started to argue on the bridge. The former drew a knife in self defence and the latter fell on it and was killed. Normally, a priest who
had killed a man would have lost his living, but the Bishops enquiry absolved Sir John of any guilt and he continued in office.
Twenty years later, other incidents took place involving John Murry, the Bailiff of Haytor Hundred, who should have been maintaining the peace, but instead appears to have behaved suspiciously like a highwayman, relieving travellers of horses, harnesses and baggage. It would have been an ideal place for waylaying and trapping victims.
The parish seems to have a long tradition of education, as early in the 19th Century, there were four small schools within its boundaries. The location of these is not known and it is likely that they were Dame Schools, the most common form of education prior to the 1870 Education Act. Reference is also made to teachers in the parish since the 17th Century.
Landscove School was built in 1855, and was originally designed for 50 children. It was enlarged in 1897. The school and school house was financed by Miss Champernowne, as was Landscove Church and vicarage.
Staverton School was built in 1875 at a cost of ?900. It was designed to provide education for 70 children. During the five years from 1870, when education became compulsory, children were taught in the Court Room. The headmistress however, had to wait until 1878 for a house to be provided.
The earliest records of the slate quarries is 1338, when Penn slate was used by John Holland, a half brother of Richard II, for
roofing Dartington Hall. However, they later fell into disuse. Their revival in the 19th Century had a major influence in the development of the parish. During this period , Penn slate was used for the roof of the Houses of Parliament. Sadly however, the only thing worth preserving from the quarries long history is the chimney on the road from Penn to Parkfield. By 1845, when Penn Recca mine was opened and expanded over four hundred people lived over two miles from Staverton Church. It was therefore decided to build a second Church in the parish. The land chosen was near Thornecroft where the majority of the slate miners cottages were situated. At the time it was used for allotments and the field was called Landscore.
This changed to Landscove when the church was dedicated in that name. There are therefore two ecclesiastical parishes within the civil parish of Staverton.
The land was given by the Dean and Chapter of Exeter, and the building was generously funded by Miss Champernowne a former owner of Dartington Hall. The cost of the building work is reputed to have been ?3000. The architect, John Loughbrough Pearson also later designed Truro Cathedral. The vicarage, now Hill House, was also funded by Miss Champernowne, and date from around this time.
The slate quarries, which finally closed in 1908, also had an influence on the development on the roads of the parish. In the 19th Century, the road system was very different from now, and the main road from Ashburton to Totnes ran through Five Lanes , on through High Beara to Bumpston Cross, passing about six hundred yards from the adit at Lower Coombe making it easier for the transport of the slate to either town.
The South Devon Railway Company opened Totnes Station in 1847 and proper services appear to have begun in 1848. The line to Ashburton was opened on 1st May 1872.
The original Act of Parliament of 1845 for the Plymouth, Devonport and Exeter Railway, to join the Bristol and Exeter railway at Exeter, granted permission for a line passing through Buckfastleigh and Ashburton. (All new railway lines have to be passed by an Act of Parliament.) In the same year, a proposal was made for the Ashburton, Newton and South Devon Junction railway to run from Newton to Ashburton. (Newton Abbot was just "Newton" at this time.)
Also in 1845, a public meeting held in the Totnes Guildhall agreed that Totnes should be connected to Buckfastleigh and Ashburton. This did not become an Act until July 1848. The line was to be designed by Brunel and would have been broad gauge. On completion, it was to be operated by the South Devon Railway.
By the end of all these negotiations however, the country was in recession and all plans were shelved. But by 1862, it was decided that the area needed the railway to boost trade and the Buckfastleigh, Totnes and South Devon Railway Company Act was passed in 1864. In 1865 another Act extended the line to Ashburton. It was of course, broad gauge, converted to standard gauge in 1892.
The principal traffic was always freight, with passengers a poor second, mainly workman and children attending school in Totnes. Apart from the usual pick-up goods, the main traffic into Staverton was agricultural feeds, timber for the joinery, and
over 20 wagons of coal a week. Outgoing traffic was cider from Whiteways at Stretchford and from Hill’s at Barkingdon and
furniture from Staverton joinery.
Interestingly, until the end of the Century, the woollen mills of Buckfastleigh provided the railway with more traffic than Newton Abbot.
The branch was closed to all traffic on 10th September 1962, the last passenger train having run in 1958. The line had fallen victim, like so many others, to Dr. Beeching’s cuts. The Great Western Society restored the line and it was re-opened in 1968.
Like many rural settlements, the population of the parish has been in steady decline since the mid-19th Century. Population statistics are scanty prior to 1801, when the first Census was carried out. However, a report of around 1750 said that as many hogsheads of cider were made each year as there were men and women in the parish, and this was about 2,000 hogsheads.
The 1801 Census shows a population of 1053, 473 males and 580 females. The highest recorded population in the 19th Century was in 1851 with the total of 1152, 562 males and 590 females. This was when production in the slate quarries was at its peak, but a sharp fall occurred by 1861, with only 949 people in the parish. The Census report notes that this was due to
the decline in employment in the slate quarries. The 1881 report also comments that agriculture remained the main source of employment in the parish despite the relatively large numbers employed in the quarries.
From 1861 onwards, the population of Staverton has continued to fall slowly, the lowest figure being in 1971, with 551 people living in the parish. By 1981, this had increased to 627.
The fact that Staverton village alone at one time could support three public houses, bears testimony to a once larger population. In 1850, the Landlord of the Ring O’ Bells Inn, whose name survives in Ring O’ Bells hill was the aptly named
Robert Beer! The other two pubs at the time were the Church House Inn (now the Sea Trout Inn) and the Union Inn. The exact location of the latter is not known but was possibly in the Sherwell Close area. In addition, there was also the Live and
Let Live at Wolston Green which still exists today.
This has been only a brief glimpse at some of the more notable events and developments which have taken place over the centuries. It is hoped however, that it helps to put the parish into it's historical context and links us with the men and women
who played their part in shaping the parish which we know today.
This line can be traced back to Robert ―Of Abbey‖ who was born in 1475. He was supposed to be a ward of the church, having been left on the doorstep of an Abbey as an infant. His Great-Great Grandson was the immigrant.
He is recorded ―on a register of the names all of all ye passengers which passed from ye Porte of London for a whole yeare endinge at Xmas 1635 - Those underwritten are to be transported to Virginia imbarqued in ye Mercht Bonaventure James Ricrofte Mr bound thither have taken ye oath of allegeance - Jo: Abby yeares 22”. Incidentally, this
ship was part owned by the Loveland brothers, one of whom is our ancestor. The ship was recorded as being bound for
Virginia, but many times in the early colonial days, ships would first reach land in the New England area, and then sail south.
There is no record of a John Abbe in Virginia, but soon afterward, in 1637 he begins to be seen in the records of Salem, Massachusetts.
The first reference to the name in the Salem records is on page 11,volume 1, in 1637, or, according to the old method of marking time, 2d of the 11th month, 1636. ―John Abbie is Recd. ffer Inhabitant & is to haue one acre lott for a
house next beyond the Gunsmiths, and 3 acres of planting ground where the Towne hath appointed beyond Castle Hill.”
There has existed some confusion regarding the various freemen of the name Abbey and Alby. Benjamin Albye was admitted freeman, May 18, 1642, and John Albye in Salem, May 10, 1643. These were, without doubt, the two Albys, John and Benjamin, mentioned in the early records of Braintree about this time. Benjamin Alby removed to Mendon and had numerous descendants, whose names occasionally appear in printed records as Abbey. John Abbey, sen., of Redding, freeman in 1634, may have been an Alby.
On the 21st, 11th month, 1638, John Abby had a further grant of five acres, location not specified, but, as on the 15th, 2nd month, 1639, this record occurs, ―Granted unto John Abby 5 acres neere to Mr Throgmortons hoggehouse‖, it
may be that the first was the grant and the second the location.
Under date of the 25th, 10th month, 1637, it was agreed the marsh and meadow lands that have formerly been laid in common to this town shall be appropriated to the inhabitants of Salem, proportioned out to them according to the heads of families. To these that have the greatest number an acre thereof, and to these that have least not above half an acre, and to these that are between both three quarters of an acre, always provided and it is agreed, that none shall sell away their proportions of meadow, more or less, nor lease them out to any above three years, unless they sell or lease out their houses with their meadow.
Under the above division a list of the inhabitants was taken, and the land divided. Jo. Abby is named in 1638 as having three in his family, and he receives half an acre.
On the 23d, 11th, 1642, ten acres are granted to John Abby together with several other ten-acre grants, all to be laid out near to Kings lot. This was on the Beverly side near Bass River, and on the 15th of the 12th month, 1642, it is voted á Oordered that John Abby shall have 10 acres of land at Enon in exchange of 10 acres of land bounded out near Basse River. The lot near Bass River was afterward granted to Michael Sallows.
The record of the grants to Abbey show that he was of the same standing in the community as the great majority of the early inhabitants. The grants were in a great measure made with an eye as to the ability of the grantee to develop the land
so granted, small grants to the poorer and the larger grants to the richer sort. In 1642, Mr. Fiske organized a church at Enon
and the following year the name Enon was changed to the Wenham, while a permanent church organization was effected in 1644.
In 1644, under the date of the 13th, 6th month, it was agreed that “John Abby shall have all that wastground which
lyeth between ye end of ye lott which he lives upon and ye meadow which blelongs to ye town, leaving apoles bredth most convenient for a way.‖ (Wenham town records, Worcester.)
Under the date of 1653 is a list of engagements with Goodman Haws about the mill, and ―John Aby‖ gives a day
and a half of his labor toward its erection, and others contributed in a like manner, some also giving the use of oxen.
Mr. Fiske left the town in 1655 followed by a number of the church, and in 1657 Mr Newman was procured as pastor. Under date of November, 1657,in a total rate of ?42, 19, divided among twenty- four persons, of whom five paid a total of ?14, John Abey is assessed ?1, 5, which was about the sum paid by eleven others, but two being less. In 1659,
twenty-seven pay a rate of ?46, 2, of whom sixteen pay ?1 or a trifle over. Of these ―John Abey‖ pays ?1, 5, as before,
incorne or cattle.
In 1660 he was assessed as ―Goodman Abey‖ at eight shillings toward a new meeting house or repairing the old one.
The new house was built in 1663.
Under date of 6th, 11 month, 1661, John Abbey, Sr., and Edward Waldron had a town grant of land to be equally divided between them. The use of the title Senior at this time helps to place the birth of the son John.
In 1663 ―Goodman Abey, Sr.‖, and John Clarke are chosen to join with the selectmen to make the ministers rate for
the present year.
In 1669 and in 1671 John Abbey appears as constable, an office of great local power and responsibility.
April 3, 1675, John Abbe deeded 10 acres of land to his son Samuel, Thomas, John and Mary Abbe, being witnesses. John Abbe, sen., was a witness to the will of Edward Walden of Salem, 4th month, 1679.
In 1683, John Abbey, who had been supporting his son Thomas, who lived with him and cared for him, dismissed Thomas on account of his bad behavior and called his son John, junior, to take charge of him and his affairs. The son, John, proceeded early to build a new house, as the old one was unfit to live in.
The Last Will & Testament of John Abbe Sr.
Know all men By these prsents that I John Abbey (Scnjr.) of Wenhamin the County of Essex being sensible of my owne & my wives inability to Carry on my affaires So as to provide for our Comfortable Livelyhood by reason of our age & weakness of Body Attending vs by reason thereof Doe make Choice of & Request my son John Abbey as my ffeiofe in trust to take into his hands my house & all my Lands in Wenham together wth wt right I have in that Land which was sometime Richard Gooldsmiths. to ocquipie & improue for myn & his muttuall Benifit So long as my wife & I or eyther of us shall live: & for his incouriagment to maniage my affaires as abovesaid & he provide Comfortably for my owne & my wives maintenance I doe hereby Give and Bequeath to him my afforesaid ffeiofe all my houses & Lands fforeuer Except wt I doe hereby Give out of it to the rest of my Childrin viz Samuell Sarah Marah Rebeca Obadia & Thomas & to each of them as followeth viz to Samuell I haveing alridy Given him a Lell of Land I give him one Shilling more & to all the rest of my Childrin above mentioned viz Sarah Marah Rebeca Obadia & Thomas two Shillings a peice or to so many of them as shall sirviv at the deacease of my selfe & wife: & in Case God shall take awaye my Son John abovesaid before the Decease of my selfe & wife if his Heires Shall Continue to maniage & Carry on my affaires as my abovesaid ffeioffe ought to doe then they Shall have the houses & Lands abovesaid as therin ordvard & in Confirmation of what is above written I have here vnto set to my hand & Seale Signed Seald &Deliverd August the 3 1683 in the presence of
Thos ffiske Senjr: John Abbey Senjr
martha ffiske his marke
John Abbey Senjr ded acknowledg this writing above written to be his act & deed August ye 3d: 1683 before me
Administration of John Abbe’s Will
Administration on the Estate of John Abbey senjr of Wenham. John Appleton Esqr. Comissionated by his Excellency Joseph Dudley Capt.Generll and Governr in Cheif in & over her Majess Province of yeMassachtt Bay in New England, with the advice and Consent of her Majestes Counsell of said province for the Probate of Wills and Granting Letters of adminstro. Within the said County of Essex &c. To Thomas Abbey of Enfield in ye County of Hampshire son to John Abbey senjr of Wenham-Deceased
Intestate-Greeting-Trusting in yr Care and ffidelity I doe by These presents Comitt unto you full power to administer all & singular the Goods, Chattells, Rights & Creditts of the said Deceased & well & ffaithfully dispose of ye same according to law which to him while he Lived & att ye time of his Death did appeartain & belong, to aske sue for demand Levy Receive & Recover and to pay all Debts in which the Deceasd stood bound so farr as his Goods Chattells Rights & Creditts Can extend according to the value thereof, and to make a true & prfect Inventory of all & singular the Goods Chattells Rights and Creditts of the Deceasd and to Exhibit the same into the Registry office of ye sd County att or before the Last Day of ffebruary next Ensueing, and to render a plain & true accott of ye said adminjo upon Oath att or before ye Twentieth Day of Decembr which Will bee in ye year of or Lord God One Thousand Seven hundd &Three-and I doe by These prsents Ordaine
Constitute and appoint you administratoer of all & singular the Goods Chattells Rights & Creditts of ye Deceasd aforesd.-In Testimony Whereof I have herunto Sett my hand &caused the Seale of said office to be affixed-Dated in Ipswich the 12th Day of Decembr anno. 1702. Annoq.R: Reginae Annae Angliae &c primo.
Examd-11 John Appleton.
Daniel Rogers Regr.
Recorded Book 307, Page 456. Essex Probate Office.