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An example of a good waste management system the City of

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An example of a good waste management system the City of

     CO.VA.R. 14 Comune di Nichelino Consorzio Valorizzazione Rifiuti 14 Provincia di Torino

    The City of Nichelino, Italy: an example of a “door to door” waste collection system

In the following paragraphs, we present the case of the City of Nichelino, North

     West of Italy, population of nearly 50.000 inhabitants.

    It has a high density of population (2.315,5 inhabitants/square Km) and it is

    situated very near Turin.

    The City can be considered an example in waste management.

    In 2005, the “door to door” selective waste collection was set.

    This meant the fulfilment of the following results (2006 vs. 2007):

    a) reduction of the total waste production: - 2.246,88 tonnes (- 10,31%);

    b) reduction of the unsorted waste production: - 9.223,13 tonnes (- 52,62%);

    c) increase of the selective waste collection: + 6.976,25 tonnes (+ 163,81%).

1. Statistics

1.1 State: Italy

     Population year 2006: 58.751.711

    Italy’s Urban Waste production (Kg/inhabitant/year)

Year 2004 Year 2005

    533 539

Italy’s Selective waste collection rate

Year 2004 Year 2005

    22,7% 24,3%

1.2 Region: Piedmont

     Population year 2006: 4.341.733

    Piedmont’s Urban Waste production (Kg/inhabitant/year)

    Year 2004 Year 2005 Year 2006

    514,74 514,46 523,27

    Piedmont’s Selective waste collection rate

Year 2004 Year 2005 Year 2006 Year 2007

    32,9% 37,2% 40,8% 43,6%

1.3 Province: Turin

     Population year 2006: 2.242.775

    1 Mr. Giuseppe Catizone, Mayor of the City of Nichelino

    “Don’t Waste Your Climate” seminar for MEPs, organised by FoE th27 November 2007

     CO.VA.R. 14 Comune di Nichelino Consorzio Valorizzazione Rifiuti 14 Provincia di Torino

Turin Province’s Urban Waste production (Kg/inhabitant/year)

    Year 2004 Year 2005 Year 2006

    523,75 520,49 530,34

    Turin Province’s Selective waste collection rate

    Year 2004 Year 2005 Year 2006

    31,2 36,3 41,2

1.4 Local Authority: CO.VA.R. 14 (association of 19 Municipalities)

     Population year 2006: 250.009

CO.VA.R. 14’s Urban Waste production (Kg/inhabitant/year)

    Year 2004 Year 2005 Year 2006

    477,69 446,46 424

    CO.VA.R. 14’s Selective waste collection rate

    Year 2004 Year 2005 Year 2006

    28,1% 41,8% 63%

1.5 Local Authority: Municipality of Nichelino

     Population year 2006: 48.231

Nichelino’s Urban Waste production (Kg/inhabitant/year)

    Year 2004 Year 2005 Year 2006

    468,17 450,09 405,43

Nichelino’s Selective waste collection rate

    Year 2004 Year 2005 Year 2006

    22,4% 19,5% 57,5%

2. Italian national legislative background

In 1997, the Italian Government enacted a Decree (Legislative Decree 22/1997,

    so called “Decreto Ronchi”) for the implementation of the following Directives:

    a) 91/156/EEC about waste;

    b) 91/689/EEC about dangerous waste;

    c) 94/62/EEC about packaging and packaging waste.

    2 Mr. Giuseppe Catizone, Mayor of the City of Nichelino

    “Don’t Waste Your Climate” seminar for MEPs, organised by FoE th27 November 2007

     CO.VA.R. 14 Comune di Nichelino Consorzio Valorizzazione Rifiuti 14 Provincia di Torino

It fixed the following rates of selective waste collection:

    sta) 15% to be achieved by 1 March 1999;

    stb) 25% to be achieved by 1 March 2001;

    stc) 35% to be achieved by 1 March 2003.

The above mentioned Decree was repealed in 2006 by the issuing of the

    “Environmental Code” (Legislative Decree 152/2006) whose Part IV regulates the management of waste and the reclamation of polluted lands.

    The “Environemtal Code” fixed new rates of selective waste collection

    (integrated and partially corrected by the Law 296/2006):

    a) 35% to be achieved by the end of 2006;

    b) 40% to be achieved by the end of 2007;

    c) 45% to be achieved by the end of 2008;

    d) 50% to be achieved by the end of 2009;

    e) 60% to be achieved by the end of 2011.

3. Piedmont Region’s legislative background

In 2002, Piedmont Region enacted a law (Regional Law 24/2002) about the

    management of waste, which imposed to the Municipalities, belonging to the

    same “waste collection basin”, to join together in an association. Each association had to organize:

    a) the integrated management of selective waste collection;

    b) the setting and management of the structures necessary to carry out the

    selective waste collection;

    c) the delivery of waste to technologic facilities and landfills.

The Regional Law provided that the Municipalities, which didn’t achieve the

    rates of selective waste collection fixed by the “Decreto Ronchi”, were inflicted

    an economic sanction, correlated (i) in the first year, to the lacking rate of

    selective waste collection (ii) and in the following years both to the lacking rate

    and the number of resident citizens.

4. Turin Province’s economic support to the Municipalities

In 2002, Turin’s Province began to support, with economic grants, the

    Municipalities of its territory, in order to encourage them to establish “door to door” selective waste collection systems. This economic intervention was then repeated until 2006.

    The Province granted 580.000,00 ? to the Municipality or Nichelino on a total cost of the project of 2.661.000,00 ?.

    3 Mr. Giuseppe Catizone, Mayor of the City of Nichelino

    “Don’t Waste Your Climate” seminar for MEPs, organised by FoE th27 November 2007

     CO.VA.R. 14 Comune di Nichelino Consorzio Valorizzazione Rifiuti 14 Provincia di Torino

5. The CO.VA.R. 14

The CO.VA.R. 14 is an association of 19 Municipalities in South Turin’s Province.

    At first, it was constituted voluntarily by the concerned Municipalities. Then, it

    became a compulsory association, after the enacting of the Regional Law

    24/2002.

    It has a population of nearly 250.000 inhabitants.

    According to the above mentioned legislative provisions, all the associated

    Municipalities have a “door to door” selective waste collection system.

    This system was gradually introduced from the year 2004 and its complete

    actuation was achieved at the beginning of the year 2006.

    The average selective waste collection rate’s evolution is shown in the following table:

Year 2003 Year 2004 Year 2005 Year 2006

    22,7% 28,1% 41,8% 63%

6. The City of Nichelino

Population 2006: 48.414

    In the year 2005, the “door to door” selective waste collection system was

    introduced through the following actions:

    a) identification of different types of users:

    a.1. individual domestic users (single users, i.d. 1 to 4 families residing in a

    detached house, each having their own waste containers);

    a.2. condominial domestic users (5 or more families residing in a block of

    flats with waste containers for a common use);

    a.3. individual non domestic users (1 economic operator in a single

    estate unit, having its own waste containers);

    a.4. condominial non domestic users (more than 1 economic operator

    in a single estate unit with waste containers for a common use);

    b) division of the municipal territory in 5 homogenous zones;

    c) territorial surveys aimed at individuating the (July to December 2007):

    c.1. kind and quantity of waste containers necessary to each user;

    c.2. the place where collocating the waste containers (preferably on

    private property areas);

    d) “door to door” waste collection, delivery of the containers for (October

    2005 to February 2006):

    d.1. paper and cardboard boxes;

    d.2. humid organic waste;

    d.3. unsorted waste (with transponder).

    Glass and plastic and metallic packaging are collected in containers

    collocated near public roads (except for some users, i.d. cafeterias, restaurants,

    which have their own domiciliary containers).

    4 Mr. Giuseppe Catizone, Mayor of the City of Nichelino

    “Don’t Waste Your Climate” seminar for MEPs, organised by FoE th27 November 2007

     CO.VA.R. 14 Comune di Nichelino Consorzio Valorizzazione Rifiuti 14 Provincia di Torino

    Green waste collection and encumbering waste collection are made at

    request.

    The PAYT system is used. The tariff is based on coefficients expressing the

    potential waste production of the different categories of users.

    The introduction of the new waste collection system and PAYT system were

    accompanied by a sensitisation and information campaign.

    7. Costs

    2006 vs. Costs Year 2005 Year 2006 2006 vs. 2005 2005 %

    Urban Waste’s

    Collection and ? 1.337.396,97 ? 2.176.031,06 ? 838.634,09 62,71%

    Transport

    Unsorted Urban

    Waste’s disposal in ? 2.126.592,53 ? 933.398,64 -? 1.193.193,89 -56,11%

    landfills

    Urban Waste’s

    Recycling and ? 30.514,67 ? 214.196,79 ? 183.682,12 601,95%

    Treatment

    Total ? 3.494.504,17 ? 3.323.626,49 -? 170.877,68 -4,89%

    8. Critical aspects and proposals

    Critical aspects:

    ? high density of population;

    ? different kinds of buildings;

    ? high quantity of traders;

    ? few private areas suitable for the collocation of waste containers;

    ? high costs of the start up and the effects (increase) on the tariff paid by

    the citizens.

    The possible solutions to the above mentioned critical aspects are:

    ? the identification of different types of users;

    ? deep territorial surveys;

    ? the evaluation of the possibility to store the waste containers in public

    areas (when private ones are not present) and the granting of the public

    authorisation;

    ? economic support from the Municipality granted to those citizens who

    have a high increase of their tariff (in order to mitigate the effect of the

    costs).

    5 Mr. Giuseppe Catizone, Mayor of the City of Nichelino

    “Don’t Waste Your Climate” seminar for MEPs, organised by FoE th27 November 2007

     CO.VA.R. 14 Comune di Nichelino Consorzio Valorizzazione Rifiuti 14 Provincia di Torino

The system has proved to be very effective (as demonstrated by the results

    shown above).

    Its start requested a great effort in communicating clearly and steadily with all

    the stakeholders.

    In particular, it was necessary to meet the citizenship to explain the economic,

    legal, environmental reasons why the collection system was changing.

    The decisions concerning the collocation of waste containers on private

    property areas had to be concerted and arranged with every administrator of

    the numerous blocks of flats.

    We suggest that this system can be replicated in other similar parts of Europe

    with the same effectiveness.

    6 Mr. Giuseppe Catizone, Mayor of the City of Nichelino

    “Don’t Waste Your Climate” seminar for MEPs, organised by FoE th27 November 2007

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