Unit One Book 3 Active Reading One
Reading and understanding
3 Choose the best summary of what happened in the crab cage. 3 The cage was full of crabs. One of them was trying to escape, but each time it reached the top the other crabs pulled it back. In the end it gave up trying and started to prevent other crabs from escaping.
4 Choose the best answer to the questions. 1 (b) They became more serious. 2 (c) They’d spent all night in the library. 3 (c) The quieter ones who didn’t have the
best grades. 4 (d) It was a national holiday. 5 (c) He wanted to tell him something about life. 6 (a) Get to know yourself better.
Dealing with unfamiliar words
5 Match the words in the box with their definitions. 1 achieving good results (productive) 2 the fact of being present at an event, or of going regularly to school, church etc (attendance)
3 the refusal to accept something new, such as a plan, idea, or change (resistance) 4 determined to be successful, rich, famous etc (ambitious) 5 agreement to a plan, offer, or suggestion (acceptance) 6 the written words of a play, film, television programme, speech etc (script) 7 very good, large, or showing great skill (impressive)
6 Complete the paragraph with the correct form of the words in Activity 5. To be a successful film scriptwriter takes more than training although (1) attendance on a screenwriting course will definitely help you learn the skills. You also need to be very (2) ambitious – the film business is very competitive. You have to be
prepared to work hard and be very (3) productive because it takes more than just one good idea to make it big. No matter how (4) impressive your idea is, there will always be (5) resistance from producers because it’s too expensive. So make sure you have
plenty of others to show them. What are you waiting for? Get on with writing that brilliant (6) script and plan your (7) acceptance speech for when you win your first Oscar!
7 Replace the underlined words with the correct form of the words in the box. 1 We’ve seen a place we like and we’re applying for a loan to buy a house. (mortgage)
2 We stood on the top floor of the boat and watched the coast disappear into the horizon. (deck)
3 I love to walk along the beach and watch the waves breaking, and the white water hitting the shore. (surf) 4 In seaside areas in the north-east of the country, life is hard and fishermen have to go against the forces of nature every time they go to work. (coastal; defy) 5 Agreement was finally reached after a long and heated discussion. (lengthy)
8 Answer the questions about the words and expressions. 1 If you watch an impromptu performance of something, has it (a) been prepared, or (b) not been prepared? 2 When you map out your future, do you (a) plan it carefully, or (b) draw a sketch of it on paper? 3 If you brace yourself for something unpleasant, do you (a) try not to think about it, or (b) prepare yourself for it mentally and physically? 4 Do you moor
a boat by (a) turning the steering wheel, or (b) tying it to a post with a rope? 5 Is a rusty piece of metal something that (a) is bright and shiny, or (b) might have been left out in the rain and is covered with brown substance? 6 If a bowl is brimming with soup, is it (a) very full, or (b) half empty? 7 If someone is being held captive, are they (a) free to do as they please, or (b) being kept as a prisoner? 8 If you have figured out something, have you (a) added numbers together, or (b)
Active Reading 2
Reading and understanding
3 Choose the best summary of the passage.
3 Life is short. So there’s no point in planning for a future which may never
come. Now is the time to do what we want to do. There’s no time to lose.
Dealing with unfamiliar words
4 Match the words in the box with their definitions.
1 (triple) 2 (cemetery) 3 (rear) 4 (biography) 5 (cram) 6 (budding) 7 (finite) 8 (elapse)
5 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in Activity 4.
1 elapsed cemetery 2 rear crammed 3 triple 4 budding biography 5 finite
6 Answer the questions about the words.
1 (a) prove it is true 2 (b) walk all over it? 3 (a) at the wrong moment 4 (a) in the order in which they happened, 5 (b) cleverly 6 (b) extremely tired 7 (a) obviously 8 (a) given to you
7 Answer the questions about the phrases.
1 If you check something out, do you (a) find out, or (b) not think about it? 2 If you see something from the sidelines, do you (a) take part in the action, or (b) stay away from it? 3 If something is down to you, is it your (a) bad luck, or (b) responsibility? 4 If you have something on the back burner, (a) will you look at it later, or (b) are you interested in it now? 5 If you are in a position to do something, are you (a) able, or (b) unable to do it? 6 If time is ticking away, does it seem (a) as if it will last forever, or (b) to be passing quickly? 7 If you can have one shot at something, (a) are you allowed to shoot it, or (b) do you have only one chance to do it? 8 If you make the best of something, do you (a) enjoy it while you can, or (b) work hard to make it a success? 9 If a girl stands you up, does she (a) fail to turn up for a date, or (b) refuse to sit down when you ask her to?
Language in use
word formation: compound words
1 Find more examples of each use of hyphens in the passage We are all dying . ? ? ? ? ? ? ? doubletriple ipleI’ve double- and triple-checked it. (compound
verb) cryptbudding crypt-kickers (compound noun) reara rear-view mirror (compound adjective) oncethe once-a-year holiday to Florida or Spain (compound adjective) backback-burner stuff (compound adjective) Co standing at the corner of the Co-op (compound noun) sepiaa sepia-coloured relative that no one can put a name to (compound adjective)
2 Rewrite the phrases using compound adjectives. 1 (a late-night party)
2 (a well-stocked library) 3 (a world-famous professor)
4 (some well-timed advice) 5 (a rapidly-growing population) 6 (a free-market economy) 7 (a half-hour boat trip)
It’ It’s what / how „ that „
It’ 3 Rewrite the sentences using It’s what / how „ that „
1 What other people think of us is determined by how we behave. It’s how we behave
that determines what other people think of us. 2 What sort of job we are going to end up doing is usually determined by our character. It’s what our character is that
usually determines what sort of job we are going to end up doing. 3 What we do as a career isn’t always determined by the marks we get at university. It isn’t always
what marks we get at university that determine what we do as a career. 4 How we react to life’s problems is often determined by our childhood experiences. It is often what we experienced in our childhood that determines how we react to life’s problems.
5 When we die is determined by our genetic clock, and the changes we make to it. It’
s what our genetic clock is and what changes we make to it that determine when we die.
It is / was not just that „ but „
4 Rewrite the sentences using It is / was not just that „ but „ 1 Not only were
the shops all closed for Thanksgiving, there was also no one in the streets. It wasn’
t just that the shops were all closed for Thanksgiving, but there was no one in the streets. 2 Not only did she spend all her time at college going to parties, she also took the time to gain a first-class degree. It wasn’t just that she spent all her
time at college going to parties, but she took the time to gain a first class degree. 3 Not only were they not listening to what he said, it also seemed as if they weren’
t at all interested. It wasn’t just that they weren’t listening to what he said,
but it seemed as if they weren’t at all interested. 4 Not only was I upset, I also felt as if I was going to burst out crying. It wasn’t just that I was upset, but
I felt as if I was going to burst out crying.
5 Not only was the Grim Reaper intended to frighten people, it was also a figure of fun. It wasn’t just that the Grim Reaper was intended to frighten people, but it was also a figure of fun.
5 Read the explanations of the words. Answer the questions.
1 settle When you settle somewhere you go there to stay. (a) Where is dust likely to settle in a room?
On the surfaces that aren’t used very often or aren’t cleaned.
(b) If you settle an argument, is the conclusion satisfactory?
Yes, it is, because the disagreement is solved and each party is satisfied with the outcome.
(c) If you settle the bill, what is there left to pay?
Nothing, because you have paid everything that is owed.
(d) What do you do when you settle back to watch a film?
We relax in a comfortable chair and enjoy it.
2 smooth This word can mean flat or soft, comfortable, easy or confident. (a)
If the sea is smooth, are you likely to feel seasick?
No, because the sea is calm. We will feel seasick if it is rough.
(b) If a changeover from one government to the next is smooth, are there lots of problems?
No, because the changeover has gone well, without difficulties.
(c) Is it a good idea to trust a smooth talker?
Not necessarily, because some people who talk confidently like that do so to trick you, like a confidence trickster or conman.
3 offer This word can refer to something you would like someone to take, something someone gives, or something that is for sale. (a) If you decline an offer, do you say “yes” or “no”?
We say “no”, because we are refusing it.
(b) If you offer an apology to someone for something you have done, what do you say?
We should say, “I apologize” or “I’m sorry”.
(c) Where are you likely to see special offer?
In a shop, because the shop is offering a special price or reduction for something.
(d) If someone has a lot to offer, what kind of person are they?
They are intelligent, talented, gifted or creative and they will bring these kinds of qualities to their work.
4 bear If you bear something you carry or bring it. If you cannot bear something, you dislike it or cannot accept it. (a) If you bear something in mind, do you forget it?
No, we will remember it and consider it for a particular occasion in future.
(b) If you bear a resemblance to someone, in what way are you like them?
We look similar in certain physical features.
(c) Is there anything you can’t bear to think about?
I can’t bear to think too much about some of the problems in the world, famine, war, poverty etc. In the modern world, why don’t we just solve them?
5 resistance This word can refer to the refusal to accept something new, the ability not to be harmed by something, or opposition to someone or something. (a) If there is resistance to an idea, do people accept it?
No, not easily. They refuse to accept the idea maybe because it’s just a bad
idea, or they may change their mind if they understand it better.
(b) If the soldiers met with resistance, what happened?
The soldiers met opposition from those they were fighting against.
(c) Is there a way to build up your resistance to cold?
Yes, we can keep ourselves as healthy as possible with a good diet and getting
enough exercise so that we are less likely to catch a cold, or if we do get one, we won’t suffer so badly.
6 Translate the paragraphs into Chinese. 1 我们都觉得在校时间不多了；以后再也
针走60 秒；如果你不能很好地利用它；它会走得 更快些(；而你没有取得任何成就来证明
7 Translate the paragraphs into English. 1
Students differ about whether they should have their future mapped out when they are still at university. Some think they should have a definite goal and detailed plan, so as to brace themselves for any challenges, whereas some others think they don’t have to think much about the future, because future is full of uncertainties.
After a very careful check-up, the scientist was told he had got a fatal disease.
Although he knew that his life was ticking away, instead of complaining about the fate, the scientist decided to make the best of the remaining days, and speed up the research project he and his colleagues initiated, and have a shot at completing it ahead of schedule.