DOC

BOSTON COLLEGE CHEMICAL HYGIENE PLAN - Olin College

By Carmen Reynolds,2014-01-28 23:22
13 views 0
BOSTON COLLEGE CHEMICAL HYGIENE PLAN - Olin CollegeOlin,plan,Plan

    Olin College Chemical Hygiene Plan

Table of Contents

Preface

1.0 Introduction .................................................................................................................................... 1

1.1 Policy ............................................................................................................................................... 1

    1.2 Coverage ......................................................................................................................................... 2

    1.3 Organization, Roles & Responsibilities ........................................................................................ 2

     1.3.1 Environmental Health & Safety Committee ................................................................ 2

     1.3.2 Chemical Hygiene Officer ............................................................................................ 3

     1.3.4 Laboratory Professors/Supervisors ............................................................................. 3 1.4 Revisions .................................................................................................................................... 4

    2.0 Standard Operating Procedure ..................................................................................................... 5

2.1 General Laboratory Procedures ..................................................................................................... 5

     2.1.1 Clothing ...................................................................................................................... 5

     2.1.2 Preventing Chemical Ingestion ..................................................................................... 5

     2.1.3 Cleanliness and Decontamination ................................................................................. 5 2.2 Procedures for Ordering Chemicals ............................................................................................. 6

    2.3 Procedures for Receipt & Distribution: ........................................................................................ 6

    2.4 Chemical Storage ........................................................................................................................... 6

    2.5 Handling and Transport of Hazardous Chemicals ..................................................................... 7

     2.5.1 Handling Hazardous Chemicals .................................................................................. 7

     2.5.2 Handling of Formaldehyde ........................................................................................ 10

     2.5.3 Safe Handling of Compressed Gases ......................................................................... 10

     2.5.4 Safe Handling of Flammable Chemicals and Solvents ............................................. 13

     2.5.5 Transport of Hazardous Chemicals ........................................................................... 14 2.6 Emergency/Contingency Planning ............................................................................................ 14

     2.6.1 Spill Response .............................................................................................................. 15

     2.6.2 Spill Clean-up .............................................................................................................. 16

     2.6.3 Accidents and Injuries ................................................................................................. 18

     2.6.4 Emergency Medical Response .................................................................................... 20

     2.6.5 Fires/Explosions/Evacuation .................................................................................... 21

    3.0 Control Measures ......................................................................................................................... 23

    3.1 Hazard Identification, Characterization, and Control ............................................................... 23 3.2 Review of Chemicals ................................................................................................................... 23

    3.3 Working Alone ............................................................................................................................. 23

    3.4 Inspections .................................................................................................................................. 24

    3.5 Monitoring Chemical Fume Hoods and Vented Enclosures .................................................... 24

    i i

     3.5.1 Daily Visual Inspection ................................................................................................ 24

     3.5.2 Annual Inspection ........................................................................................................ 25

     3.5.3. Safe Practices for Chemical Fume Hoods .................................................................. 25 3.6 Inspection and Maintenance of Safety Equipment .................................................................... 25 3.7 Eye Protection .............................................................................................................................. 26

    3.8 Respiratory Protection ................................................................................................................. 27

    3.9 Glove Selection and Use .............................................................................................................. 27

    3.10 Special Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) .......................................................................... 28

    4.0 Information and Training .......................................................................................................... 30

4.1 Employee Information & Training ............................................................................................. 30

    4.2 Record keeping .................................................................................................................... 30

     4.2.1. Medical Surveillance ................................................................................................... 30

     4.2.2. Exposure Records ........................................................................................................ 30

     4.2.3 Hood and Vented Enclosure Mounting Records..................................................... 31

     4.2.4 Chemical Inventory .................................................................................................... 31

     4.2.5 Training ...................................................................................................................... 31

    5.0 Exposure Assessment ................................................................................................................. 32

5.1 Employee Exposure Determination ............................................................................................ 32

    5.2 Medical Consultation and Medical Examinations ..................................................................... 32

    6.0 Labeling and Material Safety Data Sheets ............................................................................... 34

6.1 Material Safety Data Sheets ......................................................................................................... 34

    6.2 Signs and Labels........................................................................................................................... 34

     6.2.1 Signs .................................................................................................................... 34

     6.2.2 General Labeling Guidelines ...................................................................................... 35

     6.2.3 Special Signs and Labels ............................................................................................. 35

    7.0 Waste Management ..................................................................................................................... 36

    7.1 Standard Operating Procedures for Disposal of Hazardous Waste .......................................... 36 7.2 Disposal of Gas Cylinders ............................................................................................................ 37

    7.3 Sharps Disposal ............................................................................................................................. 37

    ii ii

Tables

    Table 1: Maximum Quantity and Size Limitations for Compressed or Liquefied Gas Cylinders in Laboratory Work Areas ............................................................................. 38

List of Figures

    Figure 1 Notice of Chemical Procurement ............................................................................................ 39 Figure 2 Incompatible Chemicals .......................................................................................................... 40 Figure 3 Peroxide Forming Chemicals .................................................................................................. 41 Figure 4 Chemical Spill Kit Checklist .................................................................................................... 42 Figure 5 Incident/Complaint Form ....................................................................................................... 43 Figure 6 Chemical Hygiene Inspection Checklist ................................................................................. 44 Figure 7 Resistance to Chemicals of Common Glove Materials .......................................................... 49

    Figure 8 Attendance Training Record ................................................................................................... 51

List of Appendices

Appendix A

    Glossary......................................................................................................................................................... 52

    Occupational Exposures to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories 29 CFR 1910.1450…………………...61

    iii iii

Preface

    On January 31, 1990, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) published the final rule for “Occupational Exposures to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories." That rule, which applies to all

    laboratories meeting OSHA's definition of laboratory use of hazardous chemicals, became effective on May 1, 1990. Each laboratory employer is required to appoint a Chemical Hygiene Officer to develop a written Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) and implement the provisions of the CHP.

    The standard operating procedures (laboratory practices and engineering controls) recommended in this Chemical Hygiene Plan identify the safeguards that should be taken when working with hazardous chemicals. While these safeguards should protect laboratory workers from unsafe conditions in most situations, there is no substitute for personal knowledge and vigilance when working with hazardous chemicals. There are instances when the proposed use of a particular chemical will be such that either additional, or fewer, controls might be appropriate to protect the laboratory worker. Professional judgment is essential in the interpretation of these standard operating procedures, and individual laboratories may modify these procedures to meet their specific uses and operational needs.

OSHA requires that employers comply with the standard in seven areas:

1) Occupational exposure monitoring

    2) Preparation of a Chemical Hygiene Plan

    3) Employee information and training

    4) Medical surveillance

    5) Labeling and hazard identification

    6) Use of personal protective equipment

    7) Record keeping

    The CHP is available to all staff and effected employees of Olin College. Requests for copies and questions regarding the plan should be addressed to the Office of Environmental Health & Safety:

     Attn: Ian Lanza

     Environmental Safety and Compliance Specialist

     Campus Center Suite 332

     Olin College

     Soffice@olin.edu

     781-292-2316

    The CHP is also accessible via the Olin College intranet at I:\Environmental Health and Safety\Triumvirate Environmental Inc\CHP

    iv iv

1.0 Introduction

This manual, entitled the Olin College Chemical Hygiene Plan, is written in accordance with the requirements

    of OSHA's laboratory standard, as found in 29 CFR 1910.1450, Occupational Exposures to Hazardous

    Chemicals in Laboratories.” Olin College is firmly committed to ensuring that the procedures, safety and containment equipment, personal protective equipment, and work practices outlined herein are capable of protecting employees from the health hazards presented by hazardous chemicals.

1.1 Policy

    Olin College, through the Environmental Health and Safety Office, has established a comprehensive pro-active safety program. Olin College is committed to providing an environment which reduces recognized health hazards on campus for the safety of all members of the campus community. Consequently, Olin College's commitment is demonstrated by the development, implementation, and monitoring of programs designed to reduce these recognized hazards.

To be effective, Olin’s Chemical hygiene program will require involvement across the Olin College

    campus.

Only with the combined commitment and effort of Olin’s leadership, faculty, and staff can an

    Environmental Health & Safety program such as the Chemical Hygiene Program succeed.

______________________________ _____________

    Presidents Signature Date

Alternative:

    It is the responsibility of Olin College and its employees to insure that our educational programs and other activities protect and promote the health and safety of the members of the Olin community and the environment

     1

1.2 Coverage

    The policies set forth in this Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) are applicable to all laboratory employees. Laboratory employees at Olin College include faculty, staff, teaching assistants, and laboratory technicians who are paid by Olin College. Laboratory health and safety policies pertain to laboratory work and preparation areas.

    The disciplines covered under this Plan include Biology, Chemistry, Electronics, Materials Sciences, and Physics, Robotics and/or any combination of these. Additional disciplines may be added as the college and its programs evolve. The Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) does not specifically cover students, as described by the OSHA regulations, enrolled at Olin College, but it is strongly suggested that Professors and instructors discuss and implement the elements of the Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) with each student studying or working in a laboratory setting.

1.3 Organization, Roles and Responsibilities

    The authority and responsibility for implementation of chemical hygiene policies at the operating level are the responsibility of those involved with laboratory work & activities. To fully implement chemical hygiene policies, the assistance and cooperation of all laboratory personnel is necessary. The following descriptions outline key roles and responsibilities of Olin College employees involved in implementation of this plan.

1.3.1 Environmental Health & Safety Committee

    This campus-wide committee will meet to review Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) related issues at least once a semester and is charged with the responsibilities to:

    ; Establish a laboratory hygiene monitoring and evaluation program as necessary.

    ; Select and set guidelines for use of engineering controls, protective equipment, and special

    hygiene practices and make provisions for additional employee protection for work with

    particularly hazardous substances.

    ; Review, evaluate and update the effectiveness of the CHP at least annually.

    ; Establish, develop, and review laboratory health and safety training programs.

    ; Review all incidents where the Environmental Health & Safety Committee has had occasion to

    cause laboratory procedures to cease.

    ; Review appropriate incident reports submitted by members of the campus community, make

    recommendations concerning safety incidents and ensure that corrective action is taken, including,

    if necessary, cessation of some or all procedures in a laboratory. In cases where a persistent pattern

    of violations exists, the Environmental Health & Safety Committee may submit a report to the

    appropriate member(s) of the College’s leadership team.

    ; Set criteria for evaluating potential exposures, including a description of circumstances requiring

    prior approval for use of hazardous chemicals/operations.

    ; Overseeing the procurement, use, and disposal of chemicals as necessary.

    ; Meet regularly and communicate safety and health policies and activities to laboratory staff and to

    other campus personnel affected by such policies.

    ; Review the regular inspection reports submitted by the Chemical Hygiene Officer surveying the

    safety of individual laboratories.

     2

1.3.2 Chemical Hygiene Officer (CHO)

    The Chemical Hygiene Officer (CHO) is the manager of the Environmental Health & Safety Office or his/her designee. The Chemical Hygiene Officer (CHO) is responsible for providing technical guidance in the development of the provisions of the Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP). In this capacity, the Chemical Hygiene Officer (CHO) works with laboratory personnel to develop and implement appropriate chemical hygiene policies and practices and to continually seeks to improve the chemical hygiene program. In emergency situations or cases where there is a clear and present danger existing in a laboratory, the Chemical Hygiene Officer (CHO) has the authority to cause a particular laboratory procedure or all laboratory operations to cease.

The Chemical Hygiene Officer (CHO) is also required to:

    ; Periodically inspect laboratory facilities to ensure compliance with the provisions of the Chemical

    Hygiene Plan.

    ; Monitor health and safety conditions at laboratory facilities and investigate accidents/exposures.

    ; Arrange for industrial hygiene monitoring as appropriate and inform personnel of results.

    ; Consult laboratory personnel on matters pertaining to information and training and aide in

    maintenance of training records.

    ; Update the Chemical Hygiene Plan as necessary.

    ; Ensure that safety devices (i.e. safety showers, eye washes, fire extinguishers and fume hood) are

    working properly.

    ; Remain abreast of regulatory and legal requirements associated with use of hazardous chemicals.

    ; Review incident reports submitted by laboratory personnel.

1.3.3 Laboratory Professors/ Advisors

    The immediate supervisor of laboratory employees is responsible for coordinating with the Chemical Hygiene Officer (CHO) to adapt and implement the policies and procedures of the Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP). This includes developing written standard operating procedures for chemical use, enforcing safety practices, providing or scheduling employee training, reporting hazardous conditions to the Chemical Hygiene Officer (CHO), and maintaining adequate records to demonstrate compliance with all aspects of the Lab Safety Standard.

It is the responsibility of each laboratory supervisor to:

    ; Ensure that workers know and follow chemical hygiene policies and practices, that workers have

    been properly trained, and that training activities have been properly documented,

    ; Ensure that control measures selected for the use of any material in their laboratory are adequate

    and that protective equipment is available,

    ; Follow recommendations of the Chemical Hygiene Officer and Environmental Health & Safety

    Committee to correct any unsafe laboratory conditions.

    ; Plan and conduct each laboratory operation in accordance with Olin College's chemical hygiene

    procedures. Employees should also become familiar with good standard practices with

    procedures and chemicals they are involved with by reviewing current literature, available

    Material Safety Data Sheets and applicable Olin College policies.

    ; Wear the personal protective equipment required for each task to which they are assigned.

     3

    ; Use engineering controls and safety equipment properly and according to the requirements

    outlined in this Chemical Hygiene Plan.

    ; Develop good personal chemical hygiene habits.

    ; Participate in all required training programs, including chemical hygiene training.

    ; Report to the responsible faculty, who will in turn report to the Chemical Hygiene Officer all facts

    pertaining to accidents resulting in exposure to hazardous chemicals, and any action or condition

    that may cause an accident and/or exposure to hazardous chemicals.

    ; Assist with the medical consultation/examination after accidental exposure by the employee to

    hazardous chemicals by providing required information to the examining physician.

1.4 Revisions

     Proposed revisions of the Chemical Hygiene Plan can be submitted to the Chemical Hygiene Officer. The Chemical Hygiene Officer and the Environmental Health & Safety committee review and approve the changes as applicable. The Chemical Hygiene Plan will be reviewed and updated annually by the Chemical Hygiene Officer to ensure policies and procedures comply with applicable regulations and program revisions.

     4

2.0 Standard Operating Procedures

2.1 General Lab Procedures

    Olin College has established general lab procedures to ensure that while staff and faculty are working in laboratories they remain safe by decreasing as many unwarranted hazards as possible. By adhering to basic lab conduct regarding clothing, chemical contact and cleanliness employees can more easily maintain healthy and safe laboratory working environments.

2.1.1 Clothing

    By wearing appropriate clothing, employees can reduce the risk of chemical related injuries and protect against some chemical absorption.

    ; Lab coats and safety glasses should be worn as a minimum when performing work in the

    laboratory.

    ; Sandals and open-toed shoes are to be prohibited.

    ; Long hair should be secured back and off the shoulders, as appropriate.

    ; Ties, scarves, and other loose clothing should be secured.

2.1.2 Preventing Chemical Ingestion

    ; Avoid any lab practices that may increase the chances of chemicals coming in contact with the face

    or mouth. Do not bring anything you intend on consuming or applying to your person into the

    laboratory, because it could very easily lead to a harmful contamination.

    ; Do not smell or taste chemicals.

    ; Do not eat, drink, smoke, chew gum, or apply cosmetics, or handle contact lenses in laboratories

    where chemicals are present.

    ; Avoid any hand to mouth or hand to face contact while working with chemicals.

    ; Eating, drinking, smoking, etc. is allowed in designated areas only

    ; Handling, consumption, and/or storage of food or beverages in storage areas or refrigerators that

    are also used for laboratory operations/materials are prohibited.

    ; Use mechanical pipetting devices; do not use mouth suction for pipetting or starting a siphon.

    ; Wash hands frequently and after conducting any hazardous material procedures.

2.1.3 Cleanliness and Decontamination

    It is important to decontaminate tools and work areas after every use. This keeps work areas and tools safe and clean while reducing the risk contamination and unwanted exposures.

    ; Keep work areas clean and uncluttered.

    ; Keep access to emergency equipment and exits open.

    ; Keep all aisles, walkways, hallways, and exits free of chemical containers, obstructions, and

    tripping hazards.

    ; Wash areas of exposed skin well before leaving the laboratory.

    ; Clean up spills and dispose of materials as necessary.

    ; Wash work surfaces well before leaving the laboratory.

    ; Clean up the work area on completion of an operation or at the end of each day.

    ; Do not leave contaminated or dirty glassware or tools in the work area.

    ; Dispose of broken glassware in GLASS ONLY" containers.

    ; Dispose of sharps (e.g., scalpels, needles) in approved sharps containers.

     5

    ; Unwanted surplus chemicals should be given to colleagues who can use them, returned to

    designated storage areas, or properly disposed of.

    ; Do not use lab hoods for long term chemical storage unless required.

2.2 Procedures for Ordering Chemicals

    Before ordering new chemicals contact the Environmental Health & Safety Office to ensure proper tracking of the chemical and Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS). Complete the Notice of Chemical Procurement and submit it to

    the Environmental Health & Safety office (Campus Center 332, or email it to soffice@olin.edu). It is also important to

    plan for proper storage, handling and disposal procedures for new chemicals based on the hazards the chemical poses.

    ; Check the chemical inventory to see if the chemical is already on site.

    ; Estimate the amount of each chemical required by carefully pre-planning experimental

    procedures.

    ; Only purchase chemicals that can be properly accommodated and ventilated in Olin laboratories.

    ; Obtain approval from the Environmental Health & Safety Office prior to ordering by filing a

    Notice of Chemical Procurement. See Figure 1.

    ; Contact the manufacturer before ordering new or unusual chemicals for which adequate hazard

    information is unavailable.

    ; Request Material Safety Data Sheets from vendors when chemicals are ordered and forward

    copies to Environmental Health & Safety Office when Material Safety Data Sheets are received.

    ; Transmit proper handling information to all those who will be involved with the chemical (in

    most instances this information can be found on the Material Safety Data Sheets)

    ; Prepare the laboratory for the arrival of the substance (i.e. establish storage location, post

    appropriate signs, obtain and check personal protective equipment or other accommodations).

    ; Contact Environmental Health & Safety for any possible training that will be necessary for this

    particular chemical.

2.3 Procedures for Receipt and Distribution

    ; Do not accept any chemical whose container is damaged or not properly labeled.

    ; Review and observe information on the safe handling and storage of the chemical.

    ; Place all chemical containers which are to be delivered by hand within shock-resistant carrying

    containers or buckets.

    ; When transporting gas cylinders, use an appropriate hand truck, never drag or roll cylinder, leave

    valve cover cap on until cylinder is secured in place, and handle only one cylinder at a time.

2.4 Chemical Storage

    The proper storage of chemicals can be difficult because of the diverse individual physical properties of each chemical present in the laboratory. Some general procedures for chemical storage are listed below. However, these procedures are not intended to be all-inclusive but rather to serve to supplement more specific procedures adopted for particular laboratory situations. Specific instructions on chemical storage may be obtained from the Material Safety Data Sheets, container label, and by contacting the Environmental Health & Safety Office.

    ; Ensure that all containers are in good condition and properly labeled.

    ; Chemicals in storage should be examined periodically (at least annually) for replacement, inactive

    status, deterioration, and container integrity.

    ; Unneeded items shall be properly discarded in accordance with existing local, state, and federal

    regulations.

     6

Report this document

For any questions or suggestions please email
cust-service@docsford.com