Educators Empathy: the foundation of Moral Education
[Abstract] educator empathetic ability is the foundation of the effectiveness of moral education. Educator's ability to help strengthen the moral high empathy targeting; help to eliminate the educated and the rebellious resistance to strengthen the recognition and acceptance of educators; the ability of the promotion of empathy get educated . Educators to improve their empathic ability to cultivate morality must be strengthened to form a correct "student view" with full knowledge of the educated, based on the cultivation of empathy awareness, training is conducive to empathy generated by related to the quality.
[Key words] educators; empathy; Moral Education
Empathy is an individual because of real or imagined understand the feelings of others arising with the same or similar emotional experience. This is an alternative or indirect emotional response capacity, the individual be able to others, as the center, to identify and accept the opinions of others and be able to experience the emotions of others as a psychological process, which includes elements of cognitive and affective components. Generated in the process of empathy, cognitive and affective components are necessary, cognitive level and emotional wake-up co-determines the nature of
empathy, strength, style and content. Empathy in everyday life in the most simple expression is what we usually call "Care from the Heart" "the shoes." Empathy is not only a quality, but also a kind of ability is a manifestation of human intelligence. Experience tells us: Empathy for those who improve the moral effect of education has an important role, it is to improve the effectiveness of the foundation of moral education.
First, educators, empathy in the moral education of the educational function
(A) help strengthen the relevance of moral education
Russia's well-known educator Ushinski said: "If educators want to educate people from all aspects, then it must be to understand people from all aspects." Educators are faced with living individuals, they have extremely rich inner world. Although the people's inner world is ultimately a reflection of the objective world, but because of the inner world of blending elements of subjectivity often associated with inner changes in the world did not affect the objective world, simultaneous or correspond to the inner world of greater complexity and latent sex. Therefore, if educators do not understand the complex and latent inner educated, science, the right education and decision-
making would be impossible to judge, not to mention a good moral effect obtained. Through empathy, education, educated people who have put themselves in the position, perception, experience, share feelings educated to understand the emotions and educated to understand the joys and sorrows love and hate the educated to collect educational the thinking of the information, psychological information, and accordingly analysis of their thinking, cause psychological problems, we can avoid the subjective assumptions, to reduce the subjectivity of moral education and blindness. Conversely, if educators pay attention to the use of empathy and take the initiative to explore the idea educated emotion, just subjective speculation, and on this basis to exert moral influence on the educated, the moral effect also can be imagined.
(B) helping to eliminate the educated people of the rebellious psychological and emotional conflict, enhance education, recognition and acceptance of those who
Moral education process is the process of human interaction in the process of education and those educated exchange of information, emotional communication and, ultimately, to promote the development of the educated ideological and moral purpose.
Therefore, educators and the educated among the good interpersonal relationships is to improve the moral effect of the premise. Psychological research shows that: Features similar to those affecting interpersonal relationships, enhance an important factor in
interpersonal attraction. In all of the features in the same attitude or point of view of special significance. When people find other people's views and their own similar, it will create a "I'm right" incentive effects, or a strong "insiders" effect, thereby greatly enhancing interpersonal attraction and establish harmonious relationships. Thus, in the process of moral education, educators can use if empathy, from the educated perspectives, get educated in line with the views, opinions, and let the educated
experienced educators in similar situations will also have or understanding with similar views or practices, then, would suddenly bring us closer to the distance between the educated. Thus, for the subsequent acquisition of the moral effect of laying a solid
foundation. In addition, the transference itself has demonstrated a respect for and understanding of pupils, in order to accept the moral impact of the educated have laid a solid emotional foundation, provides a positive psychological state of readiness. In this state, the educated ready to accept and acknowledge the moral impact of educators made. Only by understanding the educated people in order to build harmonious relations between teachers and students, educators in order to take appropriate
measures to make the educated toward the education of educators hope that efforts to achieve the end, the moral education a successful moral education.
(C) educators empathy created an atmosphere conducive to the development of the
educated-related quality of
The environment is a kind of implicit moral education courses. On the one hand, if education in the moral process is well empathy, will be conducive to the creation of harmonious classroom climate, thereby contributing to the improvement of
interpersonal relations among students and form compatible with the psychological atmosphere, to promote good class of collective construction. On the other hand, educators empathetic atmosphere generated by empathic understanding can contribute
to the development of the educated, so that could be more objective understanding of the educated people and things, which is conducive to mutual understanding among the educated, mutual appreciate and learn from each other. Orientation of education in
understanding the atmosphere by the edification of students, will be learned to understand the mentality, spirit and style, understand humility, learn to care, caring, and compassion for others. When such students returned to the family, entered the
community, it is likely to understand the self and understanding of others, combine and, by extension, affect social relationships, and resolve various social contradictions and disputes. In the establishment of a harmonious campus, the context of a
harmonious society, empathy should be an essential element of growth and development of the educated, while the educator empathetic atmosphere created by the transference will lead to educated-related quality of development.
Second, improve the educator's empathic ability
(A) Strengthening the Moral self-cultivation, the formation of the correct "student
For a long time, many educators and formed a "teacher-based" thinking. In the
educational process, many educators, a habit of condescension towards the dialogue with the students, causing many students mentioned that a teacher, first of all they are defined as "manager" role. Psychological research shows that: People have a tendency to consciously or unconsciously, to maintain "independent" status, do not want the interference or control by others. If the moral sense of those educated in such a process, under pressure, have no autonomy at all, the individual personality of the subject arises
the feeling of being violated, then disgusted and resentful attitude, not only will not receive education are hard to exert moral influence, it also acquired immunity generated educators in their thinking and build a solid "firewall." This will seriously
undermine the moral effect.
Education is to cultivate people's activities, education should be "people-oriented,"
"student-centered." This requires educators to play in the educational practice subjectivity of the educated, student-centered education and teaching activities of the
organization, between teachers and students to establish democracy, equality, harmonious relationship. From a psychological point of view, empathy is an important psychological condition occurs is equality. Only the main object of empathy between
the psychological status of equality, empathy object only think of themselves as safe, no pressure, and will act other than the obvious way to show the true inner psychological. This is conducive to the psychological transference object by the subject to make the
right judgments. Pairs of empathy for the subject, and only will be considered to be the object of equality with its own objects, it is more likely to put themselves for the sake of the object. It is for these reasons, empathy training and education for those most
important issue is the ability to fundamentally change the educator's "teacher-based,"
and foster a modern concept of educational services should not be too much emphasis on the role of managers, but should form "in order to student-centered "thinking on
education, positioning itself at the service role, to serve the development of the educated. This requires the teacher does not neglect the young students and the "childish", to respect and protect the dignity and personality of students will be
students as an equal in terms of personality with its own independent entity, that the student services responsibility. Thus, in the "student-centered," "student-centered"
became the theme of the current educational reform context, emphasis on the ability of
teachers empathy is particularly important. "Squatted and students to speak" should not become merely a slogan, but rather the actual behavior of educators, which embraces the concept of equality in education. Reposted elsewhere in the paper for free
(B) full understanding of the educated
Another important psychological transference generated by the condition that individuals have the same or similar experience. Human experience can be divided into
direct experience and indirect experience. According to psychological explanation, people are empirical, for the understanding of others is highly dependent on their own direct experience. Therefore, other people's emotional understanding and communication with others and the same, depending on whether individuals have the same experience. Only when the experience of others and also his experienced or are experiencing, we can truly understand. In this sense, self-experience is a rich empathy
premise. Therefore, educators should always recalls his student days in the cognitive and emotional characteristics of such areas, for example, has encountered similar problems with the students, the students recall their own era, how people think and how to do. This regard, a better understanding of student behavior, on the other hand will also help educators to adjust their own emotions to face students in a calm state of mind, and to take sensible measures.
But, after all, overtaken by events, education and direct experience of those who
may not be consistent with direct experience of the educated, then, we must rely on educators indirect experience. Educated because of genetic predisposition, acquired growth environment of the differences in intelligence, thoughts, and feelings, ability,
temperament, character and other aspects there is a big individual differences and group differences, which requires educators, good in understanding individual differences in the educated and group differences. Educational psychology is to
understand that knowledge is one effective way. Therefore, educators should pay attention to theoretical knowledge in educational psychology and other educational learning. Of course, learning the knowledge at the same time demand that educators
can do a conscientious, good to observe and research in educational practice encountered in a variety of new issues and to learn about the student's psychological and behavioral development of the new features. As Suhomlinski pointed out: "do not
understand the child's inner activities of education, there is no civilization, it is impossible to implement the school's scientific leadership."
(C) to develop awareness of empathy
With the appropriate experience can make empathy occur, but not with the
experience of empathy will surely take place. Many cases, the active sense of empathy
become even more important. Solander social psychologists have done an experiment, he asked aides at a different heat hyperthermia device performance under a "painful"
"neutral" and "happy" three kinds of emotions. In the subjects were watching "accept hyperthermia" people (ie, the main test of the assistants) when the main trial have three kinds of directives issued to them: imagine yourself in his position is how to feel;
to imagine how he feels; close watch him The physiological responses. At the same time, from instruments to measure subject's palms sweating, blood vessel contraction and other physiological changes. The results showed that the main trial in the
implementation of the first and second instruction in the "painful" "neutral" and "happy" three kinds of expression under the influence of the subject's physiological state there is a clear preference " receiving hyperthermia person "changes, while the
third did not occur under instruction. This experiment not only proved the existence of empathy, but also proved that attitudes toward the emergence of empathy has a significant role. In other words, empathy can occur not only subject to the availability
of those involved understand each other's experiences, but also on whether the parties are willing to take the initiative to stand in each other's position to consider the issue. If you have to understand each other's experience, but no subjective mental transposition,
transference does not occur. In fact, many interpersonal conflicts occur, lack of first communication between the two sides, resulting in misunderstanding; second is angry at each other for the sake of under reluctance can not empathy. The above two kinds of
situation to occur when the process of moral education, it also directly affects the good moral effect of the acquisition.
Empathy demand that educators be able to get rid of self-centered, from out of
themselves, and strive to follow the existing knowledge and experience of the educated, the level of psychological development can put themselves and understand, understanding, educated, will the students of knowledge and experience, psychological level of student-oriented, student-oriented cognitive style. Of course, educators can not
be completely immersed in the student's mode of thinking, we should be able to children's psychological world and the free shuttle between the teacher self, after understanding the mentality of the educated, from the perspective of educators propose
targeted education the content and methods.
(D) cultivate personality traits conducive to empathy generated by
Studies have shown that empathy and a pleasant, open, and there was significant
between the duty of the positive correlation. The love, tolerance and a pleasant, open closely linked. Therefore, to enhance the capacity of the educator's own empathy, you can benefit from the empathy generated by shaping the personality characteristics of a
First, educators must have love. Some people say, "education is the cause of love," the love of teachers to students to help make teachers to students interested in spiritual issues and patience; students love to make contact with teachers willing to work with
the students, thus more familiar and channels and opportunities for students to understand; for students love making behavior of students and teachers can make a rational analysis, judgments and decision-making; the love of the students is that
teachers do a good job driving force for education, is also the key to open the students mind .
Secondly, education must have a spirit of tolerance. Suhomlinski said: "In general, I
understand mistakes, doing stupid things kids. Such an understanding can touch the
most sensitive to the child self-esteem of the iceberg, so that the child mind prompted
him to correct mistakes to produce a positive upward willpower. the child is not only deeply regret the mistakes of the past, but also with positive actions to make amends
for this situation too often ... ...: Compared to that case may take punitive action, understanding generated by the moral appeal to is much stronger. "educators of tolerance can be an immense educational force, which directly affect the generation of
educators empathy. Tolerance, teachers are required to firmly believe that every student is good in nature, depending on the students to make mistakes as inevitable, the student's problem is nothing but a mirror on the contaminated dust, wiped the dust,
the mirror is still shiny; tolerance and acceptance of students, teachers are required to address weaknesses, requires the teachers to respect their nature, the nature of teaching students to follow the implementation of humane education.
Third, educators must be sensitive to education. As a good moral education, "students of joy, surprise, disbelief, fear, embarrassed, and other inner activities of the most subtle performance, can not escape his eyes. A teacher If you turn a blind eye to
these manifestations, he would be difficult become a student mentor. " Therefore, educators must be able to well empathy, we must focus on the daily activities of education and teaching for more than the cultivation of personality traits, in order to
lay a good foundation for empathy. Reposted elsewhere in the paper for free download http://