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SSA91Vol01_1-660M_WD02 (Microsoft Word Document) - ComLaw - Homepage

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SSA91Vol01_1-660M_WD02 (Microsoft Word Document) - ComLaw - Homepage

    Social Security Act 1991Act No. 46 of 1991 as amended

    This compilation was prepared on 1 January 2008taking into account amendments up to Act No. 184 of 2007Volume 1 includes:Table of Contents

    Sections 1 – 660M

    The text of any of those amendments not in forceon that date is appended in the Notes sectionThe operation of amendments that have been incorporated may be

    affected by application provisions that are set out in the Notes section

    This Act contains provisions affected by adjustments to the CPI

    For CPI adjusted provisions, see AppendixVolume 2 includes:Table of Contents

    Sections 660XAA – 1067L-F9

    Volume 3 includes:Table of Contents

    Sections 1068 – 1361A

    Schedules 1A and 1B

    Volume 4 includes:Note 1

    Table of Acts

    Act Notes

    Table of Amendments

    Repeal Table

    Notes 2 – 11

    Table A

    Appendix

    Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting and Publishing,

    Attorney-General’s Department, Canberra

ii Social Security Act 1991

Contents

    Chapter 1—Introductory...............................................................1Chapter 1—Introductory...............................................1Part 1.1—Formal matters..............................................................1Part 1.1—Formal matters..............................................................1

    1 Short title [see Note 1].....................................................................1

    1 Short title [see Note 1].....................................................................1

    2 Commencement...............................................................................1

    2 Commencement...............................................................................1

    3 Application of the Criminal Code....................................................1

    3 Application of the Criminal Code....................................................1Part 1.2—Definitions......................................................................2Part 1.2—Definitions......................................................................2

    3A Power of Secretary to make determinations etc.............................2

    3A Power of Secretary to make determinations etc.............................2

    4 Family relationships definitions—couples.......................................2

    4 Family relationships definitions—couples.......................................2

    5 Family relationships definitions—children

    [see Appendix for CPI adjusted figures]...............................9

    5 Family relationships definitions—children

    [see Appendix for CPI adjusted figures]...............................9

    5A Single person sharing accommodation........................................18

    5A Single person sharing accommodation........................................18

    5B Registered and active foster carers..............................................20

    5B Registered and active foster carers..............................................20

    5C Home educators..........................................................................21

    5C Home educators..........................................................................21

    5D Distance educators......................................................................21

    5D Distance educators......................................................................21

    5E Relatives (other than parents)......................................................21

    5E Relatives (other than parents)......................................................21

    6 Double orphan pension definitions................................................22

    6 Double orphan pension definitions................................................22

    6A Concession card definitions........................................................22

    6A Concession card definitions........................................................22

    7 Australian residence definitions.....................................................23

    7 Australian residence definitions.....................................................23

    8 Income test definitions...................................................................30

    8 Income test definitions...................................................................30

    Social Security Act 1991 iii

9 Financial assets and income streams definitions [see Note 7]........44

    9 Financial assets and income streams definitions [see Note 7]........44

    9A Meaning of asset-test exempt income stream—lifetime income

    streams................................................................................539A Meaning of asset-test exempt income stream—lifetime income

    streams................................................................................539B Meaning of asset-test exempt income stream—life expectancy

    income streams...................................................................619B Meaning of asset-test exempt income stream—life expectancy

    income streams...................................................................619BA Meaning of asset-test exempt income stream—market-linked

    income streams...................................................................689BA Meaning of asset-test exempt income stream—market-linked

    income streams...................................................................689C Family law affected income streams...........................................739C Family law affected income streams...........................................739D Asset-tested status of secondary FLA income streams................74

    9D Asset-tested status of secondary FLA income streams................74

    10 Maintenance income definitions..................................................7410 Maintenance income definitions..................................................7410A Definitions for Seniors Health Card provisions.........................7510A Definitions for Seniors Health Card provisions.........................7510B Family actual means test definitions.........................................8610B Family actual means test definitions.........................................8611 Assets test definitions...................................................................9111 Assets test definitions...................................................................9111A Principal home definition for the purpose of the assets test.......9611A Principal home definition for the purpose of the assets test.......9612 Retirement villages definitions..................................................10112 Retirement villages definitions..................................................10112A Granny flat definitions............................................................10212A Granny flat definitions............................................................10212B Sale leaseback definitions.......................................................10412B Sale leaseback definitions.......................................................10412C Special residence and residents definitions..............................10512C Special residence and residents definitions..............................10513 Rent definitions..........................................................................10613 Rent definitions..........................................................................10614 Remote area definitions.............................................................11214 Remote area definitions.............................................................11214A Social security benefit liquid assets test definitions.................11314A Social security benefit liquid assets test definitions.................11315 NS activity test definitions.........................................................11615 NS activity test definitions.........................................................116

    iv Social Security Act 1991

    16 Industrial action definitions........................................................11616 Industrial action definitions........................................................11616A Seasonal work definitions........................................................11816A Seasonal work definitions........................................................11816B Partial capacity to work...........................................................12716B Partial capacity to work...........................................................12716C Meaning of applicable statutory conditions.............................12816C Meaning of applicable statutory conditions.............................12817 Compensation recovery definitions............................................12917 Compensation recovery definitions............................................12917A Retirement assistance for farmers definitions..........................13717A Retirement assistance for farmers definitions..........................13717B Retirement assistance for sugarcane farmers definitions.........140

    17B Retirement assistance for sugarcane farmers definitions.........140

    18 Parenting payment definitions...................................................14518 Parenting payment definitions...................................................14519 Mobility allowance definitions..................................................14619 Mobility allowance definitions..................................................14619A Fares allowance definitions.....................................................14619A Fares allowance definitions.....................................................14619AA Fares allowance definitions..................................................14819AA Fares allowance definitions..................................................14819AB Student Financial Supplement Scheme definitions...............149

    19AB Student Financial Supplement Scheme definitions...............149

    19B Financial hardship (Carer payment) liquid assets test definition

    ..........................................................................................15419B Financial hardship (Carer payment) liquid assets test definition

    ..........................................................................................15419C Severe financial hardship definitions.......................................15519C Severe financial hardship definitions.......................................15519D Severe financial hardship—crisis payment definition.............160

    19D Severe financial hardship—crisis payment definition.............160

    19E Exempt funeral investments....................................................16119E Exempt funeral investments....................................................16120 Indexation and rate adjustment definitions.................................16220 Indexation and rate adjustment definitions.................................16221 Bereavement definitions............................................................16321 Bereavement definitions............................................................16322 Review of decisions definitions ................................................16422 Review of decisions definitions ................................................16423 General definitions.....................................................................16523 General definitions.....................................................................165

    Social Security Act 1991 v

    Part 1.3—Determinations having interpretative effect...........194

    Part 1.3—Determinations having interpretative effect...........19424 Person may be treated as not being a member of a couple

    (subsection 4(2))...............................................................19424 Person may be treated as not being a member of a couple

    (subsection 4(2))...............................................................19424A Approved scholarship..............................................................19424A Approved scholarship..............................................................19425 Refugee visas.............................................................................19525 Refugee visas.............................................................................19528 Approved programs of work for income support payment.........195

    28 Approved programs of work for income support payment.........195

    28A Approval of programs of assistance.........................................19628A Approval of programs of assistance.........................................19629 Approval of friendly societies....................................................19629 Approval of friendly societies....................................................19630 Approval of mental hospitals.....................................................19630 Approval of mental hospitals.....................................................19631 Approval of follow-up rehabilitation programs..........................19731 Approval of follow-up rehabilitation programs..........................19732 Approval of sheltered employment—non-profit organisation....197

    32 Approval of sheltered employment—non-profit organisation....197

    33 Approval of sheltered employment—supported employment....197

    33 Approval of sheltered employment—supported employment....197

    35 Approval of care organisation....................................................19835 Approval of care organisation....................................................19835A Personal Care Support.............................................................19835A Personal Care Support.............................................................19836 Major disaster............................................................................19836 Major disaster............................................................................19837 Dependent child—inmate of a mental hospital..........................19937 Dependent child—inmate of a mental hospital..........................19938B Notional continuous period of receipt of income support

    payments...........................................................................20038B Notional continuous period of receipt of income support

    payments...........................................................................20038C Adult Disability Assessment Tool............................................20238C Adult Disability Assessment Tool............................................20238D Child Disability Assessment Tool...........................................20238D Child Disability Assessment Tool...........................................202

    vi Social Security Act 1991

    Part 1.4—Miscellaneous.............................................................204Part 1.4—Miscellaneous.............................................................204

    39 Tables, calculators etc. form part of section...............................204

    39 Tables, calculators etc. form part of section...............................204Chapter 2—Pensions, benefits and allowances........................206Chapter 2—Pensions, benefits and allowances........206Part 2.2—Age pension................................................................206Part 2.2—Age pension................................................................206Division 1—Qualification for and payability of age pension....206

    Division 1—Qualification for and payability of age pension....206

    Subdivision A—Qualification.........................................................206

    Subdivision A—Qualification.........................................................206

    43 Qualification for age pension.....................................................206

    43 Qualification for age pension.....................................................206

    Subdivision B—Payability..............................................................207

    Subdivision B—Payability..............................................................207

    44 Age pension not payable if pension rate nil................................207

    44 Age pension not payable if pension rate nil................................207

    47 Multiple entitlement exclusion...................................................207

    47 Multiple entitlement exclusion...................................................207

    47A Exclusion of certain participants in ABSTUDY Scheme.........209

    47A Exclusion of certain participants in ABSTUDY Scheme.........209

    Division 4—Rate of age pension.................................................210Division 4—Rate of age pension.................................................210

    55 How to work out a person’s age pension rate.............................210

    55 How to work out a person’s age pension rate.............................210Division 9—Bereavement payments...........................................211Division 9—Bereavement payments...........................................211

    Subdivision A—Death of partner...................................................211

    Subdivision A—Death of partner...................................................211

    82 Qualification for payments under this Subdivision....................211

    82 Qualification for payments under this Subdivision....................211

    83 Continued payment of deceased partner’s previous entitlement.213

    83 Continued payment of deceased partner’s previous entitlement.213

    84 Lump sum payable in some circumstances................................213

    84 Lump sum payable in some circumstances................................213

    Social Security Act 1991 vii

    85 Adjustment of person’s age pension rate....................................215

    85 Adjustment of person’s age pension rate....................................215

    86 Effect of death of person entitled to payments under this

    Subdivision.......................................................................215

    86 Effect of death of person entitled to payments under this

    Subdivision.......................................................................215

    87 Matters affecting payment of benefits under this Subdivision....217

    87 Matters affecting payment of benefits under this Subdivision....217

    Subdivision C—Death of recipient................................................218

    Subdivision C—Death of recipient................................................218

    91 Death of recipient......................................................................218

    91 Death of recipient......................................................................218

    Part 2.2A—Pension bonus.........................................................220

    Part 2.2A—Pension bonus.........................................................220Division 1—Introduction............................................................220Division 1—Introduction............................................................220

    92A Simplified outline....................................................................220

    92A Simplified outline....................................................................220

    92B Definitions..............................................................................220

    92B Definitions..............................................................................220Division 2—Qualification for pension bonus.............................222Division 2—Qualification for pension bonus.............................222

    92C Qualification for pension bonus..............................................222

    92C Qualification for pension bonus..............................................222Division 3—Registration as a member of the pension bonus

    scheme.....................................................................224Division 3—Registration as a member of the pension bonus

    scheme.....................................................................224

    Subdivision A—Membership of the pension bonus scheme........224

    Subdivision A—Membership of the pension bonus scheme........224

    92D Application for registration.....................................................224

    92D Application for registration.....................................................224

    92E Form of application.................................................................224

    92E Form of application.................................................................224

    92F Relevant information...............................................................224

    92F Relevant information...............................................................224

    92G Lodgment of application.........................................................225

    92G Lodgment of application.........................................................225

    92H Timing of application and registration....................................225

    viii Social Security Act 1991

    92H Timing of application and registration....................................225

    92J Registration..............................................................................227

    92J Registration..............................................................................227

    92K Duration of membership.........................................................227

    92K Duration of membership.........................................................227

    92L Cancellation of membership....................................................228

    92L Cancellation of membership....................................................228

    92M Application for registration is not to be treated as a claim......228

    92M Application for registration is not to be treated as a claim......228Subdivision B—Classification of membership of the pension

    bonus scheme.........................................................228Subdivision B—Classification of membership of the pension

    bonus scheme.........................................................228

    92N Accruing membership.............................................................228

    92N Accruing membership.............................................................228

    92P Non-accruing membership—preclusion periods......................229

    92P Non-accruing membership—preclusion periods......................229

    92Q Non-accruing membership—Secretary’s discretion................229

    92Q Non-accruing membership—Secretary’s discretion................229

    92R Continuity of accruing membership is not broken by a period of

    non-accruing membership.................................................230

    92R Continuity of accruing membership is not broken by a period of

    non-accruing membership.................................................230

    92S Post-75 membership................................................................230

    92S Post-75 membership................................................................230

    Division 4—Accrual of bonus periods........................................231

    Division 4—Accrual of bonus periods........................................231

    92T Accrual of bonus periods.........................................................231

    92T Accrual of bonus periods.........................................................231

    Division 5—Passing the work test..............................................233

    Division 5—Passing the work test..............................................233Subdivision A—The work test........................................................233Subdivision A—The work test........................................................233

    92U Work test—full-year period.....................................................233

    92U Work test—full-year period.....................................................233

    92V Work test—part-year period....................................................234

    92V Work test—part-year period....................................................234

    92W Secretary’s discretion to treat gainful work outside Australia as

    gainful work in Australia..................................................235

    92W Secretary’s discretion to treat gainful work outside Australia as

    gainful work in Australia..................................................235

    Social Security Act 1991 ix

    Subdivision B—Gainful work........................................................235Subdivision B—Gainful work........................................................23592X Gainful work—basic rule........................................................23592X Gainful work—basic rule........................................................23592Y Secretary’s discretion to treat activity as gainful work............23692Y Secretary’s discretion to treat activity as gainful work............23692Z Irregular, infrequent and minor absences from a workplace count

    as gainful work.................................................................23692Z Irregular, infrequent and minor absences from a workplace count

    as gainful work.................................................................23693 Management of family financial investments does not count as

    gainful work......................................................................23693 Management of family financial investments does not count as

    gainful work......................................................................23693A Domestic duties in relation to a person’s place of residence do

    not count as gainful work..................................................23793A Domestic duties in relation to a person’s place of residence do

    not count as gainful work..................................................23793B Evidentiary certificate.............................................................23893B Evidentiary certificate.............................................................238Subdivision C—Record-keeping requirements............................240Subdivision C—Record-keeping requirements............................24093C Record-keeping requirements..................................................24093C Record-keeping requirements..................................................240

    Division 6—Amount of pension bonus.......................................243

    Division 6—Amount of pension bonus.......................................24393D How to calculate the amount of pension bonus.......................24393D How to calculate the amount of pension bonus.......................24393E Qualifying bonus periods........................................................24393E Qualifying bonus periods........................................................24393F Overall qualifying period.........................................................24493F Overall qualifying period.........................................................24493G Pension multiple.....................................................................24493G Pension multiple.....................................................................24493H Annual pension rate.................................................................24493H Annual pension rate.................................................................24493J Amount of pension bonus.........................................................24593J Amount of pension bonus.........................................................24593K Top up of pension bonus for increased rate of age pension.....247

    93K Top up of pension bonus for increased rate of age pension.....247

    93L Top up of pension bonus in specified circumstances................24893L Top up of pension bonus in specified circumstances................248

    x Social Security Act 1991

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