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Simile and Metaphor

By Ida Harper,2014-01-29 04:41
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Simile and Metaphorand,AND

    Similes

    Similes are comparisons that show how two things that are not alike are similar in one important way. Similes are a way to describe something using figurative language. Authors use them to make their writing more interesting or entertaining.

    Similes use the words “as” or “like” to make the connection between the

    two things that are being compared.

    Examples:

    1. Playing chess with Ashley is like trying to outsmart a computer.

    The activity “playing chess with Ashley” is being compared to “trying to outsmart a computer.” The point is that Ashley can think in a powerful manner that resembles the way a computer operates, not that she is like a computer in any other way.

    2. His temper was as explosive as a volcano.

    His temper is being compared to a volcano in that it can be sudden and violent.

    Explain a simile in your own words.

    What is a

    simile?

    Identifying Similes 1

    Part A: Identify the simile in each of the following sentences by putting the word or phrase that is being compared in bold print. The first one has been done for you.

    1. Mary frowned and said, “I believe that taking drugs is like

    playing with fire.

    2. As I walked along the beach and listened to the ocean, my sadness was as unending as the horizon.

    3. Don’t tell my brother that his cookies taste like lumps of

    sand.

    4. Sam waited impatiently for his older brother to calm down. “Bill, I think you are acting like a baby,” he said.

    5. Karen was offended when I said that she was as slow as a snail.

    6. Be careful when you go out because the sidewalk is as slippery as greased glass.

    7.I wasn’t very comfortable on the stage because I felt like a bug under a microscope when the spotlight hit my face.

    8. The dark and dreary room was as silent as a grave.

    9. Patty is a very kind friend; her heart is as soft as a feather pillow.

    10. The baby’s smile is as sweet as a lullaby.

The child’s eyes sparkled like diamonds.

    Identifying Similes 2

    Part B: Identify the simile that is in each sentence listed below.

    Write the simile on the line in each box.

    1. At the picnic, Dad was as hungry as a bear so he 2. The ball was as flat as a pancake after the air was ate and ate and ate. let out.

    3. The pirate had manners like an animal. 4. The cake was supposed to be sweet, but it turned

    out as sour as a lemon.

    5. Samantha turned as white as a ghost when she 6. Grandma thinks Julio is going to be as tall as a heard about the accident. skyscraper.

7. Jeremy's odd behavior made him appear as 8. Peter threw the javelin as straight as an arrow.

    crazy as a loon.

    9. After Myra and I had an argument, she was as 10. The answer to the riddle was as plain as day.

    cold as ice toward me.

    11. We were as happy as clams to find out there was 12. When the hiker saw the skunk in the woods, he

    no homework. stood as still as a statue in order not to be

    sprayed.

    13. Paul's dad is kind, but he's as tough as nails. 14. After the baby's diaper was changed, she was as

    fresh as a daisy.

    15. Tiffany's face is as sweet as a lullaby. 16. The young mother was as gentle as a morning

    breeze with her new baby.

17. The swamp alligators were larger than life. 18. Mrs. Nelson's little girl is as pretty as a picture.

Modified from: http://www.rhlschool.com/

    A “Two Point Approach to Simile Writing

Task: Underline the simile in each of the following sentences and then

    download a graphic to represent the simile. If you use an image from the

    Internet please place the URL under the picture in the block.

    Simile Graphic Representation

Sample:

    Samantha turned as white as a

    ghost when she heard about the

    accident.

When the hiker saw the skunk in

    the woods, he stood as still as a statue in order not to be sprayed.

The young mother was as gentle as

    a morning breeze with her new

    baby.

After Myra and I had an argument,

    she was as cold as ice toward me.

After the baby's diaper was

    changed, she was as fresh as a

    daisy.

The aggressive hockey player

    charged down the ice like a raging

    bull.

    Finding Similes in Songs

    When the night has no end "Hawkmoon 269" by U2

     And the day yet to begin Like a desert needs rain As the room spins around Like a town needs a name I need your love I need your love

     I need your love... Like a drifter needs a room [Repeat 9 times] Hawkmoon

    I need your love Like thunder needs rain

    Like a preacher needs pain I need your love

     Like tongues of flame Like a rhythm unbroken Like a sheet stained Like drums in the night I need your love Like sweet soul music I need your love Like sunlight

    I need your love Like a needle needs a vein

    Like someone to blame

    Like coming home Like a thought unchained And you don't know where you've been Like a runaway train Like black coffee I need your love Like nicotine

    I need your love (I need your love) I need your love... I need your love (I need your love) [Repeat 7 times] I need your love (I need your love)

     Like faith needs a doubt When the night has no end Like a freeway out And the day yet to begin I need your love As the room spins around

    I need your love Like powder needs a spark I need your love Like lies need the dark

     I need your love Like a Phoenix rising needs a holy tree

    Like the sweet revenge of a bitter enemy In the heart of the heat of the love I need your love In the heart of the heat of the love...

     [Repeat until end]

     Like the hot needs the sun

    Like honey on her tongue

    Like the muzzle of a gun

    Like oxygen

    I need your love (I need your love) * Insert CD and listen to the song. I need your love (I need your love)

    I need your love (I need your love)

Hawkmoon 269 A song with similes… by U2 Like a desert needs rain

    Almost every line of this song is a simile. What Like a town needs a name

    I need your love is being compared in each of these similes?

     Like a drifter needs a room

    Hawkmoon

    I need your love

Like a rhythm unbroken

    Like drums in the night

    Like sweet soul music Like sunlight

    I need your love Choose TWO of the similes in the song and explain what the poet means by each figure of Like coming home

    speech: And you don't know where you've been Like black coffee Simile #1 Like nicotine

    I need your love Simile:

When the night has no end And the day yet to begin As the room spins around I need your love

    Explanation:

    Like a Phoenix rising needs a holy tree Like the sweet revenge of a bitter enemy I need your love

Like the hot needs the sun Like honey on her tongue

    Like the muzzle of a gun

    Like oxygen I need your love (I need your love)

     When the night has no end

    And the day yet to begin Simile #2

    As the room spins around I need your love Simile:

     Like thunder needs rain Like a preacher needs pain

    Like tongues of flame

    I need your love Explanation

    Like a needle needs a vein

    Like someone to blame

    Like a thought unchained

    Like a runaway train

    I need your love

Like faith needs a doubt

    Like a freeway out

    I need your love

Like powder needs a spark

    Like lies need the dark

    I need your love

    Background on U2

    Task: Click on the following link to learn about the band U2. Place answers to the following questions in the

    graphic organizer below. Then import a picture of the band and place it in the circle in the graphic organizer.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U2

     Who are the band members?

    Click on discography….

     Where do they come from?

    Name their most current album/cd.

     How are they politically active?

     What year did they form the band?

     Name two of their causes How many number one albums/cd’s do they have?

    Create Your Own Poem Using Similes

    Task: Now its time to create a poem of your own using similes. Include in your poem a minimum of five similes. Be creative and have fun. Use the graphic organizer below to brainstorm some ideas and similes you to use in your poem. Be sure to include a catchy title for your poem.

    Blooming Words, Phrases, Images and Similes

     Title of

     Poem:

Task: Place the final copy of your poem in the space below. Choose a font that enhances the

message of your poem. Then find an image that supports one of the similes in your poem. Place it

as a watermark behind your poem.

    Metaphors

Metaphors are comparisons that show how two things that are

    not alike in most ways are similar in one important way. Metaphors are a way to describe something using figurative language. Authors use them to make their writing more interesting or entertaining.

    A metaphor is a powerful comparison of two unlike objects that does not use the words “like” or “as”. The comparison is

    sometimes implied rather than stated.

    Example: The morning sun was a bright light bulb in her face.

    Explanation: The morning sun is being compared to a bright light bulb. The intensity of the sun rising in the morning is the same as the brightness of the light bulb shining in her face.

    Metaphor Activity: Identify the metaphor in each of the following statements by bolding the two items/objects being compared. Then compare the metaphor in the space provided.

    1. The baby was an octopus, grabbing at all the cans on the grocery store shelves.

2. The giant’s steps were thunder when he ran toward Jack.

3. The pillow was a cloud when I put my head upon it after a long day.

4. The night was a long dark passageway.

5. The bar of soap was a slippery eel during the dog’s bath.

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