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Weekly 12A

By Todd Stephens,2014-02-17 11:27
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Weekly 12A

    Weekly 12A

    第一节 完形填空

    Japanese high school students do not drive cars. Many either walk or ride bicycles if distance is not too great. In other cases, a lot of students must 21 public buses and trains, often changing lines

    several times in order to reach their 22 . it is common for students to 23 two or more hours each

    day on public transportation. After junior high school, students attend schools 24 standardized high

    school entrance examination scores. As a result some students travel a great distance to attend the school. The school day begins at 8:30, so students may leave home as early as 6:30. While some students sleep or study during their long travel, public transportation also 25 a chance for socializing with

    peers. Students 26 to school is regulated by school policies. There policies may forbid 27 activities

    in publicchewing gum, consuming snacks, reading books 28 walkinganything that might reflect

    29 on the reputation of the school. Each school has a unique uniform that makes its students easily identifiable to the public. School policies often require students to 30 on buses and trains, leaving

    seats open for other passengers in order to show his thoughtfulness towards others. 21. A. go B .have C. take D. get

    22. A. homes B. destinations C. schools D. classrooms

    23. A. take B. cost C. spend D .have

    24. A. result from B. built up C. based on D .due to

    25. A. gives B. offers C. sends D .takes

    26. A. on the way B. in the way C .by the way D. at the way

    27. A. sure B. certain C. special D. probable

    28. A. but B. without C. instead of D . while

    29. A. worse B. well C. badly D. truly

    30. A. silence B. sit C. seat D. stand

    第二节 语法填空

    We may be very 31 (please) with the rapid progress we have made in every field of study, but we have almost done nothing to improve our present 32 (exam) systems which focus 33 testing the

    students’ memory instead of their 34 (able). As soon as a child begins school, he enters a world of examination 35 will decide his future of job. In fact a good examination stystem should encourage students to think for themselves. But the examination now does anything but that. It forces the students to remember 36 is taught to get high marks. Thus the students who come out first in the examination often many be the 37 (good) in their studies. In addition, such 38 examination

    system often drives teachers to cram all the time and forces them to train students what to do with the 39 (come) examination.

     There must be a better way to test a students true ability as 40 as their knowledge.

    第三节 阅渎理解

    A

    I began working in journalism when I was eight. It was my mother’s idea. She wanted me to “make something” of myself, and decided I had better start young if I was to have any chance of keeping up with the competition.

    With my load of magazines I headed toward Belleville Avenue. The crowds were there. There were two gas stations on the corner of Belleville and Union. For several hours I made myself highly visible, making sure everyone could see me and the heavy black letters on the bag that said THE SATURDAY

    EVENING POST. When it was supper time, I walked back home.

    “How many did you sell, my boy?” my mother asked.

    “None.”

    “Where did you go?”

    “The corner of Belleville and Union Avenues.”

    “What did you do?”

    “Stood on the corner waiting for somebody to buy a Saturday Evening Post.”

    “You just stood there?”

    “Didn’t sell a single one.”

    “My God, Russell!”

    Uncle Allen put in, “Well, I’ve decided to take the Post.” I handed him a copy and he paid me a

    nickle(五分镍币). It was the first nickle I earned.

    Afterwards my mother taught me how to be a salesman. I would have to ring doorbells, address adults with self-confidence, and persuade them by saying that no one, no matter how poor, could afford to be without the Saturday Evening Post in the home.

    One day, I told my mother I’d changed my mind. I didn’t want to make a success in the magazine business.

    “If you think you can change your mind like this,” she replied, “you’ll become a good-for-nothing.”

    She insisted that, as soon as school was over, I should start ringing doorbells, selling magazines. Whenever I said no, she would scold me.

    My mother and I had fought this battle almost as long as I could remember. My mother, dissatisfied with my father’s plain workman’s life, determined that I would not grow up like him and

    his people. But never did she expect that, forty years later, such a successful journalist as me would go back to her husband’s people for true life and love.

    41. Why did the boy start his job young?

    A. He wanted to be famous in the future. B. The job was quite easy for him. C. His mother had high hopes for him. D. The competition for the job was fierce. 42. From the dialogue between the boy and his mother, we learn that the mother was _______. A. excited B. interested C. ashamed D. disappointed

    43. What did the mother do when the boy wanted to give up?

    A. She forced him to continue. B. She punished him.

    C. She gave him some money. D. She changed her plan.

    44. What can we learn from the story?

    A. The author wanted to be as plain as his father when he was young.

    B. The author was a success as a journalist. C. The authors mother didnt enjoy true life and love.

    D. The authors mother hated her husband very much .

    45. What is the text mainly about?

    A. The early life of a journalist. B. The early success of a journalist.

    C. The happy childhood of the writer. D. The important role of the writer in his family.

    B

    Without most people realizing it, there has been a revolution in office work over the last ten years. Before that time, large computers were only used by large, rich companies that could afford the investment. With the advancement of technology, small computers have come onto the market, which are capable of doing the work that used to be done by much larger and expensive computers, so now most smaller companies can use them

    The main development in small computers has been in the field of word processors (处理器) , or

    WPS as they are often called. 40% of British offices are now estimated to have a word processor and this percentage is growing fast.

    There are many advantages in using a word processor for both secretary and manager. The secretary is freed from a lot of daily work, such as re-typing letters and storing papers. He or she can use this time to do other more interesting work for the boss. From a manager’s point of view, secretarial

    time is being made better use of and money can be saved by doing daily jobs automatically outside office hours.

    But is it all good? If a lot of daily secretarial work can be done automatically, surely this will mean that fewer secretaries will be needed. Another worry is the increasing medical problems related to work with visual display units (显示器). The case of a slow loss of sight among people using word processors seems to have risen greatly. It is also feared that if a woman works at a VDU for long hours, the unborn child in her body might be killed. Safety screens to put over a VDU have been invented but few companies in England bother to buy them.

    Whatever the arguments for and against word processor, they are a key feature (特征) of this

    revolution in office practice.

    46. Ten years ago, smaller companies did not use large computers because_________.

    A. these companies had not enough money to buy such expensive computers

    B. these computers could not do the work that small computers can do today

    C. these computers did not come onto the market

    D. these companies did not need to use this new technology

    47. According to the writer, the main feature of the revolution in office work over the last ten years is _. A. the saving of time and money B. the use of computers in small companies

    C. the wide use of word processors D. the decreasing number of secretaries

    48. It is implied but not directly stated in the passage that with the use of word processors _________. A. some secretaries will lose their jobs B. daily jobs can be done automatically outside office hours C. medical problems related to work with a VDU have increased greatly

    D. the British companies will make less money

    49. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

    A. There are both advantages and disadvantages in using a word processor.

    B. The British companies care much for the health of the people using word processors. C. The technology in the field of computers has been greatly advanced over the last ten years. D. Using word processors, secretaries can get more time to do more interesting work for their bosses. 50. It can be concluded from the passage that ________.

A. safety screens are of poor quality B. working at a VDU for a long time is good for one’s health

    C. more and more British offices will use word processors

    D. British companies will need fewer and fewer managers

    C

    A small dog should be belly-up after eating a handful MMs, at least according to conventional

    wisdom. But watching Moose, a friends five-pound Chihuahua, race around a living room after his sweet snack makes one wonder: Is chocolate truly poisonous to dogs?

    Dogs and humans have similar tastes. But unlike humans, our companions experience dangerous effects from eating chocolate it can poison them and in some cases is fatal. Chocolates danger to

    dogs depends on its quality.

    Chocolate is processed from the bitter seeds of the cocoa tree, which contain a family of compounds known as methylxanthines,一种衍生物!. This class of substances includes caffeine and the related chemical theobromine(可可碱). Chocolate contains a significant amount of theobromine and smaller amounts of caffeine. These chemicals can cause a dogs heart to race up to twice its normal rate, and some dogs may run around as if they drank a gallon of espresso, according to Hackett.

    Dogs are capable of handling some chocolate, but it depends on the animals weight and the type of

    chocolate it eats. Unsweetened baking chocolate contains more than six times as much theobromine as milk chocolate, although amounts vary between cocoa beans as well as different brands of chocolate. Less than four ounces of milk chocolate is potentially fatal for Moose and other small dogs.

    Around every confection-centered holiday Valentines Day, Easter and Christmas at least

    three or four dogs are hospitalized overnight in the animal medical center at Colorado State. But in 16 years, Hackett has seen just one dog die from chocolate poisoning, and he suspects it may have had an underlying disease that made it more exposed to chocolates heart racing effect.

    51. The underlined expression belly-up probably means______.

    A. dead B. poisonous C. running around D. having a headache 52. All of the following are true EXCEPT______.

    A. chocolates danger to dogs depends on its quantity and quality

    B. people buy lots of chocolate around Valentines Day

    C. an ounce of unsweetened baking chocolate is safe for Moose

    D. there must be some theobromine or caffeine in espresso

    53. What can we learn about Hackett?

    A. He is an animal doctor. B. He is a pet shop owner.

    C. He is the owner of Moose D. He is a doctor in a small hospital. 54. It can be inferred from the passage that Hackett believes that______. A. chocolate is truly deadly to dogs B. its OK to give chocolate to a big dog

    C. pets are usually ignored around confection-centered holidays

    D. a healthy dog probably could survive a chocolate poisoning

    55. The passage is mainly about______.

    A. the poisoning of Moose B. the compounds of different chocolates C. a handful MMs chocolate is poisonous

    D. the relation between methylxanthines and chocolate poisoning

    Weekly 12B

    第一节(完形填空

    Wise buying is a positive way in which you can make your money go further. The way you go about purchasing an article or a service can actually __21__ your money or can add __22__ the cost.

    Take the __23__ example of a hairdryer. If you are buying a hairdryer, you might think that you are making the __24__ buy if you choose one whose look you like and which is also the cheapest __25__ price. But when you get it home you may find that it _26__ twice as long as a more expensive model to dry your hair. The cost of the electricity plus the cost of your time could well __27__ your hairdryer the most expensive one of all.

    So what principles should you adopt when you go out shopping? If you __28__ your home, your car or any valuable __29__ in excellent condition, youll be saving money in the long run.

    Before you buy a new appliance, talk to someone who owns one. If you can, use it or borrow it to check whether it suits your particular __30__. Before you buy an expensive item or a service, do check the price and what is on offer. If possible, choose from three items or three estimates. 21 A save B preserve C raise D retain

    22 A up B to C in D on

    23 A easy B single C simple D similar

    24 A most B fullest C best D cheapest

    25 A for B with C in D on

    26 A spends B takes C lasts D consumes

    27 A cause B make C leave D prove

    28 A reserve B decorate C store D keep

    29 A products B possession C material D ownership

    30 A function B purpose C goal D task

    第二节 语法填空

     Most people dont know how hard it is to collect those fascinating birds and animals in the zoo. They always asked me how I became __31__ animal collector in the first place. The answer is that I have always been interested in animals and zoos. According to my parents, the __32__ word I was able to say was not the conventional mamma or daddy, __33__ the word zoo, which I would repeat

    over and over again __34__ someone would take me to the zoo. When I grew a little older, we lived in Greece and I had a great __35__ of pets, and I spent all my spare time __36__(explore) the countryside in search of fresh specimens to add to my collection of pets. Later on I went for a year to the City Zoo to get experience of the large animals, such as lions, bears and ostriches, __37__ were not easy to keep at home. When I left, I __38__ (success) had enough money of my own to be able to finance my first trip and I have been going regularly ever since then. Though a collectors job is not an easy one and is full of

    __39__( disappoint), it is certainly a job which will appeal to all those __40__ love animals and travel. 第三节 阅渎理解

     ( A )

    In today's world, we rely on computers as never before. They are used for everything from ordering a pizza to running hospitals and military defense systems. Banking and credit card

    information is stored and accessed by computers. So what happens when a computer gets infected with a virus? One effect is that people's access to their e-mail accounts is cut off. A more serious possible consequence is that billions of dollars could be lost.

     A virus is a computer program that copies itself onto other programs and infects them. Similar to an easily spread disease, a computer virus goes from computer to computer, either adding to or changing the tasks a program is designed to do.

     The first computer viruses were created in the mid '80s and had varying effects. Some caused files to be deleted, or made the letters on the screen appear to fall off. Others displayed a specific message once the computer was turned on.

     Viruses today are much more widespread and dangerous than ever before. Perhaps the most damaging to date has been the "I Love You" virus. "I Love You" appeared in May 2000 and has possibly been the most destructive virus in terms of monetary loss.

     The virus is released when an attachment to a fake e-mail message is opened. By changing the names of files on computers, "I Love You" makes them difficult to access. It also searches for important personal information, including passwords, which it sends to a web site for others to see.

     It is estimated that more than 45 million people in 20 countries have had their computers infected by the "I Love You" virus. Some say the cost of repair and lost business has been more than US$10 billion.

     If you own a computer, it is important to keep it in good health by installing an anti-virus program. If updated frequently, it will protect your e-mail access--not to mention your wallet. 41.What does "virus" mean in the article?

    A. An easily spread disease. B. A contagious (传染的) computer program.

    C. An extremely small organism (生物) which causes disease. D. A parasite (寄生虫) in computer.

    42. How does "I Love You" virus spread?

     A. It is spread when an e-mail account is opened. B. It is spread through on-line chatting.

     C. It is spread through e-mail. D. It spreads from web site to web site.

    43. Which of the following is one of the damages brought by "I Love You" virus?

     A. It deletes files. B. It automatically turns on computers.

     C. It automatically turns off computers. D. It makes it difficult to access files. 44. Which of the following is the best way to guard against virus?

     A. To load an up-to-date anti-virus program into our computer B. Not to use an e-mail account,

     C. To upgrade our computer. D. Not to use the Internet.

    45. What is the purpose of the article?

     A. To warn us against virus. B. To remind us the importance of being healthy.

     C. To stress the importance of computer. D. To alert us to economic loss.

     ( B )

    One of the traditions which is now a necessary part of Christmas is that of Father Christmas, or Santa Claus. According to the modern legend, he is a magical figure who visits all the children of the

    world during the night before Christmas Day, leaving presents which they find the next morning. He flies through the night sky in a sledge pulled by reindeer, and enters houses by climbing down chimneys. This strange legend is based on the life of a man called Nicholas, but in fact we know very little about him. Historians think he was a Christian bishop(主教) in Turkey in about 285350 A. D. One of the

    stories about him is that he helped three poor girls. No one would marry them because they were so poor. To provide them with money for their weddings, Nicholas secretly dropped some gold coins down the chimney of their house. After Nicholas died, he was made a saint(圣人) by the church. (The name

    Santa Claus thus comes from St Nicholas.) His feast day was celebrated in December, and parents started giving their children secret presents from St Nicholas. Over the years, this custom became part of our Christmas traditions.

     Recently, a psychologist has claimed that Father Christmas is “the perfect fantasy” for children.

    According to Professor Anthony Clare, children love the character of Father Christmas because he is like an ideal father: he loves children and gives them presents, but he never criticizes them, is never angry, and children do not even need to thank him for the presents. Other writers, however, point out that Father Christmas can be a frightening character to some children. Jane Bidder says that some children are terrified of this fat, bearded old man. It can certainly confuse many children. As parents, we warn our children to be careful of strangers and never to let them into the house, and yet we tell children that a strange man will come into their bedroom at night! Some children can become very worried about this idea and fear that he is a kind of burglar.

     Most children, however, understand from their parents and from the media that Father Christmas is basically a benign character, and look forward to his annual visit with joy and excitement.

    46. The main point of the first paragraph is that ________.

     A. Father Christmas is an important part of Christmas

    B. the tradition of Father Christmas is a modern idea

    C. Father Christmas is a magical figure who can fly D. the legends about Father Christmas are not true 47. The writer mentions details such as Father Christmas’s sledge, the reindeer and the way he climbs

    down chimneys because he/she ____________.

     A. wants to make it clear that these things are impossible B. is describing the history of St Nicholas

     C. wants everyone to believe that Father Christmas is real

    D. is explaining the modern legend of Father Christmas

    48. Why does the writer mention the story about St Nicholas helping three poor girls?

     A. It shows us that historians know very little about him.

     B. This story explains why parents give secret presents to children.

    C. It supports the writer’s main point that Father Christmas is based on an untrue story.

     D. This story explains why we celebrate Christmas in December.

    49. In the last paragraph, the word benignmeans _________.

     A. religious B. friendly C. frightening D. unreal

    50. The best title for this passage would be __________.

     A. Is Father Christmas Dangerous? B. The True History of St Nicholas

     C. The Legend of Santa Claus D. The Traditions of Christmas

    ( C)

    Parents should stop blaming themselves because theres not a lot they can do about it. I mean the

    teenager problem. Whatever you do or however you choose to deal with it, at certain times a wonderful, reasonable and helpful child will turn into a terrible animal.

    Ive seen friends deal with it in all kinds of different ways. One strict mother insisted that her son, right from a child, should stand up whenever anyone entered the room, open doors and shake hands like a gentleman. I saw him last week when I called round. Sprawling himself (懒散地躺) on the sofa in

    full length, he made no attempt to turn off the loud TV he was watching as I walked in, and his greeting was no more than a quick glance at me. His mother was ashamed. I don't know what to do with him

    these days, she said. Hes forgotten all the manners we taught him.

    He hasn't forgotten them. He' s just decided that he' s not going to use them. She confessed (坦白)

    that she would like to come up behind him and throw him down from the sofa onto the floor.

    Another good friend of mine let her two daughters climb all over the furniture, reach across the table, stare at me and say, I dont like your dress; its ugly. One of the daughters has recently been

    driven out of school. The other has left home.

    Where did we go wrong? her parents are now very sad. Probably nowhere much. At least, no more than the rest of that unfortunate race, parents.

    51. This text is most probably written by ______.

    A. a specialist in teenager studies B. a headmaster of a middle school

    C. a parent with teenage children D. a doctor for mental health problems 52. The underlined word it in the second paragraph refers to ______.

    A. the change from good to bad that ' s seen in a child B. die way that parents often blame themselves C. the opinion that a child has of his parents D. the advice that parents want their children to follow 53. The boy on the sofa would most probably be described as ______.

    A. lazy B. quiet C. unusual D. rude

    54. From the second example we can infer that the parents of the two daughters ____. A. pay no attention to them B. are too busy to look after them

    C. have come to hate them D. feel helpless to do much about them

    55. What is the author's opinion about the sudden change in teenage children?

    A. Parents have no choice but to try to accept it. B. Parents should pay still sore attention to the change. C. Parents should work more closely with school teachers.

    D. Parents are at fault for the change in their children.

weekly 12 A

    21-25 CBCCB 26-30 ABDCD

    31. pleased 32. examination 33. on 34. ability 35. which/ that 36. what 37. best 38. an 39. coming 40. well -45CDCBC 46-50 ACABC 51-55ACADD 41

    weekly 12 B

    21-25 ABCCC 26-30 BBDBB

    31. an 32. first 33. but 34. until 35. number 36. exploring 37.which 38. successfully 39.

    disappointment(s) 40. who

    -45BCDAA 46--50 ADBBC 51--55 A A DD A 56--60 FEACB 41

    weekly 12 A

    21-25 CBCCB 26-30 ABDCD

    31. pleased 32. examination 33. on 34. ability 35. which/ that 36. what 37. best 38. an 39. coming 40. well 41-45CDCBC 46-50 ACABC 51-55ACADD

    weekly 12 B

    21-25 ABCCC 26-30 BBDBB

    31. an 32. first 33. but 34. until 35. number 36. exploring 37.which 38. successfully 39.

    disappointment(s) 40. who

    41-45BCDAA 46--50 ADBBC 51--55 A A DD A 56--60 FEACB

    weekly 12 A

    21-25 CBCCB 26-30 ABDCD

    31. pleased 32. examination 33. on 34. ability 35. which/ that 36. what 37. best 38. an 39. coming 40. well 41-45CDCBC 46-50 ACABC 51-55ACADD

    weekly 12 B

    21-25 ABCCC 26-30 BBDBB

    31. an 32. first 33. but 34. until 35. number 36. exploring 37.which 38. successfully 39.

    disappointment(s) 40. who

    -45BCDAA 46--50 ADBBC 51--55 A A DD A 56--60 FEACB 41

    weekly 12 A

    21-25 CBCCB 26-30 ABDCD

    31. pleased 32. examination 33. on 34. ability 35. which/ that 36. what 37. best 38. an 39. coming 40. well 41-45CDCBC 46-50 ACABC 51-55ACADD

    weekly 12 B

    21-25 ABCCC 26-30 BBDBB

    31. an 32. first 33. but 34. until 35. number 36. exploring 37.which 38. successfully 39.

    disappointment(s) 40. who

    41-45BCDAA 46--50 ADBBC 51--55 A A DD A 56--60 FEACB

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