Unit 1 Living with technology
1. superior adj. 职位较高的(有优越性的(优质的。
常用搭配，be ~ to 比~优越 be inferior to 比~差 be senior(junior) to
He is senior to me.
2. apply v. 应用！运用;提出申请
常用搭配，apply ~ to ~把什么应用于什么 apply to 适用于 apply(to sb.)for sth申请
apply oneself to 致力于 applied 实用的！应用的
New technology is being applied every industrial process.
He applied himself to his new work.
I applied to four universities and accepted by all of them.
3 demand vt,vi,n 需求！需要！要求
Demand( sb) to do sth 要求？某人，做某事 meet the demand 满足要求
She demand to speak to the manager.
Good secretaries are always in demand.
Demand that 结构中要用虚拟语气
delight n 高兴快乐！喜悦 vtvi 使高兴 4！
to one`s delight使得某人高兴的是 take delight in 以什么为乐
be delight at the news 听到消息感到高兴 with delight 高兴地
We were delight with the response to our advertisement.
We are delight that you`ll able to come.. 5 accompany vt 陪伴(伴随(为某某伴奏
~ sb to 陪某人去 ~ sb in doing sth 陪某人干什么
~ sb at/on sth 用???给某人伴奏 be ~ by/with 伴随！伴有?????
The storm was ~ with thunder
The singer was ~ at guitar by his companion. 6 weigh vi 重量为 vt 称什么的重量(权衡！比较
~ sth 称 ~ sth with/ against sth 权衡 in weight 在重量上 by weight 按重量 put on/gain weight lose/take off weight
We should weigh benefits against disadvantage 7 measure v 测量(估计(判定(仔细考虑 n 测量(尺寸。
In great ~ 在很大程度上 take measure to do make sth to one`s measure
You should measure you determination with that of other people.
Her excitement was beyond measure at the news.
8 equal adj 相等的 胜任的 v 等于 n 相同的人或物
Be equal to sth/doing sth 等于(能胜任 be equal with 与???平等 equality 平等
The two squares are equal in size.
Bill is equal to running the office.
Two and ten equals twelve.
8 acknowledge v 承认(确认(道歉
~ doing sth ~ sb to be ~ment n in ~ment of 感谢(承认
He reluctantly ~d having made a mistake
I gave her a hug in ~ment of his kindness.
1 in color 彩色的2 be superior to超过！比什么优越 3 wine up给???上发条 4 spring up
涌现 5 in that case既然那样 6 stand for 象征7 be capable of能够 8 up to date最新的 9
up to sb 取决于某人10 be familiar with 对???熟悉 11 be based on以???为基础 12 be
associated with与 13have faith in相信 14 for the time being 目前15 keep in touch with与???保持联系
In that case
In case of 万一发生 in any case 无论如何 in this case如果这样的话 in no case绝不
You are leaving? in that case, I am leaving too.
In no case can the books be taken out without permission. Stand for
Stand for doing 容忍 stand out 显眼 stand by 袖手旁观
Our flag stands for our country.
I will not stand for being treated like a child.
That dress will make you stand out in a crowded.
We are not prepared to stand by and let them close our schools.
Be based on
On the base of 以???为基础 on the basis of 在???的基础上
They based the conclusion on facts.
Be familiar with
Be familiar to 为???所熟悉
Are you familiar with this type of machine? 经典句式
1.But it is up to you to choose good programmes!
Be up to sth 在干某事 up to now 直到现在 be up to one`s job 胜任工作
What are you up to?.
2’It wad find that after eighteen months , the first half had more than twice the cancer rate of
the second half.
The new factory is more than three times big as it used to be.
My house is twice bigger than his.
3’???but it took 50 years before 6 6per cent of American househoulds had it.
Before ???才??? It was/will be +一段时间+before
1.Matt is now getting on very well with his new job and he earns __he did last year.
A twice as much as B as twice much as C twice as many as D as twice many as
2.The film, __the true story of the red army general, attracted people`s interest..
A is base on B is on the base of C which is the base for D based upon
3—What dose NASA stand __?
A by B on C for D out
4.His conclusion is based on the __that the company has expanded its business. A substance B assumption C notice D theory
5 Now a lot of new technology can __problem in industry.
A Be applied to solve B apply to solve C be applied to solving D apply to solving 6 with nobody __her during the festival , the old lady felt lonely.
D accompanying A Accompanied B accompany C to accompany
7 They __that the books be returned to the school library at once.
A Hoped B wished C permitted D demanded
8 __you are a teacher and you will understand the teacher`feeling.
A Assume B assuming C assumed D provided
9 In my advice ,no search engine can __Baidu.
A Compete B equal C win D suit
10 Many young people leave their hometown ___better job.
A In favor of B in search of C in charge of D in honor of
11 For miles around me there was nothing but a dessert, without three __. A On earth B for distance C in sight D at place
12 In the 2008 Olympic games, Argentina beat Nigeria __men`s football.
A For B with C in D on
13----How long do you think your sister will stay here?
----___ Christmas Holiday.
A On B in C during D for
14 it is quite ___me why such things have been allowed to happen.
A For B behind C against D beyond
When we talk about boomerang, we usually mean the curved devices that return to you when you throw them, but there are two different kinds of boomerangs; the returning type and the non-returning type. Most returning boomerangs are usually heavier and longer, typically I meter or more across, usually used as hunting weapons.
Experts believe the invention of boomerangs was mostly a matter of trial and error. Firstly let`s consider how a primitive hunter might have come up with a non-returning boomerang. In nature, there are plenty of sticks that are bent in curve like a boomerang , and people probably threw these sorts of sticks all the time. Because of the stabilizing motion of the two branches of the stick, this sort of stick would have been easer to send in desired direction. Primitive humans noticed this, and so they stared specifically seeking out bent sticks. Then they started selecting the best curved sticks (thinner, longer, ones work better) and were soon making some changes so they were especially suited for taking down birds and animals.
Experts are not really sure when where people first developed returning boomerangs, but the Aborigines of Australia are generally credited with the invention. The Aborigines used non-returning boomerangs, which they call kylies, which is hunting, and the theory is that at some point , one or more Aborigines used a kylies with the particular shape of a
boomerang and noticed that it traveled in a curve. This might have been pure accident.
The amazing flight pattern of the new discovery did not really help out much in hunting –it actually made it harder to aim accurately –but it was ,of course ,really cool. Evidently,
the Aborigines perfected the boomerang design and throwing technique for simple pleasure of it. However, the boomerang did have some limited use in hunting. The Aborigines would set up nets in trees and then throw the boomerang into the air while making a hawk call. This would scare birds so they would fly down into the nets..
1. What does paragraph 2 mainly tell us?
A. how primitive men invented returning boomerangs
B. how non-returning boomerangs were invented
C. how the Aborigines of Australia use boomerangs
D. how to throw and catch returning boomerangs
2. we learn from the text that returning boomerangs ______
A. were developed from non-returning boomerangs
B. were invented earlier than non-returning boomerangs
C. are generally called “kylies” by the Aborigines
D. are heavier and longer than non-returning boomerangs
3 from P.4, we can infer non-returning boomerangs are more suitable for hunting
A. they look more frightening
B. they move in a circle
C. they are easier to aim
D. they are lighter to carry
4 According to passage , it is more probable that the Aborigines ____
A. fist used bent sticks to frighten animals
B. never used returning boomerangs in hunting
C. like to play with the kylie for pleasure
D. are the inventor of returning boomerangs.