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Bio-psycho-social

By Randall Bradley,2014-08-11 01:59
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Bio-psycho-social

    Addiction / Teachers copy / p.1

    Part One - Are you addicted to something?

1.1 Indicators of addiction

Knowledge : Indicators of addiction

    Skill : Self reflection

    People use alcohol, smoke, take drug and gamble for many reasons. For example, to help them relax, feel happy or meet their curiosity. However, sometimes people become addicted to these things. No one plans to addict. People may think that they can handle the use of these things and they use only when they want to. But when they want to change the way they use, they may find it’s not that simple.

    While different addictions may have different indicators, it is reasonable to warn yourself of addiction if you often have at least five of the following problems:

     Am I addicted to _____________________?

    1. Keep on thinking about that thing, even when working or

    studying.

    2. Do that thing to escape from problems or bad mood.

    3. Need to spend more and more time on doing that thing to

    become satisfied.

    4. Cannot stop or reduce doing that thing.

    5. Feel uneasy or angry when being stopped from doing that thing.

    6. Lie to friends or family about how much you do that thing.

    7. Do unlawful things like stealing money, so that you can keep

    doing that thing.

    8. Put blame on the others (e.g. other people, bad luck, the

    government) for the problems you face.

    Addiction / Teachers copy / p.2

    1.2 What makes addiction different from hobby or love?

Knowledge : Definition and elements of addiction

    Skill : Induction

    The three cases below have something in common. Find the common things among them which mark the elements of addiction.

Case One : Cathy

Cathy loves going out after work with her friends. Her job

    is hard. Having some beer with her friends made her

    happy. Later, Cathy’s “after-work drink” became whole

    evening of drinking, and whiskey and brandy replaced

    beer. She missed dinner and got home very late. A few

    times she could not remember how she had got home the

    night before, and she was often late for work. She tried to

    stop drinking, but she simply could not. When her friends

    told her to stop drinking, Cathy became angry because she thought that her friends did not understand and support her. In fact, she did not care losing her friends any more. She could not stop drinking because she found herself sad and lonely if she stopped. At last, she lost her job, friends and was in debt. To forget the problems, she drank more.

Case Two : Dan

    Dan started taking drugs two years ago. At first he

    took drugs only with friends during party, but he

    took more and more often. At last, he took every day.

    Dan found that he was quickly losing his memory, he

    could not work and had to go to toilet very often.

    However, to make himself feel better, he told himself

    that these problems had happened just because he

    had not slept well. At last, he lost his job and friends for using drugs.

    Dan had tried to stop using drugs, but he found that without drugs he was bored and dull. His need to get high” was stronger than his will to stop using drug.

    Addiction / Teachers copy / p.3

    Case Three : Fred

    Fred started playing online game half year ago. He soon found the world of online game much more interesting than the real world. He spent more and more time every day on the game, until he spent the whole night on the game and slept during the lessons in day. In some cases he ran away from school just to play online game. Because he did not sleep well, he was dull in the day. His study became a mess.

Fred had tried to spend less time on the game, but he could

    not because he found himself not interested in any thing but

    online game. Online games filled his mind day and night. To

    him, life is boring without the game. He once refused to

    travel abroad with his parents during holiday, just because

    he was not sure if he could play online game in the hotel.

WHAT IS ADDICTION?

    1. People are said to have addiction if they have these elements of addiction:

    They have increasing use of the substance or behaviour.

    They are unable to control or stop the use.

    Harmful results occur to them.

    Addiction / Teachers copy / p.4 1.3 What are people addicted to?

    Knowledge : Substance addiction and process addiction Skill : Brainstorming, fluency

Base on the definition of addiction you learn in Unit 1.2, list some things that many people

    are addicted to. Classify these things into some categories at your own choice.

     1. alcohol 2. tobacco 3. drug

     4. thinner 5. gasoline 6. gambling