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FDD_2012_IYPT_Reference_kit

By Wendy Gomez,2014-07-12 02:19
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FDD_2012_IYPT_Reference_kit2012

    First day draft //

    Preparation to the Young Physicists‘ Tournaments‘ 2012

    1 2 3 Ilya Martchenko, Maciej Malinowski, and Michał Oszmaniec

    1 2 3

    Université de Fribourg and Lunds universitet; University of Oxford; Uniwersytet Warszawski

Call for cooperation

     If you are interested in the idea behind the kit to structure some earlier knowledge about

    the physics behind the problems and to encou rag e students to contrast their personal

     contribution from this knowledge your cooperation is welcome

     If more contributors join the work on the kit for 2012, or plan bringing together the kit for 2013,

    good editions may be completed earlier

     It would be of b enefit for everybody,

     students and team leaders, who would have an early reference (providing a first impetus

    to the work) and a strong warning that IYPT is all about appropriate, novel research, and

    not about ―re-inventing the wheel‖

     jurors, who would have a brief, informal supporting material, possibly making them more

    skeptical and objective about the presentations

     the audience outside the IYPT, who benefits from the structured references in e.g. physics

    popularization activities and physics teaching

     the IYPT, as a community and a center of competence, that generates vibrant, state-of-the-

    art research problems, widely used in oth er activities and at other events

     and also the author(s) of th e kit, who could rapidly acquire a competence for the future

    activities and have a great learning experience

How to tackle the IYPT problems?

     How to structure a report? Look through the historical solutions in the Archive :-)

     What level is competitive?

     How to set goals, decide on an opportunity for goal-oriented

    the priorities, and set the critical learning

    direction of the work? examples, not guidelines

     How were people accessing those solutions are good, but yours

    should be better! particular issues in the past?

    Habits and customs

     Originality and independence of your work is always considered as of a first priority

     There is no ―correct answer‖ to any of the IYPT problems

     Having a deep background knowledge about earlier work in a given field may certainly

    be a plus

     Taking ideas without citing will seemingly be a serious misconduct

     Critically distinguishing between personal contribution and common knowledge is likely

    to be appreciated

     Reading more in a non-native language may be very helpful

     Local libraries and institutions can always help in getting access to paid articles in

    journals, books and databases

     Is IYPT all about reinventing the wheel, or innovating, creating, discovering, and being

    able to contrast own work with earlier knowledge and the achievements of others?

     Is IYPT all about competing, or about developing professional personal standards?

Important information

     The basic goal of this kit is not in providing students with a start-to-finish manual or in limiting their

    creativity, but in encouraging them to

     regard their work critically,

     look deeper,

     have a better background knowledge,

     be skeptical in embedding their projects into the standards of professional research,

     and, as of a first priority, be attentive in not ―re-inventing the wheel‖

     An early exposure to the culture of scientific citations, and developing a responsible attitude toward

    making own work truly novel and original, is assumed to be a helpful learning experience in

    developing necessary standards and attitudes

     Good examples are known when the kit has been used as a concise supporting material for jurors and

    the external community; the benefits were in having the common knowledge structured and better

    visible

     Even if linked from iypt.org, this file is not a official, binding release of the IYPT, and should under no

    circumstances be considered as a collection of authoritative ―musts‖ or ―instructions‖ for whatever

    competition

     Serious conclusions will be drawn, up to discontinuing the project in its current form, if systematic

    misuse of the kit is detected, such as explicit failure of citing properly, replacing own research with a

    compilation, or interpreting the kit itself as a binding ―user guide‖

     All suggestions, feedback, and criticism about the kit are warmly appreciated :-)

    These problems have no solution?

     ―But, my dear fellows,‖ said Feodor Simeonovich, having deciphered the handwriting. ―This is Ben Beczalel‘s problem! Didn‘t Cagliostro prove that it had no solution?‖

     ―We know that it has no solution, too,‖ said Junta. ―But we wish to learn how to solve it.

     ―How strangely you reason, Cristo… How can you look for a solution, where it does not exist? It‘s some sort of nonsense.‖

     ―Excuse me, Feodor, but it‘s you who are reasoning strangely. It‘s nonsense to look for a solution if it already exists. We are talking about how to deal with a problem that has no solution. This is a question of profound principle…‖

Arkady Strugatsky and Boris Strugatsky

    Quote from: Arkady Strugatsky and Boris Strugatsky. Monday Begins on Saturday.

    Translated from the Russian. (The Young Guard Publishing House, Moscow, 1966)

    Requirements for a successful IYPT report

     A novel research, not a surv ey or a compilation of known facts

     A balance between experimental investigation and theoretical analysis

     A comprehensible, logical and interesting presentation, not a detailed description of

    everything-you-have-performed-and-thought-about

     A clear understanding of the validity of your experiments, and how exactly you analyzed

    the obtained data

     A clear understanding of what physical model is used, and why it is considered

    appropriate

     A clear understanding of what your theory relies upon, and in what limits it may be

    applied

     Comparison of your theory with your experiments

     Clear conclusions and clear answers to the raised questions, especially those in the task

     A clear understanding of what is your novel contribution, in comparison to previous

    studies

     Solid knowledge of relevant physics

     Proofread nice-looking slides

     An unex pected trick, such as a demonstration in situ, will always be a plus

    The jury would like to understand…

     What did you actually do?

     Why did you do it?

     How well did you do it?

     Were you able to voice important questions and provide grounded

    answers?

     What was your major contribution to the understanding of the

    phenomenon?

     Can you judge the achievements and limits of your work in an objective,

    skeptical and self-confident manner?

     Are you proficient in relevant physics concepts?

     Were you a self starter?

     Could you be left unsupervised?

    http://iruka.la.coocan.jp/science/GaussRifle/images/AcceleratorPhoto.png

    Problem No. 1 ―Gaussi an cannon‖ A sequence of identical steel balls includes a strong magnet and lies in a nonmagnetic channel. Another steel ball is rolled towards them and collides with the end ba ll. The ball at the opposite end of the sequence is ejected at a surprisingly high velocity. Optimize the magnet's position for the greatest effect.

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