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Immediate Rapid Assessment

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Immediate Rapid Assessment

    INITIAL RAPID ASSESSMENT (IRA):

    ASSESSMENT TOOL

    Version for Field Testing

    Prepared jointly by the:

IASC Health Cluster

IASC Nutrition Cluster

IASC WASH Cluster

September 2007

TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Acronyms ………………………………………………………………………………………… i Introduction to the Initial Rapid Assessment ………………………………………………….. ii

IRA Tool Instrument:

    Section 1 Identification Information ……………………………………….……………… 1 Section 2 Population Description ………………………………………….………………. 2 Section 3 Shelter and Essential Non-Food Items ………………….……..………………. 4 Section 4 Water, Sanitation and Hygiene …………………………………………………. 6 Section 5 Food Security …………………………………………………………………….. 11 Section 6 Nutrition .…………………………………………………………………………. 14 Section 7 Infant and Young Child Feeding ……………………………………………….. 16 Section 8 Health …………………………………………………………………………….. 18 Section 9 Synthesis of Main Findings ……………………………………………………… 23

Annexes on Data Collection and Recording:

    Annex 1 Identification Information ……………………….……………………………… 26 Annex 2 Population Description ………………………….………………………………. 26 Annex 3 Shelter and Essential Non-Food Items ………...………………………………. 26 Annex 4 Water, Sanitation and Hygiene …………………………………………………. 27 Annex 5 Food Security …………………………………………………………………….. 29 Annex 6 Nutrition .…………………………………………………………………………. 30 Annex 7 Infant and Young Child Feeding ………………………………………………... 31 Annex 8 Health …………………………………………………………………………….. 32 Annex 9 Synthesis of Main Findings ……………………………………………………… X

    References ………………………………………………………………………………………... X

ACRONYMS

    CBO Community-based organization CHH Child-headed household

    CTC Community-based therapeutic care DNK Do not know

    FHH Female-headed household

    HC Humanitarian Coordinator

    HH Household

    IASC Inter-Agency Standing Committee IRA Initial Rapid Assessment

    IYCF Infant and young child feeding KI Key informant

    MCH Maternal and child health MICS Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey NGO Non-Governmental Organization NICS Nutrition Information in Crisis Situations

    TFP Therapeutic feeding programme UN United Nations

    UNCT United Nations Country Team WHO World Health Organisation

    i

    Introduction to the Initial Rapid Assessment (IRA)

The Initial Rapid Assessment (IRA) is designed to: Why would

    ; Provide a quick overview of how a population has been affected by a crisis, including who is you do an likely to be at greatest risk of mortality and acute morbidity and why, and IRA? ; Identify priorities within and across sectors for an initial comprehensive humanitarian response and follow-on sector-specific assessments.

Multi-agency teams, including national government institutions, UN agencies, INGOs and national Who should

    non-governmental institutions should in most cases implement the tool, to build national capacity as do an IRA? well as strengthen the assessment through the complementarity of views and expertise. The tool is designed for use by assessment teams without advanced training in the sectors covered by the assessment. Broad public health training is advantageous, particularly in terms of rapid assessment

    methods and familiarity with best practices in the major content areas.

The IRA is designed primarily for new rapid-onset crises. The IRA may also be used in newly When would

    accessible areas that were previously inaccessible due to insecurity, weather conditions or other an IRA be logistical constraints, as well as chronic emergencies affected by a sudden shock or deterioration in done? conditions. Because speed is vital, the IRA should be started within the first 72 hours after the onset of a crisis.

    Initial reporting for decision makers and funding appeals should quickly follow completion of fieldwork, and a fuller report should be issued within two weeks of the start of the IRA.

The decision to carry out an IRA across a number of locations will usually be taken at country level, How should

    through discussion between the UN Country Team (UNCT), led by the Humanitarian Coordinator an IRA be (HC) in emergency situations, or the UN Resident Representative in other situation, and the organized? government concerned. In countries where the Cluster system is established, the choice of locations for the IRA will be made by the involved country clusters.

The IRA Tool should be filled out once for each site being assessed. Defining the „site‟ is a critical How should

    first step, because it will be the geographic unit for which the intervention priorities will be identified the IRA be and the needs will be calculated. done? The IRA Tool is not an individual questionnaire form to be filled out once for each interview. Rather, it should represent the best picture of the situation that the assessment team could develop, based upon all of the primary and secondary information collected. Assessment team members can

    use the IRA Tool as a guide throughout the assessment, to provide a logical flow for data collection and ensure a reasonably comprehensive assessment is conducted.

    But remember, the IRA is a rapid assessment using qualitative methods to complement a pre-crisis

    review of secondary data. Assessment teams will use a combination of individual key informant interviews, group key informant interviews, observation and other techniques to collect the information. The IRA is the format the team should use to „put it all together‟ into a coherent,

    systematic summary of the situation and needs for major response.

The IRA is meant to be flexible such that it can be used across contexts and countries. Some Can the IRA

    country or crisis-specific adaptation will likely be required. be used in all

     contexts?

    ii

     PLACE AND DATE: 1.1

    1.1.1 Name and location of site being assessed. (Note administrative/district boundaries, and which 2government authorities are to be involved. Also note the estimated size of the site in km. Attach

    map if possible.) ____________________________________________________________________

     ___________________________________________________________________________________

    1.1.2 GPS coordinates: ___________________________________________________________________

    1.1.3 Interview date(s) and times: __________________________________________________________

     1.1.4 Main contact at this location: __________________________________________________________

1.2 ASSESSMENT TEAM:

    1.2.1 Name: __________________ Position/Title: __________________ Institution: ______________

    1.2.2 Name: __________________ Position/Title: __________________ Institution: ______________

    1.2.3 Name: __________________ Position/Title: __________________ Institution: ______________

    1.2.4 Name: __________________ Position/Title: __________________ Institution: ______________

    1.2.5 Name: __________________ Position/Title: __________________ Institution: ______________

1.3 BRIEF CRISIS HISTORY:

    1.3.1 Provide a brief description of the crisis. Include answers to the following questions: How long has the crisis

    been going on? What is the nature of the crisis (e.g., natural disaster, conflict)? Are there any population

    groups that are inaccessible (if yes, why)? What is the expected duration of the crisis? What is the outlook

    (is it worsening or improving now)? What are the major concerns about factors that could worsen

    humanitarian conditions? Note any ways in which expected weather over the next 3-6 months may affect

    humanitarian needs or the delivery of humanitarian assistance.

    ____________________________________________________________________________

     ____________________________________________________________________________

     ____________________________________________________________________________

     ____________________________________________________________________________

     ____________________________________________________________________________

     ____________________________________________________________________________

     ____________________________________________________________________________

     ____________________________________________________________________________

     ____________________________________________________________________________

     ____________________________________________________________________________

     ____________________________________________________________________________

Initial Rapid Assessment Tool (IRA) for Field Testing Page 1

     KEY INFORMANTS AND OTHER INFORMATION SOURCES: ______________________________________________ 2.1

     ________________________________________________________________________________________

2.2 REGISTRATION:

    2.2.1 Are the crisis affected people being registered? (Check one.) ? YES ? NO ? DNK

     2.2.2 If yes, which by which institution(s)?____________________________________________________________

2.3 MOVEMENT TO/FROM THIS SITE:

    2.3.1 How many people are arriving? (Note time period.) ___________________ Leaving? _________________

    2.3.2 How many more people are expected? (Note time period.) _________________________________________

    2.3.3 How are these people moving? (Check the two most common.)

     ? As individuals? ? As households? ? As villages? ? Other (specify): _______________

    2.3.4 What distinct social or ethnic groups are found within the affected and surrounding populations? ________

    ___________________________________________________________________________________________

     2.3.5 What types of leaders are moving or residing with the affected population? (Check all that apply.)

     ? Government (e.g., local) ? Religious leaders ? Other: ___________________

    ? Traditional leaders ? Other: __________________ ? Other: ___________________

    2.4 SIZE OF CRISIS-AFFECTED POPULATION:

     2.4.1 Total estimated current population of site: __________ people

     If estimated using # dwellings and avg. HH size: __________ dwellings ________ avg. HH size

     2.4.2 Estimated % who are not displaced: __________ %

     2.4.3 Estimated % who are internally displaced: __________ %

     2.4.4 Estimated % who are refugees, stateless, or other nationalities: __________ %

2.5 GROUPS OF CONCERN:

     2.5.1 Total # of female-headed households: __________ FHH

    2.5.2 Total # of child-headed households: __________ CHH

    2.5.3 Total # of children <18 years of age: __________ Children <18

    2.5.4 Total # of children <5 years of age: __________ Children <5

    2.5.5 Total # orphaned or separated children*: __________ Orphaned/separated children

     (Separated = not living with either parent or customary caretaker; orphaned = both parents deceased.)

    2.5.6 Total # of elderly: __________ Elderly

    2.5.7 Total # of pregnant/lactating women ___________ Pregnant/lactating women

    Initial Rapid Assessment Tool (IRA) for Field Testing Page 2

    2.5.8 If there is information suggesting that one or more groups is more or fewer than expected (e.g., women or

    girl children are underrepresented for some reason), explain: ______________________________________

     ___________________________________________________________________________________ 2.5.9 If there are separated children, what were reported as the main causes of separation? (e.g., death of parents;

    evacuation of the children; disorganized flight or movement; release or escape from institutions, orphanages,

    hospitals or armed forces/groups) What is known about the number of infants without mothers (or other

    longer term primary caretakers)? _______________________________________________________________

     ___________________________________________________________________________________

    2.6 DISPLACED POPULATION:

    2.6.1 Where did the displaced people come from? (If different displaced groups are in this site, indicate the

    origins separately for each.) ___________________________________________________________________

     ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 2.6.2 What are the main factors preventing the return home of the displaced? (If different displaced groups are in

    this site, answer separately for each.) (e.g., actual or perceived violence, loss of home/shelter/land, loss of

    livelihood, to seek assistance elsewhere, to seek assistance from a relative, forced to move) ______________

    ___________________________________________________________________________________________

     ___________________________________________________________________________________________ 2.6.3 How did the displaced population settle? (Check all that apply. If different displaced groups are in this site,

    answer separately for each.)

    ? Self-settlement in rural areas ? Mass settlement in public or preexisting buildings

    ? Self-settlement in urban areas ? Self-settlement in informal camps

    ? Settlement with host families ? Organized settlement in planned or established camps

    ? Other: _____________________ ? Other: _______________________

    2.6.4 How are relations between the displaced and the host community? (Check all that apply.)

    ? Host community willing to assist ? Tensions

    ? Other: _______________________ ? DNK

    2.7 HOW MANY PEOPLE ARE DEAD, MISSING OR INJURED DUE TO THE CRISIS?

    2.7.1 Dead: ________ People ________ Females ________ Males ________ Under 5

    2.7.2 Missing: ________ People ________ Females ________ Males ________ Under 5

    2.7.3 Injured: ________ People ________ Females ________ Males ________ Under 5

    2.8 HOW MANY LIVESTOCK ARE ESTIMATED TO BE IN OR AROUND THE SITE, BELONGING TO THE CRISIS-AFFECTED

    POPULATION)?

    2.8.1 Total # of large animals (list camels, cattle, horses, donkeys etc. separately): _______________________

    ___________________________________________________________________________________ 2.8.2 Total # of small animals (list goats, sheep, etc. separately): _____________________________________

    ___________________________________________________________________________________

    Initial Rapid Assessment Tool (IRA) for Field Testing Page 3

3.1 KEY INFORMANTS AND OTHER INFORMATION SOURCES: ______________________________________________

     ________________________________________________________________________________________

3.2 ACCESS TO AND QUALITY OF SHELTER:

    3.2.1 What proportion of households currently live in some type of temporary accommodations? (Check one.)

    ? More than 1/2, ? More than 1/4, ? More than 3/4 ? Less than 1/4 ? DNK less than 3/4 less than 1/2

    3.2.2 How many shelters are the crisis-affected households occupying?

     # of mass shelters: _____________________ # of separate temporary shelters: ____________________

    3.2.3 How much surface area does the covered shelter account for?

    Surface area of covered mass shelters: ____________________________________________________________

    Surface area of covered separate temporary shelters: _________________________________________________

    3.2.4 How many people are occupying each type of shelter?

    # of people in mass shelters: _____________ # of people in separate temporary shelters: __________________

    3.2.5 For the shelters noted in question 3.2.2 and 3.2.3 above, note the degree to which they provide the following:

     Mass shelters Temporary shelters

    Protection from cold, ? Very poor/ ? Somewhat poor ? Very poor/ ? Somewhat poor heat, rain, wind, etc. not at all not at all ? DNK ? DNK

    ? Acceptable ? Acceptable

    Minimum level of ? Very poor/ ? Somewhat poor ? Very poor/ ? Somewhat poor privacy not at all not at all ? DNK ? DNK

    ? Acceptable ? Acceptable

    Personal security and ? Very poor/ ? Somewhat poor ? Very poor/ ? Somewhat poor security of belongings not at all not at all ? DNK ? DNK

    ? Acceptable ? Acceptable

    Covered space for ? Very poor/ ? Somewhat poor ? Very poor/ ? Somewhat poor essential household not at all not at all ? DNK ? DNK activities ? Acceptable ? Acceptable

    3.2.6 What types of locally-sourced materials are being used to build or adapt shelters? (Check all that apply.)

    ? Metal ? Wood ? None ? Other: ________ ? Other: ________ ? DNK

    3.2.7 What proportion of households appears to have the means to provide artificial lighting? (Check one.)

    ? More than 1/2, ? More than 1/4, ? More than 3/4 ? Less than 1/4 ? DNK less than 3/4 less than 1/2

    3.2.8 What proportion of women leaves the settlement on foot to collect fuel (e.g., firewood)? (Check one.)

    ? More than 1/2, ? More than 1/4, ? More than 3/4 ? Less than 1/4 ? DNK less than 3/4 less than 1/2

Initial Rapid Assessment Tool (IRA) for Field Testing Page 4

CCESS TO ESSENTIAL NON-FOOD ITEMS (NFIS): 3.3 A

    3.3.1 What proportion of HH have sufficient clothing to ensure their dignity and protection from the elements?

    (Check one.)

    ? More than ? ? ?- ? ? Less than ? ? DNK

    3.3.2 What proportion of HH have access to a stove or cooking facilities and a sustainable source of fuel? (Check

    one.)

    ? More than ? ? ?- ? ? Less than ? ? DNK

3.3.3 What proportion of HH have access to cooking utensils? (Check one.)

    ? More than ? ? ?- ? ? Less than ? ? DNK

    3.3.4 What proportion of HH have access to insecticide-treated mosquito nets (if a malaria prevalent area)?

    (Check one.)

     ? More than ? ? ?- ? ? Less than ? ? DNK

    3.3.5 What proportion of HH have access to plastic sheeting to improve their shelter? (Check one.)

    ? More than ? ? ?- ? ? Less than ? ? DNK

    3.3.6 What proportion of HH have access to digging and/or construction tools? (Check one.)

    ? More than ? ? ?- ? ? Less than ? ? DNK

    3.4 WHAT ARE THE MAIN SHELTER-RELATED ISSUES OR NEEDS IN THE SITE? FOR EXAMPLE, ARE THERE INDIVIDUALS WHO

    REQUIRE PARTICULAR SHELTER SOLUTIONS? (E.G., UNACCOMPANIED MINORS) _________________________________

    __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________

    3.5 WHAT ARE THE MAIN ISSUES OR NEEDS RELATED TO ESSENTIAL NON-FOOD ITEMS IN THIS SITE? ____________________

    ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________

    Initial Rapid Assessment Tool (IRA) for Field Testing Page 5

     KEY INFORMANTS AND OTHER INFORMATION SOURCES: 4.1

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 4.2 RECORD THE ORGANIZATION(S) OR INDIVIDUALS RESPONSIBLE FOR WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION AT THIS SITE AND NOTE ANY LIMITS TO THEIR EFFECTIVENESS OR CAPACITY.

    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4.3 WATER SUPPLY:

    Water Sources: use this 4.3.1 4.3.2 4.3.3

    table to record data on What is the How high is the risk of a significant What is the risk of contamination of 3the water sources used quantity (m) of drop in the quantity of water water at the source itself or between

    for human consumption water available available from each of the water the source and the water collection

    (drinking, cooking and per day from sources in the next three weeks? point?

    hygiene) each type of

    water source

    used by people

    at this site?

    Treated surface water ? High risk ? Medium risk High risk Medium risk ? ? 3 ________ m ? Low risk ? DNK ? Low risk ? DNK

    Untreated surface water ? High risk ? Medium risk High risk Medium risk ? ? 3 ________ m ? Low risk ? DNK ? Low risk ? DNK

    Unprotected well(s), ? High risk ? Medium risk High risk Medium risk ? ? 3borehole(s) or spring(s) ________ m ? Low risk ? DNK ? Low risk ? DNK

    Protected well(s), ? High risk ? Medium risk High risk Medium risk ? ? 3borehole(s) or spring(s) ________ m ? Low risk ? DNK ? Low risk ? DNK

    Tanker (specify source) ? High risk ? Medium risk High risk Medium risk ? ? 3_____________________ ________ m ? Low risk ? DNK ? Low risk ? DNK

    Traditional water sellers ? High risk ? Medium risk High risk Medium risk ? ? 3(specify source) ________ m ? Low risk ? DNK ? Low risk ? DNK _____________________

    Other (specify) ? High risk ? Medium risk High risk Medium risk ? ? 3_____________________ ________ m ? Low risk ? DNK ? Low risk ? DNK

    Total quantity available 33 (m) per day ________ m

    4.3.4 If ‘high risk’ of drop in water availability is noted for any water source in question 4.3.2, give details here.

    ___________________________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________________________________________________________________________________

    4.3.5 If ‘high risk’ of water contamination is noted for any water source in question 4.3.5, give details here.

    ___________________________________________________________________________________________________

    ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Initial Rapid Assessment Tool (IRA) for Field Testing Page 6

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