Addiction / Teacher’s copy / p.1
Part One - Are you addicted to something?
1.1 Indicators of addiction
Knowledge : Indicators of addiction
Skill : Self reflection
People use alcohol, smoke, take drug and gamble for many reasons. For example, to help them relax, feel happy or meet their curiosity. However, sometimes people become addicted to these things. No one plans to addict. People may think that they can handle the use of these things and they use only when they want to. But when they want to change the way they use, they may find it’s not that simple.
While different addictions may have different indicators, it is reasonable to warn yourself of addiction if you often have at least five of the following problems:
Am I addicted to _____________________?
1. Keep on thinking about that thing, even when working or
2. Do that thing to escape from problems or bad mood.
3. Need to spend more and more time on doing that thing to
4. Cannot stop or reduce doing that thing.
5. Feel uneasy or angry when being stopped from doing that thing.
6. Lie to friends or family about how much you do that thing.
7. Do unlawful things like stealing money, so that you can keep
doing that thing.
8. Put blame on the others (e.g. other people, bad luck, the
government) for the problems you face.
Addiction / Teacher’s copy / p.2
1.2 What makes addiction different from hobby or love?
Knowledge : Definition and elements of addiction
Skill : Induction
The three cases below have something in common. Find the common things among them which mark the elements of addiction.
Case One : Cathy
Cathy loves going out after work with her friends. Her job
is hard. Having some beer with her friends made her
happy. Later, Cathy’s “after-work drink” became whole
evening of drinking, and whiskey and brandy replaced
beer. She missed dinner and got home very late. A few
times she could not remember how she had got home the
night before, and she was often late for work. She tried to
stop drinking, but she simply could not. When her friends
told her to stop drinking, Cathy became angry because she thought that her friends did not understand and support her. In fact, she did not care losing her friends any more. She could not stop drinking because she found herself sad and lonely if she stopped. At last, she lost her job, friends and was in debt. To forget the problems, she drank more.
Case Two : Dan
Dan started taking drugs two years ago. At first he
took drugs only with friends during party, but he
took more and more often. At last, he took every day.
Dan found that he was quickly losing his memory, he
could not work and had to go to toilet very often.
However, to make himself feel better, he told himself
that these problems had happened just because he
had not slept well. At last, he lost his job and friends for using drugs.
Dan had tried to stop using drugs, but he found that without drugs he was bored and dull. His need to get “high” was stronger than his will to stop using drug.
Addiction / Teacher’s copy / p.3
Case Three : Fred
Fred started playing online game half year ago. He soon found the world of online game much more interesting than the real world. He spent more and more time every day on the game, until he spent the whole night on the game and slept during the lessons in day. In some cases he ran away from school just to play online game. Because he did not sleep well, he was dull in the day. His study became a mess.
Fred had tried to spend less time on the game, but he could
not because he found himself not interested in any thing but
online game. Online games filled his mind day and night. To
him, life is boring without the game. He once refused to
travel abroad with his parents during holiday, just because
he was not sure if he could play online game in the hotel.
WHAT IS ADDICTION?
1. People are said to have addiction if they have these elements of addiction:
They have increasing use of the substance or behaviour.
They are unable to control or stop the use.
Harmful results occur to them.
Addiction / Teacher’s copy / p.4 1.3 What are people addicted to?
Knowledge : Substance addiction and process addiction Skill : Brainstorming, fluency
Base on the definition of addiction you learn in Unit 1.2, list some things that many people
are addicted to. Classify these things into some categories at your own choice.
1. alcohol 2. tobacco 3. drug
4. thinner 5. gasoline 6. gambling
7. doing exercise 8. shopping 9. eating
10. dieting 11. online game 12. sexual activity
WHAT ARE PEOPLE ADDICTED TO?
Addiction may be classified into two types: substance addiction, for example alcoholism
drug abuse, eating disorder and smoking; and process addiction, for example gambling,
shopping, computer using and sexual activity (Answer for reference only)
Addiction / Teacher’s copy / p.5
Part Two - Why and how do people become addicted?
Addiction / Teacher’s copy / p.6 In the table below are factors of addiction. Classify them into SOURCE, PERSONAL and ENVIRONMENTAL factors by putting them into the Venn diagram on next page.
1. Some people are born 2. Some people smoke 3. Some people are not
more likely (but not just because their addicted to online
necessarily) to be friends do the same. game because they
addicted to drugs. They want to mix well find other meaningful
with their friends. things to do.
4. More than half of the 5. Some people gamble 6. Some drugs can make
people with drug and drink a lot because people high and
addiction have also they feel bored. excited.
had mental health
7. Some people drink 8. Some people take drug 9. Some people learn
alcohol to relax and and smoke to show gambling and smoking
make it easier to talk to their friends and from their family
other people. classmates that they members.
10. Some people fail in 11. Some people are too 12. Some people put
school or working weak to control blames on others. They
place. They want to themselves. They do don’t believe that
win in gambling or what they want to do. drugs or gambling
online game. causes them problems.
13. Some people start 14. Some people gamble 15. Some people stop
taking drugs because or buy things to forget smoking because their
they are curious about their unhappiness. friends and family
drugs. They want to encourage them to do
Addiction / Teacher’s copy / p.7 2.1 Factors of addiction
Knowledge : Source, personal and environmental factors of addiction
Skill : Classifying
3 4 5
7 11 12 2 10 9
13 14 8 15
PERSONAL FACTOR ENVIRONMENTAL FACTOR
Addiction / Teacher’s copy / p.8
2.2 Stages of addiction
Knowledge : Stages of addiction, cycle of addiction
Skill : Analogical thinking, elaboration, imagination
Addiction is not a sudden thing. The development of addiction can be divided into different stages.
STAGES OF ADDICTION Source : Staying Sober, by Terrence T. Gorski & Merlene Miller
1. Short-term good feeling : First there is the short-term good feeling.
2. Long-term pain : The short-term good feeling is quickly followed by long-term pain.
Pain is the result of doing that thing as well as stopping doing that thing. 3. Addictive thinking : You keep thinking about the good feeling of doing the thing.
You tell yourself you have no problem and blame others for the pain you have. 4. Increased tolerance : Doing that thing brings smaller and smaller good feeling to you.
You have to do more and more (e.g. take more drug, play the game for longer) to
produce the same good feeling.
5. Loss of control : The addiction to the thing becomes so strong that you cannot think
about anything else. You cannot live you life properly.
6. Bio-psycho-social damage: Finally, there is damage to your health(bio damage), to
your mind (psycho damage), and your relationships with others(social damage). Such
damage causes you to do that thing more to get relief. A deadly cycle forms.
Addiction / Teacher’s copy / p.9 Do you remember the case of Cathy in Unit 1.2? Cite evidence from her case to show how
she becomes addicted to alcohol through the six stages of addiction.
1. Short-term good feeling
2. Long-term pain
3. Addictive thinking
4. Increased tolerance
5. Loss of control
6. Bio-psycho-social damage
To forget the problem, she drank more
In debt / lost her job
Drank more and more / whiskey and
4 brandy replaced beer
She was angry that her friends did not
3 understand and support her
She missed her dinner / was late for
2 work / forgot things /
Having beer with friends helps Cathy
Addiction / Teacher’s copy / p.10 RISK FACTORS AND THE WAYS LEADING TO ADDICTION - WRITING A STORY
Your school is organizing an “Anti-gambling Campaign”. Base on what you learn in Unit 2.1 and 2.2, write a story, between 300 and 500 words, to tell why and how a person
becomes addicted to gambling. Your story will get high mark if it:
1. shows clearly the factors of gambling addiction; 2. shows clearly how that person becomes addicted to gambling through the six stages;
3. has rich and believable content
4. is easy to read and understand;
1 ； covers a wide ； covers a wide ； covers some of ； does not cover
variety of risk variety of risk the risk factors the risk factors
； puts the risk ； the risk factors,
factors into a however, are not
reasonable in a reasonable
2 ； complete ； complete ； some evidences ； absence of
evidence of the evidences of the of the six stages evidence of the
six stages six stages ； incorrect six stages
； correct ； incorrect sequencing of the ； incorrect
sequencing of the sequencing of the six stages sequencing of the
six stages six stages six stages
3 ； no information ； no information ； a few ； lack of details
gap gap information gaps ； many
； the content ； the content ； the content information gaps
conforms to conforms to conforms to ； the content does
common sense common sense common sense not conform to
； the story is a common sense
4 ； few grammatical ； some ； many ； many
mistakes grammatical grammatical grammatical
； few misspelled mistakes mistakes mistakes
words ； some misspelled ； many misspelled ； many misspelled
； storyboard is words words words
whole ； storyboard is ； storyboard is ； storyboard is
whole whole broken