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    01.04.09 LAA and TAP Progress Report Appendix 4i



    NI 186 Per capita Reduction in CO2 emissions

1) (New) Local Area Agreement Target(s) to be Achieved: 2) Lead Group:

    NI 186 Reducing CO2 emissions SCS Theme Places Walsall Council: Keith Stone, Grouping Lead Officer and

    Assistant Director

    Simon Tranter, Individual TAP Lead Officer

    3) Lead Organisation and Address: 4) Supporting Organisations:

    GOWM, Walsall Partnership, Groundwork Black Country Walsall Council, Civic Centre, Darwell Street, WS1 1TP

5) Main Contact Person and Contact Details:

Carol Edmondson, Climate Change Officer, Development and Delivery, Regeneration Services, Walsall Council

6) What existing activity is being undertaken to achieve the target(s)?

    The indicator is measured as a percentage reduction of the per capita CO2 emissions in the local authority area, as measured from a baseline year of 2005, (due to there being a two year delay in establishing the data). This is based on annual end user emissions across the following sectors:

    ; Domestic housing: all housing in the local authority area, including Arms Length Management Organisations (ALMOs), privately

    owned and leased housing;

    ; Organisations: industry and commercial emissions, including public and voluntary sectors (not including ETS installations, diesel

    railways, shipping or aviation);

    ; Road traffic: all road traffic excluding motorways.

    The indicator specifically excludes emissions from land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF). Direct emissions from power generation and fuel production are not included. However, the end user (or final consumer) calculations allocate emissions from fuel

    producers to users. Therefore use of renewable or low-carbon energy will be reflected in the figures.


    01.04.09 LAA and TAP Progress Report Appendix 4i

    A strategic aim of the Council’s Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan is to ‘mitigate climate change by reducing the Council’s carbon footprint.’ The Council is committed to reducing the amount of energy it uses, using the energy it has more efficiently and increasing the amount of renewable and low carbon energy used within the borough.

    Most of the existing activities falling under domestic housing have been initiated by the Walsall Affordable Warmth Action Group. This is because the activities commissioned to reduce fuel poverty also reduce the amount of CO2 emissions produced.

    The following activity has been identified from the Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan, partners strategies and the Climate Change Workshop held in November 2008. The workshop was held on 21 November for LSP partners to discuss current activity in respect to reducing CO2 emissions and preparing to adapt to climate change looking at proposed and potential activity in the future:

    Domestic Housing Organisations Road Traffic

    ; The Council is on target to achieve the Home ; Ten surveys of the Council’s least energy efficient ; Reduction of the age profile of the Council’s fleet

    Energy Conservation Association (HECA) target buildings from 13 years to three years

    of 30% reduction in carbon emissions (based on ; Combined Heat and Power (CHP) units installed ; Utilisation of a more environmentally friendly

    1995 levels) in the residential sector by 2010 at Willenhall Leisure Centre and Rushall Mews in vehicle fleet within the Council

    ; Health through Warmth Project install energy 2007 ; Walsall Hospitals NHS Trust:

    efficiency measures in households throughout ; Purchase maximum affordable green electricity - Cycle purchases with significant reductions and

    the borough, occupied by individuals with health tariff for council energy use, with year on year allowing pay back from salary on a monthly

    related problems. 422 dwellings received increase basis. There has been significant interest and

    energy efficiency measures as of March 2008. ; As part of the Council’s energy awareness raising purchases via this scheme.

    ; In partnership with Climate Energy and VNR programme, 226 members of staff were trained - 50% discount on public transport travel cards

    Contracting Services Walsall Council offer cavity ; The proposed use of Simplified Building Energy for all staff

    wall and loft insulation at a discounted price Model (SBEM) assessments for all new council

    over 600 households have accessed the scheme buildings to provide a consistent and reliable

    ; Energy saving Trust Advice Centre offers free approach to evaluating potential energy use for

    advice on all aspects of carbon savings initiatives Building Regulation compliance

    including energy efficiency to people living in the ; Renewal of energy accreditation for 2009

    Walsall area (programme now replaced by the Carbon Trust

    ; The Energy Efficiency Team arranged for EON Standard). The council first received Energy

    Powergen and Walsall Council Education Accreditation in 2006.

    Services to work in partnership to install cavity ; Council in the process of applying (Expression of

    wall and loft insulation in 47 tied tenancy interest) to join the Carbon Trust’s Carbon

    properties mainly occupied by school caretakers Management Programme

    ; Many training sessions and presentations have ; As part of the Carbon Trust’s Carbon

    taken place: Management Energy Efficiency (CMEE)

    - At Aisha Mosque Programme the Council has received 50% match

    - 300 key workers of the Health Through funding towards the following projects:


    01.04.09 LAA and TAP Progress Report Appendix 4i

    Warmth programme - Trial pilot study using voltage optimisation

    - Interactivity events at 20+ primary schools technology;

     - Mechanical and electrical sustainable design

    guide to be used for all council buildings (new

    build and existing), to include schools

    - Borough-wide micro generation strategy to be

    developed for the Council’s website

    - Additional further 10 energy efficiency surveys

    - Training to school caretakers and council

    officers on energy awareness conducted 226

    staff trained by October 2008

    ; The Council achieved a 36% reduction in council

    corporate CO2 emissions in 2007 representing

    an 11% increase on the Council’s existing target.

    ; Procurement of green electricity for council

    energy use, with a target to increase year on year

    ; Reduce street lighting from 14.1 Gwh to 13.6

    Gwh in 2010

    ; Groundwork Black Country provide energy

    efficiency audits for SME’s to reduce their energy


    ; Walsall College have spent:

    - ?2,000 on pipe lagging

    - ?30,000 upgrading to efficient lighting

    - ?40,000 upgrading to the thin client computer


7) Has an analysis / review / evaluation been undertaken to assess the suitability of existing activity, including identification of

    duplication and gaps in service delivery? If yes, please provide evidence of the review / evaluation and outcomes?

The Climate Change Officer for Walsall Council co-ordinates the activity designed to reduce CO2 emissions within the Council.

    Assessing the suitability of existing activity is continually reviewed as the Climate Change Officer ensures that processes undertaken to achieve this aim are synchronised across Directorates and Services.

    The following specifically relate to activities targeted at reducing CO2 emissions within domestic housing. There is a significant degree of crossover here with NI 187 which is concerned with reducing fuel poverty amongst households in receipt of means tested benefits.

    Therefore the analysis here is also applicable to NI 187.


    01.04.09 LAA and TAP Progress Report Appendix 4i

The Home Energy Conservation Act 1995 (HECA)

This requires all local authorities to report annually to the Secretary of State on the initiatives and schemes that have been put into place

    to improve domestic energy efficiency in homes by 30% (based on 1995 levels) by 2010. Walsall Council has reported an improvement ststof 22.73% from 1 April 1996 to 31 March 2007.

The Energy Saving Trust Advice Centre’s Quarterly Returns

The Advice Centre produces quarterly returns which provide evidence of the number and type of enquiries connected to home energy

    efficiency received by the centre and how they were dealt with.

Affordable Warmth Action Group (AWAG)

    The partners meet bi-monthly to assess the performance of current activities and discuss new initiatives

Housing Standards and Improvements Service Plan

    The Service Plan includes explicit reference to energy efficiency projects and therefore they are reported on annually.

Health Through Warmth Project

The project is monitored through a number of different ways including:

    ; Recording all referrals from start to completion date

    ; NRF monthly monitoring reports since Health Through Warmth was NRF funded during 2006-2008

    ; Customer satisfaction survey

7a) What proposed activity is to be undertaken to achieve the target(s):

    The proposed activity identified by the Council and partners is categorised according to the three sectors.


    01.04.09 LAA and TAP Progress Report Appendix 4i

    Domestic Housing Organisations Road Traffic

    ; Develop targeted campaigns to promote energy ; Display energy and water saving notices in all ; Use the Energy Saving Trust Green Fleet Review saving Council owned and managed buildings service to identify fleet utilisation and how vehicle ; Assess finance schemes available to private ; Include energy saving at work in induction emissions can be reduced

    sector households for the installation of energy programme for all new Council staff ; Through plans and policies in the LDF, ensure saving and renewable energy measures ; Circulate induction to all Council staff on a that development is located where it is likely to ; Develop borough wide finance offering to all quarterly basis and post on Council intranet maximise opportunities for walking and cycling

    private sector residents ; Identify best power saving solution for the ; Develop a Council Travel Plan for staff ; Ensure all social housing providers offer energy Council’s owned or leased electrical equipment commuting to and from work

    efficiency advice to tenants as part of tenant e.g. monitors ; Introduce incentives to encourage greater use of packs ; Fit and/or activate power saving devices public transport

    ; Promote the Walsall Energy Efficiency Advice ; Appoint building managers for each of the ; Set targets for reduction in road miles of Council Centre as a single source of support and advice Council’s buildings to monitor energy habits vehicles and encourage departments to set

    ; Explore the feasibility of a carbon neutral ; Provide energy and water conservation training individual staff car mile reduction/use of public neighbourhood target for the Walsall New Deal for all building managers transport targets

    for Communities area and how carbon neutrality ; Utilise free advice and training from: ; Pilot the use of electric vehicles in the Council’s may be achieved and by when - The Carbon Trust fleet. Assess cost-benefits and CO2 savings of ; Encourage social housing providers to improve - Environment Agency fuel piloted and write recommendations report

    the energy efficiency of their housing stock - Envirowise ; Explore campaign options to promote wider use ; Help identify renewable technologies most - Energy Saving Trust of greener fuelled or alternative forms of transport

    suitable for their housing stock and lever external ; Upgrade school refurbishment policy to include e.g. borough wide cycle to work day or car share

    funding for new build or refurbishment projects use of low carbon energy and connect to a local day

    ; Raise awareness of Energy Performance decentralised renewable or low carbon energy ; Explore cost-benefit of town centre vehicle Certificates as an indicator of the need for energy source charging/penalty scheme

    saving and CO2 reduction measures ; Use Energy Saving Trust Advice Centre to help ; Facilitate joint working between planning officers ; Monitor reduction in carbon emissions in the identify possible sources of funding to support and local employer/school travel advisors to residential sector for HECA reporting purposes school projects ensure proposed new development meet targets

     ; Include in tender documents from Council that for sustainable travel and road safety

     preference will be given to suppliers who meet ; Walsall Hospitals NHS Trust proposed activity:

    certain environmental criteria - Review allocation of car parking permits

    ; Establish Council procurement miles baseline - Consider establishing formal car sharing

    and set targets for increasing the percentage of scheme

    services/goods procured from a specific radius or - Promote public transport

    a total percentage reduction in service/product - Improved bus stops when new site opens in

    miles 2010

     - Target of 25% of staff, visitors and patients

    using public transport by 2011

    - Further promote aims of travel plan and

    reduce single car occupancy


    01.04.09 LAA and TAP Progress Report Appendix 4i

The climate change steering group will establish the top three priorities for Walsall in respect to reducing CO2 emissions. These could

    be strategic which cut across all three sectors or be more delivery based. Similarly a priority could be developed for each sector, or they could be generic to all of them. It is also proposed to develop three priorities for preparing to adapt to climate change (for NI 188) and

    then establishing the extent to which they complement or contradict each other (in some instances adaptation can conflict with mitigation

    such as adapting to rising temperatures means using air conditioning which contributes to CO2 emissions).

Proposed Steering Group Members

    ; Walsall Council

    ; Walsall Housing Group

    ; University of Wolverhampton

    ; Groundwork Black Country

    ; Walsall Voluntary Action

    ; NHS Walsall

    ; Manor Hospital

    ; West Midlands Police

    ; Walsall College

    ; Walsall’s New Deal

    ; Environment Agency

It has been proposed that the Environmental Forum, which has not met for a year, will start meeting again. This forum includes Council

    staff, LSP partners and a number of voluntary and community organisations. The Forum could be a good mechanism for the wider distribution of information to other groups and the community. The first meeting of the re-launched Forum will be held on 26 March 2009.

8) Why has this particular course of action been chosen?

    (Evidence of successful practice elsewhere, which is relevant to Walsall’s needs; Have other options been considered)

    The activities identified have been chosen because they address all three sectors and can be implemented within existing structures. They also reflect national guidance from leading bodies including the Carbon Trust. In addition, the proposed activities represent direct

    action to reduce CO2 emissions as well as broader aims of raising awareness of energy saving techniques.

    This represents good practice since the activities demonstrate a multi-faceted approach to reducing CO2 emissions. Some of the activities seek to spread awareness and educate people, through training days, whilst others enforce action such as procurement rules. There are also activities which take direct action to reducing CO2 emissions such as the Health Through Warmth project. Through


    01.04.09 LAA and TAP Progress Report Appendix 4i

    undertaking this diverse approach Walsall is able to have an impact on reducing CO2 emissions in the present whilst also establishing common principles and ways of working for the future.

    9) Is this activity linked to existing strategies / outcomes, including the Sustainable Community Strategy; How does it

     contribute to achievement of new Local Area Agreement target(s); Have additional Partners been identified who can add

    value to the programme / commission who are they and what roles could they perform?

    As previously outlined the existing and proposed activity to reduce CO2 emissions closely accords with the Climate Change and Action Plan. The Sustainable Community Strategy (SCS) sets out Walsall’s vision for 2021. The proposed activity in this TAP supports the

    achievement of with the following element of the vision:

    ; People can live an independent and healthy life’ reducing CO2 emissions will improve the air quality and therefore contribute to

    improving peoples health

    The proposed activity links with the Places theme of the SCS under ‘Improving the quality of our environment.’ Two relevant priorities are:

    ; To monitor and reduce the impact of pollutants on the environment.

    ; Ensure people have sufficient heat and energy and reduce unnecessary waste of energy

    The Climate Change Executive Group includes representatives from the LSP (outlined in Section 7). These partners can continue to work together to co-ordinate their activities to reduce CO2 emissions.

10) Are there any existing services which need to cease, or be reduced in scale, in order for this activity to take place?

    The activity to deliver this target will continue to be further embedded into current services and provision. An example of this is the Health Through Warmth programme which received ?1.2 million through Walsall Strategic Partnership’s Neighbourhood Renewal Fund and a smaller contribution from Walsall Council. The success of the scheme has meant that Walsall Council has mainstreamed the

    programme allocating a minimum of ?850,000 during 2008/09.

11) Please outline the service specification:

    (Please provide a concise summary of the programme / commission highlighting how resources will be aligned / pooled to support it)

    To achieve the targets of the indicator a number of activities are and will take place under the three sectors by which CO2 emissions are measured. These are:


    01.04.09 LAA and TAP Progress Report Appendix 4i

    ; Domestic housing: all housing in the local authority area, including Arms Length Management Organisation (ALMOs), privately

    owned and leased housing

    ; Organisations: industry and commercial emissions, including public and voluntary sectors (not including ETS installations, diesel

    railways, shipping or aviation)

    ; Road traffic: all road traffic excluding motorways.

Domestic Housing

    The activities taking place within this sector are primarily co-ordinated by the Affordable Warmth Action Group which are targeted at reducing fuel poverty, a by product of this being a reduction in CO2 emissions. Projects include:

    ; Health Through Warmth Scheme: created by npower, helps tackle the issues of fuel poverty, cold/damp related illness and

    excess winter deaths. It aims to improve the levels of warmth, comfort and quality of life for the most vulnerable people in the


    ; Cavity Wall and Loft Insulation Scheme: In partnership with Climate Energy and VNR, Walsall Council offer cavity wall and loft

    insulation at a discounted price, currently ?149 per measure. Walsall residents who are over 70 or on certain means tested

    benefit are entitled to the measures completed free of charge. 650 households accessed the scheme by October 2008.

    ; Tied Tenancy Insulation Scheme: The Energy Efficiency Team arranged for EON Powergen and Walsall Council Education

    Services to work in partnership to install cavity wall and loft insulation in 47 tied tenancy properties mainly occupied by school


    ; Energy saving Trust Advice Centre offers free advice on all aspects of carbon savings initiatives including energy efficiency to

    people living in the Walsall area

In addition proposed activity centres on raising awareness amongst residents and social landlords as to the benefits of introducing

    energy efficiency measures and adopting energy efficient practices. The Environmental Forum will also be valuable in raising awareness regarding reducing CO2 emissions.


    The Council is committed to reducing its energy usage, using energy more efficiently and increase the amount of renewable and low carbon energy it uses. In addition it is seeking to raise awareness so that energy efficiency is adopted throughout all levels of the

    organisation. Activities include:

    ; Surveys of its least efficient buildings

    ; Procurement of green electricity


    01.04.09 LAA and TAP Progress Report Appendix 4i

    ; Training members of staff

    ; Trailed voltage optimisation technology

    The Council can influence organisations throughout the borough through taking a lead on energy efficiency measures and demonstrating their success. The Council can also have an impact through its procurement processes by explicitly stating preference will be given to

    suppliers who meet certain environmental criteria and set targets for the percentage of services/goods procured from a specific radius.

The Climate Change Executive Group will also provide an effective mechanism for sharing information and introducing CO2 reducing


Road Traffic

    To reduce CO2 emissions caused by road traffic a number of incentives will be developed to encourage greater use of alternative forms of transport, such as cycle to work day and car share day. Other more direct actions can be explored such as a cost-benefit of a town

    centre vehicle charging/penalty scheme.

Other organisations in Walsall are also developing and implementing travel to work plans including Walsall College and Walsall Hospitals

    NHS Trust. The Climate Change Executive Group will again provide a key mechanism by which LSP partners can share good practice

    and work together to reducing CO2 emissions from road use. The activities can also be communicated through the Environmental Forum.

12) What is the approximate total cost of the activity?

    (This should include ALL resources being used to deliver activity, i.e., mainstream, grants, European)

    The costs incurred to deliver against this indicator will predominantly be on people’s time. The Climate Change Officer will need to dedicate a proportion of their own time to co-ordinate the activities.

    Running and maintaining the Executive Group and Environmental Forum will also require administration time from Walsall Partnership, Walsall Council and Partnership organisations. Partners will also incur a cost through staff attending Executive Group meetings and

    reporting back to colleagues and subsequently implementing any necessary mitigation measures.

    In addition the Health Through Warmth Programme has received ?850,000 for 2008/09 to continue making insulation improvements to those most in need.


    01.04.09 LAA and TAP Progress Report Appendix 4i

13) What is the procurement / tendering / contracting process and timetable?

    Most of the activities will take place within existing Council Directorates; however should any procurement be necessary it will be undertaken through the Council’s Financial and Contract Rules. When preparing to purchase any goods or services Council officers will:

    ; Assess how much the proposed purchase is likely to cost

    ; Determine what authority is required prior to purchase

    ; Determine which officer shall be responsible for the purchase

    ; Establish whether existing contracts and purchasing arrangements exist

    ; Seek the advice and assistance of the Council’s corporate procurement service for all purchases exceeding ?50,000 in value, and

    ; Establish whether the European Union Public Procurement regime will regulate procurement

Before officers seek quotations or tenders for the purchase of any goods, works or services they will determine:

    ; Whether quotations or tenders are to be sought

    ; If electronic tendering is appropriate

    ; The need for sureties to be provided

    ; Tender documentation

    ; Return and opening of tenders

    ; Assessment of tenders

    ; Acceptance of tenders

    ; If more than one tender is to be accepted

Officers should use existing contracts wherever possible, however if goods or services need to be purchased:

    ; Where the value of the proposed purchase is less than ?2,500, neither quotation nor tender shall be obtained subject to the

    overriding requirement of compliance with the Council’s finance and contract rules and procedures

    ; Written quotations shall be invited from at least four different firms for all goods, services or works whose value is estimated to be

    ?2,500 or greater but less than ?50,000

    ; Formal sealed tenders shall be invited from at least four firms who have demonstrated their technical and financial ability to

    provide goods, works or services where: their value is estimated to be ?50,000 or more or for the supply for a period of three

    months or more whose value is estimated to exceed ?20,000 in any one month


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