By Randall Bradley,2014-08-11 01:59
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    Addiction / Teachers copy / p.1

    Part One - Are you addicted to something?

1.1 Indicators of addiction

Knowledge : Indicators of addiction

    Skill : Self reflection

    People use alcohol, smoke, take drug and gamble for many reasons. For example, to help them relax, feel happy or meet their curiosity. However, sometimes people become addicted to these things. No one plans to addict. People may think that they can handle the use of these things and they use only when they want to. But when they want to change the way they use, they may find it’s not that simple.

    While different addictions may have different indicators, it is reasonable to warn yourself of addiction if you often have at least five of the following problems:

     Am I addicted to _____________________?

    1. Keep on thinking about that thing, even when working or


    2. Do that thing to escape from problems or bad mood.

    3. Need to spend more and more time on doing that thing to

    become satisfied.

    4. Cannot stop or reduce doing that thing.

    5. Feel uneasy or angry when being stopped from doing that thing.

    6. Lie to friends or family about how much you do that thing.

    7. Do unlawful things like stealing money, so that you can keep

    doing that thing.

    8. Put blame on the others (e.g. other people, bad luck, the

    government) for the problems you face.

    Addiction / Teachers copy / p.2

    1.2 What makes addiction different from hobby or love?

Knowledge : Definition and elements of addiction

    Skill : Induction

    The three cases below have something in common. Find the common things among them which mark the elements of addiction.

Case One : Cathy

Cathy loves going out after work with her friends. Her job

    is hard. Having some beer with her friends made her

    happy. Later, Cathy’s “after-work drink” became whole

    evening of drinking, and whiskey and brandy replaced

    beer. She missed dinner and got home very late. A few

    times she could not remember how she had got home the

    night before, and she was often late for work. She tried to

    stop drinking, but she simply could not. When her friends

    told her to stop drinking, Cathy became angry because she thought that her friends did not understand and support her. In fact, she did not care losing her friends any more. She could not stop drinking because she found herself sad and lonely if she stopped. At last, she lost her job, friends and was in debt. To forget the problems, she drank more.

Case Two : Dan

    Dan started taking drugs two years ago. At first he

    took drugs only with friends during party, but he

    took more and more often. At last, he took every day.

    Dan found that he was quickly losing his memory, he

    could not work and had to go to toilet very often.

    However, to make himself feel better, he told himself

    that these problems had happened just because he

    had not slept well. At last, he lost his job and friends for using drugs.

    Dan had tried to stop using drugs, but he found that without drugs he was bored and dull. His need to get high” was stronger than his will to stop using drug.

    Addiction / Teachers copy / p.3

    Case Three : Fred

    Fred started playing online game half year ago. He soon found the world of online game much more interesting than the real world. He spent more and more time every day on the game, until he spent the whole night on the game and slept during the lessons in day. In some cases he ran away from school just to play online game. Because he did not sleep well, he was dull in the day. His study became a mess.

Fred had tried to spend less time on the game, but he could

    not because he found himself not interested in any thing but

    online game. Online games filled his mind day and night. To

    him, life is boring without the game. He once refused to

    travel abroad with his parents during holiday, just because

    he was not sure if he could play online game in the hotel.


    1. People are said to have addiction if they have these elements of addiction:

    They have increasing use of the substance or behaviour.

    They are unable to control or stop the use.

    Harmful results occur to them.

    Addiction / Teachers copy / p.4 1.3 What are people addicted to?

    Knowledge : Substance addiction and process addiction Skill : Brainstorming, fluency

Base on the definition of addiction you learn in Unit 1.2, list some things that many people

    are addicted to. Classify these things into some categories at your own choice.

     1. alcohol 2. tobacco 3. drug

     4. thinner 5. gasoline 6. gambling

     7. doing exercise 8. shopping 9. eating

     10. dieting 11. online game 12. sexual activity


Addiction may be classified into two types: substance addiction, for example alcoholism

    drug abuse, eating disorder and smoking; and process addiction, for example gambling,

    shopping, computer using and sexual activity (Answer for reference only)

Addiction / Teachers copy / p.5

Part Two - Why and how do people become addicted?

    Addiction / Teachers copy / p.6 In the table below are factors of addiction. Classify them into SOURCE, PERSONAL and ENVIRONMENTAL factors by putting them into the Venn diagram on next page.

    1. Some people are born 2. Some people smoke 3. Some people are not

    more likely (but not just because their addicted to online

    necessarily) to be friends do the same. game because they

    addicted to drugs. They want to mix well find other meaningful

    with their friends. things to do.

    4. More than half of the 5. Some people gamble 6. Some drugs can make

    people with drug and drink a lot because people high and

    addiction have also they feel bored. excited.

    had mental health


    7. Some people drink 8. Some people take drug 9. Some people learn

    alcohol to relax and and smoke to show gambling and smoking

    make it easier to talk to their friends and from their family

    other people. classmates that they members.

     are brave.

    10. Some people fail in 11. Some people are too 12. Some people put

    school or working weak to control blames on others. They

    place. They want to themselves. They do dont believe that

    win in gambling or what they want to do. drugs or gambling

    online game. causes them problems.

    13. Some people start 14. Some people gamble 15. Some people stop

    taking drugs because or buy things to forget smoking because their

    they are curious about their unhappiness. friends and family

    drugs. They want to encourage them to do

    try. so.

    Addiction / Teachers copy / p.7 2.1 Factors of addiction

Knowledge : Source, personal and environmental factors of addiction

    Skill : Classifying




     3 4 5

     7 11 12 2 10 9

     13 14 8 15


    Addiction / Teachers copy / p.8

    2.2 Stages of addiction

Knowledge : Stages of addiction, cycle of addiction

    Skill : Analogical thinking, elaboration, imagination

    Addiction is not a sudden thing. The development of addiction can be divided into different stages.

    STAGES OF ADDICTION Source : Staying Sober, by Terrence T. Gorski & Merlene Miller

1. Short-term good feeling : First there is the short-term good feeling.

    2. Long-term pain : The short-term good feeling is quickly followed by long-term pain.

    Pain is the result of doing that thing as well as stopping doing that thing. 3. Addictive thinking : You keep thinking about the good feeling of doing the thing.

    You tell yourself you have no problem and blame others for the pain you have. 4. Increased tolerance : Doing that thing brings smaller and smaller good feeling to you.

    You have to do more and more (e.g. take more drug, play the game for longer) to

    produce the same good feeling.

    5. Loss of control : The addiction to the thing becomes so strong that you cannot think

    about anything else. You cannot live you life properly.

    6. Bio-psycho-social damage: Finally, there is damage to your health(bio damage), to

    your mind (psycho damage), and your relationships with others(social damage). Such

    damage causes you to do that thing more to get relief. A deadly cycle forms.








    Addiction / Teachers copy / p.9 Do you remember the case of Cathy in Unit 1.2? Cite evidence from her case to show how

    she becomes addicted to alcohol through the six stages of addiction.

    1. Short-term good feeling

    2. Long-term pain

    3. Addictive thinking

    4. Increased tolerance

    5. Loss of control

    6. Bio-psycho-social damage

     To forget the problem, she drank more


     In debt / lost her job


     Drank more and more / whiskey and

     4 brandy replaced beer

     She was angry that her friends did not

     3 understand and support her

     She missed her dinner / was late for

     2 work / forgot things /

     Having beer with friends helps Cathy

     1 relax


    Your school is organizing an Anti-gambling Campaign. Base on what you learn in Unit 2.1 and 2.2, write a story, between 300 and 500 words, to tell why and how a person

    becomes addicted to gambling. Your story will get high mark if it:

    1. shows clearly the factors of gambling addiction; 2. shows clearly how that person becomes addicted to gambling through the six stages;

    3. has rich and believable content

    4. is easy to read and understand;

    1 covers a wide covers a wide covers some of does not cover

    variety of risk variety of risk the risk factors the risk factors

    factors factors

     puts the risk the risk factors,

    factors into a however, are not

    reasonable in a reasonable

    context context

    2 complete complete some evidences absence of

    evidence of the evidences of the of the six stages evidence of the

    six stages six stages incorrect six stages

     correct incorrect sequencing of the incorrect

    sequencing of the sequencing of the six stages sequencing of the

    six stages six stages six stages

3 no information no information a few lack of details

    gap gap information gaps many

     the content the content the content information gaps

    conforms to conforms to conforms to the content does

    common sense common sense common sense not conform to

     the story is a common sense

    typical one

    4 few grammatical some many many

    mistakes grammatical grammatical grammatical

     few misspelled mistakes mistakes mistakes

    words some misspelled many misspelled many misspelled

     storyboard is words words words

    whole storyboard is storyboard is storyboard is

     whole whole broken

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