Learner Types and Styles!175

By Frank Gardner,2014-05-08 13:30
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Learner Types and Styles!175 Learner Types and Styles!175

    School of Continuing Studies

    Language Training for EFL Teachers

Learning Styles Tips for learning and teaching

    People not only learn at different rates, but also in different ways. Some

    students want their teacher to write everything out on the board. Others

    prefer to listen. Some like to sit in small groups and discuss a question;

    others like to listen to a lecture, translating it into pictorial doodles in their


    The following are some ways people learn and some tips to help each type of learner do so better. Once you understand your learning style, you may be able to adjust your approach to the classroom and your study habits for

    maximum benefit.

    Older students tend to have multiple learning styles because their experience (jobs, military service, spouse and children) has taught them to adapt. The most important thing to remember is do what works for you!

     Characteristics Learning Tips

    School of Continuing Studies

    Language Training for EFL Teachers

    ; need to see the teacher’s body language and facial ; use visual materials such as pictures, charts, maps, expression to fully understand the content of a lesson graphs, etc.

    ; prefer sitting at the front of the classroom to avoid visual ; visualize information as a picture to aid memorization

    obstructions (e.g. people’s heads) ; use graphics to reinforce learning films, slides, ; may think in pictures and learn best from visual displays illustrations, doodles, charts, notes, and flashcards

    including diagrams, illustrated texts, books, overhead ; have a clear view of your teachers when they are transparencies, videos, flipcharts and handouts speaking so you can see their body language and facial

    ; often prefer to take detailed notes to absorb the expression

    information ; use colour to highlight important points in text

    ; need to see it to know it ; take notes or ask your teacher to provide handouts

    ; strong sense of colour ; illustrate your ideas as a picture or brainstorming bubble

    ; may have artistic ability before writing them down

    ; difficulty with spoken directions ; write a story and illustrate it using multi-media (e.g. ; over-reaction to sounds computers or videos)

    ; trouble following lectures ; study in a quiet place away from verbal disturbances

    ; misinterpretation of words ; read illustrated books

     ; colour code to organize notes

    ; written directions

    ; use flow charts and diagrams for note taking

    ; visualize spelling of words or facts to be memorized

    Visual Learners You need to see it to believe it ; write out everything for quick and frequent visual review

    School of Continuing Studies

    Language Training for EFL Teachers

     Characteristics Learning Tips

; learn best through verbal lectures, discussions, talking ; participate in class discussions/debates

    things through and listening to what others have to say ; make speeches and presentations

    ; interpret the underlying meanings of speech through ; use a tape recorder during lectures instead of taking notes listening to tone of voice, pitch, speed and other nuances ; read a text out loud

    ; written information may have little meaning until it is ; create musical jingles to aid memorization heard ; discuss your ideas verbally

    ; often benefit from reading text aloud and using a tape ; dictate to someone while they write down your thoughts recorder ; use verbal analogies and story telling to demonstrate your ; prefers to get information by listening needs to hear it to point

    know it ; use tapes for reading and for class and lecture notes ; difficulty following written directions ; learn by interviewing or by participating in discussions ; difficulty with reading and writing ; after you have read something summarize it on tape

     ; verbally review spelling words and lectures with a friend

    Auditory Learners You need to hear it to know it

    School of Continuing Studies

    Language Training for EFL Teachers

     Characteristics Learning Tips

    ; learn best through a hands-on approach actively ; move around to learn new things (e.g. read while you are exploring the physical world around them on an exercise bike)

    ; may find it hard to sit still for long periods and may ; work at a standing position

    become distracted by their need for activity and ; chew gum while studying

    exploration ; use bright colours to highlight reading material

    ; prefers hands-on learning ; dress up your work space with posters

    ; can assemble parts without reading directions ; listen to music while you study

    ; difficulty sitting still ; skim through reading materials to get a rough idea what it ; learns better when physical activity is involved is about before settling down to read it in detail

    ; may be very well coordinated and have athletic ability ; take frequent breaks in study periods

     ; trace letters and words to learn spelling and remember


    ; use a computer to reinforce learning through a sense of


    ; memorize or drill facts to be learned while walking or


    ; write out facts to be learned several times

    Tactile Learners You need to touch it to remember it

    School of Continuing Studies

    Language Training for EFL Teachers


    Number Points Number Points Number Points 2 1 4 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 13 15 16 18 17 19 21 20 22 24 23

    Total Total Total

    School of Continuing Studies

    Language Training for EFL Teachers

    If you are a VISUAL learner, then by all means be sure that you look at all study materials. Use

    charts, maps, filmstrips, notes, and flashcards. Practice visualizing or picturing words or

    concepts in your head. Write out everything for frequent and quick visual review.

    If you are an AUDITORY learner, you may wish to use tapes. Tape lectures to help you fill in the gaps in your notes. Listen and take notes reviewing notes frequently. Sit in the

    lecture hall or classroom where you can hear well. After you have read something, summarize it and recite it aloud.

    If you are a TACTILE learner, trace words as you are saying them. Facts that must be learned

    should be written several times. Keep a supply of scratch paper for this purpose. Taking and

    keeping lecture notes will be very important. Make study sheets.

    School of Continuing Studies

    Language Training for EFL Teachers

    sometimes seldom often I can remember best about a subject by listening to a lecture that includes information, explanation, and 1


    I prefer to see information written on a chalkboard and supplemented by visual aids and assigned readings. 2

    I like to write things down or to take notes for visual review. 3

    I prefer to use posters, models, or actual practice and other activities in class. 4

    I require explanations of diagrams, graphs, or visual directions. 5

    I enjoy working with my hands or making things. 6

    I am skillful with and enjoy developing and making graphs and charts. 7

    I can tell if sounds match when presented with pairs of sounds. 8

    I remember best by writing things down several times. 9

    I can easily understand and follow directions on maps. 10

    I do best in academic subjects by listening to lectures and tapes. 11

    I play with coins or keys in my pockets. 12

    School of Continuing Studies

    Language Training for EFL Teachers

I learn to spell best by repeating the words out loud than by writing the words on paper. 13

    I can understand a news article better by reading about it in the newspaper than by listening to a report about 14

    it on the radio. I can chew gum, smoke, or snack while studying. 15

    I think the best way to remember something is to picture it in your head. 16

    I learn the spelling of words by finger spelling them. 17

    I would rather listen to a good lecture or speech than read about the same material in a textbook. 18

    I am good at working and solving jigsaw puzzles and mazes. 19

    I grip objects in my hands during learning periods. 20

    I prefer listening to the news on the radio rather than reading about it in the newspaper. 21

    I obtain information about an interesting subject by reading about it. 22

    I feel very comfortable touch others, hugging, handshaking, etc. 23

    I follow oral directions better than written ones. 24

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