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Internationalization

By Leon Bradley,2014-05-09 17:56
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Internationalization

    CENTRES OF EXCELLENCE

    Political Will and Scientific Capacity

    Gustav Kristensen

    Director, EuroFaculty

Purpose: Create the knowledge, which could be the basis for a

    coordinated Baltic research development strategy in Social Science from summer 2004 after the rule one subject one Baltic Centre of Excellence.

     1

    Foreword…………………………………………………….………………….5

    ECONOMICS

    Section 1 ……………………………………………………………..…..7

Estonia

    Centre name: Baltic Centre for Labour Studies

     Proposed by: RaulEamets…….………………….…..…..9-25

Centre name: Baltic Centre for Internationalization Studies

     Proposed by: Urmas Varblane …………………….…... 27-40 Latvia

    Centre name: Baltic Centre for Regional Competitiveness and Sustainability

    Studies

     Proposed by: Elena Dubra..……………………………..41-58 Lithuania

    Center name: Baltic Center for Macroeconomic Policy Studies

     Proposed by: Linas Cekanavicius………………….….…59-68

    Evaluation of the proposals in Economics……………………………….69-72

    POLITICAL SCIENCE/PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

    Section 2……………………………………………………………….... 73

Estonia

    Center name: Baltic Centre for the Study of Democratic Political Culture

    and Multi-level Governance

    Proposed by: Vello Petai/Allan Sikk.………………………..75-90 Estonia

    Center name: Baltic Centre for the Study of the European Administrative

    Space Prospective for Enlargement

     Proposed by: Taavi Annas……………………...……….91-121 Latvia

    Center name: Baltic Centre for the Study of Regional Governance in

     Europe

     Proposed by: Žaneta Ozoliņa………………..…………123-149 Lithuania

    Center name: Baltic Centre for Comparative Regional Studies.

    Proposed by: Algimantas Jankauskas…………………..151-176

     Evaluation of the proposals in Political Science………………………177-180

     2

LAW

    Section 3……………………………………………………………….. 181

    Estonia

    Center name: Baltic Centre for Legal Process and Skills

    Proposed by: Michael Gallagher………….………….183-194

    Latvia

    Center name: Baltic Centre of Private Law

    Proposed by: Kalvis Torgāns…………………………195-221

    Lithuania

    Center name: Baltic Centre of EU Law Studies

     Proposed by: Zenonas Petrauskas...............................223-234

     Evaluation of the proposals in Law………………………………….235-238

     3

Foreword

In order to create sustainability for the results of EuroFaculty, EuroFaculty has

    entered in a process to map the political will and scientific capacity to build up a

    common structure for Centres of Excellence in the Baltic states.

This specific process has three steps.

    In step 1 the EuroFaculty director together with the Eurofaculty disciplines coordinators visited the three universities in Tartu, Riga and Vilnius and met the

    deans and key persons for the process.

    In step 2 a number of discipline specific seminars on Centres of Excellence was organized. The meetings tok place in Riga as scheduled:

Economics: Meeting: 6 January, 2004

Political Science: First meeting: 8 December, 2003

    Second meeting: 6 February 2004

Law: First meeting: 8 November, 2003

    Second meeting: 28 January 2004

    In step 3 the proposals were evaluated. For each discipline an international team for discussing and evaluation of the proposals was selected:

Economics:

    Professor Niels Westergaard Nielsen, Aarhus Business School, Denmark

    Ass. Professor Karsten Albæk, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

    Professor Jørgen Drud Hansen, EuroFaculty, Denmark

Political Science:

    Professor Erik Albek, University of Aalborg, Denmark

    Professor Knut Heidar, University of Oslo, Norway

    Professor Mogens N. Pedersen, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark

    Law: Professor Nis Jul Clausen, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark

    Professor Hans Wildberg, EuroFaculty, Germany

    Professor Norbert Reich, Riga Graduate Scool of Law, Germany

This report includes the proposals for the Centres of Excellence made by the Baltic

    universities, as well as the evaluations of the proposals. The report shal serve as

    background material for applying for funds for the Centres.

Gustav Kristensen

    Director, EuroFaculty

     4

5

    Section I. ECONOMICS

    Estonia

    Centre name: Baltic Centre of Labour Studies

     Proposed by: RaulEamets…….………………….……..9-25

    Centre name: Baltic Centre of International Economics

     Proposed by: Urmas Varblane …………………….…..27-40

    Latvia

    Centre name: Baltic Centre for for Regional Competitiveness and

    Sustainability Studies

     Proposed by: Elena Dubra..…………………………….41-58

    Lithuania

    Center name: Baltic Center for Macroeconomic Policy Studies

    Proposed by: Linas Cekanavicius………………….…...59-68

    Evaluation of the proposals in Economics……………………………..69-72

    International Experts connected:

    Professor Niels Westergaard Nielsen, Denmark, Aarhus Business School

    Ass. Professor Karsten Albæk, University of Copenhagen

    Professor Jørgen Drud Hansen, EuroFaculty, Denmark

     6

7

    CENTRE OF EXELLENCE

Centre name: Baltic Centre for Labour Market

    Studies

    Proposal from

    Faculty of Economics

    and Business Administration,

    University of Tartu,

    Tartu

     8

9

1. University of Tartu

2. Faculty of Economics and Business Administration

3. Name of the centre: Baltic Centre for Labour Market Studies

4. Head of the research group: Raul Eamets

    5. Aim/Research profile (future project, research tasks)

    Labour market flexibility issues Main questions:

    ? How will accession to the EU affect labour policy of accession countries?

    ? How will accession affect labour protection legislation in accession countries?

    ? How will accession affect labour relations in accession countries?

    ? What means free movement of labour for EU member states and accession

    countries labour markets?

    ? How will the accession of CEE countries affect the European social model?

Key concepts: 1Sustainable development of human capital in accession countries and real 2convergence in order to achieve the quality of live of EU.

    According to our hypothesis one important barrier to nominal convergence is labour

    market flexibility issues. Based on flexibility related literature we have developed our

    own broader concept of flexibility.

    We argue that labour market flexibility should be treated at two different levels: the

    macro level and the micro level. Macro level flexibility can, further, be divided into

    institutional flexibility and wage flexibility. The institutional flexibility of labour 3market denotes to what extent state institutions and trade unions are involved in the

    regulation of the labour market. Wage flexibility denotes how responsive wages are to

    market fluctuations. Micro level flexibility relates to labour market flow analyses. The

    labour market can be characterised by various flows of transitions to and from

    employment, unemployment and non-participation, as well as flows of job creation

    and job destruction. In practice different aspects of flexibility are interrelated,

     1 According to World Bank's four capital approach, sustainability in this context means to preserve the

    societal capital (physical capital, social capital, human capital, natural capital) in order to secure

    equivalent living conditions for future generations. 2 The concept of quality of life mainly incorporates two goal dimensions:

    Improvement of Objective Living Conditions. This goal dimension concerns the development of

    ascertainable living circumstances of individual, such as working conditions, state of health or

    standard of living

    Enhancement of Subjective Well-Being. The indicators related to this goal dimension will reveal

    how the objective living conditions are perceived and evaluated by the citizens. Examples are

    measures of satisfaction or happiness.

     3 The intensity of state intervention could be measured by the complexity of employment protection

    legislation, labour standards and expenditures to labour policy plus decomposition

    of labour policy.

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