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NATIONAL ASSESSMENT REPORT FOR THE INTERNATIONAL MEETING ON THE

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NATIONAL ASSESSMENT REPORT FOR THE INTERNATIONAL MEETING ON THE

GUYANA’S ASSESSMENT REPORT

    ON THE

BARBADOS PROGRAMME OF ACTION

    PLUS 10

    2004

Acknowledgements

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was the coordinating agency for the compilation of this report on behalf of the Government of Guyana (GoG), with financial assistance from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The EPA wishes to express gratitude to the consultant, Ms Paulette Bynoe for putting together the report, and to Mr Navin Chandarpal (Presidential Adviser on Sustainable Development) for his direction and inputs. It is also indebted to the following organisations and special individuals who have contributed in a very tangible way in terms of providing guidance, and available information and comments:

Organisations: Ministry of Agriculture Hydrometeorogical Service; conservation International

    Guyana; Guyana Environmental Protection Agency; Guyana Energy Agency; Guyana Forestry Commission; Tourism Authority of Guyana; Pan American Health Organisation; Ministry of Foreign Trade and International Co-operation; Ministry of Housing and Water; United Nations‟ Children Fund; United Nations Development Programme; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation and the World Wildlife Fund.

    Individuals: Dr. Mark Bynoe; Ms. Denise De Souza; Mr. Winston Felix; Dr. Thomas Gas; Dr. Theo Gittens; Ms. Barbara Haley; Mr. Moortaza Jiwanji; Mr. Lawrence Lachmansingh; Mr. Ramesh Lilwah; Mr. Doorga Persaud; Dr. Indarjit Ramdass; Ms. Sharifah Razack; Ms. Patsy Ross; Ms. Monica Sharma; Ms. Denise Simmons; Mr. Donald Sinclair; Major General (Retd.) Mr. Joseph Singh; Ms. Kim Stevens; Dr. Paulo Teixeira and Professor Clive Thomas.

    th Many thanks also to all those persons who participated in the one day consultation on the 4September 2003.

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

     Page

    Acknowledgements i Acronyms v

    Introduction 1 Background to Report 3

    1 SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONTEXT 4

    1.1 Key Characteristics 4 1.1.1 Guyana‟s Geographic Characteristics 4 1.1.2 Population and Vital Statistics 4 1.1.3 Economic Performance 5 1.1.4 Poverty Situation in Guyana 6

    1.2 Key Challenges 8 1.2.1 Impacts of globalization on trade and exports, in particular as a result of trade liberalization 8 1.2.2 Natural Disasters 9 1.2.3 National security and crime, including issues pertaining to large EEZs 10 1.2.4 Unemployment 11 1.2.5 HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, Malaria, and Filariasis 11 1.2.5.1 HIV/AIDS 11 1.2.5.2 Tuberculosis 12 1.2.5.3 Malaria 13 1.2.5.4 Filariasis 13 1.2.6 Urbanization 14 1.2.7 Water and sanitation in rural and urban areas 15 1.2.8 Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise 16

    2 NATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (SD) 18

    2.1 National Environmental Policy and Legislation 18 2.2 National Coordination Mechanisms/Committees 19 2.3 National Strategies and Action Plans 19 2.4 Lessons Learnt 20

    3 NATIONAL PROGRESS MADE & PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED 22

    3.1 SECTORAL AREAS: Progress Made and Problems Encountered 22 3.1.1 Climate Change and Sea-Level Rise 22 3.1.1.1 Improvement of Hydrometeorological Capability 22 3.1.1.2 Reduction of Greenhouse Gases 22 3.1.1.3 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 23 3.1.2 Natural and Environmental Disasters 24 3.1.3 Coastal and Marine Resources, including coastal and marine biodiversity resources 24 3.1.3.1 The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea 24 3.1.3.2 Maritime Boundaries Act 24 3.1.3.3 Wider Caribbean Initiative for Ship Generated Waste 24 3.1.3.4 Coastal Zone Management 25

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    3.1.3.5 Cartagena Convention 25 3.1.3.6 Biosafety 25 3.1.3.7 Marine Turtle Conservation 25 3.1.3.8 RAMSAR Convention on Wetlands 25 3.1.4 Land Resources, including Terrestrial biodiversity 26 3.1.4.1 Combating Deforestation 26 3.1.4.1.1 Forest Policy 26 3.1.4.1.2 Legislation 26 3.1.4.1.3 Forest Management 26 3.1.4.1.4 Forest Monitoring/Environmental Monitoring 27 3.1.4.1.5 Area Management Plan 27 3.1.4.1.6 Forest Certification 27 3.1.4.1.7 Silviculture Surveys 27 3.1.4.1.8 Strategic Plan 27 3.1.4.1.9 Vocational Training Programme 27 3.1.4.2 Biodiversity Research 28 3.1.4.3 Protected Areas 28 3.1.5 Energy 29 3.1.6 Management of Wastes and Provision of Water and Sanitation Services 30 3.1.6.1 Institutional 30 3.1.6.2 Political 30 3.1.6.3 Organisational 30 3.1.6.4 Operations and Investment 30 3.1.7 Tourism 31 3.1.7.1 Kaieteur National Park 31 3.1.7.2 Charette 31 3.1.7.3 Canopy Walkway 31 3.1.7.4 Georgetown Heritage District 32 3.1.7.5 Communities Impacted 32

    3.2 Cross-Sectoral Areas 32 3.2.1 Financing and Investment for SD 32 3.2.2 Capacity building and Co-ordination 34

    4 TRADE, INVESTMENT, CAPACITY BUILDING AND COOPERATION 37

    4.1 National Trade Concerns 37 4.2 National/Community Based Initiatives 37 4.3 Key Investment related Concerns and Needs 37 4.4 Capacity Building 38 4.5 Regional/ National Mechanisms or Programmes 38 4.6 Vulnerability Concerns and Actions Taken 39

    5 MILLENNIUN DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDG’S) AND SD IN SIDS 40

    5.1 Poverty Eradication 40 5.1.1 NDS 40 5.1.2 The PRSP 40

    5.2 Education and Reduction of Child Mortality 42 5.2.1 Education 42 5.2.2 Reduction of Child Mortality 43

    5.3 Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women 43

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    5.4 Global Partnership for Sustainable Development 45

    6 EMERGING ISSUES AND SPECIAL NEEDS 46

    6.1 Vulnerabilities 46 6.1.1 Economic Vulnerability 46 6.1.2 Environmental Vulnerability 47 6.1.3 Social Vulnerability 47

    6.2 Good Governance 48

    7 Conclusion 49

    Bibliography 51 Annex 1 Map of South America 53 Annex 2 Map of Administrative Regions of Guyana 54 Annex 3 Map of Guyana: NBAP Implementation Workshop Strategy for Protected Areas 55

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Acronyms

ACP African, Caribbean, Pacific

    AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

    AOSIS Alliance of Small Island States

APCU Agriculture Project Cycle Unit

    BEAMS Basic Education Access Management Support

BPOA Barbados Programme of Action

CAFRA Caribbean Association for Feminist Research and Action

    CAREC Caribbean Epidemiological Centre

CARICOM Caribbean Community

CBI Caribbean Basin Initiative

    CCCCC Caribbean Communities Climate Change Centre

CDB Caribbean Development Bank

CDC Civil Defence Commission

    CDERA Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency

    CDM Comprehensive Disaster Management

    CH & PA Central Housing and Planning Authority

    CIG Conservation International- Guyana

    CIDA Canadian International Development Agency

CPACC Caribbean Planning for Adaptation to Climate Change

CXC Caribbean Examination Council

DCU Difficult Circumstances Unit

DEC Di-ethyl Carbamazine

    DFID Department for International Development

EEZ Exclusive Economic Zone

EIA Environmental Impact Assessment

EPA Environmental Protection Agency

ERP Economic Recovery Programme

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EU European Union

    FAO Food and Agriculture Organisation

FDI Foreign Direct Investment

    FFI Fauna and Flora International

    FPA Forest Partnership Agreements

    FTAA Free Trade Area of the Americas

    GCE General Certificate of Education

GDP Gross Domestic Product

    GEF Global Environment Facility

GENCAPD Guyana Environmental Capacity Development

GEA Guyana Energy Agency

    GEO Guyana Economic Opportunities

GFC Guyana Forestry Commission

    GGMC Guyana Geology and Mines Commission

    GMA Guyana Manufacturers Association

GNIFC Guyana National Initiative on Forest Certification

GOG Government of Guyana

    GOINVEST Guyana Office for Investment

    GPAS Guyana Protected Areas System

    GS & WC Guyana Sewerage and Water Commission

    GTZ German Technical Cooperation

GUYWA Guyana Water Authority

GWI Guyana Water Incorporated

GWLI Guyana Women‟s Leadership Institute

GY Guyana

    HIES Household Income and Expenditure Survey

    HIPC Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

    IDB Inter-American Development Bank

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    IMCI Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses

    ITTO International Tropical Timber Organisation

    KAP Knowledge, Attitudes & Practices Survey

LCS Living Conditions Survey

MDG‟S Millennium Development Goals

    MTIC Ministry of Tourism, Industry and Commerce

MOU Memorandum of Understanding

NACEN National Advisory Committee on External Negotiations

    NBAC National Biodiversity Advisory Committee

NCC National Climate Committee

    NDCs Neighbourhood Democratic Councils

    NDIB National Drainage and Irrigation Board

NDS National Development Strategy

    NEAP National Environmental Action Plan

NEP National Energy Policy

NFPs National Forest Programmes

NGO Non-Governmental Organisation

NPAS National Protected Areas System

NPV Net Present Value

    NRDC National Resource and Documentation Centre

    NRDDB North Rupununi District Development Board

NREAC Natural Resources and Environment Advisory Committee

NSCBD National Strategy for the Conservation of Biological Diversity

NTBs Non Trade Barriers

OAS Organisation of American States

ODA Overseas Development Agency

PAHO Pan American Health Organisation

PHC Primary Health Care

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    EP Primary School Improvement Project

PROFOR Programme for Forests

    PRSP Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

RAP Rapid Appraisals Programme

RDCs Regional Democratic Councils

    RNM Regional Negotiating Machinery

SD Sustainable Development

    SFM Sustainable Forest Management

SFPs State Forest Permissions

    SIDS Small Island Developing States

    SIMAP Social Impact Amélioration Programme

    SMP Shore Zone Management Programme

    SSEE Secondary School Entrance Examination

TB Tuberculosis

TSA Timber Sales Agreement

UG University of Guyana

UNCED United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

    UNDP United Nations Development Programme

UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

USAID United States Agency for International Development

    UNEP United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO United Nation Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation

    UNGA United Nations General Assembly

    UNICEF United Nations Children Fund

VAT Value Added Tax

WHO World Health Organisation

    WSSD World Summit on Sustainable Development

WTO World Trade Organisation

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    INTRODUCTION

    by Navin Chandarpal

    Presidential Adviser on Sustainable Development

    The United Nations Global Conference on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States in Barbados in 1994 helped these states to better understand their common issues and to sensitise the international community to the particular difficulties faced by small island and low lying coastal developing states.

    The Barbados Declaration and the SIDS Programme of Action which emerged from the conference provided a positive framework to guide these states in their efforts to develop with a promise of meaningful support from the developed countries.

    Guyana was greatly encouraged by the efforts of the Caribbean group of SIDS to develop a coordinated approach to the implementation of the SIDS-POA which reached a high point at the Caribbean Ministerial meeting in November 1997.

    At the National level, the Government of Guyana is fully committed to a path of Sustainable Development and our National Development Strategy includes key elements of Agenda 21 and the SIDS-POA.

    The Economic and Social programmes focus heavily on reducing the incidence of poverty and un-employment and on expanding the delivery of social services to all communities.

    The Governance programmes pursued since the restoration of democracy in 1992 have resulted in the broadening of democracy at the national and local levels, greater inclusiveness in state institutions, the strengthening of the Parliamentary process, independence of the judiciary and other constitutional bodies, greater transparency and respect for human rights and civil liberties.

    Guyana is richly endowed with natural resources and the programmes for the conservation and sustainable utilization of natural resources have led to massive improvements in environmental considerations in the forestry, mining, agricultural and industrial sectors.

    As a developing nation, Guyana has taken seriously its commitments to international conventions and processes. We are seeking to create a better standard of living for our citizens while contributing to making our planet safer for all of its peoples.

    Unfortunately, our numerous efforts have not brought the results we need. We are seriously constrained by the limitations of our human, material and financial resources. We can only go beyond these limits if we obtain the requisite assistance from those who are in a position to do so.

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