Las Vegas (U.S.)

By Brian Perez,2014-05-28 11:38
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Las Vegas (U.S.)

Las Vegas (U.S.)

    Las Vegas is in the southern part of the state of Nevada about 50 miles

    east of the California border and 30 miles west of the Arizona border. The city is divided into two main parts a compact downtown called Glitter

    Gulch and the Strip a corridor of hotels and casinos;娱乐场?赌场?。

     The only natural feature to account for the location of Las Vegas is a spring north of downtown. Once used by Paiute Indians on their seasonal visits to the area it was re-discovered by Mexican scout Rafael Rivera in 1829. The area became known to overland travelers as las vegas - 'the meadows' - a place with reliable water and feed for horses. Las Vegas became a regular stop on the southern emigrant route to California the

    Spanish Trail. In the 1850s Mormons;摩门教徒? built the town's first

    structures a small mission;教堂? and fort;堡垒?! the fort became

    a ranch house;低矮的平房?? but there was little development until 1902

    when much of the land was sold to a railroad company. The area that is now downtown was subdivided when the tracks came through with 1200 lots

    sold on 15 May 1905 alone - a date now celebrated as the city's birthday.

     As a railroad town Las Vegas had machine shops a good number of

    hotels saloons and gambling houses. The railroad laid off;解雇?

    hundreds in the mid 1920s but one Depression-era development gave the city a new life. The huge Hoover Dam;胡佛水坝?project commenced in 1931

    providing jobs and growth in the short term and water and power for the city's long-term growth.

     Also in 1931 Nevada legalized gambling and simplified its divorce laws paving the way for the first big casino El Rancho which was

    built by Los Angeles developers and opened in 1941. The next wave of investors also from out of town;乡下?? were mobsters like Bugsy Siegel

    who built the Flamingo in 1946 and set the tone for the new casinos - big and flashy with lavish entertainment laid on to attract high rollers;挥金如土的人?。

     The glitter that brought in the high rollers also attracted smaller spenders but in larger numbers. Southern California provided a growing market for Las Vegas entertainment and improvements in transport made

    it accessible to the rest of the country. Thanks to air conditioning and reliable water supplies Vegas became one of the country's most popular tourist destinations. In recent years Vegas has bent over backwards

    ;尽最大的力量? to remake itself into a family resort destination

    building theme parks ;主题公园?inside its hotels. Hotels have outdone

    each other with working volcanoes million-gallon fishtanks and

miniature Manhattans. All of which - along with dozens of artificial lakes

    in the suburbs - has put a huge strain on the city's water supply but

    it hasn't slowed the development juggernaut;不可抗拒的力量?。

     Today Las Vegas boasts 19 of the world's 20 largest hotels attracts

    33 million visitors per year earns over US$5.25 billion in annual gaming revenue and marries over 100000 people each year. There are other cities witih terrific entertainment and gaming opportunities but there is no

    place in the world like Las Vegas and no city even pretending to be.

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