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644Out-of-synchronization

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644Out-of-synchronization

    CWTS STD-DS-25.101 (2002-V5)

    Technical Specification

    3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Networks;

    UE Radio Transmission and Reception (FDD)

    (Release 5)

    Release 5 2 CWTS STD-DS-25.101 (2002-V5)

    Keywords

    UMTS, radio

    CWTS

    Internet

    http://www.cwts.org

    3GPP

    Relea se 5 3 CWTS STD-DS-25.101 (2002-V5) Contents

    Foreword ...................................................................................................................................................... 7 1 Scope .................................................................................................................................................. 8 2 References .......................................................................................................................................... 8 3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations ............................................................................................... 8 3.1 Definitions ........................................................................................................................................................ 8 3.2 Abbreviations .................................................................................................................................................... 9 4 General ............................................................................................................................................. 10 4.1 Relationship between Minimum Requirements and Test Requirements ............................................................. 10 4.2 Power Classes ................................................................................................................................................. 10 5 Frequency bands and channel arrangement ........................................................................................ 11

     5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................... 11

    5.2 Frequency bands .............................................................................................................................................. 11 5.3 TXRX frequency separation........................................................................................................................... 11 5.4 Channel arrangement ....................................................................................................................................... 11 5.4.1 Channel spacing ......................................................................................................................................... 11 5.4.2 Channel raster ............................................................................................................................................ 11 5.4.3 Channel number ......................................................................................................................................... 11 5.4.4 UARFCN ................................................................................................................................................... 12 6 Transmitter characteristics ................................................................................................................ 12 6.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................... 12 6.2 Transmit power ............................................................................................................................................... 12 6.2.1 UE maximum output power ........................................................................................................................ 12 6.3 Frequency Error .............................................................................................................................................. 13 6.4 Output power dynamics ................................................................................................................................... 13 6.4.1 Open loop power control ............................................................................................................................ 13 6.4.1.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 13 6.4.2 Inner loop power control in the uplink ........................................................................................................ 13 6.4.2.1 Power control steps .................................................................................................................................... 13 6.4.2.1.1 Minimum requirement .......................................................................................................................... 14 6.4.3 Minimum output power .............................................................................................................................. 14 6.4.3.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 14 6.4.4 Out-of-synchronization handling of output power ....................................................................................... 14 6.4.4.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 15 6.4.4.2 Test case .................................................................................................................................................... 15 6.5 Transmit ON/OFF power ................................................................................................................................. 16 6.5.1 Transmit OFF power .................................................................................................................................. 16 6.5.1.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 16 6.5.2 Transmit ON/OFF Time mask .................................................................................................................... 16 6.5.2.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 16 6.5.3 Change of TFC .......................................................................................................................................... 18 6.5.3.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 18 6.5.4 Power setting in uplink compressed mode................................................................................................... 19 6.5.4.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 19 6.6 Output RF spectrum emissions......................................................................................................................... 20 6.6.1 Occupied bandwidth................................................................................................................................... 20 6.6.2 Out of band emission ................................................................................................................................. 20 6.6.2.1 Spectrum emission mask ............................................................................................................................ 21 6.6.2.1.1 Minimum requirement .......................................................................................................................... 21 6.6.2.2 Adjacent Channel Leakage power Ratio (ACLR) ........................................................................................ 21 6.6.2.2.1 Minimum requirement .......................................................................................................................... 21 6.6.3 Spurious emissions ..................................................................................................................................... 22 6.6.3.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 22 6.7 Transmit intermodulation................................................................................................................................. 22

    3GPP

    Release 5 4 CWTS STD-DS-25.101 (2002-V5) 6.7.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 22 6.8 Transmit modulation ....................................................................................................................................... 23 6.8.1 Transmit pulse shape filter.......................................................................................................................... 23 6.8.2 Error Vector Magnitude ............................................................................................................................. 23 6.8.2.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 23 6.8.3 Peak code domain error .............................................................................................................................. 23 6.8.3.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 24 7 Receiver characteristics ..................................................................................................................... 24

     7.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................... 24

    7.2 Diversity characteristics ................................................................................................................................... 24 7.3 Reference sensitivity level ............................................................................................................................... 24 7.3.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 24 7.4 Maximum input level....................................................................................................................................... 25 7.4.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 25 7.5 Adjacent Channel Selectivity (ACS) ................................................................................................................ 25 7.5.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 25 7.6 Blocking characteristics ................................................................................................................................... 26 7.6.1 Minimum requirement (In-band blocking) .................................................................................................. 26 7.6.2 Minimum requirement (Out of-band blocking)............................................................................................ 26 7.6.3 Minimum requirement (Narrow band blocking) .......................................................................................... 26 7.7 Spurious response ............................................................................................................................................ 27 7.7.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 27 7.8 Intermodulation characteristics ........................................................................................................................ 27 7.8.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 27 7.8.2 Minimum requirement (Narrow band) ........................................................................................................ 28 7.9 Spurious emissions .......................................................................................................................................... 28 7.9.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 28 8 Performance requirement .................................................................................................................. 29 8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................................... 29 8.2 Demodulation in static propagation conditions ................................................................................................. 29 8.2.1 (void) ......................................................................................................................................................... 29 8.2.2 Demodulation of Forward Access Channel (FACH) .................................................................................... 29 8.2.3 Demodulation of Dedicated Channel (DCH) ............................................................................................... 29 8.2.3.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 29 8.3 Demodulation of DCH in multi-path fading propagation conditions .................................................................. 30 8.3.1 Single Link Performance ............................................................................................................................ 30 8.3.1.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 30 8.4 Demodulation of DCH in moving propagation conditions ................................................................................ 33 8.4.1 Single link performance ............................................................................................................................. 33 8.4.1.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 33 8.5 Demodulation of DCH in birth-death propagation conditions ........................................................................... 33 8.5.1 Single link performance ............................................................................................................................. 33 8.5.1.1 Minimum requirement .......................................................................................................................... 33 8.6 Demodulation of DCH in downlink Transmit diversity modes .......................................................................... 34 8.6.1 Demodulation of DCH in open-loop transmit diversity mode ...................................................................... 34 8.6.1.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 34 8.6.2 Demodulation of DCH in closed loop transmit diversity mode .................................................................... 34 8.6.2.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 35 8.6.3 Demodulation of DCH in Site Selection Diversity Transmission Power Control mode................................. 35 8.6.3.1 Minimum requirements .............................................................................................................................. 35 8.7 Demodulation in Handover conditions ............................................................................................................. 36 8.7.1 Demodulation of DCH in Inter-Cell Soft Handover..................................................................................... 36 8.7.1.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 36 8.7.2 Combining of TPC commands from radio links of different radio link sets .................................................. 37 8.7.2.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 37 8.8 Power control in downlink ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.8.1 Power control in the downlink, constant BLER target ................................................................................. 38 8.8.1.1 Minimum requirements .............................................................................................................................. 38 8.8.2 Power control in the downlink, initial convergence ..................................................................................... 38 8.8.2.1 Minimum requirements .............................................................................................................................. 38

    3GPP

    Release 5 5 CWTS STD-DS-25.101 (2002-V5) 8.8.3 Power control in downlink, wind up effects ................................................................................................ 39 8.8.3.1 Minimum requirements .............................................................................................................................. 39 8.9 Downlink compressed mode ............................................................................................................................ 40 8.9.1 Single link performance ............................................................................................................................. 40 8.9.1.1 Minimum requirements .............................................................................................................................. 40 8.10 Blind transport format detection ................................................................................................................. 41 8.10.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 41 8.11 Detection of Broadcast channel (BCH) ....................................................................................................... 42 8.11.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 42 8.12 Demodulation of Paging Channel (PCH) .................................................................................................... 42 8.12.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 42 8.13 Detection of Acquisition Indicator (AI) ...................................................................................................... 43 8.13.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 43 8.14 Detection of Access Preamble Acquisition Indicator Channel (AP-AICH) ................................................... 43 8.15 Detection of Collision Detection/Channel Assignment Indicator Channel (CD/CA-ICH) ............................. 43 8.16 Demodulation of CPCH Status Indicator Channel (CSICH) ........................................................................ 43 8.16.1 Minimum requirement ................................................................................................................................ 44 Annex A (normative): Measurement channels .............................................................................. 46 A.1 General ............................................................................................................................................. 46 A.2 UL reference measurement channel ................................................................................................... 46 A.2.1 UL reference measurement channel (12.2 kbps) .......................................................................................... 46 A.2.2 UL reference measurement channel (64 kbps) ............................................................................................. 47 A.2.3 UL reference measurement channel (144 kbps) ........................................................................................... 48 A.2.4 UL reference measurement channel (384 kbps) ........................................................................................... 49 A.2.5 UL reference measurement channel (768 kbps) ........................................................................................... 50 A.3 DL reference measurement channel ................................................................................................... 51 A.3.1 DL reference measurement channel (12.2 kbps) .......................................................................................... 51 A.3.2 DL reference measurement channel (64 kbps) ............................................................................................. 52 A.3.3 DL reference measurement channel (144 kbps) ........................................................................................... 53 A.3.4 DL reference measurement channel (384 kbps) ........................................................................................... 53 A.4 DL reference measurement channel for BTFD performance requirements ......................................... 55 A.5 DL reference compressed mode parameters ....................................................................................... 57 A.6 DL reference parameters for PCH tests.............................................................................................. 58 Annex B (normative): Propagation conditions .............................................................................. 59 B.1 General ............................................................................................................................................. 59 B.2 Propagation Conditions ..................................................................................................................... 59 B.2.1 Static propagation condition ....................................................................................................................... 59 B.2.2 Multi-path fading propagation conditions ................................................................................................... 59 B.2.3 Moving propagation conditions .................................................................................................................. 60 B.2.4 Birth-Death propagation conditions ............................................................................................................ 60 Annex C (normative): Downlink Physical Channels ..................................................................... 62 C.1 General ............................................................................................................................................. 62 C.2 Connection Set-up............................................................................................................................. 62 C.3 During connection............................................................................................................................. 62 C.3.1 Measurement of Rx Characteristics ............................................................................................................ 62 C.3.2 Measurement of Performance requirements ................................................................................................ 63 C.3.3 Connection with open-loop transmit diversity mode .................................................................................... 63 C.3.4 Connection with closed loop transmit diversity mode .................................................................................. 64 C.3.5 Connection with tests having DPCCH as a phase reference ......................................................................... 65

    3GPP

    Release 5 6 CWTS STD-DS-25.101 (2002-V5) C.4 W-CDMA Modulated Interferer ........................................................................................................ 65 Annex D (normative): Environmental conditions .......................................................................... 66 D.1 General ............................................................................................................................................. 66 D.2 Environmental requirements ............................................................................................................. 66

     D.2.1 Temperature ............................................................................................................................................... 66

    D.2.2 Voltage ...................................................................................................................................................... 66 D.2.3 Vibration ................................................................................................................................................... 67 Annex E (informative): Change history ........................................................................................... 68

    3GPP

Release 5 7 CWTS STD-DS-25.101 (2002-V5)

    Foreword

    rdThis Technical Specification (TS) has been produced by the 3 Generation Partnership Project (3GPP).

    The contents of the present document are subject to continuing work within the TSG and may change following formal TSG approval. Should the TSG modify the contents of the present document, it will be re-released by the TSG with an identifying change of release date and an increase in version number as follows:

    Version x.y.z

    where:

    x the first digit:

    1 presented to TSG for information;

    2 presented to TSG for approval;

    3 or greater indicates TSG approved document under change control.

    y the second digit is incremented for all changes of substance, i.e. technical enhancements, corrections,

    updates, etc.

    z the third digit is incremented when editorial only changes have been incorporated in the document.

    3GPP

Release 5 8 CWTS STD-DS-25.101 (2002-V5)

    1 Scope

    The present document establishes the minimum RF characteristics of the FDD mode of UTRA for the User Equipment (UE).

    2 References

    The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present document.

    ? References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or

    non-specific.

    ? For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.

    ? For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a 3GPP document (including

    a GSM document), a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same

    Release as the present document.

    [1] (void)

    [2] ITU-R Recommendation SM.329-8: "Spurious emissions".

    [3] (void)

    [4] 3GPP TS 25.433: "UTRAN Iub Interface NBAP Signalling".

    [5] ETSI ETR 273: "Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Improvement

    of radiated methods of measurement (using test sites) and evaluation of the corresponding

    measurement uncertainties; Part 1: Uncertainties in the measurement of mobile radio equipment

    characteristics; Sub-part 2: Examples and annexes".

    [6] 3GPP TS 45.004: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Modulation”.

    3 Definitions, symbols and abbreviations

    3.1 Definitions

    For the purposes of the present document, the following definitions apply:

    Power Spectral Density: The units of Power Spectral Density (PSD) are extensively used in this document. PSD is a function of power versus frequency and when integrated across a given bandwidth, the function represents the mean power in such a bandwidth. When the mean power is normalised to (divided by) the chip-rate it represents the mean energy per chip. Some signals are directly defined in terms of energy per chip, (DPCH_E, E, OCNS_E and S-ccc

    CCPCH_E) and others defined in terms of PSD (I, I, I and Î). There also exist quantities that are a ratio of energy coocoror

    per chip to PSD (DPCH_E/I, E/I etc.). This is the common practice of relating energy magnitudes in corcor

    communication systems.

    It can be seen that if both energy magnitudes in the ratio are divided by time, the ratio is converted from an energy ratio to a power ratio, which is more useful from a measurement point of view. It follows that an energy per chip of X dBm/3.84 MHz can be expressed as a mean power per chip of X dBm. Similarly, a signal PSD of Y dBm/3.84 MHz can be expressed as a signal power of Y dBm.

    Maximum Output Power: This s a measure of the maximum power the UE can transmit (i.e. the actual power as would be measured assuming no measurement error) in a bandwidth of at least (1+ :? times the chip rate of the radio

    access mode. The period of measurement shall be at least one timeslot.

    3GPP

Release 5 9 CWTS STD-DS-25.101 (2002-V5)

    Mean power: When applied to a W-CDMA modulated signal this is the power (transmitted or received) in a bandwidth of at least (1+ :? times the chip rate of the radio access mode. The period of measurement shall be at least one timeslot unless otherwise stated.

    Nominal Maximum Output Power: This is the nominal power defined by the UE power class.

    RRC filtered mean power: The mean power as measured through a root raised cosine filter with roll-off factor and a

    bandwidth equal to the chip rate of the radio access mode.

    NOTE 1: The RRC filtered mean power of a perfectly modulated W-CDMA signal is 0.246 dB lower than the

    mean power of the same signal.

    3.2 Abbreviations

    For the purposes of the present document, the following abbreviations apply:

    ACLR Adjacent Channel Leakage power Ratio

    ACS Adjacent Channel Selectivity

    AICH Acquisition Indication Channel

    BER Bit Error Ratio

    BLER Block Error Ratio

    CW Continuous Wave (un-modulated signal)

    DCH Dedicated Channel, which is mapped into Dedicated Physical Channel.

    DL Down Link (forward link)

    DTX Discontinuous Transmission

    DPCCH Dedicated Physical Control Channel

    DPCH Dedicated Physical Channel

     Average energy per PN chip for DPCH. DPCH_Ec

    DPCH_E The ratio of the transmit energy per PN chip of the DPCH to the total transmit power spectral c

    Ior

    density at the Node B antenna connector.

    DPDCH Dedicated Physical Data Channel

    EIRP Effective Isotropic Radiated Power

     Average energy per PN chip. Ec

    Ec The ratio of the average transmit energy per PN chip for different fields or physical channels to the

    Ior

    total transmit power spectral density.

    FACH Forward Access Channel

    FDD Frequency Division Duplex

    FDR False transmit format Detection Ratio. A false Transport Format detection occurs when the

    receiver detects a different TF to that which was transmitted, and the decoded transport block(s)

    for this incorrect TF passes the CRC check(s).

    F Frequency of unwanted signal. This is specified in bracket in terms of an absolute frequency(s) or uw

    a frequency offset from the assigned channel frequency.

    Information Data Rate

    Rate of the user information, which must be transmitted over the Air Interface. For example,

    output rate of the voice codec.

     The total received power spectral density, including signal and interference, as measured at the UE Io

    antenna connector.

    I The power spectral density (integrated in a noise bandwidth equal to the chip rate and normalized oc

    to the chip rate) of a band limited white noise source (simulating interference from cells, which are

    not defined in a test procedure) as measured at the UE antenna connector.

    I The total transmit power spectral density (integrated in a bandwidth of (1+α) times the chip rate or

    and normalized to the chip rate)of the downlink signal at the Node B antenna connector.

    ˆ The received power spectral density (integrated in a bandwidth of (1+α) times the chip rate and Ior

    normalized to the chip rate) of the downlink signal as measured at the UE antenna connector. MER Message Error Ratio

    3GPP

Release 5 10 CWTS STD-DS-25.101 (2002-V5)

    Node B A logical node responsible for radio transmission / reception in one or more cells to/from the User

    Equipment. Terminates the Iub interface towards the RNC

     Orthogonal Channel Noise Simulator, a mechanism used to simulate the users or control signals on OCNS

    the other orthogonal channels of a downlink link.

     Average energy per PN chip for the OCNS. OCNS_Ec

    OCNS_E The ratio of the average transmit energy per PN chip for the OCNS to the total transmit power c

    Ior

    spectral density.

    P-CCPCH Primary Common Control Physical Channel

     Paging Channel PCH

    Ec The ratio of the received P-CCPCH energy per chip to the total received power spectral density at PCCPCHIo

    the UE antenna connector.

    PCCPCH_E The ratio of the average transmit energy per PN chip for the P-CCPCH to the total transmit power cIor

    spectral density.

    P-CPICH Primary Common Pilot Channel

    PICH Paging Indicator Channel

    PPM Parts Per Million

    <REFSENS> Reference sensitivity

    ˆˆ<REF> Reference IIoror

    RACH Random Access Channel

    SCH Synchronization Channel consisting of Primary and Secondary synchronization channels

     Secondary Common Control Physical Channel. SCCPCH

     Average energy per PN chip for S-CCPCH. SCCPCH_Ec

    SIR Signal to Interference ratio

    SSDT Site Selection Diversity Transmission

    STTD Space Time Transmit Diversity

    TDD Time Division Duplexing

    TFC Transport Format Combination

    TFCI Transport Format Combination Indicator

    TPC Transmit Power Control

    TSTD Time Switched Transmit Diversity

    UE User Equipment

    UL Up Link (reverse link)

    UTRA UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access

    4 General

    4.1 Relationship between Minimum Requirements and Test

    Requirements

    The Minimum Requirements given in this specification make no allowance for measurement uncertainty. The test

    specification 34.121 Annex F defines Test Tolerances. These Test Tolerances are individually calculated for each test.

    The Test Tolerances are used to relax the Minimum Requirements in this specification to create Test Requirements.

    The measurement results returned by the test system are compared without any modification - against the Test Requirements as defined by the shared risk principle.

    The Shared Risk principle is defined in ETR 273 Part 1 sub-part 2 section 6.5. 4.2 Power Classes

    For UE power classes 1 and 2, a number of RF parameter are not specified. It is intended that these are part of a later

    release.

    3GPP

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