Distance courses quality assurance and effectiveness
【Abstract】 The Open University is an open and distance university, great attention to information technology in education are used effectively. However, the university's philosophy is: Information technology allows the transmission distance learning diversity, but the success of distance education depends on the quality of courses and a good student learning support. This article focuses on the Open University of Hong Kong's long-range curriculum development, quality assurance and effectiveness evaluations. Authors believe that, whether it is print media, or e-learning, require in
accordance with relevant teaching and learning theory, according to student learning, for good design and preparation of teaching materials. However, the use of modern technology, distance education will help the Greater China scholars and joint cooperation, build and share high-quality courses, and thus the service of mankind and
Key words distance learning; information technology; quality assurance; Evaluation
With the rapid development of information communication technology and the advent of knowledge-based economy, people are entering a knowledge and information
and learning-oriented society. This situation to the development of modern distance education has brought limitless opportunities; lifelong learning has accelerated the development of distance education, advancement of communication technology to
enhance the openness of distance education, flexibility, and optional. With computer technology, multimedia technology, communications technology and other high-tech in
Distance Education in the extensive use of learning resources, richer, more diverse forms of learning and learning arrangements more flexible, which in turn greatly contributed to the rapid development of distance education.
Hong Kong Open University is a distance learning mode with universities, provide post-secondary, undergraduate, postgraduate and short courses. One of the
characteristics is the use of the University of modern science and technology, focus on information communication technology in distance education are used effectively. At present, the Open University of Hong Kong, modern communications technology has
been comprehensively applied to administration, teaching and research in various areas, including multimedia query system, online consulting, online loan applications, online registration, online payment, student intranet, staff Intranet, in English and
Chinese electronic library, multimedia materials, online learning and online research.
However, the concept of the Open University, although the use of modern communications technology can make teaching become more diverse, but also enable
school administrators and students to learn more convenient, flexible and effective, but only a passing knowledge of communication technology tools, distance education success must rely on two other factors: careful design and preparation of courses, as
well as a good student learning support. This article focuses on and explore the long-
range curriculum development process, quality assurance and effectiveness evaluations.
Second, the development of distance learning
The Open University of Hong Kong, the adoption of open enrollment, wide entry, stringent exit policy, with particular emphasis on the development of self-study-type
materials and strict quality assurance system courses. Curriculum development is the largest investment in the University, each course by renowned scholars, curriculum director, instructional designers, multimedia technicians jointly designed and its establishment. I have hired national experts to participate in school teaching materials compilation, translation, writing, essays, for example, hired from the mainland on the Peking University, Tsinghua University, Jinan University, Shanghai University of Finance and other experts from universities, so that the public schools of the University of Gambling long, the development of quality courses.
Materials design is the primary factor in the success of distance education is one of the relative advantages of face to face teaching. Teaching design is based on learning theory, teaching theory and meta-cognitive (or metacognitive) theory. Instructional
design not only focus on the characteristics of its own subjects, but also taking into account the learning styles of students. In an open and distance education, students are mainly self-taught, if no suitable high-quality self-learning materials, even the most
advanced technology to deliver teaching, students can hardly achieve "self-taught."
School textbooks in the form of printed materials, radio, television, tapes, videos and CD-ROMs and so on. The characteristics of materials are suitable for students, self-
study that, according to the background and characteristics of learning objects, there is a systematic planning, preparation, distribution and use of various teaching resources, so that self-learners in learning, reflection, feedback, interaction process, carried out self-assessment, motivate themselves to learn step by step. Specifically, the material features include five aspects: first, the content of teaching materials to stimulate
students interest and learning confidence. The design of teaching materials, we focus on teaching scientific and practical, emphasizing theory with practice, increase case studies, so that students feel that school has received, the value of their studies, learning
has been used to enhance interest in learning, enhance learning confidence. Then, the preparation of teaching materials suitable for self-learning model to help students learn
how to learn. Second, the arrangement of materials in line with the students thinking
and learning. Again, teaching materials with a specific curriculum goals and unit goals. Finally, the organization of teaching materials on the promotion of student interactive learning.
Third, quality assurance of distance-learning courses
The Open University of Hong Kong, course quality assurance quality assurance
system as a whole is an integral part of it by a different jury participation, including the external review committee composed of renowned experts and academics from the
University; internal assessment committee, from the university's experts and academics; consultant peer groups; Senate; as well as professional accreditation and recognition of the Commission. These committees jointly responsible for reviewing the
quality of curricula to ensure that the academic standards and traditional universities are equal.
The Open University of Hong Kong's quality assurance program includes two categories: First, each of the professional quality assurance; 2 per course of quality
assurance. Professional quality assurance process consists of five stages: first, the teaching units to submit a plan to open new professional outline of the Senate by the University in accordance with existing professional and market needs a decision.
Second, if the plan outline to be recognized, the teaching unit required to submit a detailed technical plan, submitted to the internal assessment committee, the feasibility of a professional, standards, and quality assessment. Thirdly, if the internal assessment
the Commission adopted a detailed plan, by the external review board to evaluate, including professional local relevance, professional structure, and academic standards. Fourth, after the external review committee recognized by the professional
accreditation and the Accreditation Board for accreditation from the University's point of view, including the teaching staff, and other institutions of similar professional competitive capability. In addition, the University Management Committee will carry
out financial assessments, including the creation of professional expenses and plan enrollment. Fifth, professional follow-up assessment. In the professional set up for some
time, the University will again be reviewed systematically different professional, peer
review organizations, including the Advisory Group, internal assessment committee, the School Review Committee as well as professional accreditation and recognition committee. Assessment includes the academic status of this profession, academic
standards, academic quality, future development prospects, and ultimately the University Senate will make a decision.
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Third, globalization and national characteristics: the diversity of culture and history
In exploring the globalization of trends in distance education, distance education in the interest of the main forms of diversity and diversification of distance education the same time, the characteristics of national distance education system and its relationship
with the local culture and education and the historical tradition of a close relationship should pay enough attention to . When Beijing to host the first session of the International Distance Education Symposium (1989), the DING Fu worked with
Holmberg, Keegan talked about China and other origins and development of distance education. As with most Western scholars, they were the early years of China's 60 host cities pioneering TV University, and knew nothing about doubts. Later, it became the
Hebei-based Radio and Television University, Professor of passenger and soldier. He told the Western scholars have repeatedly stressed in the analysis regardless of distance education, and China, the world's largest TV University system is unscientific. Pull a
thorough el in his paper "Open and Distance Education: In order to add value to the community? "And pointed out: from the Chinese imperial examination system can be seen in knowledge and wisdom of open learning and self-scholarship in China has 1300
years of history. The self-learning and searching for the appropriate learning resources and guidance to those who search for knowledge, a valuable combination of historical tradition, Radio and Television University in China and the Ministry of Education and
higher education organizations, self-study examination system, as well as a number of
dual-mode institutions in China to carry out the educational and networks on the basis
of education, to be inherit and carry forward. He also pointed out that in the beginning
of this century to university wall development of family learning and examinations, another pioneer, Nobel Laureate winner, poet Rabindranath Tagore, due to time limitations, they failed to achieve its vision, when he was alive However, his thinking is
now in India, the Indira Gandhi National Open University, nine state legislative tradition of the Open University and 52 universities offering distance education courses can be manifested. Latchum also discussed the ideological influence of the West by
Rabindranath Tagore scholar and later in the West to create open and distance education in historical origins of the relationship. Latchum stressed: those who pay attention to local needs and environment to develop their own distance education
institutions in Asia is the most successful. He believes that universities in developing countries eager to emulate its Western partners, the practice is dangerous, since there are many cultural differences, economic constraints and the technology gap is so great.
Of course, the attention and importance of national distance education system, education, and visit with local historical tradition of the characteristics of the close relationship does not mean that exposure and globalization, the disregard for open and
distance education and characteristics of the universal law and refused to learn from other countries and region's successful experience. In the globalization process, through their mutual political and economic, cultural and educational exchanges and
interactions, convergence and integration, and pluralism and diversity coexist, complement each other are two major trends.
Fourth, China's accession to the WTO and the globalization process accelerated distance education
Based on various media reports, China has completed its accession to the World Trade Organization negotiations and the end of all the relevant documents in the drafting of laws and regulations. With China's accession to the WTO, Chinese-foreign
cooperation in running schools in the spring has come, our distance education will certainly accelerate the process of globalization. In China, education as an industry have become deeply embedded. Chinese President Jiang Zemin at the Third National Education Conference Speech (June 15, 1999) pointed out that "to education into the strategic development and modernization of the whole expedition into the layout and effectively to education as a guiding, overall, foundation of knowledge-based industries
and critical infrastructure, give priority to the development of the strategic focus of position. "Since this is an industry, China's accession to the WTO, education, input and output, we will certainly up to normal and accelerated development. Since reform and opening, China has its own strengths and development prospects of attracting the world and become one of the world's center of focus. China's GDP to 9.7% average annual rate of increase, the 7th largest in the world's economic aggregate place ranking in world trade rose to No. 11. Since the reform and opening up, the cumulative approved foreign direct investment (FDI: Foreign Direct Investment) Project 324,000, the agreement to use the amount of 573.2 billion U.S. dollars of foreign capital actually utilized foreign investment 265.6 billion U.S. dollars, remains the largest developing countries and the region's largest FDI host country, to become only the inferior to the United States, the country's second-largest FDI inflows. Singapore's Minister Mentor
Lee Kuan Yew in Beijing's "21st Century Forum," 2000 speech at the meeting pointed out: "Globalization has increased the demand for talent in developed countries, especially in the area of information technology has made remarkable development after the. these countries have relaxed immigration regulations, increased mobility of human resources in developing countries. "" China has the largest number of human resources, trained personnel in the total only a small portion of potential talent. "" To the high-tech fields successful, the main factor is the education system. China's labor force is an obstacle to the low level of education. "backwardness of human resources development, with the rapid development of China's economy in sharp contrast, and ultimately will produce the sustainable development of China's economy negative
impact. As the Training Department of the Chinese Economic and Trade Commission official pointed out: "The competitiveness of enterprises is the face of competition from brand-name products, equipment and technology is actually the competition, going deep to say what is talent competition, talent competition in the world has just begun. "" The market is only two, one is the capital market, one is the talent market, while the latter is more important than the earlier ones, but also the Government itself to promote the building of a market. "With China's accession to the WTO in trade and capital markets hair civilian industries, the talent market and education reform and opening up markets has also been put on the agenda. Distance education, network
education, openness and globalization are particularly affected. Sharing talents, education and sharing will speed up the modernization of China carried out at the same time give us the progress of human civilization to make greater contributions.
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