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    Unit Five

    I. Objectives:

    To memorize new words and phrases in this unit

    To master the grammatical structure

    To improve students’ reading skill of skimming.

    To learn to write topic sentences for a paragraph

    To improve the listening skills for main idea/relationship between people

II. Difficult sentences (10min.)

    2.1 Thoreau, alone in his cabin on the pond, his back deliberately turned to the town.

    Now, thats character for you.L.8-9

    2.2 Thoreau had his own self-importance for company. Perhaps there’s a message

    here. The larger the ego, the less the need for other egos around. The more

    modest and humble we feel, the more we suffer from solitude, feeling ourselves

    inadequate company.

    2.3 Sentence patterns

    . It may not be where we expected to be, but for the time being we might as well a

    call it home.

    b. On the other hand, to be along on purpose, having rejected company rather than

    been cast out by it, is one characteristic of an American hero.

    c. They all speak highly of themselves for seeking it out, at least for an hour or

    even two before they hurry home for tea.

    d. It’s the daily succession of small complaints and observations and opinions that

    backs up and chokes us

III. Key words and useful expressions:

    Section/TextA:

    solitary,deer,wolf,tame,pond,sunlight,cushion,poetry,handwtiting,kettle,priest,hut,saucer,humble,on purpose, on the other hand ,speak highly of ,set forth, stay up late, might as well do

IV. Time Arrangement

     1

Period Activities Time limit Teaching Method

    presentation, discussion, Pre-reading Tasks 45 min. 1 Audio-visual

    Qs-and-As, explanation, While-reading Tasks

    90 min. exemplification, analysis, 2&3

    paraphrase, translation

    explanation, Post-reading Tasks 45 min. 4

    exemplification, group Exercises 45 min. 5 discussion

    exemplification, analysis Reading skills 45 min. 6

    Audio-visual, group discussion, Listening & Speaking 90 min. 7&8 communication

    Section A Choose to Be Alone on Purpose

    st1. Pre-reading (1 period --45 min.)

    1. 1 : preview (20 min.): Background Information

    Henry David Thoreau

    Henry David Thoreau: U.S. thinker, essayist, and naturalist (1817 ―1862). Born in Concord, Mass., Thoreau graduated from Harvard University and taught school for several years before deciding to become a poet of nature. In the years 1845 ―1847, to demonstrate how satisfying a simple life could be, he lived in a hut beside Concord’s Walden Pond; essays recording his daily life were assembled for his masterpiece, Walden (1854).

    John Milton

    John Milton: English poet (1608 ―1674). Milton attended Cambridge University (1625 ―1632), where he wrote poems in Latin, Italian, and English. He lost his sight in the year of 1651, and thereafter dictated his works. Considered second only to W. Shakespeare in the history of English-language poetry, Milton had an immense influence on later literature.

    William Wordsworth

    William Wordsworth: English poet (1770―1850). Orphaned at 13, Wordsworth attended Cambridge University, but remained rootless and virtually penniless until 1795, when a legacy made possible a reunion with his sister Dorothy Wordsworth. In 1843 he became England’s poet laureate. He is regarded as the central figure in the initiation of English Romanticism.

    1. 2 Topic-related video (15min.)

    1. 3 Topic-related discussion (10min.)

    a. How does your public image differ from your private self?

    b. Some people prefer to spend most of their time alone. Others like to be with friends

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    most of the time. Do you prefer to spend your time alone or with friends? c. Many people have a close relationship with their pets. These people treat their birds,

    cats, or other animals as members of their family. In your opinion, are such

    relationships good? Why or why not?

    d. Some students prefer to study alone. Others prefer to study with a group of students. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. 1.4 Proverbs:

    It is better to be alone than in bad company. 宁可孤独!不交恶友。

    A secret between more than two is no secret. 三人知!天下晓。

    A still tongue makes a wise head. 寡言为智。

    ndrd2. While-reading (2 and 3 periods -- 90 min.)

    2. 1 Global reading (30min.)

    2. 1. 1 Understand the major details of the text

    1) Why is loneliness called a national disease of the U.S.?

    All 22 million of people live alone, which suggests that it is an overwhelming phenomenon in the United States.

    2)According to the passage, why do poets like the solitary condition? Because they can find inspiration in solitude.

    3) Why is it important for a person living alone to talk to others?

    The need to talk is the most basic need of a solitary person.

    2. 1. 2 Organization of the text (20min.)

    1) Main idea of the text (10min.)

    The passage focuses on a social phenomenon ---choosing to be alone on purpose. In the U.S., about 22 million people live alone for various reasons. While some people think of loneliness as a sort of national disease, others take it as a characteristic of an American hero. Some great poets and philosophers in the past lived in solitude for inspiration, such as William Wordsworth, John Milton and Henry David Thoreau. However, solitude is hard for people because the need to talk is more basic than the need to listen. So if one lives in solitude, he should stay rational and settle down to enjoy grace and pleasure.

2) Text structure analysis (10min.)

    Part One (Para.1): Living alone is a common social phenomenon in USA. In the U.S.,

    about 22 million people live alone for various reasons.

    Part Two (Para.2): While some people think of loneliness as a sort of national disease,

    others take it as a characteristic of an American hero.

    Part Three (Para.3-10): Some great poets and philosophers in the past lived in solitude

    for inspiration, such as William Wordsworth, John Milton

    and Henry David Thoreau.

    Part Four (Para.11-16): However, solitude is hard for people because the need to talk

    is more basic than the need to listen. So if one lives in

    solitude, he should stay rational and settle down to enjoy

    grace and pleasure.

     3

2. 2 Detailed reading (60min.)

    2. 2. 1 Words and phrases (40min.)

    1) on purpose (Title)( purposely

     对不起! 我打碎了玻璃杯!但是我不是故意的。

    I'm sorry I broke the glass, but I didn't do it on purpose. If you joke with him, he'll think _________________. (你是故意侮辱他)

    (you're insulting him on purpose)

    2) speak highly of (L.11) (express a good opinion of (sb./sth.) 她对这位新导演评价很高。

    She speaks very highly of the new director. The minister ____________, which ran through the entire city. (对这条新修的道路

    评价很高)

    (spoke highly of the newly-built road)

    3) dictate (L.24)( v. say words for sb. else to write down 他向秘书口授了一封信。

    He dictated a letter to his secretary.

    Rather than trouble to put the composition he creates in his own handwriting, the boy

    usually asks his younger sister to write it down while he dictates.

    (叫他的妹妹把他口述的内容写下来)

    (asks his younger sister to write it down while he dictates)

    4) humble (L.39)( a. having a low opinion of oneself 这个人谦恭的举止给法官留下了很好的印象。

    The man's humble behavior made a favorable impression on the judge.

    Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth American president, was ________. (出身贫寒的人)

    (a man of humble origin)

5) soak (L.45) ( v. become thoroughly wet

    在雨中走了几分钟后!他浑身湿透了。

    Walking in the rain for a few minutes, he was soaked to the skin.

    I thought I'd better leave my trousers to ___________.(泡一会儿然后再洗)

    (soak for a while before getting it washed)

6) back up (L. 53)( support, esp. in an argument

    他没有用事实来支持自己的观点。

    He doesn't back up his arguments with facts. The policeman wouldn't have believed me___________. (要是你没有为我作证)

    (if you hadn't backed me up)

    7) choke (L. 53) (v. become or make sb. become unable to speak 他气得说不出话来。

     4

Anger choked his words.

    He grabbed her by the throat and ____________.

    (差点把她掐死)

    (almost choked her to death)

     for a long time or in great detail 8) at length (L. 56) (

    他详尽地谈到了他的工作和家庭。

    He talked at length about his work and family.

    _____________________. So why not move on to the next one?

    (我们已经详尽地讨论了这个问题)

    (We have already discussed this matter at length)

    9) settle down (L. 65) (start to feel happy and confident with a new situation 他决定结束他流浪的生活在一个小城镇定居下来。

    He decided to finish his wandering life and settled down in a small town. He was unhappy when he first went to school, _______________. (他很快安定下来而且还很喜欢学校)

    (he soon settled down and liked it very much)

    10) might as well (L.61) do sth. because it seems best in the circumstances, though

    often reluctantly

    去看电影已经太迟了!我们不如就在家看电视吧。

    It's too late to go to the movies so we might as well watch TV at home. No one will eat this food; _______________.?还不如把它扔了吧,

    (it might just as well be thrown away)

2. 2. 2 Sentence patterns (10min.)

    1Typical patterns for exemplification:

    原句: Consider Dorothy Wordsworth, for instance, helping her brother William put on

    his coat, finding his notebook and pencil for him, and waving as he sets forth

    into the early spring sunlight to look at flowers all by himself. (L. 13) 就拿多萝西?华兹华斯来说吧!她帮她兄弟威廉穿上外衣!为他找到笔记本和铅

    笔!向他挥手告别!目送着他走进早春的阳光去独自对花沉思。

    句型提炼(

    (Just) Consider/Look at sb., for example /instance, …

    就拿某人来说,为例吧, ……

    应用(

    就拿孔繁森为例吧!他始终视人民的利益高于一切!他从不徇情枉法!他身体力

    行。

    Consider Kong Fansen, for instance, always valuing the people’s interests above everything else, never bending the law for the benefit of his relatives, and earnestly practicing what he advocates.

    2Typical patterns for preference for doing sth.:

    原句(Then, rather than trouble to put it in his own handwriting, he calls the girls to

     5

    come back and write it down while he dictates. (L. 21)

    然而他并不自己费神将诗歌写下来!而是唤回女儿们!向她们口述!由她们写下

    来。

    句型提炼(

    Rather than do sth., sb. does (would do) sth. else.

    某人不是?做,……, 而是……

    应用(

    他并没有因为马克思主义的观点没有被历史证明过而否认它!而是试图通过对前

    苏联特定历史的研究来解释马克思主义。

    Rather than reject the belief of Marxism on the grounds that it had not been proved by history, he sought to account for Marxism through an analysis of the specific history of the former Soviet Union.

2.2.3 Difficult sentences (10min.)

    1) Thoreau, alone in his cabin on the pond, his back deliberately turned to the town.

    Now, thats character for you.L.8-9

    梭罗独居在湖畔的小屋!有意抛弃了城市生活。现在!这成了你的个性。

    turn one’s back to: turn so that one is facing the opposite direction

    Meaning: Thoreau stayed alone in his cabin on the pond, with the intention of

    rejecting the life among others in the town. Now this has become the

    lifestyle of ordinary people.

    2) Thoreau had his own self-importance for company. Perhaps there’s a message here.

    The larger the ego, the less the need for other egos around. The more modest and

    humble we feel, the more we suffer from solitude, feeling ourselves inadequate

    company.

    梭罗以自尊自重为伴。也许这里的启示是(自我意识越强!就越不需要其他的人

    在周围。我们越是感觉谦卑!就越受孤独的折磨!感到仅与自己相处远远不够。

    L.38-40

    ego: n. one’s idea or opinion of oneself, or great feeling of one’s own importance and ability

    th3. Post-reading (4 period -- 45min.)

    3. 1 Useful expressions (25min.)

    1. 据最近的统计 by recent count (L. 1)

    2. 故意 on purpose (L. 5)

    3. 是某人最主要的东西 to be a major commodity for sb. (L. 10) 4. 高度评价 to speak highly of (L. 11)

    5. 动身; 阐述 to set forth (L. 14)

    6. 毫无疑问 No doubt about it, (L. 17)

    7. ?不,费神做某事 to (not) trouble to do sth. (L. 22)

    8. 放松; 伸出; 延长 to stretch out (L. 43)

    9. 充满整个房间 to fill up the whole room (L. 44)

    10. 熬夜做某事 to stay up late to do sth. (L. 45) 11. 一口气?地, at one sitting (L. 45)

     6

12. 一连串的…… a succession of sth. (L. 53)

    13. 堵塞;支持;证实 to back up (L. 53)

    14. 详细地说;唠叨不休 to talk at length (L. 56)

    15. 跟某人争论某事 to argue with sb. over sth. (L. 58)

    16. 保持理性 to stay rational (L. 64)

    17. 使自己过得舒服 to make oneself comfortable (L. 65)

    18. 把某人,物密封起来 to seal up sb. / sth. (L. 67)

    19. 暂时;眼下 for the time being (L. 69)

    20. 不妨/还不如做某事 might / may as well do sth. (L. 70)

    3. 2 Summary of the text

    In the U.S., all 22 million people live alone for one reason or another. While some people think of loneliness as a sort of national disease, others take it as a characteristic of an American hero. Some great poets and philosophers in the past lived in solitude for inspiration, such as William Wordsworth, John Milton and Henry David Thoreau. They all speak highly of themselves for having sought their solitude. William Wordsworth would wave good-bye to his sister before setting off to study the flowers all by himself, while she stayed at home preparing everything for him. Thoreau is seen as admirable because he was living all alone in the woods. He had no one to talk to at all except for numerous daily visitors to his hut who constantly asked him how he could possibly be so noble. However, solitude is not always a good experience. If you live with other people, their temporary absence can be refreshing. But it is different when you live alone: the feeling of loneliness can be very hard because the need to talk is more basic than the need to listen. So if one lives in solitude, he should stay rational and settle down to enjoy grace and pleasure in his condition.

    3. 3 Writing

    3. 4 Assignments

    1) Finish all the exercises of Section A.

    2) Preview Section B, including reading skills.

    3) Preview Section B, including reading skills.

4. Exercises (5th period--45min.) : Revision

    4. 1 check and explain exercises on Page 124-130

    4. 2 Error correction

    1) The more further they talked about the problem, the more puzzled they became.

     A B C D

    (A. The further )

    2) “Lending money to him! You might as well as throw it into the sea.” She shouted angrily at her

     A B C D

    husband.

     (C. as well )

    3) Try to find someone suitable for you to live, and then decide on the terms of the roommate

     A B C

    contract before moving in.

     7

     D

    (B. live with)

    4) As people try hard to control the planet and make life comfortably, they tend to use up

     A B C

    resources that are needed for their survival.

     D

     (B. comfortable )

    5) Friends may refrain from expressing any sympathy because they feel that it might be

     A B

    inappropriate and embarrassed for her.

     C D

     (D. embarrassing)

4. 3 Text extension

    Discussion: If it were possible, would you choose to live all by yourself or to have a large with a

    dozen of children?

    th5. Reading skill ( 6 period--45min.)

    1. 1 Recognizing Paragraph Patterns (II)

    In the last unit we saw that paragraph information often appears in patterns that can be recognized or analyzed. Paragraph ideas and information are put together so that we can see them related to each other in certain patterns. This kind of skills is important for us to get a better understanding of the passage we read but it is also crucial for us to make sensible or reasonable predictions as to what is to follow next.

    In this unit we will have more practice in recognizing and analyzing paragraph patterns, especially the patterns that we did not cover in our last unit.

    5. 2 Examples

    Example 1:

    Read the first sentence in Paragraph 11, Passage A, Unit 5 and make a prediction about what to come next.

    If you live with other people, their temporary absence can be refreshing. (Para. 11, Passage A, Unit 5)

    Possible predictions: the advantages of living with other people; the advantages of living with other people especially during their temporary absence; the advantages of living alone. To make the right prediction, we have to read on:

    Solitude will end on Thursday. If today I use a singular personal pronoun to refer to myself, next week I will use the plural form. While the others are absent you can stretch out your soul until it fills up the whole room, and use your freedom, coming and going as you please without apology, staying up late to read, soaking in the bath, eating a whole pint of ice cream at one sitting, moving at your own pace. Those absent will be back. Their waterproof winter coats are in the closet and the dog keeps watching for them at the window. (Para. 11, Passage A, Unit 5) Then you would find that the right prediction was: the advantages of living with other people during their temporary absence.

    Then continue your reading:

     8

     But when you live alone, the temporary absence of your friends and acquaintances leaves a

    vacuum; they may never come back. (Para. 11, Passage A, Unit 5)

     The word “But” is a clear word of transition, which predicts what is to follow is different from

    the previous.

    Then we can come to a conclusion that the paragraph is one of comparison between people who

    live with other people even though with a temporary absence and people who live alone.

    5. 3 Section B --Text reading

    1) strike out (L.2)

    make an independent effort

    我知道是自己独立的时候了。

    I knew it was time I struck out on my own.

    He decided to leave the company to _________________.?开创自己作为作家的事业,

    (strike out on his own as a writer)

    2) war over (L.5)

    fight or argue about

    他们常常为谁来清理厨房争吵不休。

    They often warred over who should clean the kitchen.

    Mike and John ___________. (一直在为谁娶玛丽为妻而争吵)

    (have been warring over who is to marry Mary )

    3) stale (L.23)

    a. not new; (esp. food)no longer fresh

    他们的婚姻已经没有新鲜感了。

    Their marriage had gone stale.

    Open the windows and __________________. (赶走浑浊的空气)

    (get rid of the stale air)

    4) depression (L.24)

    n. the state of being depressed; a period in which there is very little business activity and not many

    jobs

    她在考试不及格之后经历了很长的一段情绪低落期。

    She went through a long depression after she failed the examination. ________________________________, but it was especially hard on Black Americans. (经济大萧条对所有生活在美国的人产生了很大的冲击)

    (The Great Depression had a big impact on all people living in America) 5) tolerate (L.25)

    v. put up with

    学校无法容忍考试作弊现象。

    The school cannot tolerate cheating on exams.

    ________________ made by the group of children outside and decided to do something about it.

    (我再也无法容忍那个可怕的吵闹声)

    (I could no longer tolerate the terrible noise)

    6) end up (L. 31)

    finish by becoming or by doing sth.

    在美国有百分五十的婚姻是以离婚而告终。

    About 50 percent of all marriages in the U.S. end up in divorce.

     9

If you continue to steal, _____________________.(你最终会进监狱的)

    (you'll end up in prison)

    7) spring from (L.33)

    be caused by; start from

    我们所有的错误都源自粗心大意。

    All our errors have sprung from carelessness.

    His desire to study art __________________________.?纯粹出于对艺术的热爱,

    (sprang purely from his love of art

    8) resort to (L.40)

     make use of sth. to gain an advatage

    他在穷困中靠行窃度日。

    He resorted to stealing when in poverty.

    That country refused to ___________________ if all the diplomatic efforts failed. (排除诉诸于武力的可能性,

    (exclude the possibility of resorting to force)

    9) nevertheless (L.48)

    ad. despite what has just been said or referred to

    这套新系统有它自身的缺陷!但还是比旧的好。

    The new system had its flaws, but nevertheless it was preferable to the old one. At first, his families did not support him for his crazy idea of becoming a superstar. ________________________________.(然而他最终成功了。)

    ( Nevertheless, he succeeded in the end.)

    10) exclaim (L.57)

    v. say or shout sth. suddenly because of surprise, fear, pleasure, etc. 他们对这美丽的景色惊叹不已。

    They exclaimed at the beautiful view.

    He stopped, __________________, so we gathered round as he scraped the floor with his finger.

    (吃惊地叫着) (exclaiming in surprise)

    thth6. Listening & Speaking (7 and 8 periods90min)

    6.1 listen to short conversations, long conversation and passages 6.2 learn the skills of listening for main idea/relationship between people 6.3 learn to practice the conversational skills of expressing defining, explaining and

    interpreting

Reflections :

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