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English-paradoxes

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English-paradoxes

     The Colorful

     Language

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    This is the first unit of Book Two. In the Listening and Speaking section, you will learn

    how to greet the person and how can we learn English well. In Reading Activities section,

    Passage 1 tells us about the crazy Englishparadoxes of the English language; Passage 2 tells

    us Noah Webster and the American English.

    Aims

     Aims Passage 1 Passage 2

    opposite alike invention character independence replace

    reflect creativity plural compile update Words

    overlook explore chance

    look up do away with burn down go off a slim

    in particular take …for granted chance a fat chance a wise guy

    wind up fill out cold/hot as hell burn up Phrases

    grow up replace … with

    be known as

    1. if 引导的条件状语从句 2. instead of 3. why + 反意疑问句 Structures

    Reading Grammar Writing Skills Practical English

    Guessing Unknown Adverbial Writing Letters of

    Skills Words: Using Clauses Complete Invitation

    (状语从句) (邀请信) Context Clues Sentences

    (写完整的句子)

    综合英语教程教师参考用书2

    Class Presentation

    Part? Listening and Speaking

    Section A Listen and Enjoy

    . Listen and enjoy the English song words and think over the following

    questions.

    Tape scripts of the song

    Words

    Smile, an everlasting smile

    A smile can bring you near to me

    Don‟t ever let me find you wrong

    Cause that would bring a tear to me

    This world has lost its glory

    Lets start a brand new story

    Now my love

    You think that I don‟t even mean

    A single word I say...

    It‟s only words

    And words are all I have

    To take your heart away

    Talk, in everlasting words

    And dedicate them all, to me

    And I will give you all my life

    I‟m here if you should call to me

    You think that I don‟t even mean

    a single word I say...

    CHORUS, repeat

    Da da da da da da da

    Da da da da da da da da 2

    The Colorful Language Unit 1

    Da da da da da da da da

    Da da da da da da da da

    This world has lost its glory

    Let‟s start a brand new story

    Now, my love

    You think that I don‟t even mean

    a single word I say... 1. Do you smile when you begin to say hello to others?

    Suggested answer

    Yes, I do. Because I think it can show friendly to others.

    2. What do you think “Words” refers to in the song? Suggested answer

     I think Words here refers to smile.

    3. What is the brand new story that will be started?

    Suggested answer

     The brand new story here means though I dont say any words, from my smile, you

    can feel my love. When the world has lost its glory, we can begin another phase of our story.

    Section B Listen and Practice

    . Listen to the following questions and choose the appropriate answers.

    Questions

    Tape scripts & Key

    1. Q: Let me introduce myself. Im John. (A) 2. Q: Excuse me, could you tell me how to get to the Bank of China? (A)

    3. Q: Do you know Dr. Wangs room number? (D) 4. Q: Id like to order the main course now. (B)

    5. Q: Whats matter with you, Tom? (C)

    . Listen to the dialogues carefully and choose the right answer to each question.

    Tape scripts & Key

    1. M: John is not coming in today. His car broke down last night.

     W: Really? I did not expect that.

     Q: What happened to John last night? (D)

    2. M: Linda, did you organize all these files?

     W: No. I got Frank to do it.

     Q: What happened to the files? (D)

    3

    综合英语教程教师参考用书2

    3. W: Are you sure you‟ve corrected all the typing errors in this paper?

     M: Perhaps I‟d better read it through again.

     Q: What is the man going to do? (C)

    4. M: Look, I‟ m sorry to bother you about this, but could you turn that music down?

     W: Sorry, I didn‟t realize you could hear it.

     Q: What will the woman probably do? (C)

    5. M: The book costs $ 53, but I only have $ 35. Could you lend me some money?

     W: It‟s my pleasure.

    Q: How much money does the man need to borrow from the woman? (B)

    . Listen to the short passage and fill in the missing words in the blanks.

    1. of course 2. speakers 3. impossible 4. practical 5. such as

    6. programs 7. computer 8. without 9. material 10. methods

    .Listen to the dialogues and fill in the blanks.

    Dialogue 1

    1. improve 2. making mistakes 3. writing 4. practice makes perfect

    5. library

    Dialogue 2

    1. mind 2. How long 3. training 4. English speaking 5. answering my questions

    Section C Listen and Talk

    . Listen to Dialogue 1 again and discuss the following topic with the help of the

    words and expressions given below. You may add your own words and ideas if necessary.

    Topic: Do you think your English learning is satisfied? Why or why not?

     practice every chance make mistakes communication

     free time grammar rules shy words

    (open)

    . Make a dialogue of how to learn English well with your partners.

    (open)

    Part? Reading Activities

    Section A Detailed Reading

    Passage 1

    Background Information 4

    Paradox: A paradox is a statement or concept that contains conflicting ideas. In logic, a

    The Colorful Language Unit 1

    paradox is a statement that contradicts itself; for example, the statement “I never tell the truth” is a paradox because if the statement is true (T), it must be false (F) and if it is false (F), it

    must be true (T). In everyday language, a paradox is a concept that seems absurd or

    contradictory, yet is true. In a Windows environment, for instance, it is a paradox that when a

    user wants to shut down their computer, it is necessary to first click “start”.

    e.g.

    Paradoxes of the English Language

    No wonder the English language is so very difficult to learn:

    We polish the Polish furniture.

    He could lead if he would get the lead out.

    A farm can produce produce.

    The dump was so full it had to refuse refuse.

    The soldier decided to desert in the desert.

    The present is a good time to present the present to the President.

    At the Army base, a bass was painted on the head of a bass drum.

    The dove dove into the bushes.

    I did not object to the object.

    The insurance for the invalid was invalid.

    The bandage was wound around the wound.

    There was a row among the oarsmen about how to row.

    They were too close to the door to close it.

    The buck does funny things when the does are present.

    They sent a sewer down to stitch the tear in the sewer line.

    To help with planting, the farmer taught his sow to sow.

    The wind was too strong to wind the sail.

    After a number of Novocaine injections, my jaw got number.

    I shed a tear when I saw the tear in my clothes.

    I had to subject the subject to a series of tests.

    How can I intimate this to my most intimate friend?

    I spent last evening evening out a pile of dirt.

    War never determines who‟s right. War only determines who‟s left.

    5

综合英语教程教师参考用书2

    Warming-up

    Consider the following questions before reading the passage.

    There are five groups of words below, which are opposite in meaning. Add a word to

    each group in the provided spaces, making them into phrases of similar meaning.

    Key: 1. go 2. quite 3. burn 4. fill 5. chance

    Outline

    Parts Paragraphs Main ideas

    Introduction: This part tells us the English language is the Part One Para.1 most widely-used language. Part Two Paras.2-8 The detailed information tells us why English is crazy.

    Conclusion: English was invented by people, not Part Three Para. 9 computers, and it reflects the creativity of the human

    race.

    Detailed Study of the Passage

    Our Crazy Language

    1 English is the most widely-used language in the history of our planet. One in every

    seven human beings can speak it. More than half of the world‟s books and three-quarters of

    international mails are in English. Of all languages, English has the largest vocabulary——

    perhaps as many as two million words——and one of the noblest bodies of literature.

    Para. 1 of Passage 1

    1. Questions About This Paragraph

    1) Why we say English is the most widely-used language on our planet?

    Key: One in every seven human beings can speak it. More than half of the world‟s books

    and three-quarters of international mails are in English.

    2) Which language has the largest vocabulary and how many?

    Key: English, about two million words.

    2. Language Points

    1) planet: n. 行星e.g. The Earth is a planet.地球是行星。 | The planets move around the sun. 行星绕着太阳转。

    6 2) international: a. of, relating to, or involving two or more nations, Extending across or

    transcending national boundaries国际的,超越国界的 e.g. an international commission;

    The Colorful Language Unit 1 international affairs 一个国际委员会;国际事务 | international fame 国际声誉

    3) noble: a. belonging to a family of high social rank; having fine personal qualities that

    people admire, such as courage, honesty and care for others 贵族的,崇高的,品质崇高的 e.g. a man of noble birth 出身高贵的人 | a noble leader 伟大的领袖 | noble ideals/actions 高尚的理想/行为

    2 Nevertheless, let‟s face it: English is a crazy language. There is no egg in eggplant,

    neither pine nor apple in pineapple and no ham in a hamburger. Sweetmeats are candy, while

    sweetbreads, which aren‟t sweet, are meat.

    Para. 2 of Passage 1

    1. Question About This Paragraph

    1) Why we say English is a crazy language?

    Key: There is no egg in eggplant, neither pine nor apple in pineapple and no ham in a

    hamburger. Sweetmeats are candy, while sweetbreads, which aren‟t sweet, are meat.

    2. Language Points

    1) nevertheless: ad. in spite of sth. that you have just mentioned 尽管如此,不过,然而 e.g. There is little chance that we will succeed in changing the law. Nevertheless, it is

    important that we try. 我们几乎没有可能改变法律。不过,重要的是我们努力争取。 | Our defeat was expected but it is disappointing nevertheless. 我们的失败是意料之中的事,尽管

    如此,还是令人失望。

    2) pineapple: n. a tropical American plant bearing a large fleshy edible fruit with a

    terminal tuft of stiff leaves 菠萝,凤梨 e.g. Cut yourself some pineapple. 你自己切一些菠萝吃吧。| I‟ll have a pineapple, please. 请给我来一杯菠萝汁吧。

    3) sweetmeat: n. a sweetened delicacy (as a preserve or pastry) 甜食, 糖果, 蜜饯

    4) sweetbread: n. a small organ from a sheep or young cow, used as food小牛或小羊的胰脏或胸腺, 杂碎

    3 We take English for granted. But when we explore its paradoxes, we find that quicksand

    can work slowly, boxing rings are square, and public bathrooms have no baths in them.

    Para. 3 of Passage 1

    1. Question About This Paragraph

    1) What can we find when we explore paradoxes of the English language? 7

    Key: When we explore its paradoxes, we find that quicksand can work slowly, boxing

综合英语教程教师参考用书2

    rings are square, and public bathrooms have no baths in them.

    2. Language Points

    1) take sth. for granted: to except that someone will always be there when you need

    them and never show them any special attention or thank them 视某人/某事为当然 e.g. Im sick and tired of my husband taking me for granted. 我丈夫觉得我一切理当如此,真令我感

    到厌恶! | We take having an endless supply of clean water for granted. 我们想当然地认为洁净水的供应无穷无尽而不予珍惜。

    2) paradox: n. a self-contradiction悖论 e.g. It is a paradox that in such a rich country

    there should be so many poor people. 这样一个富国中有那么多穷人,这是一种矛盾的现

    象。| For life is a paradox: it enjoins us to cling to its many gifts even while it ordains their

    eventual relinquishment.因为生活本身就是一个矛盾:它一边告诫我们要珍惜它所付予的

    一切,一边又注定在最后将其全部收回。

    3) boxing ring: the ring where boxers fight拳赛场地 e.g. How large is a boxing ring?

    拳击台有多大?| A boxing ring is usually five to six meters square. 拳击台一般为56米的正方形。

    4 And why is it that a writer writes, but fingers don‟t fing, grocers don‟t groce, and

    hammers don‟t ham? If the plural of tooth is teeth, shouldn‟t the plural of booth be beeth? One

    goose, two geese——so one moose, two meese?

    5 If the teacher taught, why isn‟t it true that the preacher praught? If a horsehair mat is

    made from the hair of horses and a camel-hair coat from the hair of camels, from what is a

    mohair coat made? If a vegetarian eats vegetables, what does a humanitarian eat?

    6 In what other language do people drive on a parkway and park in a driveway? Ship by

    truck and send cargo by ship? Have noses that run and feet that smell?

    Paras. 46 of Passage 1

    1. Language Points

    1) If the plural of tooth is teeth, shouldn’t the plural of booth be beeth? : 如果tooth(牙齿)的复数是teeth,为什么booth(小间)的复数不应该是beeth呢?

    2) be made from: 由„„所做成的(用于原材料不易看出的场合) e.g. The trunk seems to be made from camphorwood. 这个箱子像樟木做的。| Future buildings, roads, and cities may be made from garbage. 将来的建筑物、公路和城市都可能用垃圾制成。

    3) humanitarian: n. someone devoted to the promotion of human welfare and to social

    reforms人道主义者,慈善家,博爱主义者e.g. In turn, the United States would increase 8

    humanitarian aid. 美国将相应增加人道主义援助。| The call also pressed governments to

    The Colorful Language Unit 1 increase resources for humanitarian mine clearance and for victim assistance.宣言同时呼吁政府增加在人道主义扫雷和受害者人道主义援助方面的投入。

    4) drive on a parkway: to drive on a wide road with an area of grass and trees in the

    middle or along the sides 开车行进在林荫大道

    5) park in a driveway: to stop the car on the area or road between your house and the

    street 把车停在私家车道上

    6) Ship by truck and send cargo by ship? : ship?v. to deliver goods or make them available for people to buy 发货,供货 ? n. a large boat used for carrying people or goods across the sea 大船,海轮 | cargo: n. the goods 货物 | ship by truck 用货车发货 | send cargo by ship 用轮船运货

    7) Have noses that run and feet that smell? : noses run: if someones nose is running, liquid is flowing out of it 流鼻涕 | feet smell: means to have an unpleasant smell

    脚散发出臭味

    7 How can a slim chance and a fat chance be the same, while a wise man and a wise guy

    are opposites? How can overlook and oversee be opposites, while quite a lot and quite a few

    are alike? How can the weather be hot as hell one day and cold as hell the next?

    8 You must be shocked at a language in which your house can burn up as it burns down,

    in which you fill in a form by filling it out and in which your alarm clock goes off by going on.

    Paras. 7-8 of Passage 1

    1. Language Points

    1) a slim chance & a fat chance: “a slim chance”: very little chance etc. of getting what

    you want 机会渺茫 e.g. Theres a slim chance someone may have survived. 有人幸存下来的可能性极小。| a fat chance”: used to say something is very unlikely to happen (某事发生)可能性极小 They might let us in without tickets. Fat chance of that! “他们也许会让我们免票。” “别痴心妄想了!”

    2) a wise man & a wise guy: a wise man: someone who is wise makes good decisions,

    gives good advice etc., especially because they have a lot of experience of life 哲人 | a wise guy: a person who speaks or behaves as if they know more than other people 自以为无所不知的人

    3) overlook & oversee: v. overlook to ignore and forgive someones mistake, bad behavior etc. 不计较,宽恕 e.g. Ill overlook your mistake this time. 这次我原谅你的过失。| oversee: to be in charge of a group workers and check that a piece of work is done

    satisfactorily 监管,监察,监督 e.g. A team leader was appointed to oversee the project. 9

    命了一位组长来监管该工程。

综合英语教程教师参考用书2

    4) quite a lot & quite a few: a large number or amount of sth. 许多,大量 e.g. We managed to get quite a lot of information for the survey. 我们设法收集到了大量的调查资

    料。| She must have left here, oh, quite a few years ago. 她一定是离开这儿了,噢,许多年

    以前就离开了。

    5) burn up & burn down: burn up: if something burns up or is burnt up, it is

    completely destroyed by fire or great heat 烧毁,烧尽 | burn down: if a building burns down or is burned down, it is destroyed by fire (建筑物)()烧毁

    6) fill in & fill out: fill in: to write all the necessary information on an official

    document 填写(正式文件)e.g. Dont forget to fill in your boarding cards. 别忘了填写你的登机卡。| fill out: to write all the necessary information on an official document 填写 e.g.

    You havent filled out the counterfoil. 你还没有填写支票的存根。

    7) go on & go off: go on: to start running, functioning, or operating进行 e.g. The heat goes on automatically at 6 oclock. 暖气在6点钟自动开始供应。| Suddenly all the lights went on. 突然所有的灯都亮了。| go off: if an alarm, etc. goes off, it makes a sudden loud

    noise (警报器等) 突然发出巨响 e.g. Our neighbors car alarm is always going off in the

    middle of the night. 我们邻居汽车的报警器总是在半夜响。

    9 English was invented by people, not computers, and it reflects the creativity of the

    human race (which, of course, isn‟t really a race at all). That is why, when stars are out they

    are visible, but when the lights are out they are invisible. And why, when I wind up my watch

    I start it, but when I wind up this essay I end it.

    Para. 9 of Passage 1

    1. Question About This Paragraph

    1) What can we learn from this passage?

    Key: English was invented by people, not computers, and it reflects the creativity of the

    human race, so it is always changing.

    2. Language Points

    1) visible & invisible: a. visible: perceptible especially by the eye, or open to easy

    view看得见的; 可见的 e.g. The smoke from the fire was visible from the road. 从马路上可以看见那火里冒出的烟。| invisible: impossible or nearly impossible to see,

    imperceptible by the eye看不见的 e.g. It was so cloudy that the top of the mountain was

    invisible. 天很阴,看不见山顶。

    2) wind up:? to turn something such as a handle or a part of a machine around and

    around, especially in order to make something move or start working (尤指为使某物移动或起动而)摇动(把手等),转动;给(机器)上发条 e.g. What time is it? I forgot to wind up my 10

    watch. 几点了?我忘记给表上发条了。 ? to bring an activity , meeting etc. to an end 使

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