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Writing 1The Conservation of Energy Sources

By Edward Lawson,2014-04-04 21:56
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Writing 1The Conservation of Energy Sources

    *** ******************************************* Writing 1 ---- Can Money Buy Happiness (1995.1)

    1. 有人认为金钱是幸福之本(source of happiness)。

    2. 也有人认为金钱是万恶之源(root of all evil)。

    3. 我的看法

    Model Outline

    ? At present, quite a few people think __________. It sounds good because __________.

    Therefore, __________.

    ? On the contrary, there is a famous saying that __________. Many people __(the evil

    things they do)__.

    ? In my opinion, __________. It is __________that determines __________. Besides, it

    should be always remembered that __________.

Writing 2 ---- The Two-day Weekend (1996.1)

    1. 2. 3.

    Model Outline

    ? __________is a piece of good news to students, for ___________. In the two days, they

    can __________. They may also choose to __________. (activities they may do)

    ? However, some problems do exist in how to __________for some of the students. For

    example, __________. In addition, __________.

    ? As for me, I would like to take the advantage to __________. Meanwhile, __________.

    Writing 3 ---- Do Lucky Numbers Really Bring Good Luck? (1998.6) 1. 2. Model Outline

    ? Many people believe that __________. The most typical example is __________. As a

    result, people tend to __________.

    ? But do __________? I dont believe it at all. I feel that __________. On one hand,

    ___________. On the other hand __________. Therefore, __________.

Writing 4 ---- Reading Selectively Or Extensively? (1999.6)

    1. 有人认为读书要有选择。

    2. 有人认为应当博览群书。

    3. 我的看法。

    Model Outline

    ? People hold different attitudes towards __________. Some take the view that __________,

    so __________.

    ? Others, however, may argue that __________. From their opinion, __________. Only by

    __________can one __________.

    ? I agree to the former/latter opinion that __________. (personal reasons) . In this way,

    __________.

    (As far as I am concerned, whether to read selectively or extensively depends on

    _____________. When _____________, But when ___________.)

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Writing 5 ---- Is A Test of Spoken English Necessary? (2000.6)

    1. 2.

    3.

    Model Outline

    ? People who think it necessary to have a test of spoken English have their reasons. They

    maintain that__________. They__________, which not only but also__________.

    ? Those who dislike the test have their reasons. They would argue that ____ . For

    example,__________.

    ? To tell the truth, I prefer __________. It will at least enable me to__________. If I

    __________, I will __________.

Writing 6 ---- Positive and Negative Aspects of Sport (1993.1)

    1. 运动的积极因素 2. 运动的消极因素 3. 你的体会

    Model Outline

    ? __________benefit us in many aspects. When __________, we get the chance to

    __________. This is no doubt that ___________. Furthermore, ___________.

    ? However, __________can also do some harm to us if not properly planned. For instance,

    __________.

    ? In general, I __________. __________not only bring __________but also provide

    __________. __________adds pleasure to our everyday life.

    Writing 7 ---- To Tell the Truth or Not (Simulated) 1. 有些人认为善意的谎言是必要的,可以理解 2. 另一些人则认为在任何时候都应当讲真话 3. 我的看法

    Model Outline

    ? Some people hold that lies of good will is __________. Good-will lies may well

    __________. To the contrary, some others insist that__________, since __________.

    ? As far as I am concerned/From my point of view, __________. 观点陈述(自选

    连接词1-2points . Generally speaking, __________may benefit much more

    than__________.

Writing 8 ---- Opportunity (Simulated)

    1. 有人认为机会是极少的 2. 有人认为机会人人都有 3. 我的看法

    Model Outline

    ? People have different views on__________. Some think that__________, while others hold

    that . As far as I am concerned, __________.

    ? Those people who (第一类人观点的解释) . However, those people who

    (第二类人观点的解释) .

    ? No one can be denied of the access to opportunity. In fact, people may have good luck

    sometimes, but no one can be lucky all the time. In conclude,__________.

Writing 9 ---- My View on Taking Part-time Jobs (Simulated)

    1. 有人认为大学生做兼职工作很有好处

    2. 然而,有人认为大学生做兼职工作弊多利少 3. 我的看法

     2

Model Outline

    ? Nowadays, 现象 . People hold different opinions on that. Some people think

    that . Firstly, 好处1 . Secondly, 好处2 . Finally, 3 .

    ? However, some other people hold that has more disadvantages. 坏处1-2 . As a result, __________.

    ? In my opinion, __________. The most important thing for them is to keep a good balance

    between part-time jobs and his study.

Writing 10 ---- Examination (Simulated)

    1. 考试的作用(从教、学两方面考虑) 2. 人们对考试的不同观点 3. 我的看法 Model Outline

    ? are an indispensable part of . For students, .

    Teachers, on the other hand,__________.

    ? Different people have quite different opinions on__________. Some believed

    that__________. Others, however, argue that__________. So more and more people

    are beginning to doubt__________.

    ? As far as I‟m concerned, I__________. I also believe that__________.

*** *******************************************

    Writing 11 ---- Global Shortage of Fresh Water (96.6)

    1. 有人认为淡水是取之不尽的。(雨水、河水、井水……

    2. 实际上淡水是非常紧缺的。(人口增加、工业用水增加)

    3. 我们应该怎么办?

    Model Outline 1

    ? Some people think that , because __________. 现象陈述 . It is hard to

    imagine that __________.

    ? But in fact, 原因陈述 (2-3 points) . Therefore, __________is actually a very

    serious problem in some places, and it has become a global problem which is now

    threatening the whole mankind.

    ? Something must be done to ___________. First, _________. Second, _________.

    And third, ________.

    Model Outline 2

    ? Most people believe that __________. They argue/claim that 现象陈述 .

    Moreover/ What‟s more, __________.

    ? However, we may soon face the problem __________if we fail to take it serious. On one

    hand, _________. . On the other hand, __________. 解释 . ? Fortunately, people have realized the situation and are trying to figure out ways to solve

    the problem. First, __________. Second, __________. Besides, __________.

    Model Outline 3

    ? Generally, people think that _______ is inexhaustible. 现象陈述 . What's

    more, .

    ? Actually, fresh water is in a short supply. 原因1 . Besides, 原因2 .

    Moreover, 原因3 .

    ? We must take some measures to solve the problem of water shortage. First, .

    Second,__________. What is most important,__________.

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Writing 12 ---- What Should be Done to Help Reduce Air Pollution? (Simulated)

    1. 造成空气污染的原因

    2. 空气污染所带来的后果

    3. 减轻空气污染的建议

    Model Outline

    ? With the development of modern industry, __________is/are produced and has become a

    serious problem. On one hand, ___________. Obviously, __________. At the same

    time, __________.

    ? ___________leads to many problems. First of all, __________.

    Second/Furthermore/Moreover, __________. (Besides/In addition, ___________.)

    ? Things must be done to __________. For example, we should__________. We should

    also __________. If everyone in society give attention to the issue, it will be easy to solve

    this problem.

    Writing 13 ---- Confidence (Simulated) 1. 信心的重要性 2. 缺乏信心的原因 3. 树立信心的可能性

    Model Outline

    ? Whatever one does, one should do it with . The more , the

    more . With confidence, . On the contrary, __________. ? Some people lack__________, and the reasons for this may be as follows. In the first

    place,__________. In the second place,__________.

    ? In my opinion, it is not impossible for us to build up __________. We

    should . Confidence, combined with hard work, will certainly lead to success.

    *** ******************************************* Writing 14 ---- Harmfulness of Fake Commodities (1998.1)

    1. 目前社会上有不少假冒伪劣商品(fake commodities)。为什么会有这种现象?

    2. 举例说明假冒伪劣商品对消费者个人、社会等的危害。 Model Outline

    ? Nowadays, there are many sorts of _________. It seems that _________. The reason lies

    in two/three aspects. One is that _________, and the other is __________

    ? It goes without saying that __________. What makes it even worse is that

    __________.Take _________ as an example. __________. Firm steps have to be taken

    to develop a healthy market. Government as well as the consumers should work together

    for his interest in the campaign against fake commodities.

    Writing 15 ---- Don't Hesitate to Say NO(1999.1) 1. 2. 3.

    Model Outline

    ? When _________, we should _________ in some situations. For instance, _________.

    Besides, __________.

    ? However, some people usually __________. Traditionally, we consider it __________.

    Others do not __________ because __________.

    ? If we always _________, it will turn out to be/that _________. As a result, _________.

    Therefore, ________.

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Writing 16 ---- It Pays to Be Honest (2003.1)

    1. 当前社会上存在许多不诚实的现象。 2. 诚实利人利己,做人应该诚实。 Model Outline

    ? Although __________ is believed to be __________, there are still __________. We may

    find people __________ in order to __________. In school, __________.

    ? __________ is no good to both who _________ and who are _________. A case in point

    is that __________. By contrast __________. Moreover, __________. In a word,

    (honesty wins trust, respect and honor) , so __________.

Writing 17 ---- The World is getting Smaller and Smaller (1994.1)

    1. 现代化的交通工具越来越发达 2. 人与人之间的交往越来越频繁 3. 结论 Model Outline

    ? With the development of economy and technology, ___________. 现象 . It is

    not strange if you consider the following reasons.

    ? For one thing, 1 . Today, it is not difficult for people to __________.

    Therefore, __________. For another, 2 . In a modern society, people need

    to __________. They can ___________, and __________. Certainly, __________.

    ? In short, ___________. With the further development of modern society, ___________.

Writing 18 ---- Advertisements (Simulated)

    1. 广告在人们的生活中的重要性 2. 广告的途径多种多样 3. 广告的虚假性 Model Outline

    ? are getting their way into people's lives. People depend on . The

    manufacturers need to__________. It is the advertisers‟ job to__________. To some

    extent, T.S. .

    ? There are many ways to advertise and „ads‟ come in different forms. 列出一些途径

    (可选用连接词) .

     (newspaper, TV, radio, billboard, internet, service)

    ? However, advertising is not always truthful. The advertiser exaggerates .

    Thus, . The consumer__________.

*** *******************************************

    Writing 19 ---- Getting to Know the World Outside the Campus (1997.6) 1. 大学生了解社会的必要性 2. 了解社会的途径(大众媒介,社会服务等) 3. 我打算怎么做

    Model Outline 1

    ? It is out of question that __________. For one thing, __________. For another,

    __________.

    ? There are many ways __________. We can ___ point 1(可加brief explanation)____.

    Besides, we can ___point 2 . And today, many people point 3 . ? As for me, a college student, __________is an essential way to learn the world. I will

    __________. In a word, I will take advantage of every piece of chance to __________.

    Model Outline 2

    ? It is important for __________for the simple reason that ___________. Moreover/ What‟s

    more, __________.

    ? Fortunately, there are various ways __________. For instance, we can point1(可加brief

    explanation) . We can also ___point 2 . In addition, point 3 . ? As a college student, I agree that __________. In this way, I/we can__________. If

    every student in college __________, I believe that a bright future is awaiting him.

     5

    Writing 20 ---- How I Finance my College Education (2000.1) 1.(tuition and fees)可以通过多种途径解决。2. 那种途径适合我(说明理由)

    Model Outline

    ? There are many possible ways to _________. In the past, ________. Today, many students

    __________. Some ________.

    ? As to me, I am going to ________. For one thing, __________. For another, it will also

    __________. To sum up, there are quite a lot of options for college students now. We

    can choose a fitful way to support ourselves.

Writing 21 ---- How to Keep Fit (Simulated)

    1. 身体健康的重要性 2. 提出保持健康的方法 3. 我的结论 Model Outline

    ? Nowadays, more and more people are realizing the importance of__________. As a

    saying goes ________.

    ? There are many different kinds of ways to__________, and different people like different

    forms of ________. A case in point is________. Some people_________, and

    others_________. On the other hand, _________. Moreover,__________.

    Therefore,__________.

    ? As for me, a college student, I must__________. Besides, I must __________.

*** *******************************************

    Writing 22 ---- Advantages of a Job Interview (1995.6) 1. 现在找工作一般都要面试,通过面试,面试者(interviewer)和应试者(interviewee)可以

    相互了解情况。

    4. 面试者可以向应试者介绍情况如工作性质、条件、待遇等。 3. 应试者也有机会给对方留下一个好的印象,如可以表现出自信心,可以介绍教育背

    景,工作能力等。

    Model Outline

    ? ________ is a common procedure to __________. It provides a reliable way for

    _________ to __________. Through _________, both sides __________.

    ? On one hand, ___________. He can __________. The detailed information may help

    __________.

    ? On the other hand, __________. He can __________. No doubt, these will help

    __________.

    Writing 23 ---- How to Succeed in a Job interview? (2001.1)

    1.

    2.

    Model Outline

    ? __________ plays an important role in job hunting. Its purpose is to __________.

    Generally speaking, ____T.S.___.

    ? To be successful/ to leave a deep impression, we have to __________. Pay attention to

    __________. Whats more, __________. Certainly, __________. If ___________, you

    will __________.

    Writing 24 ---- A Letter to a Schoolmate (2001.6) 1. 表示欢迎 2. 提出对度假安排的建议 3. 提醒应注意的事项 Model Outline

    ? Im very delighted to know that _________, and I can‟ wait to __________. Im sure you

    are to __________.

     6

? As you know __________. I suggest that we __________. We may also enjoy

    ___________ together. If __________, we can ___________ Besides, __________.

    ? Before __________, youd better __________. __________. __________. (call and

    pick-up, clothes and shoes, be careful on train, etc.) Wish you a pleasant trip.

Writing 25 ---- A Letter to the University President about the Canteen Service on

    Campus (2002.1)

    假设你是李明,请你就本校食堂的状况给校长写一封信,内容应涉及食堂的饭菜质量、

    价格、环境、服务等,可以是表扬,可以是批评建议,也可以兼而有之。 Model Outline

    Dear Mr. President,

     I‟m very lucky to , but I‟m afraid I‟m not content with .

     Firstly,__________. Secondly,__________. Finally,__________.

     (First,__________. Moreover, . In addition, . )

     (the quality/the price/ the environment, etc.)

     The suggestions presented are not just of my own, but also of many other students. We

    hope that__________. So I think if we__________.

*** *******************************************

    Writing 26 ---- Practice Makes Perfect (1997.1)

    1. 怎样理解熟能生巧 2. 例如:在英语学习中 3. 又如, ? __________means __________. If you want to __________, the only way you can make

    it is to __________. By __________, you will ___________.

    ? Perhaps an example will make the point. 说明 . Moreover, ___________. ? Another example is _______. When __________, __________. Therefore, _________.

    ?

    *** *******************************************

    Writing 27 ---- An Eye-witness Account of a Traffic Accident (2003.6) 假设你在某日某时某地目击一起车祸,就此写一份见证书。见证书需包括以下几点: 1. 车祸发生的时间及地点 2. 你所见到的车祸情况 3. 你对车祸原因的分析 Writing 28 ---- The Day My Classmate Fell Ill (or Got Injured) (2003.9)

    1. 简单叙述一下这位同学生病(或受伤)的情况 2. 同学、老师和我是如何帮助他/她的

    3. 人与人之间的这种相互关爱给我的感受是……

    ? (此类文章写作要点:前两段 --- 自编时间、地点、事件;叙事清晰、有条理且不罗

    嗦;后一段 --- 分析评论观点明确,突出重点理由,表述有逻辑,不在某一点上徘

    徊。)

    Sample Writing:

    I have a classmate named Angel, who is a lovely and bright girl. She is popular with all

    the classmates. One day, news came that Angel had got blood cancer. It really shocked

    everybody. When I saw her in the hospital, I could not help crying. She was so thin, so weak,

    and it seemed that she suffered a lot. Even so, she gave us a big smile to comfort us.

    We decided to help save her life. Angels family was not very rich and could not afford the

    operation. All the classmates and teachers began to raise money in school. Some called the

    media for help. In the end, we succeeded in raising the money for the first operation. We will keep trying until Angel is cured.

    Many people offered as much help as they could even though they did not know Angel. I

    am touched by all these. There is love everywhere as long as we seek for it.

     7

*** *******************************************

    Writing 29 ---- Student Use of Computers (2002.6)

    类型1: 1. 说明图表 2. 说明变化的原因 3. 说明存在问题 1.上图所示为1990年、1995年、2000年某校大学生使用计算机的情况,请描述其变化; 2.请说明发生这些变化的原因(可从计算机的用途、价格或社会发展等方面加以说明): 3.你认为目前大学生在计算机使用中有什么困难或问题。

    Model Outline 1

    ? The chart shows . It can be seen apparently that . ? A number of reasons can be given for the trend in __________. For one thing,

    __________. In addition, ___________. What‟s more, __________.

    ? Though (powerful/convenient/beneficial) , there are some problems/difficulties in

    __________. For example, . On the other hand, __________.) 类型2: 1. 说明图表 2. 说明变化的原因 3. 如何解决问题 Model Outline 2

    ? The first chart shows us that . And the other indicates that .

    It can be seen easily that .

    ? Some reasons can explain the case/phenomena. For one thing, __________. In addition,

    ___________. What‟s more, __________.

    ? Above all, we now know about the problem and we should try to find some ways to solve

    it. We should , and we should also__________.

     (However, there are many effective methods to __________. For example, .

    At the meantime, __________.)

    类型3: 1. 说明图表 2. 说明变化的原因 3. 我的看法 Model outline 3

    ? The figure(s) of the first graph indicates that__________, while the figure(s) of the second

    graph reveals that__________. The relationship between these two figures warns us that

    __________.

    ? There are many reasons responsible for the situation, and the following are important.

    First of all, . Certainly,__________. Besides,__________.

    ? In the opinion of mine, the more we understand the situation, the better we can do to

    improve it in the future. Therefore, everybody can __________.

*** **********************************************************

    Writing 30 ---- My Favorite Book (etc.)

    1. 我最喜欢的书是 2. 这类书的内容和特点 3. 我喜欢这类书的原因 Model Outline

    ? My favorite book is__________. 对此书做简要解释描述(2-3) . ? Books of this type mostly covers 内容 (1-2) . On one hand, 特点1

    (1-2) . On the other hand, 特点2(1-2) .

    ? Books of similar topic attract me most simply because __________. What‟s more,

    __________. Definitely, __________.

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