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sentence analysis

By Elsie Bradley,2014-04-11 23:46
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sentence analysis

    Analyze the following sentences and try to memorize them!

    1. Even students of average intelligence can be top students without additional work. 2. Its important to set aside time for relaxation, hobbies, and entertainment as well. 3. This weekly schedule may not solve all of your problems, but it will make you more aware of

    how you spend your time.

    4. Furthermore, it will enable you to plan your activities so that you have adequate time for both

    work and play.

    5. When you begin to work, you should be able to concentrate on the subject. 6. Listening to what the teacher says in class means less work later. 7. Develop a good attitude about tests.

    8. The purpose of a test is to show what you have learned about a subject. 9. The world wont end if you dont pass a test, so dont worry excessively about a single test.

    10. Tests provide grades, but they also let you know what you need to spend more time studying,

    and they help make your new knowledge permanent.

    11. Improving your study habits will improve your grades.

    12. The years passed.

    13. He gave up flying and began sailing.

    14. His friends and doctors did not think he could do it, as he had lung cancer. 15. But Chichester was determined to carry out his plan.

    16. On shore, Chichester could not walk without help.

    17. After resting in Sydney for a few weeks, Chichester set off once more in spite of his friends

    attempts to dissuade him.

    18. The sea became so rough that the boat almost turned over.

    19. Food, clothes, and broken glass were all mixed together.

    20. Fortunately, the damage to the boat was not too serious.

    21. Still, he could not help thinking that if anything should happen, the nearest person he could

    contact by radio, unless there was a ship nearby, would be on an island 885 miles away. 22. I feel as if I had wakened from a nightmare.

    23. He had done what he wanted to accomplish.

    24. Like many other adventurers, Chichester had experienced fear and conquered it. 25. In doing so, he had undoubtedly learnt something about himself.

    26. Moreover, in the modern age when human beings depend so much on machines, he had given

    men throughout the world new pride.

    27. She got up early to be ready for the post.

    28. From the second floor flat she could see the postman when he came down the street, and the

    little boy from the ground floor brought up her letters on the rare occasions when anything

    came.

    29. The old lady was proud of Myra.

    30. Enid had never married, but had seemed content to live with her mother, and teach in a primary

    school round the corner.

    31. Ive arranged for Mrs. Morrison to look after you for a few days.

    32. Ill soon be home.

    33. He had put on her best dress.

    34. Even if Myra did not come, she would send a present.

    35. The old lady was sure of that.

    36. Two spots of colour brightened her cheeks.

    37. She was excited---- like a child.

    38. She would enjoy her day.

    39. He wouldnt go out to play until the post had come.

40. What would she like?

    41. She stood by the window, watching.

    42. Ive got your post.

    43. The old lady felt a pang of disappointment.

    44. Maybe the parcel was too large to come by letter post.

    45. That was it.

    46. Almost reluctantly she tore the envelope open.

    47. Folded in the card was a piece of paper.

    48. Written on the card was a message under the printed Happy Birthday. 49. The cheque fluttered to the floor like a bird with a broken wing.

    50. Slowly the old lady stooped to pick it up.

    51. Her present, her lovely present. With trembling fingers she tore it into little bits. 52. I would like to propose that for sixty to ninety minutes each evening, right after the early

    evening news, all television broadcasting in the United States be prohibited by law. 53. Let us take a serious, reasonable look at what the results might be if such a proposal were

    accepted.

    54. Without the distraction of TV, they might sit around together after dinner and actually talk to

    one another.

    55. The result is emotional difficulty of one kind or another.

    56. By using the quiet family hour to discuss our problems, we might get to know each other better,

    and to like each other better.

    57. Freed from TV, forced to find their own activities, they might take a ride together to watch the

    sunset.

    58. Writing is often learned from reading.

    59. When the quiet hour ends, the TV networks might even be forced to come up with better shows

    in order to get us back from our newly discovered activities.

    60. At first glance, the idea of an hour without TV seems radical.

    61. It has been only twenty-five years since television came to control American free time. 62. It wasn’t that difficult.

    63. If you ask my mother how I happened to become an industrial engineer, shell tell you that I

    have always been one.

    64. I needed to be efficient.

    65. I wanted to be well organized.

    66. For me, there was a place for everything and everything was always in its place. 67. These qualities gave me a good foundation for a career iin industrial engineering. 68. Youll see what I mean when I tell you about the first project I ever did after I finished my

    bachelors degree at the university.

    69. I was really amazed at what I saw.

    70. As a result some of the shirts that were put in boxes for shipment were missing one or two

    buttons, the collar, even a sleeve sometimes!

    71. I was amazed that the workers hadnt gone on strike.

    72. He was very slow and all the shirts were held up at his position

    73. Workers beyond him in line on his shift had to wait with nothing to do.

    74. Therefore, a great deal of time and efficiency were lost as Big Jim daydreamed while he

    worked.

    75. All week I wondered why he wasnt fired.

    76. After I made observations for a week, Mr. Hobbs asked me for an oral report of my findings. 77. If the assembly line is redesigned, a smooth work flow can be achieved and time and energy

    can be saved.

    78. If excellent work results in frequent pay increases or promotions, the workers will have greater

    incentive to produce.

    79. In a certain store where they sell puddings, a number of these delicious things are laid

    out in a row during the Christmas season.

    80. Here you may select the one which is most to your taste, and you are even allowed to sample

    them before coming to a decision.

    81. I have often wondered whether some people, who had no intention of making a purchase,

    would take advantage of this privilege.

    82. He looks as if he needed it all right.

    83. She was still speaking when an elderly gentleman limped up to the counter and began looking

    closely at the row of puddings with great interest.

    84. Thats the very gentleman Ive been telling you about.

    85. The elderly gentleman, who was poorly but neatly dressed, accepted the spoon and began

    eagerly to sample one after another of the puddings, only breaking off occasionally to wipe his

    red eyes with a large torn handkerchief.

    86. All the time it was quite evident that he sincerely believed that he might eventually buy one of

    these puddings, and I am positive that he did not for a moment feel that he was in any way

    cheating the store.

    87. Poor old chap!

    88. Probably he had come down in the world and this sampling was all that was left him from the

    time when he could afford to come and select his favorite pudding.

    89. Amidst the crowd of happy, prosperous looking Christmas shoppers, the little black figure of

    the old man seemed pitiful and out of place, and in a burst of benevolence, I went up to him. 90. He jumped back as if he had been stung, and the blood rushed into his wrinkled face. 91. Excuse me, he said, with more dignity than I would have thought possible considering his

    appearance, I do not believe I have the pleasure of knowing you.

    92. The girl took down the pudding from its stand and started to make a parcel of it, while he

    pulled out a worn little black pocketbook and began counting out shillings and pennies on to

    the counter.

    93. To save his honour he had been forced into a purchase which he could not possibly afford. 94. How I longed for the power to unsay my tactless words!

    95. Man still has a lot to learn about the most powerful and complex part of his body---the brain. 96. In ancient times men did not think that the brain was the centre of mental activity. 97. It was not until the 18th century that man realized that the whole of the brain was involved in

    the workings of the mind.

    98. During the 19th century scientists found that when certain parts of the brain were damaged men

    lost the ability to do certain things.

    99. In the past 50 years there has been a great increase in the amount of research being done on the

    brain.

    100. Chemists and biologists have found that the way the brain works is far more complicate than

    they had thought.

    101. In fact many people believe that we are only now really starting to learn the truth about how the

    human brain works.

    102. The more scientists find out, the more questions they are unable to answer. 103. Some recent research also suggests that we remember everything that happens to us. 104. We may not be able to recall these information, but it is all stored in our brains. 105. Man differs most from all the other animals in his ability to learn and use language but we still

    do not know exactly how this is done.

    106. As long as the brain is given plenty of exercise it keeps its power.

    107. It has been found that an old person who has always been mentally active has a quicker mind

    than a young person who has done only physical work.

    108. It is now thought that the more work we give our brains, the more work they are able to do. 109. This is probably because of the way we are taught as children.

    110. When we first start learning to use our minds we are told what to do, for example, to remember

    certain facts, but we are not taught how our memory works and how to make the best use of it. 111. We are told to make notes but we are not taught how our brains accept information and which is

    the best way to organize the information we want our brains to accept.

    112. When they boarded the bus, they were carrying sandwiches and wine in paper bags, dreaming

    of golden beaches and sea tides as the gray, cold spring of New York vanished behind them. 113. As the bus passed through New Jersey, they began to notice Vingo.

    114. He sat in front of them, dressed in a plain, ill-fitting suit, never moving, his dusty face masking

    his age.

    115. He kept chewing the inside of his lip a lot, frozen into complete silence. 116. He sat rooted in his seat, and the young people began to wonder about him, trying to imagine

    his life.

    117. ―It is,‖ he said quietly, as if remembering something he had tried to forget.

    118. He smiled and took a swig from the bottle.

    119. He thanked her and retreated again into his silence.

    120. After a while, she went back to the others, and Vingo nodded in sleep.

    121. The girl insisted that he join them.

    122. He seemed very shy, and ordered black coffee and smoked nervously as the young people

    chattered about sleeping on beaches.

    123. When they returned to the bus, the girl sat with Vingo again, and after a while, slowly and

    painfully, he began to tell his story.

    124. He had been in jail in New York for the past four years, and now he was going home. 125. Last week, when I was sure the parole was coming through, I wrote her again. 126. The young people took over window seats on the right side, waiting for the approach of the

    great oak tree.

    127. Vingo stopped looking, tightening his face, as if fortifying himself against still another

    disappointment.

    128. Then, suddenly, all of the young people were up out of their seats, screaming and shouting and

    crying, doing small dances of joy.

    129. Vingo sat there stunned, looking at the oak tree.

    130. It was covered with yellow handkerchiefs---20 of them, 30 of them, maybe hundreds, a tree stat

    stood like a banner of welcome billowing in the wind.

    131. As the young people shouted, the old con slowly rose from his seat and made his way to the

    front of the bus to go home.

    132. For the first time Venusian scientists managed to land a satellite on the planet Earth. 133. It has been sending back signals as well as photographs ever since.

    134. Because of excellent weather conditions and extremely strong signals, Venusian scientists were

    able to get valuable information as to the feasibility of a manned flying saucer landing on

    Earth.

    135. We have come to the conclusion, based on last weeks satellite landing, Prof. Zog said, that

    there is no life on Earth.

    136. For one thing, Earths surface in the area of Manhattan is composed of solid concrete and

    nothing can grow there. For another, the atmosphere is filled with carbon monoxide and other

    deadly gases and nobody could possibly breathe this air and survive.

    137. What does this mean as far as our flying saucer program is concerned?

    138. We shall have to carry our own oxygen with us, which means a much heavier flying saucer than

    we originally planned.

    139. Over here you will notice what seems to be a river.

    140. They emit gases, make noise and keep crashing into each other.

    141. There are so many of these paths and so many metal particles that it is impossible to land a

    flying saucer without its being smashed by one.

    142. Prof. Glom has named them skyscrapers since they seem to be scraping the skies. 143. If all you say is true, wont this set back the flying saucer program several years?

    144. We shall proceed as soon as the Grubstart gives us the added funds.

    145. Why are we spending billions and billions of zilches to land a flying saucer on Earth when there

    is no life there?

    146. I first heard this tale in India, where it is told as if truethough any naturalist would know it

    couldnt be.

    147. A spirited discussion springs up between a young girl and a major.

    148. A womans reaction in any crisis is to scream.

    149. Te American does not join in the argument but watches the other guests.

    150. She is staring straight ahead, her muscles contracting slightly.

    151. She motions to the native boy standing behind her chair.

    152. His first impulse is to jump back and warn the others, but he knows the commotion would

    frighten the cobra into striking.

    153. The twenty people sit like stone images while he counts.

    154. When, out of the corner of his eye, he sees the cobra emerge and make for the bowl of milk. 155. Screams ring out as he jumps to slam the veranda doors safely shut.

    156. A faint smile lights up the womans face as she replies.

    157. It was crawling across my foot.

    158. Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States, may be less famous than George

    Washington and Abraham Lincoln, but most people remember at least one fact about him: he

    wrote the Declaration of Independence.

    159. Jefferson believed that a free man obtains knowledge from many sources besides books and that

    personal investigation is important.

    160. When still a young man, he was appointed to a committee to find out whether the South Branch

    of the James River was deep enough to be used by large boats.

    161. By birth and by education Jefferson belonged to the highest social class. 162. If you will only do this, you may find out why people are dissatisfied and understand the

    revolution that is threatening France.

    163. Jefferson refused to accept other peoples opinions without careful thought.

    164. Neither believe nor reject anything because any other person has rejected or believed it. 165. Were it left me to decide whether we should have a government without newspaper or

    newspapers without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter. 166. In a free country there will always be conflicting ideas, and this is a source of strength. 167. It is conflict and not unquestioning agreement that keeps freedom alive. 168. Though Jefferson was for many years the object of strong criticism, he never answered his

    critics.

    169. He expressed his philosophy in letters to a friend.

    170. There are two sides to every question.

    171. If you take one side with decision and act on it with effect, those who take the other side will of

    course resent your actions.

    172. Jefferson felt that the present should never be chained to customs which have lost their

    usefulness.

173. No society can make a perpetual constitution, or even a perpetual law.

    174. The earth belongs to the living generation.

    175. He did not fear new ideas, nor did he fear the future.

    176. I steer my ship with hope, leaving fear behind.

    177. Jeffersons courage and idealism were based on knowledge.

    178. He probably knew more than any other man of his age.

    179. He practiced crop rotation and soil conservation a century before these became standard

    practice, and he invented a plow superior to any other in existence.

    180. He influenced architecture throughout America, and he was constantly producing devices for

    making the tasks of ordinary life easier to perform.

    181. He was above all a good and tireless writer.

    182. His talent as an author was soon discovered, and when the time came to write the Declaration of

    Independence ar Philadelphia in 1776, the task of writing it was his.

    183. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.

    184. American education owes a great debt to thomas Jefferson, who believed that only a nation of

    educated people could remain free.

    185. While I was waiting to enter university, I saw advertised in a local news paper a teaching post at

    a school in a suburb of London about ten miles from where I lived.

    186. Being very short of money and wanting to do something useful, I applied, fearing as I did so,

    that without a degree and with no experience in teaching my chances of getting the job were

    slim.

    187. However, three days later a letter arrived, asking me to go to Croydon fro an interview. 188. As a result I arrived on a hot June morning to depressed to feel nervous. 189. Four evergreen shrubs stood at each corner, where they struggled to survive the dust and fumes

    from a busy main road.

    190. He looked at me with an air of surprised disapproval, as a colonel might look at a private whose

    bootlaces were undone.

    191. His study, judging by the crumbs on the carpet, was also his dinning room. 192. He said, and proceeded to ask me a number of questions.

    193. Then fixing me suddenly with his bloodshot eyes, he asked me whether I thought games were a

    vital part of a boys education.

    194. I mumbled something about not attaching too much attention to them.

    195. The headmaster and I obviously had very little in common.

    196. The school consisted of one class of twenty four boys, ranging in age from seven to thirteen.

    197. The teaching set-up filled me with fear.

    198. I was dismayed at the thought of teaching algebra and geometry----two subjects at which I had

    been completely incompetent at school.

    199. Worse perhaps was the idea of Saturday afternoon cricket.

    200. Shes the one who really runs the school.

    201. This was the last straw.

    202. I was very young: the prospect of working under awoman constituted the ultimate indignity. 203. He was the only person I knew who had come to terms with himself and the world around him. 204. He knew what he wanted and he wanted only this: to understand within his limits as a human

    being the nature of the universe and the logic and simplicity in its functioning. 205. He knew there were answers beyond his intellectual reach.

    206. He seemed immune to these emotions.

    207. Material things meant nothing to him.

    208. He didnt have any curiosity in observing how his theory made TV possible.

    209. Einstein watched it in delight, trying to deduce the operating principle.

    210. He pursued various theories for several days until I suggested we take the toy apart to see how

    it did work.

    211. His quick expression of disapproval told me he did not agree with this practical approach. 212. Another puzzle that Einstein could never understand was his own fame.

    213. He was bewildered by his fame.

    214. He never understands why he received this attention, why he was singled out as something

    special.

    215. As my year as chief resident drew to a close I asked myself this question on more than one

    occasion.

    216. There is no surgical patient I cannot treat competently, treat just as well as or better than any

    other surgeon---then, and not until then, you are indeed a surgeon.

    217. I was nearing that point.

    218. Take, for example, the emergency situations that we encountered almost every night. 219. I knew it meant another critical decision to be made.

    220. Often, after I had told Walt or Larry what to do in a particular situation, Id have trouble getting

    back to sleep.

    221. More than once at two or three in the morning, after lying awake for an hour, Id get out of bed,

    dress and drive to the hospital to see the patient myself.

    222. I was the only way I could find the peace of mind I needed to relax.

    223. There were still situations in which I couldnt be certain my decision had been the right one, but

    I had learned to accept this as a constant problem for a surgeon, one that could never be

    completely resolved---and I could live with it.

    224. So, once I had made a considered decision, I no longer dwelt on it.

    225. Reviewing it wasnt going to help and I knew that with my knowledge and experience, any

    decision Id made was bound to be a sound one.

    226. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, and the experience to handle any surgical situation Id

    ever encounter in practice.

    227. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest. 228. I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in

    advance, I could handle whatever I found.

    229. I could accept this fact with calmness because I knew that if I wasnt able to avoid a mistake,

    chances were that no other surgeon could have, either.

    230. He needs it to encourage him in trying moments when hes bothered by the doubts and

    uncertainties that are part of the practice of medicine.

    231. My mind went numb when I saw the gun pointing against the car window as we pulled out of

    the garage.

    232. I remember being vaguely annoyed when the gunman pulled me from the car by the hair. 233. I remember the fear and the anger in the gunmens voice because Jeremy was being slow, and I

    remember wondering why he was bing slow.

    234. I remember the sound of the gun hitting Jeremys head and the feeling as the man who had hold

    of my hair released me.

    235. I remember wondering how far I could run before he pulled the trigger. 236. I didnt crouch behind it but screamed instead.

    237. But the houses were cold, closed, unfriendly, and I ran on until I heard Jeremy’s screams behind

    me announcing that our attacker had fled.

    238. We waited for the cops to come until someone said to someone else that the noodles were

    getting cold.

    239. They had been talking of stiffer sentences for criminals, of bringing back the death penalty and

    how the President is going to clean up the country.

240. What good would guns have been to Jeremy and me?

    241. They were ill-tempered about what was, to them, much ado about nothing.

    242. All that sleepless night I replayed the moment those black gloves came up to the car window. 243. No matter how many hours of my life I may spend reliving it, I know there is no way to prepare

    for the next time---no intelligent response to a gun.

    244. The next time I might end up dead.

    245. It can happen anywhere, anytime, to anyone.

    246. Security is an illusion; there is no safety in locks or in guns.

    247. Guns make some people feel safe and some people feel strong, but theyre fooling themselves.

    248. According to a recent poll, 61% of American high school students have admitted to cheating on

    exams at least one.

    249. It can be argued such a response may not mean much.

    250. After all, most students have been faced with the temptation to peek at a neighbors test paper.

    251. However there are other indications that high school cheating may be on the rise. 252. Many educators fear that an increase in the use of state exams will lead to a corresponding rise

    in cheating.

    253. Colleges and universities across the nation have decided to do more than talk about the rise in

    student cheating.

    254. As 409 students filed out of their exam, they found all but one exit blocked. 255. A long time when life was very different from what it is today.

    256. School children used to know the story of how Abraham Lincoln walked five miles to return a

    penny hed overcharged a customer.

    257. What is important in both stories, however, is that honesty was seen as an important part of the

    American character.

    258. And these are just two stories out of many.

    259. Such stories pointed out quite clearly that children who lied, cheated, or stole came to bad ends. 260. A clue as to why Americans may have been more honest in the past lies in the Abe Lincoln

    story.

    261. The vast majority of Americans still believe that honesty is an important part of the American

    character.

    262. For that reason, there are numerous watch-dog committees at all levels of society. 263. There is some evidence that dishonesty may ebb and flow.

    264. When times are hard, incidents of theft and cheating usually go up. And when times get better

    such incidents tend to go down.

    265. But it doesnt seem linked to the economy.

    266. When I was in the army I received a kind of aptitude test that all soldiers took and, against a

    normal of 100, scored 160.

    267. No one at the base had ever seen a figure like that and for two hours they made a big fuss over

    me.

    268. All my life Ive been registering scores like that, so that I have the complacent feeling that Im

    highly intelligent, and I expect other people to think so, too.

    269. Actually, though, dont such scores simply mean that I am very good at answering the type of

    academic questions that are considered worthy of answers by the people who make up the

    intelligence test---people with intellectual bents similar to mine?

    270. I always took it for granted that I was far more intelligent than he was.

    271. Yet, when anything went wrong with my car I hastened to him with it, watched him anxiously

    as he explored its vital, and listened to his pronouncements as though they were divine

    oracles---and he always fixed my car.

    272. By every one of those tests, Id prove myself a moron.

    273. In a world where I could not use my academic training and my verbal talents but had to do

    something intricate or hard, working with my hands, I would do poorly.

    274. Its worth is determined by the society I live in.

    275. Its numerical evaluation is determined by a small subsection of that society which has managed

    to foist itself on the rest of us as an arbiter of such matters.

    276. He had a habit of telling me jokes whenever he saw me.

    277. He shook his head and pointed to the two fingers he was hammering.

    278. How do you suppose he asked for them?

    279. But I knew for sure Id catch you.

    280. I have an uneasy feeling he had something there.

    281. Weary and discouraged, I didn’t seem able to do anything right.

    282. Those few words of praise had changed everything.

    283. Praise is like sunlight to the human spirit; we cant not flower and grow without it.

    284. And yet, while most of us are only too ready to apply to others the cold wind of criticism, we

    are somehow reluctant to give our fellows the warm sunshine of praise.

    285. A friend of mine who travels widely always tries to learn a little of the language of any place

    she visits.

    286. Shes not much of a linguist, but she does know how to say one word---beautiful---in several

    languages.

    287. She can use it to a mother holding her baby, or to a lonely salesman fishing out pictures of his

    family.

    288. The ability has earned her friends all over the world.

    289. Instead, we are embarrassed and shrug off the words we are really so glad to hear. 290. That is why some of the most valued pats on the back are those which come to us indirectly, in

    a letter or passed on by a friend.

    291. When one thinks of the speed with which spiteful remarks are conveyed, it seems a pity that

    there isnt more effort to relay pleasing and flattering comments.

    292. Its especially rewarding to give praise in areas in which effort generally goes unnoticed or

    unmentioned.

    293. Since so often praise is the only wage a housewife receives, surely she of all people should get

    her measure.

    294. One teacher writes that instead of drowning students compositions in critical red ink, the

    teacher will get more constructive results by finding one or two things which have been done

    better than last time, and commenting favorably on them.

    295. Behavioral scientists have done countless experiments to prove that any human being tends to

    repeat an act which has been immediately followed by a pleasant result.

    296. Interestingly the brightest children were helped just as much by criticism as by praise the most. 297. Yet the latter are the very youngsters who, in most schools, fail to get the pat on the back. 298. To give praise costs the giver nothing but a moments thought and a moments effort---perhaps

    a quick phone call to pass on a compliment, or five minutes spent writing an appreciative letter. 299. We will not only bring joy into other peoples lives, but also, very often, added happiness into

    our own.

    300. I am sure that you have achieved a great deal since you have finished what I required you to do.

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