To memorize new words and phrases in this unit
To master the grammatical structure
To improve students’ reading skill of skimming.
To learn to write topic sentences for a paragraph
To improve the listening skills for main idea/relationship between people
II. Difficult sentences (10min.)
2.1 Thoreau, alone in his cabin on the pond, his back deliberately turned to the town.
Now, that’s character for you.？L.8-9，
2.2 Thoreau had his own self-importance for company. Perhaps there’s a message
here. The larger the ego, the less the need for other egos around. The more
modest and humble we feel, the more we suffer from solitude, feeling ourselves
2.3 Sentence patterns
. It may not be where we expected to be, but for the time being we might as well a
call it home.
b. On the other hand, to be along on purpose, having rejected company rather than
been cast out by it, is one characteristic of an American hero.
c. They all speak highly of themselves for seeking it out, at least for an hour or
even two before they hurry home for tea.
d. It’s the daily succession of small complaints and observations and opinions that
backs up and chokes us
III. Key words and useful expressions:
solitary,deer,wolf,tame,pond,sunlight,cushion,poetry,handwtiting,kettle,priest,hut,saucer,humble,on purpose, on the other hand ,speak highly of ,set forth, stay up late, might as well do
IV. Time Arrangement
Period Activities Time limit Teaching Method
presentation, discussion, Pre-reading Tasks 45 min. 1 Audio-visual
Qs-and-As, explanation, While-reading Tasks
90 min. exemplification, analysis, 2&3
explanation, Post-reading Tasks 45 min. 4
exemplification, group Exercises 45 min. 5 discussion
exemplification, analysis Reading skills 45 min. 6
Audio-visual, group discussion, Listening & Speaking 90 min. 7&8 communication
Section A Choose to Be Alone on Purpose
st1. Pre-reading (1 period --45 min.)
1. 1 : preview (20 min.): Background Information
Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau: U.S. thinker, essayist, and naturalist (1817 ―1862). Born in Concord, Mass., Thoreau graduated from Harvard University and taught school for several years before deciding to become a poet of nature. In the years 1845 ―1847, to demonstrate how satisfying a simple life could be, he lived in a hut beside Concord’s Walden Pond; essays recording his daily life were assembled for his masterpiece, Walden (1854).
John Milton: English poet (1608 ―1674). Milton attended Cambridge University (1625 ―1632), where he wrote poems in Latin, Italian, and English. He lost his sight in the year of 1651, and thereafter dictated his works. Considered second only to W. Shakespeare in the history of English-language poetry, Milton had an immense influence on later literature.
William Wordsworth: English poet (1770―1850). Orphaned at 13, Wordsworth attended Cambridge University, but remained rootless and virtually penniless until 1795, when a legacy made possible a reunion with his sister Dorothy Wordsworth. In 1843 he became England’s poet laureate. He is regarded as the central figure in the initiation of English Romanticism.
1. 2 Topic-related video (15min.)
1. 3 Topic-related discussion (10min.)
a. How does your public image differ from your private self?
b. Some people prefer to spend most of their time alone. Others like to be with friends
most of the time. Do you prefer to spend your time alone or with friends? c. Many people have a close relationship with their pets. These people treat their birds,
cats, or other animals as members of their family. In your opinion, are such
relationships good? Why or why not?
d. Some students prefer to study alone. Others prefer to study with a group of students. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 1.4 Proverbs:
It is better to be alone than in bad company. 宁可孤独！不交恶友。
A secret between more than two is no secret. 三人知！天下晓。
A still tongue makes a wise head. 寡言为智。
ndrd2. While-reading (2 and 3 periods -- 90 min.)
2. 1 Global reading (30min.)
2. 1. 1 Understand the major details of the text
1) Why is loneliness called a national disease of the U.S.?
All 22 million of people live alone, which suggests that it is an overwhelming phenomenon in the United States.
2)According to the passage, why do poets like the solitary condition? Because they can find inspiration in solitude.
3) Why is it important for a person living alone to talk to others?
The need to talk is the most basic need of a solitary person.
2. 1. 2 Organization of the text (20min.)
1) Main idea of the text (10min.)
The passage focuses on a social phenomenon ---choosing to be alone on purpose. In the U.S., about 22 million people live alone for various reasons. While some people think of loneliness as a sort of national disease, others take it as a characteristic of an American hero. Some great poets and philosophers in the past lived in solitude for inspiration, such as William Wordsworth, John Milton and Henry David Thoreau. However, solitude is hard for people because the need to talk is more basic than the need to listen. So if one lives in solitude, he should stay rational and settle down to enjoy grace and pleasure.
2) Text structure analysis (10min.)
Part One (Para.1): Living alone is a common social phenomenon in USA. In the U.S.,
about 22 million people live alone for various reasons.
Part Two (Para.2): While some people think of loneliness as a sort of national disease,
others take it as a characteristic of an American hero.
Part Three (Para.3-10): Some great poets and philosophers in the past lived in solitude
for inspiration, such as William Wordsworth, John Milton
and Henry David Thoreau.
Part Four (Para.11-16): However, solitude is hard for people because the need to talk
is more basic than the need to listen. So if one lives in
solitude, he should stay rational and settle down to enjoy
grace and pleasure.
2. 2 Detailed reading (60min.)
2. 2. 1 Words and phrases (40min.)
1) on purpose (Title)( purposely
I'm sorry I broke the glass, but I didn't do it on purpose. If you joke with him, he'll think _________________. (你是故意侮辱他)
(you're insulting him on purpose)
2) speak highly of (L.11) (express a good opinion of (sb./sth.) 她对这位新导演评价很高。
She speaks very highly of the new director. The minister ____________, which ran through the entire city. (对这条新修的道路
(spoke highly of the newly-built road)
3) dictate (L.24)( v. say words for sb. else to write down 他向秘书口授了一封信。
He dictated a letter to his secretary.
Rather than trouble to put the composition he creates in his own handwriting, the boy
usually asks his younger sister to write it down while he dictates.
(asks his younger sister to write it down while he dictates)
4) humble (L.39)( a. having a low opinion of oneself 这个人谦恭的举止给法官留下了很好的印象。
The man's humble behavior made a favorable impression on the judge.
Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth American president, was ________. (出身贫寒的人)
(a man of humble origin)
5) soak (L.45) ( v. become thoroughly wet
Walking in the rain for a few minutes, he was soaked to the skin.
I thought I'd better leave my trousers to ___________.(泡一会儿然后再洗)
(soak for a while before getting it washed)
6) back up (L. 53)( support, esp. in an argument
He doesn't back up his arguments with facts. The policeman wouldn't have believed me___________. (要是你没有为我作证)
(if you hadn't backed me up)
7) choke (L. 53) (v. become or make sb. become unable to speak 他气得说不出话来。
Anger choked his words.
He grabbed her by the throat and ____________.
(almost choked her to death)
for a long time or in great detail 8) at length (L. 56) (
He talked at length about his work and family.
_____________________. So why not move on to the next one?
(We have already discussed this matter at length)
9) settle down (L. 65) (start to feel happy and confident with a new situation 他决定结束他流浪的生活在一个小城镇定居下来。
He decided to finish his wandering life and settled down in a small town. He was unhappy when he first went to school, _______________. (他很快安定下来而且还很喜欢学校)
(he soon settled down and liked it very much)
10) might as well (L.61) do sth. because it seems best in the circumstances, though
It's too late to go to the movies so we might as well watch TV at home. No one will eat this food; _______________.？还不如把它扔了吧，
(it might just as well be thrown away)
2. 2. 2 Sentence patterns (10min.)
1，Typical patterns for exemplification:
原句: Consider Dorothy Wordsworth, for instance, helping her brother William put on
his coat, finding his notebook and pencil for him, and waving as he sets forth
into the early spring sunlight to look at flowers all by himself. (L. 13) 就拿多萝西?华兹华斯来说吧！她帮她兄弟威廉穿上外衣！为他找到笔记本和铅
(Just) Consider/Look at sb., for example /instance, …
Consider Kong Fansen, for instance, always valuing the people’s interests above everything else, never bending the law for the benefit of his relatives, and earnestly practicing what he advocates.
2，Typical patterns for preference for doing sth.:
原句(Then, rather than trouble to put it in his own handwriting, he calls the girls to
come back and write it down while he dictates. (L. 21)
Rather than do sth., sb. does (would do) sth. else.
Rather than reject the belief of Marxism on the grounds that it had not been proved by history, he sought to account for Marxism through an analysis of the specific history of the former Soviet Union.
2.2.3 Difficult sentences (10min.)
1) Thoreau, alone in his cabin on the pond, his back deliberately turned to the town.
Now, that’s character for you.？L.8-9，
turn one’s back to: turn so that one is facing the opposite direction
Meaning: Thoreau stayed alone in his cabin on the pond, with the intention of
rejecting the life among others in the town. Now this has become the
lifestyle of ordinary people.
2) Thoreau had his own self-importance for company. Perhaps there’s a message here.
The larger the ego, the less the need for other egos around. The more modest and
humble we feel, the more we suffer from solitude, feeling ourselves inadequate
ego: n. one’s idea or opinion of oneself, or great feeling of one’s own importance and ability
th3. Post-reading (4 period -- 45min.)
3. 1 Useful expressions (25min.)
1. 据最近的统计 by recent count (L. 1)
2. 故意 on purpose (L. 5)
3. 是某人最主要的东西 to be a major commodity for sb. (L. 10) 4. 高度评价 to speak highly of (L. 11)
5. 动身; 阐述 to set forth (L. 14)
6. 毫无疑问 No doubt about it,… (L. 17)
7. ？不，费神做某事 to (not) trouble to do sth. (L. 22)
8. 放松; 伸出; 延长 to stretch out (L. 43)
9. 充满整个房间 to fill up the whole room (L. 44)
10. 熬夜做某事 to stay up late to do sth. (L. 45) 11. 一口气？地， at one sitting (L. 45)
12. 一连串的…… a succession of sth. (L. 53)
13. 堵塞；支持；证实 to back up (L. 53)
14. 详细地说；唠叨不休 to talk at length (L. 56)
15. 跟某人争论某事 to argue with sb. over sth. (L. 58)
16. 保持理性 to stay rational (L. 64)
17. 使自己过得舒服 to make oneself comfortable (L. 65)
18. 把某人，物密封起来 to seal up sb. / sth. (L. 67)
19. 暂时；眼下 for the time being (L. 69)
20. 不妨/还不如做某事 might / may as well do sth. (L. 70)
3. 2 Summary of the text
In the U.S., all 22 million people live alone for one reason or another. While some people think of loneliness as a sort of national disease, others take it as a characteristic of an American hero. Some great poets and philosophers in the past lived in solitude for inspiration, such as William Wordsworth, John Milton and Henry David Thoreau. They all speak highly of themselves for having sought their solitude. William Wordsworth would wave good-bye to his sister before setting off to study the flowers all by himself, while she stayed at home preparing everything for him. Thoreau is seen as admirable because he was living all alone in the woods. He had no one to talk to at all except for numerous daily visitors to his hut who constantly asked him how he could possibly be so noble. However, solitude is not always a good experience. If you live with other people, their temporary absence can be refreshing. But it is different when you live alone: the feeling of loneliness can be very hard because the need to talk is more basic than the need to listen. So if one lives in solitude, he should stay rational and settle down to enjoy grace and pleasure in his condition.
3. 3 Writing
3. 4 Assignments
1) Finish all the exercises of Section A.
2) Preview Section B, including reading skills.
3) Preview Section B, including reading skills.
4. Exercises (5th period--45min.) : Revision
4. 1 check and explain exercises on Page 124-130
4. 2 Error correction
1) The more further they talked about the problem, the more puzzled they became.
A B C D
(A. The further )
2) “Lending money to him! You might as well as throw it into the sea.” She shouted angrily at her
A B C D
(C. as well )
3) Try to find someone suitable for you to live, and then decide on the terms of the roommate
A B C
contract before moving in.
(B. live with)
4) As people try hard to control the planet and make life comfortably, they tend to use up
A B C
resources that are needed for their survival.
(B. comfortable )
5) Friends may refrain from expressing any sympathy because they feel that it might be
inappropriate and embarrassed for her.
4. 3 Text extension
Discussion: If it were possible, would you choose to live all by yourself or to have a large with a
dozen of children?
th5. Reading skill ( 6 period--45min.)
1. 1 Recognizing Paragraph Patterns (II)
In the last unit we saw that paragraph information often appears in patterns that can be recognized or analyzed. Paragraph ideas and information are put together so that we can see them related to each other in certain patterns. This kind of skills is important for us to get a better understanding of the passage we read but it is also crucial for us to make sensible or reasonable predictions as to what is to follow next.
In this unit we will have more practice in recognizing and analyzing paragraph patterns, especially the patterns that we did not cover in our last unit.
5. 2 Examples
Read the first sentence in Paragraph 11, Passage A, Unit 5 and make a prediction about what to come next.
If you live with other people, their temporary absence can be refreshing. (Para. 11, Passage A, Unit 5)
Possible predictions: the advantages of living with other people; the advantages of living with other people especially during their temporary absence; the advantages of living alone. To make the right prediction, we have to read on:
Solitude will end on Thursday. If today I use a singular personal pronoun to refer to myself, next week I will use the plural form. While the others are absent you can stretch out your soul until it fills up the whole room, and use your freedom, coming and going as you please without apology, staying up late to read, soaking in the bath, eating a whole pint of ice cream at one sitting, moving at your own pace. Those absent will be back. Their waterproof winter coats are in the closet and the dog keeps watching for them at the window. (Para. 11, Passage A, Unit 5) Then you would find that the right prediction was: the advantages of living with other people during their temporary absence.
Then continue your reading:
But when you live alone, the temporary absence of your friends and acquaintances leaves a
vacuum; they may never come back. (Para. 11, Passage A, Unit 5)
The word “But” is a clear word of transition, which predicts what is to follow is different from
Then we can come to a conclusion that the paragraph is one of comparison between people who
live with other people even though with a temporary absence and people who live alone.
5. 3 Section B --Text reading
1) strike out (L.2)
make an independent effort
I knew it was time I struck out on my own.
He decided to leave the company to _________________.？开创自己作为作家的事业，
(strike out on his own as a writer)
2) war over (L.5)
fight or argue about
They often warred over who should clean the kitchen.
Mike and John ___________. (一直在为谁娶玛丽为妻而争吵)
(have been warring over who is to marry Mary )
3) stale (L.23)
a. not new; (esp. food)no longer fresh
Their marriage had gone stale.
Open the windows and __________________. (赶走浑浊的空气)
(get rid of the stale air)
4) depression (L.24)
n. the state of being depressed; a period in which there is very little business activity and not many
She went through a long depression after she failed the examination. ________________________________, but it was especially hard on Black Americans. (经济大萧条对所有生活在美国的人产生了很大的冲击)
(The Great Depression had a big impact on all people living in America) 5) tolerate (L.25)
v. put up with
The school cannot tolerate cheating on exams.
________________ made by the group of children outside and decided to do something about it.
(I could no longer tolerate the terrible noise)
6) end up (L. 31)
finish by becoming or by doing sth.
About 50 percent of all marriages in the U.S. end up in divorce.
If you continue to steal, _____________________.(你最终会进监狱的)
(you'll end up in prison)
7) spring from (L.33)
be caused by; start from
All our errors have sprung from carelessness.
His desire to study art __________________________.？纯粹出于对艺术的热爱，
(sprang purely from his love of art，
8) resort to (L.40)
make use of sth. to gain an advatage
He resorted to stealing when in poverty.
That country refused to ___________________ if all the diplomatic efforts failed. (排除诉诸于武力的可能性，
(exclude the possibility of resorting to force)
9) nevertheless (L.48)
ad. despite what has just been said or referred to
The new system had its flaws, but nevertheless it was preferable to the old one. At first, his families did not support him for his crazy idea of becoming a superstar. ________________________________.(然而他最终成功了。)
( Nevertheless, he succeeded in the end.)
10) exclaim (L.57)
v. say or shout sth. suddenly because of surprise, fear, pleasure, etc. 他们对这美丽的景色惊叹不已。
They exclaimed at the beautiful view.
He stopped, __________________, so we gathered round as he scraped the floor with his finger.
(吃惊地叫着) (exclaiming in surprise)
thth6. Listening & Speaking (7 and 8 periods—90min)
6.1 listen to short conversations, long conversation and passages 6.2 learn the skills of listening for main idea/relationship between people 6.3 learn to practice the conversational skills of expressing defining, explaining and