Implications for researchers and practitioners Factor analysis of scales measuring independent varia

By Tiffany Harris,2014-06-13 19:22
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Implications for researchers and practitioners Factor analysis of scales measuring independent varia

Research highlights

    ? We pinpoint frequent lexical items used in international construction discourse. ? The mixed method

    approach shows how lexical items constitute discursive practices. ? We compare international

    construction discourse with business and everyday English. ? Actual interactions involving English as a

    professional lingua franca are analysed.

    Project success and project team management: Evidence from capital projects in the process industries Original Research Article

    Journal of Operations Management

    The purpose of this research is to identify and interpret statistically significant lexicogrammatical items that are used in on-site spoken communication in the international construction industry, initially through comparisons with reference corpora of everyday spoken and business language. Several data sources, including audio and video recordings, interviews, expert informant insights and observation notes are operationalised to understand the context that the lexicogrammatical items reflexively constitute, for instance the discursive practices the engineers invoke in their working day. As in other workplaces, several types of interpersonal items are statistically significant when compared to everyday talk, such as deontic modality, hedges and fillers, certain back channels and the pronoun we. Also, place deixis is

    statistically significant in this specific context, and is often accompanied by non-verbal communication and visual images. These findings shed light on the way power and solidarity are negotiated in this context, and on the importance of face. In conclusion, the authors recommend training for inexperienced engineers and engineering students that develops their problem-solving, relationship-building and communication skills.

    Article Outline

    1. Introduction

    2. Methodology

    2.1. Context

    2.2. Data gathering methods

    2.3. Analysis

    2.4. Interpersonal discourse

3. Results and discussion

    3.1. Keywords

    3.2. Clusters

    3.3. Deontic modality

    3.4. Non-verbal communication, visual aids and deixis

    4. Conclusions

    Appendix A

    Appendix B



    Efficient project execution is a key business objective in many domains and particularly so for capital projects in the process industries, but existing project management research gives little direction about how project team factors influence three important capital project outcomes: cost, schedule, and operability. After an extensive cross-disciplinary review of the general team and project management literatures, we constructed and tested a theoretically based, five-dimensional model of organizational context, project team design, project team leadership, project team processes, and project outcome factors. We examined the model by means of an empirical study of 56 newly completed capital projects executed by 15 Fortune 500 companies in the process industries. The results indicate the value of disaggregating project outcomes for research purposes. Different bundles of project team factors were found to drive project cost, schedule, and operability. Project team efficacy, cross-functional project teams, autonomous project team structure, and virtual office usage were the strongest predictors of project cost effectiveness. Continuity of project leadership, cross-functional project teams, and project manager incentives were the strongest predictors of project construction schedule. In contrast, clear project goals and an office design to facilitate effective communication were the main predictors of plant operability. Implications of these findings for researchers and project practitioners are discussed. One major practical implication of our findings is that project managers need to clearly focus and prioritize their goals for each project so they can adopt the appropriate bundles of project team practices that will facilitate their goal achievement.

    Article Outline 1. Introduction

    2. Literature review

    3. Proposed conceptual model

    3.1. Organizational context

    3.1.1. Clear goals

    3.1.2. Senior management support

    3.2. Project team design

    3.2.1. Cross-functionally integrated project teams 3.2.2. Autonomous project team structure 3.2.3. Experience

    3.2.4. Continuity of project team membership 3.2.5. Office design to facilitate effective communication

    3.2.6. Co-location

    3.2.7. Virtual office usage

    3.3. Project team leadership

    3.3.1. Project manager continuity

    3.3.2. Project manager incentives

    3.4. Project team processes

    3.4.1. Problem-solving

    3.4.2. Generalized project team efficacy/potency 3.5. Project outcomes

    4. Research methodology

    4.1. Sample

    4.2. Measures

    4.2.1. Independent variables: project inputs 4.2.2. Dependent variables: project outputs Project cost Project schedule Plant operability

    4.3. Scale validity and reliability

    4.4. Level-of-analysis

    5. Results

    5.1. Project cost

    5.2. Project schedule

    5.3. Project operability

    6. Discussion

    6.1. Limitations and benefits of the study

    7. Implications for researchers and practitioners


    Appendix A. Factor analysis of survey instrument

    A.1. Factor analysis of scales measuring independent variables


51,685 articles found for: pub-date > 1977 and tak(((Arabic translation) or translation or

    interpretation or skilled or construction or building or materials or projects or willing or work or international or project) and (management or Careful or precise or pragmatic or responsible or dedicated or professional or quality) and ( team or good or communication or skills or Engineering or construction or industry or terms or familiar or Bachelor or degree or English or Arabic or preferred ))

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    Automation in Construction

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    Specific Purposes

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    Construction programme management theory and practice: Contextual and pragmatic approach Original Research Article

    International Journal of Project Management

阿拉伯语 翻译 建筑 建材 工程 口译 笔译 熟练 愿意 从事 国际 工程 项目 管理 工作

    敬业踏实 认真负责 细心严谨 良好的 职业 素质 团队 精神 沟通 协调 能力

    熟知 工程建筑 行业术语 阿拉伯语 专业 本科 以上 学历 英语 优先

    Arabic translation of the translation and interpretation skilled construction and building materials projects are willing to work in international project management Careful and precise pragmatic responsible dedicated professional quality team good communication skills

    Engineering and construction industry terms familiar Bachelor degree in English in Arabic preferred

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