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Nickel Release

By Megan Griffin,2014-12-24 13:11
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Nickel Release- EU Requirements

Nickel Release (94/27/EC) directive, nickel release

    testing,

    Promulgator: ;xyzing Send date: ;2010-11-29 17:40 Visitor: ; 3

    Applicable range of products: children's products, including toys or children's clothing, metal rivets, buttons, fastening material, zippers and metal signs and markers, etc.

    Contents: the human body in certain articles direct and prolonged contact may cause the presence of nickel in human skin allergies, and may cause allergic reactions in some western species of this reaction is particularly evident above. For these reasons, the EU put forward on the nickel used in some of the articles should be limited. June 30, 1994 the EU issued Directive 94/27/EC, Directive 76/769/EEC on the 12th for the amendment. Nickel-containing products require nickel release shall not exceed 0.5μg/cm2 /

    week. July 20, 1997, the European Union according to the requirements of 94/27/EC released three harmonized standard, EN1810, EN1811 and EN12472, clear criteria for the release of nickel quantitative analysis. The implementation of Directive 94/27/EC was adopted by the European Standards Committee proved consistent with this directive for all standard test methods published 6 months after the manufacturers and importers will no longer allow the supply of nickel release substandard products. After

    18 months, does not allow sales to final consumers.

    9427EC What is the standard, nickel release testing, 9427EC of nickel release testing requirements Ni releases test - test release of nickel is a nickel-allergic contact easily lead to the elements. Nickel material

    through a number of nickel release and long-term contact with the skin will be absorbed through skin to

    cause allergies for some individuals; and further exposure to soluble nickel salts in the cause of national

    contact dermatitis (According to statistics, 20% of the people Nickel allergy symptoms are very obvious.) At present, the export to Europe's clothing, jewelry and other daily necessities, if the material composition in nickel metal materials, general requirements of the standard release testing of nickel.

    Nickel limited requirements: the European standard specified for clothing, jewelry and other products shall not exceed in the release of nickel 0.2ug/cm2/week. Testing process: a test of nickel released into

    artificial sweat test object solution for 7 days. Using atomic absorption spectrometry, inductively coupled

    plasma spectroscopy analysis or other appropriate method to test the solution concentration of dissolved nickel. Release of nickel in micrograms per square centimeter with a week (ug/cm2/week) to represent. Universal Detection Method: 20 July 1997 the requirements of the EU under the 94/27/EC released two new harmonized standards, that is, EN1811 and EN12472, the standard release of nickel clear

    quantitative analysis. According to the EU Nickel Directive 94/27/EC on the release of the long-term

    direct contact with the skin products that limits nickel release requirements for 0.2mg/cm2/week, commonly used detection methods: direct and long-term skin contact with nickel-release products the

    volume of the test (EN1811: 1999, for products without electroplating coating); and the items used to measure the plating coating and the wear and tear in the catalytic amount of nickel release test (EN12472: 1999, applies to electroplated coatings products) Effective Date :1999-01-207 x0 ~ 6? *? + J;

    P-W, s product range for: children's products, including toys or children's clothing, metal rivets, buttons, fastening material, zippers and metal plates and markers, etc.; s8 z; [3 A $ C-| main content body in

    certain direct and prolonged contact with items in the presence of nickel may cause allergic person's skin and may cause allergic reactions, this reaction particularly evident in some western species of the above.

    For these reasons, the EU put forward on the nickel used in some of the articles should be limited. June 30, 1994 the EU issued Directive 94/27/EC, Directive 76/769/EEC on the 12th for the amendment. Nickel-containing products require nickel release shall not exceed 0.5μg/cm2 / week. July 20, 1997, the

    European Union according to the requirements of 94/27/EC released three harmonized standard, EN1810, EN1811 and EN12472, clear criteria for the release of nickel quantitative analysis. The implementation of Directive 94/27/EC was adopted by the European Standards Committee proved consistent with this directive for all standard test methods published 6 months after the manufacturers and importers will no longer allow the supply of nickel release substandard products. After 18 months,

    does not allow sales to final consumers.

The European Directive restricting the use

    of Nickel

TEG Home THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL DIRECTIVE

    Page 94/27/EC

    Nickel Home of 30 June 1994

    Page and as subsequently amended by COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 2004/96/EC of 27

    September 2004 Legal

    (*)amending for the 12th time Directive 76/769/EEC on the approximation of the Information

    The European laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the Directive restrictions on the marketing and use of certain dangerous substances and Amending preparations

    Directive

    THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF EUROPEAN UNION, The UK Law

    The UK

    Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Guidance

    Community, and in particular Article 100a thereof, Notes

    Regulatory (1)Having regard to the proposal from the Commission , Tests

    ; Nickel Having regard to the opinion of the Economic and Social Content (2)Committee , ; Nickel

    Release Acting in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article ; Wear Test (3)189b of the Treaty , ; Spectacles

    Wear Test Whereas Article 8a of the Treaty establishes an area without Non internal frontiers in which the free movement of goods, Regulatory persons, services and capital is ensured; Tests

    ; Scanning Whereas work on the internal market should gradually improve Nickel the quality of life, health protection and consumer safety;

    Release whereas the measures proposed by this Directive are in line Other with the Council Resolution of 9 November 1989 on the future Information priorities for relaunching consumer protection policy;

    Insurance

    Implications Whereas the presence of nickel in certain objects coming into

    FAQ direct and prolonged contact with the skin may cause

    Nickel sensitization of humans to nickel and may lead to allergic

    Working reactions; whereas for these reasons the use of nickel should

    Group be limited;

    Links

    Whereas one Member State has already introduced a set of

    control measures on its territory to counteract nickel

    sensitization and nickel allergy and a second Member State

    plans to introduce on its territory a different set of control

    measures; whereas there is therefore a risk of barriers to

    trade;

    Whereas the test methods to be used in demonstrating the

    conformity with this Directive should be defined and published

    before this Directive is implemented; whereas these test

    methods should be the subject of a European standard;

    Whereas limitations already adopted or planned by certain

    Member States on the use of nickel directly affect the

    completion and functioning of the internal market; whereas it

    is therefore necessary to approximate the laws of the Member

    States in this field and consequently to amend Annex 1 to (4)Directive 76/769/EEC ,

    HAVE ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:

    Article 1

    Annex 1 to Directive 76/769/EEC is hereby supplemented.

    Article 2

    1. Member States shall adopt the laws, regulations and administrative

    provisions necessary to comply with this Directive not later than six

    months after publication by the Commission in the Official Journal of the

    European Communities, of the standards adopted by the European

    Committee for Standardization (CEN) on all the test methods used in

    demonstrating the conformity of the products with this Directive, or six

    months after the adoption of this Directive if that date is later than the

    former, so that:

    o six months after the expiry of one or other of those periods, which

    ever is applicable, no manufacturer or importer may place on the

    market products which fail to comply with this Directive;

    o eighteen months after the expiry of one or other of those periods,

    which ever is applicable, products which fail to comply with this

    Directive cannot be sold or made available to the final consumer,

    unless they have been placed on the market before the expiry of

    the date in question.

    They shall inform the Commission thereof.

    2. When Member States adopt the measures referred to in paragraph 1, they

    shall contain a reference to this Directive or shall be accompanied by such

    a reference on the occasion of their official publication. The methods of

    making such a reference shall be laid down by the Member States.

    Article 3

    This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

    Done at Brussels, 30 June 1994.

    For the European Parliament For the Council

    E. KLEPSCH A. BALTAS

    The President The President

    (*)<> The Commission proposal was presented at the 14th amendment of Directive 76/769/EEC (O.J. No C116 27/4/1993 page 18)

    (1) O.J. No C116 27/4/1993 page 18

    (2) O.J. No C304 10/11/1993 page 2

    (3) Opinion of the European Parliament of 2/12/1993 (O.J. No C342 20/12/1993 page 15), Council common position of 4/3/1994 (O.J. No C137 19/5/1994 page 60) and Decision of the European

    Parliament of 5/5/1994 (not yet published).

    (4)<> Original Directive O.J. No L262 27/9/76 page 201, Directive as last amended by Directive 91/339/EEC (O.J. No L186 12/7/91 page 64).

ANNEX

    28. Nickel May not be used:

    CAS No

7440-0-20

    EINECS No

    2311114 and its

    compounds

    1) in all post assemblies which are inserted into pierced ears and

    other pierced parts of the human body unless the rate of nickel

    release from such post assemblies is less than

    0,2 ;g/cm2/week (migration limit);

    2) in products intended to come into direct and prolonged contact

    with the skin such as:

    ; earrings,

    ; necklaces, bracelets and chains, anklets, finger rings,

    ; wrist-watch cases, watch straps and tighteners,

    ; rivet buttons, tighteners, rivets, zippers and metal

    marks, when these are used in garments

    if the rate of nickel release from the parts of these products

    coming into direct and prolonged contact with the skin is

    greater than 0.5 ;g/cm;/week;

    3) in products listed in point 2 above where these have a

    non-nickel coating unless such coating is sufficient to ensure

    that the rate of nickel release from those parts of such products

    coming into direct and prolonged contact with the skin will not

    exceed 0.5 ;g/cm;/week for a period of at least two years of

    normal use of the product.

    Furthermore, products which are the subject of points 1, 2 and 3 above, may not be placed on the market unless they conform to the requirements set out in those points

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