DOC

B2U4-VLS-Shao

By Matthew Hamilton,2014-10-23 21:28
6 views 0
Unit 4 Psychology in Our Daily Life Part One Viewing, Understanding and Speaking Video Script Topic: Psychology at the Airport Setting: the waiting room of the airport, the Information Desk, the coffee shop of the airport Characters: Mr. and Mrs. Strong, Mr. and Mrs. Green, an Agent at the Information Desk (Some passengers have been informed of th..

    Unit 4 Psychology in Our Daily Life

Part One Viewing, Understanding and Speaking

    Video Script

    Topic: Psychology at the Airport

    Setting: the waiting room of the airport, the Information Desk, the coffee shop of the airport

    Characters: Mr. and Mrs. Strong, Mr. and Mrs. Green, an Agent at the Information Desk

     (Some passengers have been informed of the delay of their flight, while some other passengers have not.)

    (It’s now 6:05 in the afternoon. Mr. and Mrs. Strong are in the waiting room of an airport. Mr. Strong is reading a newspaper. Mrs. Strong is sitting there idly. Mr. and Mrs. Green approach them.)

    Mrs. Green: Excuse me, is this seat taken?

    Mrs. Strong: No, it’s not taken. Have a seat.

    (Mr. and Mrs. Green sit down next to Mr. and Mrs. Strong and Mr. Green takes out a book and begins to read it.)

    Mrs. Strong: My name is Strong… Molly Strong. Pleased to meet you.

    Mrs. Green: I’m Doris Green. How do you do?

    Mrs. Strong: Where are you going?

    Mrs. Green: We’re going to Copenhagen for our son’s wedding. It’s tomorrow morning.

    Mrs. Strong: Oh, congratulations! That’s nice. You must be very excited.

    Mrs. Green: You bet. I can hardly believe my little Jackie has grown up and is getting married.

    (She looks at her watch.) Now it’s 6:05 and the flight will take off in 50 minutes. Just

    imagine in nine hours I’ll see Jackie and my new daughter-in-law, Alice! I expect they’ll

    come and pick us up at the airport. What about you? Where are you going? Mrs. Strong: We are going to New York by TWA Flight 1070. Our daughter recently had a baby.

    My first grandchild.

    Mrs. Green: You must be thrilled.

    Mrs. Strong: Yeah, I can’t wait to see my dear grandson. This is him, Nick. (She takes out a

    picture of Nick and shows it to Mrs. Green.)

    Mrs. Green: (She looks closely at the photo.) Hes lovely!

(Suddenly, a voice comes out through a loudspeaker.)

    (Loudspeaker: Attention, please. AA Flight 644 to Copenhagen will be delayed. Attention, please.

    AA Flight 644 to Copenhagen will be delayed.)

Mrs. Green: Oh, my goodness! What’s up? It seems the flight to Copenhagen wont be on time.

    I’d better go and call Jackie about the delay.

    Mr. Green: (He looks up from the book.) No hurry. It doesn’t say how long the flight will be

    delayed. Lets wait and see.

    Mrs. Green: Well, OK, lets wait a while.

    Mrs. Strong: Don’t worry. I’m sure things will turn out fine in the end.

(Just at that time, another voice comes out through a loudspeaker.)

    (Loudspeaker: Attention, please. TWA Flight 1070 to New York is overdue because of mechanical

    problems. It’s stopping in Chicago for maintenance. We’ll keep you informed when

    we know more.)

Mrs. Strong: Oh, no! Our flight is delayed as well.

    Mr. Strong: (He looks up from the newspaper.) Take it easy. It says the flight is overdue because

    of mechanical problems. I believe the mechanics will solve the problems soon. Mrs. Strong: Ok.

(As time goes by, Mr. and Mrs. Green become more and more anxious. Mr. Green can’t read the

    book any more. He walks back and forth in the waiting room. Mrs. Strong is comforting Mrs. Green.)

    Mrs. Green: I can’t wait any more. It’s 7:15. We’ve been waiting for over an hour, but there’s

    been no further information. What on earth is happening?

    Mr. Green: Who knows! It could be bad weather, mechanical problems, a bomb threat, whatever. Mrs. Strong: Why don’t you go to the Information Desk and ask them about the causes of the

    delay?

    Mr. Green: That’s not a bad idea. Let’s go there now.

    (Mr. and Mrs. Green leave for the Information Desk.)

Mrs. Strong: (to Mr. Strong.) I’ll go and buy some magazines.

    Mr. Strong: Go ahead. I’ll be here waiting for you.

    Mrs. Strong: OK.

    (Mrs. Strong stands up and goes around the airport. Mr. Strong continues reading the newspaper. Several minutes later, Mrs. Strong comes back with some magazines in her right hand.)

    Mr. Strong: What did you get?

    Mrs. Strong: Cosmo, Life and Good Housekeeping. Any further news about our flight yet?

    Mr. Strong: Nothing, up to now.

    (Loudspeaker: Attention, please. TWA Flight 1070 to New York is overdue because of a door

    problem. The mechanics expect that the door will be repaired in 30 minutes. We’ll

    keep you advised as we know more.)

    Mr. Strong: Well, it seems we have lots of time. Why not go and get a bite to eat? Mrs. Strong: Good idea. Let’s go to the coffee shop.

(Mr. and Mrs. Green arrive at the Information Desk.)

    Mr. Green: Excuse me, can you tell me why AA Flight 644 to Copenhagen is delayed? (该句读

    : light AA 644 is delayed for Copenhagen?) 请外研社改正!

    Agent: I’m sorry, sir, but we don’t have any further information about that.

    Mr. Green: Then how long will it be delayed?

    Agent: Sorry, sir. We really don’t know. You’ll just have to wait. We’ll inform you through the

    loudspeaker as soon as possible.

Mrs. Green: (saying angrily) We’ve been waiting for ages and there’s been no further information

    about the delay. How long will we have to wait? We are going to our son’s wedding. We

    cant miss it.

    Agent: I understand how you feel, madam. We’ll try to find out the causes as soon as possible.

    (Mr. and Mrs. Green go back to the waiting room of the airport. Another 15 minutes later, they become increasingly impatient.)

    Mrs. Green: Isn’t it annoying! Nobody is telling us anything.

    Mr. Green: That’s the limit! I can’t bear it any longer. Let’s go and find seating on (错读成to)

    外研社改正! an airline that flies to Copenhagen.

    Mrs. Green: Why not? We’re not getting any help from this airline.

    (Mr. and Mrs. Green leave the waiting room angrily.)

    (Mr. and Mrs. Strong are sitting leisurely at the coffee shop. Light music is on, and they feel very comfortable.)

    Mrs. Strong: (She looks at her watch.) Oh, time is flying. It’s a quarter to seven. Hurry up. The

    flight will be announced soon.

    Mr. Strong: Take your time. We’re in no great rush. We can hear the announcement here if there

    is one.

    (Loudspeaker: Attention, please. TWA Flight 1070 to New York is overdue because of mechanical

    problems. We are sorry to announce that the problems are more complex than

    initially expected. Those who are without luggage and need to leave right away

    can take TWA Flight 1120 at Gate 6. TWA Flight 1120 will leave from Gate 6 at

    7:45.)

    Mr. Strong: (He smiles.) See? Let’s go to take TWA Flight 1120.

    Mrs. Strong: Good.

Exercise 1

    Directions: You’re going to watch a video which describes what happened to two couples of the

    passengers at the airport. Read the following part carefully, which will make it easy

    for you to understand the video.

1) Copenhagen n. the capital of Denmark 哥本哈根 ;丹麦首都?

     e.g. Copenhagen has many public libraries covering and specializing in many different

    subjects.

    2) TWA abbr. TRANS WORLD AIRLINES ;美国?环球航空公司

    e.g. TWA's long history began in 1930 when Transcontinental Air Transport and Western Air

    Express merged

    3) thrilled adj. very excited, happy, and pleased 激动的

    e.g. We were thrilled to hear about your new job.

    4) You bet. (sl.) you can be sure; certainly 当然?一定

    e.g. Will you tell her? You bet (I will).

    5) overdue adj. later than expected 迟到的?逾期的

    e.g. The train is 15 minutes overdue.

6) mechanical adj. relating to machines and engines and the way they work;有关?机械的

    e.g. The train stopped due to a mechanical problem.

    7) maintenance n. the process of keeping a building, vehicle, or machine in good condition by

    regularly checking it and repairing it when necessary维护?修理

    e.g. The window had been replaced last week during routine maintenance. 8) a bite (to eat) n. (spoken) a small piece, a small meal一口;或一点?食物?;量不多的?

    一顿饭

    e.g. It was time to go home for a little rest and a bite to eat. 9) annoying adj. making you feel slightly angry 令人恼火的

    e.g. Computerized telephone sales calls are really annoying. 10) complex adj. difficult to understand, explain, or deal with复杂的

    e.g. This is a complex problem. There is no simple solution for it. 11) initially adv. at the very beginning; at first开始?最初

    e.g. Initially, she opposed the plan, but later she changed her mind.

Exercise 2

    Directions: Now watch the video and pay attention to the information related to Mr. & Mrs.

    Strong and Mr. & Mrs. Green. Then match the information listed in the right column

    with the corresponding characters. Write down the letters in the space provided

    below the table.

    A) They are going to Copenhagen to attend their sons wedding. 1) Mr. & Mrs. Strong

    B) They are excited about the arrival of their first grandchild. 2) Mr. & Mrs. Green

    C) Their flight is stopping in Chicago for maintenance.

    D) They are very anxious because they are not informed of the

    causes of the delay.

    E) They wanted to get some help from an agent at the airport.

    F) They wait leisurely when they know how long it will take for

    mechanics to solve the problem.

    G) They are angry at the service of American Airlines.

    H) They dont have any luggage, so they can take another flight

    to their destination (目的地).

    I) They will board the plane at Gate 6.

    1) Mr. & Mrs. Strong __________________________

    2) Mr. & Mrs. Green __________________________

Key to Exercise 2

    1) Mr. & Mrs. Strong: B), C), F), H), I)

    2) Mr. & Mrs. Green: A), D), E), G)

Exercise 3

    Directions: Watch the video again and answer the questions by completing the given sentences.

    1) When will Mr. and Mrs. Greens flight take off according to the schedule?

     At ________. (6:55)

    2) Where is Mr. and Mrs. Strong going?

     ________ ________. (New York)

    3) Who is Nick?

     He is Mr. and Mrs. Strongs ________ ________. (first grandchild)

    4) Why is TWA Flight 1070 delayed?

     It is overdue because of ________ ________. (mechanical problems/door problems)

    5) Why do Mr. and Mrs. Green go to the Information Desk?

     They go there to ask the reasons why ________ ________ ________ ________. (their flight is overdue/delayed)

    6) Where do Mr. and Mrs. Strong go to kill time?

     They go to ________ ________ ________. (the coffee shop)

    7) What do Mr. and Mrs. Green finally decide to do?

     They decided to request ________ ________ ________ ________ which flies to Copenhagen.

    (seating on another airline)

    8) Which flight will Mr. and Mrs. Strong take in the end? TWA Flight ________. (1120)

Key to Exercise 3

    1) 6:55

    2) New York

    3) first grandchild

    4) mechanical problems/door problems

    5) their flight is overdue/delayed

    6) the coffee shop

    7) seating on another airline

    8) 1120

Exercise 4

    Directions: Watch the video a third time. This time you are required to repeat a few important

    lines. What you have said will be recorded so that you can compare your

    pronunciation and intonation with the speakers’. Try to imitate their pronunciation

    and intonation.

    1) ---Oh, congratulations! That’s nice. You must be very excited.

     --- You bet.

    2) Just imagine in nine hours I’ll see Jackie and my new daughter-in-law, Alice! 3) You must be thrilled.

    4) No hurry. It doesn’t say how long the flight will be delayed. Lets wait and see.

    5) Don’t worry. I’m sure things will turn out fine in the end.

    6) I can’t wait any more. It’s 7:15.

    7) Who knows! It could be bad weather, mechanical problems, a bomb threat, whatever.

    8) --- I’ll go and buy some magazines.

    --- Go ahead. I’ll be here waiting for you.

    9) --- Any further news about our flight yet?

--- Nothing, up to now.

    10) Well, it seems we have lots of time. Why not go and get a bite to eat?

    11) Excuse me, can you tell me why AA Flight 644 to Copenhagen is delayed?

    12) Isn’t it annoying! Nobody is telling us anything.

    13) That’s the limit! I can’t bear it any longer.

    14) Oh, time is flying. It’s a quarter to seven.

    15) Take your time. We’re in no great rush.

Exercise 5

    Directions: Now you know people will get extremely impatient when they are not told what is

    going on. Please describe one of YOUR own experiences when you were kept waiting

    for unknown reasons. Your description will be recorded so that your teacher will be

    able to know your performance. If you want to improve your work, try again before

    you submit your recording.

Part Two Listening, Understanding and Speaking

    Listening I

    Tapescript

     A potato farmer was sent to prison just at the time when he should have been digging the ground for planting the new crop of potatoes. He knew that his wife would not be strong enough to do the digging by herself, but that she could manage to do the planting; and he also knew that he did not have any friends or neighbors who would be willing to do the digging for him. So he wrote a letter to his wife which said, “Please do not dig the potato field. I hid the money and the gun there.”

     Ten days later he got a letter from his wife. It said, “I think somebody is reading your letters before they go out of the prison. Some policemen arrived here two days ago and dug up the whole potato field. What shall I do now?”

     The prisoner wrote back at once, “Plant the potatoes, of course.” (155 words)

Exercise 1 (Online)

    Directions: Listen to the story and decide whether the following statements are true or false. Write

    “T” for true and “F” for false in the space provided.

    ( ) 1. The farmer couldn’t plant the potatoes because it was not the right season.

    ( ) 2. The wife was not strong enough to do the digging.

    ( ) 3. There were no friends or neighbors to help them.

    ( ) 4. The farmer’s purpose of writing the first letter was to tell his wife what he hid in the potato

    field.

    ( ) 5. His wife fully understood him after reading his letter.

    ( ) 6. The policemen were so kind that they helped to dig the field.

Key to Exercise 1: 1) F 2) T 3) T 4) F 5) F 6) F

Exercise 2 (Online)

Directions: Listen to the story again and complete the following statements with the information

    you get from the story.

    1) The farmer was sent to ________. (prison) 2) The farmer knew his wife could manage to ________ ________ ________. (do the planting)

    3) The farmer got his wifes reply ________ ________ later. (ten days) 4) The policemen believed the farmer hid ________ ________ and ________ ________ in the

    field. (the money, the gun)

    5) In his second letter, the farmer asked his wife to ________ ________ ________. (plant the

    potatoes)

    Key to Exercise 2:

    1) prison

    2) do the planting

    3) ten days

    4) the money, the gun

    5) plant the potatoes

Exercise 3

    Directions: Listen to the story a third time and note down what the husband said in his first letter

    and the wife’s reply. Then work in groups to complete the two letters. Read them to the

    class.

    Feb. 5, 1999 Feb.15, 1999

    Dear Mary, Dear John,

    _______________________________ _________________________________

    _______________________________ _________________________________

    _______________________________ _________________________________

    _______________________________ _________________________________

    _______________________________ _________________________________

    _______________________________ _________________________________

    Love, Take care,

    John Mary

Sample:

    Feb. 5, 1999 Feb.15, 1999

    Dear Mary, Dear John,

    I am writing this letter to tell you a I received your letter yesterday. I’m

    secret. Please do not dig the potato glad to hear that you are well. But I want

    field. I hid the money and the gun to tell you some strange things. I think

    there. This is very important. Be sure somebody is reading your letters before

    not to tell anyone. they go out of the prison. Some policemen

     I’m fine, so don’t worry about me. arrived here two days ago and dug up the

    I’ll be home soon. whole potato field. What shall I do now?

    Love, Take care,

    John Mary

Listening II

    Words You Need to Know:

    complaint 投诉 replace 替换 suggestion 建议 psychologist

    理学家 relatively 相对地 occur to 想到 adopt 采用

Tapescript

    The manager of a large office building received many complaints about the lift service in the building. He hired a group of engineers to study the situation. They suggested two solutions:

     1. adding more lifts of the same type;

    2. replacing the lifts with faster ones.

    The manager decided that both suggestions were too expensive. So he asked a psychologist to study the problem. The psychologist noticed that many people felt angry and impatient because they thought they had to wait too long for the lift. However, the psychologist found that they had

    to wait only a relatively short time. It occurred to him that the reason they felt angry and impatient was that they had nothing to do while they were waiting for the lifts. He suggested a simple, inexpensive solution to the manager. This was adopted and complaints stopped immediately. The solution was to place a large mirror next to the lifts. (154 words)

Exercise 1 (Online)

    Directions: Listen to the passage and pay attention to the reason why people have complaints.

    Choose the statement that correctly explains the reason. Put a tick in front of the

    statement in the space provided.

    _____ 1) There were fewer lifts in the building than people expected.

    _____ 2) The lifts in the building were not fast enough.

    _____ 3) People were too impatient and hot-tempered.

    _____ 4) People had to wait too long for the lift.

    _____ 5) People had nothing to do while waiting for the lift.

Key to Exercise 1: ; 5)

Exercise 2 (Online)

    Directions: Listen to the passage again and fill in the table with the information you get from the

    recording.

Problem There were complaints about (1)________ ________ _______

    in a large office building.

Suggested solutions by The solutions: Disadvantage:

    (2) a group of _________ (3) _______ _______ _______ (5) Both alternatives were

    of the same type _______ _________.

    (4) replacing the lifts with

    ________ ________

    Final solution by The solution: Advantage:

    (6)________ _________ (7) _______ _______ _______ (8) It was _________ and

    _______ next to the lifts _________.

Key to Exercise 2:

    1) the lift service

    2) engineers

    3) adding more lifts

    4) faster ones

    5) too expensive

    6) a psychologist

    7) placing a large mirror

    8) simple, inexpensive.

Exercise 3

    Directions: Listen to the passage a third time and then discuss in groups to find out: 1) the reasons why complaints stopped immediately after the solution was adopted; 2) other possible solutions to the problem.

    Sample:

    1) The reason was that people could look in the mirror. They could have something to do while

    waiting for the lift and, of course, many people like to look at themselves in the mirror.

    2) Other possible solutions:

     a. to set up a picture gallery near the lift and change the pictures regularly;

     b. to put up-to-date newspapers on the wall;

     c. to open a small shop nearby where people can buy snacks;

     d. to put a shoe polisher (擦鞋器) there

     e. to put a screen on the wall on which information about the stock exchange is shown;

     f. to play programs (e.g. news, short funny stories) on TV screens close to the lift.

Part Three More Listening

    Practice One I Can Have Her Here on Tuesdays and Thursdays. Words You Need to Know:

    constant不断的 at each others throats激烈争吵 therapy 治疗, 理疗

     resort方法 therapist 治疗专家 speechless 哑口无言的 disbelief不相信

Tapescript

    After just a few years of marriage, filled with constant arguments, a young man and his wife decided the only way to save their marriage was to try therapy. They had been at each other’s

    throats for some time and felt that this was their last resort.

    When they arrived at the therapist’s office, the therapist jumped right in and opened the floor

    for discussion. “What seems to be the problem?” Immediately, the husband held his long face down without anything to say. On the other hand, the wife began describing all the wrongs within their marriage.

    After 5 -- 10 -- 15 minutes of listening to the wife, the therapist went over to her, picked her up by her shoulders, kissed her for several minutes, and sat her back down. Afterwards, the wife sat there--speechless.

    He looked over at the husband who was staring in disbelief at what had happened. The therapist spoke to the husband, “Your wife NEEDS that at least twice a week!”

    The husband scratched his head and replied, “I can have her here on Tuesdays and Thursdays.”

    (185 words)

    Exercise 1 (Online)

    Directions: Listen to the story and decide whether the following statements are true or false. Write

    T for true and F for false in the space provided.

    _____ 1) The couple often quarreled with each other.

    _____ 2) The couple hoped that the therapist could help them improve their relationship. _____ 3) The problem with the couple was that they didnt want to listen to each other.

    _____ 4) The wife had to be at the therapist at least twice a week.

    _____ 5) The husband misunderstood what the doctor said.

Key to Exercise 1: 1) T 2) T 3) F 4) F 5) T

Exercise 2 (Online)

    Directions: Listen to the story again and fill in the blanks with the information you get from the

    story.

    When they arrived at the therapist’s 1)________, the therapist jumped right in and opened the

    floor for 2)________. “What seems to be the problem?” 3)________, the husband held his

    4)________ face down without anything to say. On the other hand, the wife began 5)________ all the 6)________ within their marriage.

    After 5 - - 10 - - 15 minutes of listening to the wife, the therapist went 7)________ to her, picked her up by her 8)________, kissed her for several 9)________, and sat her back down. Afterwards, the wife 10)________ there speechless.

Key to Exercise 2:

    1) office 2) discussion 3) Immediately 4) long 5) describing

    6) wrongs 7) over 8) shoulders 9) minutes 10) sat

Practice Two Psychological Space

    Words You Need to Know:

Report this document

For any questions or suggestions please email
cust-service@docsford.com